March 31

March 31 is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 275 days remaining by year's end.
This Day in History: March 30-March 31-April 1 - Contents - 1 Holidays and Observances - 1.1 International
1.2 National
1.3 Religious
1.4 Birthdays
2 Events
3 Born
4 Died
Holidays and Observances
International
2012 - Earth Hour, an annual international event started by WWF.
National
Religious
Name Birthday - Orthodox: Cyril, Trochim, Danylo, Karpo, Edward, Ananias
Catholic: Cyril, Trochim
Events
Eiffel Tower in the Light of 1890
1284 - Bishop Eli founded Peterhouse - the oldest and smallest Cambridge University liege.
1717 - A secret office is set up in Russia to investigate particularly important government crimes.
1770 - James Cook, an English navigator, surveys New Zealand and finds out that she is an island, leaves and takes it heading west - Australia.
1831 - Quebec City and Montreal receive city status.
1854 - The Kanagawa Treaty between Japan and the United States. Japan abolishes course of isolation from the West.
1856 - Jews are forbidden to serve in Russian fleet.
1889 - Official opening of Eiffel Tower. The designer of the tower Gustave Eiffel put a French flag on top of the tower. The upstairs then had to go up.
1896 - The first lightning bolt is patented in the US by its inventor, Whitcomb Judson.
1900 - The first car advertisement appeared in the US national Saturday Evening Post. One Philadelphia company placed it under the motto "Pleasure Cars." 1900 - France has passed a law limiting working hours for women and children to 11 hours.
1901 - The first Mercedes car is produced. It was created by Wilhelm Maybach for the Motoren Gesellschaft of Gotlieb Daimler and is the new standard for internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles. This car also marked the beginning of a dynasty, which later became known as the Mercedes (named after R. Daimler's daughters).
1917 - US buys Virgin Islands in Denmark for $ 25 million.
1917 - first opened in Kiev Ukrainian high school.
1918 - The USA switches to summer time for the first time.
1923 - The first dance marathon was held in New York. The winner was Alma Cummings, who stood on her feet for 27 hours.
1923 - Mussolini restricts working hours to 8 hours in Italy.
1936 - The Munich Exhibition of the Degenerative Art (Surrealism, Impressionism, Tooth). br> 1940 - La Guardia Airport opens in New York.
1940 - The Karelo-Finnish SSR became the twelfth Soviet republic when the Finnish territories captured during the Soviet-Finnish war (existed in 1956 in this status) year, now the Republic of Karelia y
1949 - Newfoundland becomes Canada's 10th province.
1952 - Lviv Branch of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine opens.
1954 - USSR appeals to NATO to join the organization. The North Atlantic Alliance rejected the proposal after a while.
1955 - The Soviet government decides to return the Dresden Gallery's GDR treasures exported to the USSR after World War II. 1965 - the first Soviet-era experimental geothermal power plant (Kamchatka) was commissioned in the USSR.
1966 - Launcher launch vehicle was launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome with the Luna-10 automatic interplanetary station, which was launched on April 3, 1966. selenium center orbit and became the world's first man-made moon.
1967 - Jimmy Hendrix first burns his guitar during a concert.
1967 - Following France's decision to withdraw from NATO, the organization's headquarters was moved from Paris to the capital Belgium Brussels.
1973 - The Billboard Magazine's hit chart debuts Pink Floyd's album "The Dark Side of the Moon" and remains in the top 100 for the next 14 years.
1976 - " Led Zeppelin »released their sixth studio album Presence.
1980 - On the eve of April 1 Leonid Brezhnev at The Kremlin awarded the Lenin Prize for Literature for his "books of memoirs" Small Earth and Renaissance. "
1988 - At a four-country tournament in West Berlin, the USSR team beat the world champions - the Argentina team with a score of 4: 2.
1991 - At an extraordinary meeting of the Warsaw Pact Political Advisory Committee the decision to abolish the military structures of the organization was made.
1991 - 90% of the population votes for independence in a referendum in Georgia.
1991 - Russian Television (ORT) officially begins to work.
1992 - Bashki Russia's ASSR transformed into the Republic of Bashkortostan as part of the Russian Federation
1992 - The UN has voted to impose sanctions on Libya after its refusal to extradite two suspects in the bombing of a Pan American plane in Lockerbie.
1993 - during the shooting of an episode The Raven movie accidentally kills American actor Brandon Bruce Lee, Bruce Lee's son.
1998 - Formula 1 pilot Andy Wallace sets a world speed record for a production car - 402.6 km / h.
2002 - Elections to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine in 2003 - the highest title "Art Art of Peace "by UNESCO was awarded the artistic director of the Mariinsky Theater Valery Gergiev. The ceremony took place in Paris.
Born
See. also Category: Born March 31
1499 - Pius IV (real name of Giovanni Angelo de Medici) (Italian. Pius - Giovanni Angelo de Medici) († 1565), Pope (1559–1565).
1519 - Henry II (fr. Lat. Henri II) († 1559), French King.
1596 - Rene Descartes, Lat. Renatus Cartesius, French, philosopher, mathematician, physicist, founder Analytical Geometry († 1650).
1621 - Andrew Marvell († 1678), English poet.
1656 - Maren Mare (fr. Marin Marais), French composer († 1728). br> 1675 - Benedict XIV (real name of Prospero Lambertini) (Italian. Benedictus - Prosper o Lambertini), Pope (1740–1758; † 1758).
1684 - Francesco Durante (Italian. Francesco Durante), Italian composer, founder of the Naples School of Opera († 1755).
1685 - Johann Sebastian Bach, German Composer († 1750) - 1693 - John Harrison, English scientist, inventor of the chronometer († 1776).
1729 - Henry Louis Lecane (fr. Henri Louis Lekain), French actor, lead actor in the premiere of Voltaire's plays († 1778).
1732 - Franz Jozeph Haydn, Austrian composer, creator of 104 symphonies, 83 quartets, 52 piano sonatas, 2 oratorios, 14 months, operas, etc. († 1809).
1752 - Gavrilo Dobrinin, memoir writer († 1824).
1788 - Rama III, king of Siam. br> 1800 - Senkovsky Osip (Baron Brambeus), writer, journalist, orientalist, corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences. He published one of the most popular magazines, the Library for Reading, in which he published under the pseudonym Baron Brambeus († 1858);
1811 - Bunsen Robert Wilhelm (German. Robert Wilhelm Bunsen) († 1899), a German chemist who discovered cesium and rubidium, inventor of gas burner, corresponding member of St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences.
1822 - Dmitry Vasilyevich Grigorovich († 1900), writer and art critic.
1824 - William Morris Hunt, American artist († 1879) )
1835 - John Lafarge, American painter († 1910).
1838 - Leon Dierks, French poet († 1912).
1847 - Pavlo Nikolaevich Yablochkov, inventor-electrical engineer († 1934).
1856 - Alexander Ivanovich, philosopher, psychologist, logician († 1925).
1858 - Klein Roman Ivanovich - architect († 1924). < 1864 - Konstantin Pyatnitsky, publishing worker, founder and head of Knowledge Publishing House († 1938).
1869 - Nikolai Bokarius, scientist, one of the founders of forensic medicine († 1931). - Sergey Diaghilev, philanthropist, producer, who stood at the origins of the "World of Art", the creator of the group "Russian Ballet Diaghilev" († 1929).
1872 - Kollontay Oleksan RA, Russian revolutionary and diplomat. 1872 - Arthur Griffith, Irish journalist, political figure, one of the founders of the Sinn Fein Party (1905), President of the Irish Free State (1922);
1873 - Mykola Mikhnovsky, the first ideologist of the Ukrainian nationalism and the organizer of the army. (Heroes Don't Die!)
1876 - Boris Stankovic († 1927), Serbian Writer.
1878 - Frederick (John) Niven), Canadian Writer (Flying Years, Transplanted) ; † 1944).
1882 - Korniy Chukovsky (Nikolai Korneichukov), Russian writer of Ukrainian origin (Moydodir, Tarakanishche, Aybolit), literary critic, critic, translator († 1969);
1885 - Jules Pascin (French Jules Pascin), French artist.
1886 - Tadeusz Kotarbinski, Cottarbin Tadeusz, Polish philosopher (1981).
1889 - Muriel Hazel Wright (Muriel Hazel Wright), oh rican historian.
1890 - William Lawrence Bragg († 1971), English physicist, 1915 Nobel Prize laureate "for services to the study of crystal structure by X-rays" (jointly with his father William Henry
1893 - Clemens Krauss (Clemens Krauss), Austrian conductor.
1903 - Ivan Ivanovich Rom-Lebedev (real name Lebedev, † 1989), People's Artist of the RSFSR, Gypsy theater actor and playwright. of the initiators and organizers of the famous Gypsy Romen Theater.
1905 - Arvidas Ji Inskas, Lithuanian composer.
1906 - Sin-itiro Tomonaga, Japanese physicist, 1965 Nobel Prize winner "for fundamental work on quantum electrodynamics that had profound effects on particle physics" (jointly with Richard Feynman and Julius Schwinger; † 1979).
1914 - Leonid Vysheslavsky, Ukrainian poet, Goss winner. 1984 Ukrainian Awards († 2002).
1914 - Octavio Paz (Octavio Paz), Mexican poet, 1990 Nobel Prize winner († 1998).
1914 - Leonid Novichenko, literary critic, critic. br> 1922 - Richard Kiley, American actor († 1999).
1922 - Vladimir Marczak (Polish Włodzimierz Marczak), Polish writer and poet of Ukrainian descent. He is the author of a three-volume cycle of stories “Ukrainian in Poland”. (pol. "Ukrainiec w Polsce")
1926 - John Fowles, English writer ("Woman of the French Lieutenant", "The Magi") († 2005).
1927 - Eduardo Martinez Somalo (esp. Eduardo Martínez Somalo), Catholic Cardinal
1928 - Lefty Frizzell, American Country Singer.
1929 - Elizabeth Liz Claiborne, American Fashion Designer.
1930 - Alexander Kovalev - cinema artist. Designer of the best paintings by Roland Bykov: Aybolit-66, Attention, Turtle, Missing Summer, Car, Violin and Dog Spot († 1999).
1930 - Cassado by Julian Herrantz Herranz Casado, Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
1932 - Nagisa Oshima, Japanese Film Director ("Empire of Feelings").
1934 - John D. Loudermilk (American) singer and songwriter.
1934 - Carlo Rubbia (Italian Carlo Rubbia), Italian physicist, 1984 Nobel laureate "for his decisive contribution to the great project that led to the discovery of quanta by I am a W-and-Z particle carrier of weak interaction "(co-authored with Simon Van Der Mer).
1934 - Shirley Jones, American actress and singer.
1935 - Chamberlain Richard Richard Chamberlain, American Actor (Julius Caesar, Crazy Woman, Solomon Mines);
1935 - Herb Alpert, American Musician.
1936 - Pierce Marge ( eng. Marge Piercy), American writer.
1937 - Yevgeny Lazarev, Soviet and Russian actor of theater and cinema, theater director, Honored Artist of the RSFSR.
1938 - Alexander Vikruev, Russian theater and cinematographer , "The Big Break," "Battalions Ask for Fire," "A Lonely Woman Wants to Meet," "You Have Me Alone");
1939 - Inna Burduchenko, Ukrainian Actress.
1939 - Rimar Petro Alekseevich, Ukrainian Architect, member of the National Union of Architects of Ukraine, member of the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) (Inter National Council for Monuments and Landmarks), Member of the Ukrainian National Committee ICOMOS, Member of the Ukrainian Society for the Protection of Historic and Cultural Monuments (UTOPIC).
1939 - Volker Schlöndorff (German film director, owner) Oscar (Tin Drum, Traveler).
1941 - Alfred Paul Schmidt, Austrian writer.
1943 - Christopher Woken (real name Ronald Walken) . Christopher Walken), American actor (Dead Zone, Criminal Reading).
1944 - Mike Ralphs, English rock musician, guitarist (Moot the Hoople, Bad Company). 1944 - Angus King, Governor of Maine (since 1994).
1944 - Rod Allen, English guitarist and singer.
1946 - Allan Nichol ), American musician.
1947 - Igor Dudinsky, writer.
1947 - Al Goodman, American rock vocalist.
1948 - Thijs Van Leer, member of the Dutch Focus group (organ, flute, vocal).
1948 - Vladimir Vinokur, Russian variety and rtist;
1948 - Al Gore, American politician, US Vice President in President Clinton's Administration (1993-2000);
1950 - András Adorján, Hungarian chess player
1950 - Richard Hughes, English Musician.
1954 - Lyme Vaikule, pop singer, actress.
1955 - Sergei Trapani, theater director, graphic artist. He works as a freelance artist and plays at various theaters in the country and abroad.
1955 - Engus Young, Scottish rock musician, guitarist of the Australian band AC / DC,
1957 - Karpinos Irina Dmitrovna, bard, author songwriter, journalist.
1958 - McLlynn Pat, English musician.
1962 - Ren Olli (Finnish. Olli Rehn), Finnish politician.
1964 - Ferrari Isabella (Italian. Isabella Ferrari ), Italian actress.
1964 - Alexander Turchynov, Ukrainian politician.
1965 - William Mcnamara, American actor.
1966 - Roger Black, English Olympic athlete and participant in the Olympic Games. 1968 - Libig Christian (German Christian Liebig), German journalist. 1970 - Oleg Romanov - Belarusian hockey player. 1971 - Pavel Bure - Russian hockey player. 1971 - Ewan Mcgregor, Scottish Cinematographer.
1972 - Alejandro Amenábar, Spanish Film Director. 1973 - Rain Phoenix, American Actress.
1975 - Zimmermann Bettina (German. Bettina Zimmermann), German Model and Actress. also Category: Died March 31, 1631 - John Donne, English poet (* 1572).
1837 - Constable John (John Constable), English artist (* 1776).
1841 - George Green, an English self-taught mathematician and physicist who was the first to acquaint British mathematicians with the successes of mathematical analysis achieved by their "continental" counterparts, author of fundamental works on mathematical physics, creator of a series of mathematical tools without which the modern theoretical physics is absolutely unthinkable, the founder of the Cambridge School of Mathematics of Physics (* 1793).
1855 - Charlotte Bronte, English writer (* 1816).
1869 - Allan Kardec, real name of Hippolytus Leon Denisar-Rivele, founder of Spiritualism (* 1804).
1876 - Samarin Yuri, Russian philosopher, historian (* 1819).
1877 - Courteous Antoine-Augustine Cournot, French mathematician, economist and philosopher, predecessor of mathematical school (* 1801)
1880 - Henryk Wieniawski, Polish violinist and composer, author of Polonaise and mazours (* 1835).
1894 - Pavel Nikolaevich Yablochkov, electrician, inventor and entrepreneur (* 1847). 1913 - Morgan John Pierpont (English) John Pierpont (JP) Morgan), American financier, industrialist, creator of General Electric (* 1837).
1917 - Bering Emil von (German Emil Adolf von Behring), German microbiologist, immunologist, first Nobel Prize winner Physiology and Medicine (* 1854).
1940 - Nazaruk Osip, writer, author of the Roksolian story.
1945 - Hans Fischer (* 1881), German chemist, 1930 Nobel Prize winner. for research on the design of hemin and chlorophyll, especially for the synthesis of hemin (blood pigment). ”1947 - Kravchenko Ulyana (Julia Schneider), writer in Przemysl (* 1 860).
1948 - Egon Erwin Kisch, Czech-German journalist, writer, member of the Interbrigade (* 1885).
1957 - Gene Gene (Eugene) Lockhart, American actor (* 1891). 1967 - Rodion Yakovlevich Malinovsky, Soviet Commander-in-Chief, Marshal of the Soviet Union, USSR Minister of Defense, twice Hero of the Soviet Union (* 1898).
1970 - Tymoshenko Semen Konstantinovich, Soviet Commander-in-Chief, Marshall Sovietsky * 1895). 1975 - Olga Androvskaya (real name Schultz), People's Artist of the USSR, winner of the State Prize (1952). From 1924 on the troupe of the Moscow Art Theater (* 1898).
1993 - Lee (Brandon Lee) Brandon, American actor, master of oriental martial arts (* 1965).
1995 - Selena, American singer of Mexican origin, performing in style " Techno »- an alloy of Spanish tunes and polkas (* 1971).
1997 - Nicholas Bajterakov (* 1923), Udmurtia folk poet.
2001 - Clifford Glenwood Shull, American physicist, Nobel Prize winner 1994 year for the creation of the neutron diffraction method (* 1915).
2003 - Eduardo Urcullo, Spanish artist and sculptor. èíè ç 1983 ïî 1989 ğğ.
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