July 13th

July 13 - 194th day of the year (195th in lean years) in the Gregorian calendar. The end of the year is 171 days.
This day in history:
July 12-July 13, July 14
Contents
1 Holidays and memorials
1.1 International
1.2 National
1.3 Religious
1.4 Name Names
2 Events
3 Born
4 Dead
Holidays and Observances
International
National
Italy: Fermin (July 7-14)
Kazakhstan: Day of the National Security Committee of Kazakhstan
Russia: Day of Postal Workers
Serbia: Day of International Recognition of Serbia
USA (Tennessee): Day of Nathan Forrest
Montenegro: Montenegro Statehood Day, Japan: Bon Bon (Day The memory of the deceased) (July 16)
Religious
Baha'ism: The Feast of the Nineteenth Day of the Month Kalimat
Namespaces
Orthodox: Andrew, Ivan, Peter, Philip
Catholic: Ernest, Jakub
Events
1260 - A battle was held near the lake Durbe. The Army of the Teutonic Order suffered the greatest defeat in the XIII century (150 knights were killed) by the Zamyat forces.
1728 - Russian navigator Vitus Bering traveled from Kamchatka to the north to open the Strait between America and Russia.
1772 - English sailor James Cook started the world's first ever cruise from west to east.
1789 - The book "Journey from St. Petersburg to Moscow" was arrested and placed in the Petropavlovsk fortress A. M. Radishchev.
1830 - The Moscow Technical University was founded.
1837 - Queen Victoria I moved to the Buckingham Palace, which became the main residence of the British kings.
1839 - Monetary reform in Russia, implemented by the Minister of Finance Ye.F. Kankrin: the introduction of the settlement on silver by means of devaluation.
1841 - The conclusion of a convention between Russia, England , France, Prussia and Turkey on the prohibition of military ships of foreign powers to enter the Straits of the Bosphorus and Dardanelles.
1870 - Prince Otto von Bismarck, sending out a telegram from Ems in the yards of Europe with a compilation of him in a humiliating for France spirit, a communique about the past of this German town who talks Prussian King Wilhelm I of the French ambassador Vincent Benedetti, made his famous and treacherous provocation, which went down in history as "Ems Dispatch". Six days later, France declared the Prussia war, which was defeated in January 1871.
1882 - Moscow, St. Petersburg, Odessa, Riga and Warsaw opened the first telephone stations in the Russian Empire.
1885 - Opened in the State Museum.
1897 - Gülelmo Marconi received a patent on the radio.
1908 - London IV Olympic Games opened. Women took part in them for the first time.
1920 - Created Red Cross Society of Ukraine.
1923 - The English parliament approved the introduction of Lady Astor's law prohibiting the sale of alcohol to persons under the age of 18.
1925 - The flight of six Soviets Airplanes on the Moscow-Ulaanbaatar-Beijing route, the start of which was given June 10.
1930 - The start of the first World Cup in Uruguay.
1938 - The first television theater opened in Boston. For 25 cents, 200 spectators could watch the show with songs and dances for 45 minutes. The performance itself took place on the floor above and was sent down by television.
1939 - Frank Sinatra recorded his first record with the song "From the Bottom of My Heart."
1944 - Completion of the largest airborne US-British troops under Time of the Second World War - operation "Overlord" (landing in Normandy).
1944 - The troops of the 1st Ukrainian Front went on an offensive on the Rava-Russian and Lviv directions. The beginning of the Lviv-Sandomierz operation of the Soviet troops.
1944 - The beginning of the battle of Brody (between the 13th Corps of the 4th Panzer Army of the Wehrmacht, which included the SS Division Galicia, and the Soviet troops of the 1st Ukrainian Front).
1947 - In Paris, foreign ministers of European countries have agreed to adopt a plan to restore Europe proposed by US Secretary of State George Marshall. The countries of the Soviet bloc and Finland refused to participate in the conference, but the proposal to join the plan later remained in force.
1949 - Pope Pius XII declared that any Catholic who deliberately and voluntarily joined the Communist Party or otherwise Supports it will be excommunicated.
1951 - The construction of the Royal National Theater began construction of the first stone by Queen Elizabeth II in London. 1955 - The first issue of the magazine "Foreign Literature" was published in the USSR. His predecessor in the prewar years came out under the title "International Literature."
1956 - The laid-back cornerstone "Carmelite", the first in the Middle East of the subway, located in the city of Haifa, Israel.
1962 - Kirovsky plant released the first wheeled tractor K -700 Kirovets.
1964 - China accused Khrushchev of capitalist methods of managing the country.
1966 - The film "How to steal a million" with screenshots from Audrey Hepburn and Peter O'tul appeared on the US screens.
1967 - The screen featured a film by Kiri Muratova "Short Meetings" in which the game whether Nina Ruslanova, Vladimir Vysotsky, Kira Muratova.
1973 - The first album of Queen is released.
1985
In London and Philadelphia concerts were held simultaneously with Live Aid to help the hungry Africans. The organizer of the event was the leader of the Boomtown Rats group, Bob Geldof, who managed to attract stars such as Mick Jagger, Madonna, Tina Turner, Paul McCartney, David Bowie, Bob Dylan. More than one and a half billion viewers in 160 countries watched the TV show. The USSR was almost the only country to abandon the show,














The Soviet Union was almost the only country to abandon the concert, an international group of climbers. 43 people are buried in avalanche.
1993 - 25 Russian border guards killed in the battle at the 12th post of the Moscow Frontier Corps (Tajikistan).
Born on July 13,
Born on July 13, Aristarchus Apollonovich in Belopolskii
Belousov Vladimir Aleksandrovich
Borisoglibskaya Anna Ivanivna
Breya Katrin
Vasilchuk Petro Oleksandrovich
Volya Shoynka
Hevrich Tit
German Helmer
Hindenburg Karl
Gotsulenko Volodymyr Nikolayevich
Jack Kemp
George Randolph Hirst Jr.
Christopher Bernsson
Kurt Westergaard
Mikhailenko Dmit ro Stanislavovich
Mikhalchuk Sergey
Stanislao Cannitszaro
Usidzima Sigeeaki
Tsibulenko Viktor Sergeyevich
Helmets Vsevolod Volodymyrovich
Yan Lechon
100 to. - Guy Julius Caesar, an ancient Roman political, state and military figure († 44 BC).
40 - Agrikola Gnei Julius, Roman commander and politician.
1527 - John Dee, English mathematician and geographer , the royal astrologer, the first English translator of the Euclidean Geometry († 1609).
1590 - Clement X (in the world of Emilio Bonaventura Altieri), Pope Roman (1670-76; † 1676).
1608 - Ferdinand III Habsburg, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (from 1625 - King of Hungary, from 1627 - Czech Republic; † 1657).
1773 - Wacenroder Wilhelm Henry, German writer († 1798).
1808 - McMahon Patrice de, president of France in 1873-79, marshal, duke suppressing the Paris Commune.
1813 - Theophilus van Hansen, an Austrian architect of Danish origin, known for his neoclassical projects in Vienna and Athens

1826 - Stanislauso Cannizzaro, an Italian scientist, founder of modern chemistry, distinguished between the concept of "atom" and "molecule" († 1910).
1841 - Wagner Otto, Austrian architect, modernist style master, founder of modern European architecture († 1918 ).
1851 - Stepnjak-Kravchinsky Sergey Mikhailovich, Russian Writing Ihor, Populist-terrorist († 1895).
1858 - Vologotsky Andrey Ipolitovich, hydrograph surveyor, polar explorer, lieutenant general of the Naval Army Corps, head of the General Directorate of Hydrography († 1913).
1862 - Gudev Petro, Bulgarian politician.
1862 - Rubakin Nikolay Aleksandrovich, educator, scientist, writer, bibliographer, encyclopedist ("Among books"; († 1946).
1869 - Vinogradov Sergey Arsenijovich, artist († 1938).
1889 - Ulrich Vasil, chairman of the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR from 1926-1948, Colonel-General of Justice, one of the main organizers of the Stalinist repressions (Ulrich's signature is tens of thousands of death sentences).
1910 - Inanimate Petro Stepanovich, Soviet and Ukrainian activist and scientist, Minister of Energy of the USSR from 1962 to 1985, organizer of construction of many hydroelectric plants, including Bratsk, as well as nuclear power plants, including the Rivne and Zaporozhye († 1999).
1912 - Friedman Milton, American Kick Economist († 2006).
1918 - Askari Alberto, Italian racer Formula 1, world champion in Formula 1 1952 and 1953 († 1955).
1919 - Grisha Filippov, Bulgarian politician.
1919 - Chao Botsun, Chinese, Taiwanese general and politician, head of the Taiwan government.
1920 - Arkady Grigorovich Adamov, writer, author of police detectives ("The Case of the Chronicles", "The Loop", "Inspector Losev"; † 1991 1922 - Maria Vinogradova, film actress († 1995).
1923 - Pugovkin Mikhail Ivanovich, Russian and Soviet film actor ("Weddings in Malinovka", "Sportloto-82", "Ivan Vasyliovich changes his profession. ").
1925 - Novikov Boris Kuzmich, actor of theater and cinema (films" Quiet Don "," Adjutant of his Excellency ")," Voice "of Postman Pechkin († 1997).
1925 - Sergienko Raisa Mikhailovna, Ukrainian singer (lyric-dramatic soprano; † 1987).
1928 - Pikul Valentin Savich, author of popular historical novels ("The feather and sword", "The battle of iron chancellors", "The Favorite"; † 1990).
1932 - Victor V. Berkovsky, Russian scientist, composer, bard († 2005).
1932 - Fomenko Petro, Russian director of theater and cinema, People's Artist of Russia, teacher, founder and artistic director of the Moscow theater "The Workshop of Peter Fomenko" (filmed "For the rest of the life" ).
1933 - Alexander Kanershtein, composer, teacher, pianist († 2005).
1934 - Yeliseyev Aleksey Stanislavovich, Soviet

1934 - Wole Szyonka, Nigerian writer, Nobel Prize winner in 1986 "for the creation of a theater of a great cultural perspective and poetry."
1938 - Skorik Miroslav Mikhailovich, Ukrainian composer and musicologist.
1939 - Movchan Pavel Mikhailovich, Ukrainian writer, People's Deputy of Ukraine.
1940 - Sokulsky Ivan Grigorievich, Ukrainian poet, human rights activist, public figure, member of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group since 1979, one of the founders of the Rukh and URP in Dnipropetrovsk region († 1992). 1940 - Stuart Patrick, American actor.
1940 - Jun 'Joseph Vladimirovich, Doctor. Sciences
1941 - Kulchytskyy Igor Yevstahiiyovych, Soviet football player.
1941 - Perren Jacques (true surname Simone), French actor, director, film producer (Investigator, Shadow).
1942 - Ford Harrison, American actor (Star Wars, Indiana Jones, President's Airplane, Fugitive).
1944 - Rubik Ernog, Hungarian inventor; The most famous invention is Rubik's cube.
1946 - Chich Marin, American film actor.
1951 - Peccarch Marek, Polish rock vocalist, leader of the band "TSA".
1956 - Mendoza Mark, bass guitarist of the American band " Twisted Sister. "
1957 - Thierry Boutsen, Belgian racing driver, Formula 1 pilot.
1957 - Crow Cameron, American film director.
1963 - Vadim G. Kozachenko, singer.
1967 - Benny Bensassi, Italian DJ.
1969 - Buzina Oles, essayist, publicist, TV presenter.
1974 - Trulli Jarno, Italian racing driver, Formula 1 pilot.
1977 - Yatsenko Anton Volo Dmytrovich, People's Deputy of Ukraine of the 6th convocation.
1983 - Liu Xiang, Chinese athlete.
1988 - He Pingping, the smallest man in the world, with a height of just over 74 centimeters († 2010).
Died
See also Category: Deaths July 13, Arnold Schoenberg
Gabrielle Roua
Dasdorzhin Natsagdorzh
Dyachenko Anatoliy Nikolayevich
Likholetov Peter Yakovlevich
Lizhnevsky Anatoly Vladimirovich
Padalka Ivan Ivanovich
Pandulph II (Prince Salernsky)
Richard Bennett
939 - Lion VII, 127. Pope Roman (January 3, 936 - July 13, 939).
982 - Landulff IV, Prince Benevent and the Prince 1628 - Romanov Mikhail Fedorovich, the first Russian Czar of the Romanov dynasty.
1762 - James Bradley, English Astronomer (* 1693).
1793 - Marat Jean-Paul, one of the leaders of the French Revolution, was killed by Charlotte Cordier (* 1743).
1854 - Abbas Pasha, the Viceroy of Egypt, the grandson of Meghemeda Ali.
1868 - Tishkevich Konstantin, Belarussian archaeologist (* 1806).
1896 - Kekule Friedrich August, German chemist (* 1829).
1912 - Mark-Emile Rusche, Swiss politician.
1921 - Gabriel Lippmann, French physicist, Nobel laureate Nobel Prize in 1908 for developing a method of color photography based on interference of light; received the first color photograph of the solar spectrum.
1923 - Hamerik Asger, Danish composer, conductor (* 1843).
1924 - Kidston Robert, English paleobotanik (* 1852).
1924 - Alfred Marshall, English economist ( 1842).
1927 - Alexander Zhirkevich, Russian writer, collector, public figure.
1929 - Konstantin Ivanovich Arazhin, Russian and Ukrainian literary critic, journalist, writer (* 1866).
1931 - Artykhovsky Volodymyr Martynovich, Russian Soviet botanist, physiologist of plants (* 1876).
1937 - Boychuk Mikhail Lv Ukrainian artist, painting painter, leader of the Boichukist group (* 1882).
1937 - Segundo Kompei, Cuban folk musician, member of Buena Vista Social Club (* 1907).
1944 - Bulgakov Sergiy Nikolayevich, philosopher, theologian, publicist ("Philosophy of the economy", "Philosophy of the Name"; * 1871).
1945 - Alla Nazimova (the real name of Adelaide Leventon), American actress and producer of Russian descent, close friend Rudolfo Valentino (* 1879).
1951 - Schönberg Arnold, Austrian composer, modernist ("Who escaped from Warsaw"; 1954 - Kalo Frida, Mexican artist (* 1901).
1956 - Volodymyr G. Zakharov, composer, People's Artist of the USSR (* 1901).
1956 - Volodymyr Y. Levytsky, Ukrainian mathematician, Doctor of Philosophy (* 1872).
1974 - Blacket Patrick Mainard Stewart, English physicist (* 1897).
2004 - Prokhorov Timothy Vasilievich ("Batechko Timothy"), Russian hermit in Munich, "Olympic ceremony."
2005 - Kisimov Asen, Bulgarian actor.
2008 - Geremek Bronislav, Polish historian and politician (* 1932).
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