Tunisia

Republic of Tunisia
الجمهورية التنسية
Flag
Coat
Motto: "Order, Freedom, Justice"
Anthem: Himat Al Hima
Capital
Tunisia
36 ° 50 Mon sh 10 ° 09 's. d. / 36.833 ° Mon sh 10.150 ° C d. / 36.833; 10.150
The largest city in the capital
Official languages
Arabic State System
Republic of
- The President
Bejigi Qaeda Is-Sebsi
- The Prime Minister
Habib Essid
Independence

from France - March 20, 1956
Area
- In total - 163,610 km² (92)
- Water (%)
5.0
Population


July 2005
10,102,000 (78)
- 1994 census
8,785,711
- Density
62 / km² (133 ( 2005))
GDP (PPP)
2005, estimate
- Full
$ 86.67 billion (63)
- Per capita
$ 8,255 (71)
IRPP (2004) - ▲ 0.760 (average) (87) - Currency
Tunisian Dinar (TND)
Time zone - (UTC + 2)
Standards ISO 3166
+216
Internet domain.
. Telephone code
+216
Tunisia (Arabic, Tunisia), official name - Republic of Tunisia (Arabian. الجمرحية التنسية ), a country in northern Africa on the Mediterranean coast; borders on south-east with Libya and in the west with Algeria; this is the smallest area in the Arabian state of North Africa.









































The latest news > 3 Administrative division
4 Geography. Nature
5 Economics
6 Political life
7 Armed forces
7.1 Naval forces
8 Ukrainian-Tunisian relations
9 Culture
10 See. also
11 Sources
12 Links - History
Middle Ages
In 1229-1574, the center of the Tunisian sultanate of the Berber dynasty of the Hafsides. In 1574, conquered by the Ottoman Empire.
The New Period
The French Protectorate Since 1883, internal self-government received in 1955, complete independence as a monarchy in 1956, Habib Bourguiba became prime minister. The country became a republic in 1957, Bourguiba became president, a lifetime president since 1975. The Prime Minister seized power in 1987, and in 1988, democratic constitutional changes were made. In 1989, at a general election, the government party won all seats in the Assembly.
Map of Tunisia.
Tunisia is the northernmost country in Africa and part of the natural boundary between the Western and Eastern Mediterranean. In antiquity, it was the center of the Carthaginian state, and then became the heart of the Roman province of Africa. In the Middle Ages it was here that the Arab influence and Islam spread to the south, west and north. In the 16th century. Tunisia fell under the power of Turkey, and in the late 19th century. became the protectorate of France. In 1956, the independence of the country was proclaimed, and in 1957 Tunisia became a republic.
Administrative division
More: Tunisia and the administrative division of Tunisia
Geography. Nature
More: Nature of Tunisia
Topographic map of Tunisia.
The country is located on the coastal plains, in the eastern part of the Atlas mountains (the highest point is Shambi, 1544 m) and the north. parts of the Sahara desert. The climate is subtropical in the Mediterranean, in the south - tropical desert. Home





More: Economics of Tunisia, Tunisia Minerals, Tunisia Mining Development and Tunisia Mining
Central Bank of Tunisia
Tunisia is an agrarian and raw material country, one of the most developed in the country. Africa Major industries: oil and refining, chemical, mining and metallurgical, food, textile, cement. All types of transport are developed in T. Autumn Ports: Tunisia, Sfax, Bizerta, Gabes, Sehir, Sus. The oil terminal in Sehiri, on the shores of the Gabes Bay, is connected with the inner regions of oil production by oil pipelines. Five major cities have their own airports: Al-Uweina (Tunisia-Carthage), Monastir, Djerba, Tauzar and Tabarca.
According to [Index of Economic Freedom, The Heritage Foundation, U.S.A. 2001]: GDP - $ 21.3 billion. GDP growth rate - 5%. GDP per capita - $ 2,283. Direct foreign investments - $ 0.577 billion Imports - $ 9.6 billion (ie, France - 27%, Italy - 19.5%, Germany - 12.3%, Spain - 4.3%, Belgium - 3 , 8%). Exports - $ 9 billion (ie, France -27%, Italy - 21.4%, Germany 15.1%, Belgium - 6.4%, Libya - 4%). The main import items are machinery and equipment, crude and processed oil, food products, vehicles, timber, as well as raw cotton and cotton yarn. Exports textiles and leather, chemicals and related products, machinery and transport equipment, agricultural products and food products, mineral raw materials, fuel and lubricants. Important articles of exports - phosphates and their products, olive oil, wine, lead, iron and steel.
Political life
President Zin al-Abidin Ben Ali took his post from November 7, 1987 to January 14, 2011. . In 1987, he replaced Habib Bourguiba. Habib Bourguiba was the unchanged leader of the country since independence from France in 1956. In 1957, the monarchy was abolished in the country.
In 1987, the old president, Habib Bourguiba, founder of the Tunisian state, appointed General Zin El-Abidine Ben Ali as prime minister. Already in six weeks, as a result of a medical examination, Habib Bourguiba was found to be incapable of performing his duties. For two years, Zin al-Abidine Ben Ali ruled the country from the premier's chair, and in 1989 he was elected president and since then has not left the post until 2011.
The first president adopted a constitution (1959), introduced a multi-party system, introduced secular courts and civil norms of family relations (abolished polygamy), women were granted suffrage rights. In 2002, under the pretext of the fight against terrorism, a referendum was passed on amendments to the constitution, which cancel restrictions on the number of presidential terms and the age limit for a presidential candidate.
The president is elected for a term of 5 years. Prime Minister and cabinet ministers are appointed by the president.
Heads of regions and local self-government bodies are appointed by the government. Local councils of the municipal and district levels are formed on an electoral basis.
Armed forces
Details: Armed forces of Tunisia
Military expenses in the 90's amounted to 350-400 million dollars a year. Armed with weapons and military equipment, mainly of western production, and is rather outdated. The number of military personnel is 35,000 (including ~ 23,400 regular service, the length of the term of service is 1 year, the selective prize).
Naval Forces
Number - 4-4,5 thousand people (including 700 temporary service)



Bizerte, Celibia, La Gulet, Sfax, Sousse, Tunisia.
Repair capacity - 4 dry docks and 1 blind (boat lifts) in Bizerte; 2 pontoons and floating docks in Sfax; there is an opportunity to service and repair all the existing boats and boats.
Ships:
3 rocket launches of the type La Galite (Combattante-III) with 2x4 PU PKR MM40 Exocet;
3 missile boats of the Bizerte type (R- 48) from 8 PKR SS-12M;
3 patrol boats of the type Utique (Chinese "Shanghai II" or upgraded by Hinzhui);
10 patrol boats Ch. Navals de l'Esterel two models;
5-6 auxiliary vessels;
Coast Guard (part of the National Guard):
5 patrol boats of the type Kondor I - the former RDR-Iowa minesweepers;
2 patrols Boats of the type Tazarka (Vosper Thornycroft);
5 patrol boats of the type Bremse - the former East-Siberian;
11 patrol boats of the type Socomena;
4 patrol boats of the type Gabes.
Ukrainian-Tunisian relations
This section needs to be complemented.
In 1916, Ukrainian and Tunisian nationalists met in the framework of the Third Peoples Conference organized by the Union of Peoples in Lausanne (Switzerland).
More ultura
in Article
See Tunisian cuisine. also
List of Tunisian mammals and French protectorate in Tunisia
Sources
Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia: in 12 vols / ed. M. Bazhana. - 2nd form. - K.: The main editors of the URE, 1974-1985.
References
In revolutionary Tunisia, a hundred and forty Ukrainians



Africa Union
Algeria • Angola • Benin • Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Democratic Republic of the Congo Djibouti Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Egypt Zambia Western Sahara Zimbabwe Cape Verde Cameroon Kenya Comoros • Congo • Côte d'Ivoire1 • Lesotho • Liberia • Libya • Mauritius • Mauritania • Madagascar1 • Malawi • Mali • Mozambique • Nam Ibiza • Niger1 • Nigeria • South Africa • South Sudan • Rwanda • Sao Tome and Principe • Swaziland • Seychelles • Senegal • Somalia • Sudan • Sierra Leone • Tanzania • Togo • Tunisia • Uganda • Central African Republic • Chad
1 Membership suspended




Africa
Independent
Algeria · Angola · Benin · Botswana · Burkina Faso · Burundi · Gabon · Gambia · Ghana · Guinea · Guinea-Bissau · Democratic Republic of the Congo · Djibouti · Equatorial Guinea · Eritrea · Ethiopia · Egypt1 · Zambia · Zimbab BW · Cape Verde · Cameroon · Kenya · Comoros · Republic of the Congo · Côte d'Ivoire · Lesotho · Liberia · Libya · Mauritius · Mauritania · Madagascar · Malawi · Mali · Morocco · Mozambique · Namibia · Niger · Nigeria · Southern Sudan · South Africa · Rwanda · Sao Tome and Principe · Swaziland · Seychelles · Senegal · Somalia · Sudan · Sierra Leone · Tanzania · Togo · Tunisia · Uganda · Central African Republic · Chad
Other countries British Indian Ocean Territory · Canary Islands · Meda Ra · Mayotte · Melilla · Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha · Reunion · Scattered islands in the Indian Ocean · Ceuta
Unrecognized
Azawad · Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic · Countries and regions of Somalia (Avdallend · Azania · Gallumudug · Puntland · Somaliland · Hatumo · Hyman and Cheb)
¹ Partially located on another continent




Countries of the Mediterranean
Gibraltar (United Kingdom) • Spain • France • Monaco • Italy • Malta • Slovenia • Croatia • Bosnia and Herzegovina • Montenegro • Albania • Greece • Turkey • Cyprus • Syria • Lebanon • Israel • Palestine Autonomy • Egypt • Libya • Tunisia • Algeria • Morocco



The League of Arab States Algeria Bahrain Djibouti Egypt · Yemen · Iraq · Jordan · Qatar · Kuwait · Comoros · Lebanon · Libya · Mauritania · Morocco · OAU · Oman · Palestinian Authority · Saudi Arabia · Syria · Somalia · Sudan · Tunisia



p
Organization for Black Sea Economic Cooperation
Member Countries
Azerbaijan • Albania • Bulgaria • Armenia • Greece • Georgia • Moldova • Russia • Romania • Serbia • Turkey • Ukraine • Observers - Austria • Belarus • Egypt • Israel • Italy • Germany • Poland • Slovakia • USA • Tunisia • France • Croatia • Czech Republic
This is an incomplete article on the geography of Tunisia.
You can help the project by correcting or completing it.


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