Magpie Mikhail Mikhailovich
Mykhailo Myrolovych Soroka (* 27 March 1911 (19110327), the village of Hnylytsia the Great, the Kingdom of Galicia and Vladimir, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, now the village of Hnylytsia, Pidvolochysk district, Ternopil region - † 16 June 1971, Dubravlag, Mordovia) - OUN executives at the ZUZ (1934-1936), member of the OUN Provincial Leadership (1940). He has been a prisoner of Soviet camps for 34 years, organizer of the OUN-North prisoner movement
1 Childhood and student years
2 Fighting in the OUN's benches against the Polish state
3 camp epic (1940–1971)
3.1 Arrest of the NKVD (March 1940). 8 years on Vorkuta
3.2 Several months of freedom (spring 1949). 3 years of exile in Krasnoyarsk region
3.3 1952th. Death Penalty Substituted for 25 Years
3.4 Uprising in Kengir (1954)
3.5 Mordovian Camps. Death in Prison (June 16, 1971)
4 See. also page 5 Notes on 6 Literature on 7 References
Childhood and college years
Born March 27, 1911 in the village. Big rot in Ternopil region. He started his studies at the Ternopil Ukrainian State High School and graduated from the Ukrainian Reformed Real Gymnasium in Rzhevci near Prague, Czech Republic. After high school, he entered the Faculty of Architecture at the Prague Polytechnic University, graduating in 1936. He is an avid plasterer.
OUN fight against the Polish state
OUN Member. After the arrest of the most active members of the OUN in 1934, a leadership led by Yevgeny Konovalets sends Mikhail Soroko to his home lands with the task of forming new cohorts of fighters. He was promoted to the OUN Regional Executive in Western Ukraine on January 9, 1937. He was arrested and imprisoned in the Stanislavsky and Grodno prisons, and later in a concentration camp in the Shore of Karthuz. In September 1939, after the fall of Poland, she was released and married in November with Catherine Zarytska.
In December 1939, he became a member of the sports association "Spartacus". In January 1940 he entered the first year of the Mathematical Faculty of the Lviv Polytechnic Institute, in parallel worked as a "librarian and draftsman at the library of the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of Lviv University", and from March of the same year began to study in art courses. In 1940, M. Soroka became a member of the OUN Regional Leadership.
Prison Camp Epic (1940–1971)
NKVD Arrest (March 1940). 8 years on Vorkuta
March 22, 1940 happy four months of married life of M. Soroka and K.Zaritskaya again breaks arrest and prison, but this time made by new occupiers of Western Ukraine - Bolsheviks. They will never meet again in their lives.
All those who were repressed by the Poles, or only under the supervision of the Polish police, were considered by the Bolsheviks as dangerous and unreliable for the USSR. Such Chekists were "summoned to talk" and then arrested and selected articles of the Soviet Criminal Code, which they were accused of and tried. Polish archives learned about Catherine Zarytska's criminal record and came to arrest her. Mikhail Soroka stood up for his wife and was arrested as well, and when checked in the Polish archives, the reason for M. Soroka's arrest was that he was "one of the activists of the OUN". The same accusation also applied to K. Zaritskaya. M. Soroko was sent to the 2nd Lviv prison, and K. Zaritsk to the Brigidka prison. Subsequently, without knowing that he was a member of the OUN Regional Executive, M. Soroko was sentenced to 8 years of concentration camps and sent to Vladivostok and then to Vorkut.
In the over-the-top Zamarstinivka prison, Mikhail learns that in Lviv prison - " The son of Bohdan was born (now a famous graphic artist ).
Soroky's knowledge is used in Vorkuta to work in geological prospecting. Being able to move around, it forms the underground organization OUN-North. One of her main tasks was the moral and physical preservation of Ukrainians in camps and settlements.
Several Months of Freedom (Spring 1949). 3 years of exile in Krasnoyarsk region
In spring 1949 M. Soroko returns to Lviv, but in June he was seized by NKVD bodies just outside the street and sentenced to "special meeting of Moscow" for settling in Krasnoyarsk region for communication with the OUN
1952. Death Penalty Substituted for 25 Years
There, in 1952, he was again arrested and charged with treason, homicide, anti-Soviet agitation, organization of the underground, and preparation for the uprising, which in his absence took place in the Vorkuta camps. After an unprecedentedly brutal investigation (some prisoners in the case committed suicide, one was insane, and many abused themselves without enduring abuse), M. Soroka was sentenced to death, which was replaced by 25 years in prison. br> Revolt in Kengir (1954)
1954 - Forty, while in Steplag, participated in the Kengir rebellion of political prisoners, wrote a hymn of the rebels - "In the hot steppes of Kazakhstan" .
Mordovian camps. Death in Detention (June 16, 1971)
He has been serving his sentence in the Mordovian camps since the 1960s. Everywhere where Mikhail Soroka was, he organized literary, historical, religious evenings, supported prisoners spiritually and ideologically, for which he was considered the ideological patriarch of political prisoners of the Soviet concentration camps. Michael Soroka died in Mordovia on June 17, 1971, on the 34th year of imprisonment. On September 21, 1992, his ashes were transported and reburied from Mordovia to Ukraine at the Lychakiv Cemetery in Lviv, at No. 67. 
He was imprisoned for 34 years. 
See. also the Martyrologist of the fallen figures of the OUN and the UPA
ñò Post progress. # 5 (May 25, 2008) Bogdan Soroka. "The sickness of our society is ambivalence." Author: Victor Neborak. Retrieved 2009-06-20.
Ä Mirror of the Week, Issue 16 (744) April 30 - May 15, 2009 "The Most Free People in the USSR" By: Svetlana Orel
↑ Kris L., Figol R. Lychakivsky necropolis. - Lviv, 2006. - P. 365, 373. - ISBN 966-8955-00-5.
↑ The memory of Mykhailo Soroka honored in Lviv
Encyclopedia of Ukrainian Studies: Dictionary Part: 11 t . / Scientific Society. Shevchenko; Goal. ed. Prof. Dr. Vladimir Kubievich. - Paris; New York ; Lviv: Young Life, 1954–2003.
Genealogical Tree of this Person - Rodina Mikhail Mikhailovich - Lesya Bondaruk. Michael the Forty. - Drohobych: The Renaissance Publishing Company, 2001.
“The Will Man” A film about Michael the Forty. Director Alexander Ryabokris - The tragic love of Catherine Zaritskaya and Mikhail Soroka // UaModna, 16 June 2015 - Legend of Gulag (ukr.)
Progress, No. 103 (547), 16 June 2000. In memory of Mikhail Soroky
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