Sable Island, a small island in the North Atlantic, located 180 km southeast of Cape Canso in Nova Scotia (Canada), 290 km from the capital city of the province of Halifax. br> Table of Contents
2.1 Wild Horses
The island is a narrow sand crescent shaped moon , its width does not exceed 2 km with a length exceeding 38 km and an area of about 34 km². The surrounding shallow waters contain numerous sandy shallows and shallows, which, together with thick fogs and strong winds, create a great danger for navigation. in the surrounding waters. Because of this, the island was called "Atlantic Cemetery." The island got its name from the sand (fr. Sable) it is made of. Due to the sea currents and the brutal ocean storms that move the sand, the island is constantly changing in size and shape and is slowly moving eastwards. 44 km of travel has been recorded over the last 200 years. Thick fogs often occur around the island due to the interaction of cold Labrador currents with warm Gulf Stream. Sable Island is sometimes the warmest place in all of Canada during the winter months due to the heat flux from the Gulf Stream.
Only 15 people and several hundred wild horses inhabit the island
About 40% of the island's surface is covered with grass and other undersized vegetation - 175 species of plants are found on the island. The trees on the island do not grow; in 1901, at the behest of the canadian government, 80,000 tree seedlings were planted here, but none survived. At present, only one tree grows throughout the island - the pine tree that was planted near the weather station in the 1960s.
More than 600 invertebrate species occur on the island; three species of butterflies, one species of beetles and one ringworm are endemic. Numerous rainwater reservoirs are home to freshwater sponges of the species, which is also found only on Sable.
Researchers have about 330 species of birds on the island. 15 species regularly nest here, among them the Northern Redbird (Oceanodroma leucorhoa), two species of seagulls, 4 species of ducks, 3 species of buntings, three species of terns. A special subspecies of savanna oatmeal - Passerculus sandwichensis princeps - lives only on this island.
The island is also a traditional stop during seasonal migrations of many migratory birds.
Sable is also the world's largest colony of gray seals - about 500 are born each year seals; The colony's population has been steadily increasing since 1960.
A distinctive feature of the island is the population of about 250 wild horses that live freely on the island and are protected by law from human intervention. They are believed to be descendants of horses seized from former French Acadia during their expulsion from the island, and left on the island by Boston merchant Thomas Hancock, an uncle of John Hancock, one of the founders of the United States. exported from the island; The horses were used in the coal mines of Cape Breton Island, sold or simply destroyed. From 1961 it was decided to cease all measures of artificial control of the population and to allow it to stabilize naturally; it is only in the particularly cold winter months that the Canadian government arranges delivery to the island of hay that is being dropped from planes. However, some biologists and ecologists suggest generally removing horses from the island to restore its ecosystem to its original natural state. History
Who first discovered the island is not known for sure; it could have been a Portuguese expedition led by João Alvarez Fagundes, who explored the region from 1520 to 1521.
In 1580, the Marquis de La Roche in an attempt to colonize the island settled 50 French convicts on it; of these, only 11 survived, evacuated in 1603.
In 1873, the Canadian government installed two lighthouses (on the eastern and western ends of the island) and a coastguard rescue station. Due to the erosion of the coast and the gradual shift of the island to the east, the western lighthouse was moved to a new location in 1883, 1888, 1917 and 1951.
. Because of this, and for environmental reasons, access to the island is limited, and can only be reached through special permission from the Canadian Coast Guard. Planes and warships of the Canadian Armed Forces are constantly patrolling the surrounding sea. Canadian rescue services use the location of the island extended far into the ocean to increase the reach of their helicopters, for which a landing site and emergency fuel storage facility were arranged. In exceptional circumstances, the island is also planned to be used as a base for evacuation of offshore drilling rig personnel if the need arises.
Alien Bioboard. In the 1990s, a new hypothesis for the origin of Sable Island came to light. This time, experts in the field of anomalous phenomena emerged. "The island is not just an anomalous zone of the Earth - it is a living organism, and not of Earthly origin!" (D. Pable, W. Lines). Nobody was able to explain the principles of "life" and the functioning of bioboard. Silicon (sand) is believed to be the basis for the functioning of bioboard.
Sable Island Green Horse Society (in English) Sable Island: The Mysteries, History and Legends of the Atlantic Cemetery (in Russian)
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