Online Encyclopedias

Online or online encyclopedias are popular reference publications in the context of an active increase in the amount of social information that exists on the Internet. The virtual encyclopedic submission form has opened up new perspectives on the development of the genre of publications, allowed for a change in format (search on demand without scrolling pages, search for images, more text, links) and increased accessibility for the general public, as part of free access to information , and in terms of overall participation in content creation. The electronic encyclopedia, as in the traditional one, includes: articles-reviews, articles-references, articles-interpretations and articles-references (addressed to another term). The first two types of articles differ only in volume, they include information on the substance of the issue and information on ways to obtain deeper and more complete knowledge (by reference to the literature at the end of the article or in a special bibliographic block of the encyclopedia).
by structure: alphabetic, systematic;
by content information: universal (in all subjects), subject (general, specialized or thematic);
by forms of information presentation: electronic copies of traditional encyclopedic publications, multimedia and encyclopedias;
to implement, as a kind of local information resources (carriers) as a kind of Internet resources;
the degree of activity of the virtual environment: passive (focused only on presentation of information); interactive (based on the use of "feedback").
Types of information presentation
Virtual environment allows you to fundamentally change the presentation of information. The ways of its presentation in the electronic encyclopedia include:
hypertext as a means of nonlinear architecture presentation of educational material;
animations - dynamic drawings, graphs, tables, diagrams, diagrams;
demonstration and manipulative dynamic models of objects and processes ;
audio information; videos;
"virtual reality" elements. At the same time, traditional static ways of presenting the subject of study (texts, symbols, pictures, photographs, etc.) are preserved in the virtual encyclopedic environment.
Method of submitting info mation may appear by the user, they also through the promotion hypertext information "tree" varies its fullness and complexity. In the virtual encyclopedia, you can organize an independent choice of the type and method of working with information: passive perception of information,
target search and processing of necessary information,
editing and "playing" selected blocks of information in the form of thematic presentations, etc. < Of great importance in the encyclopedia is its bibliographic equipment. In an electronic encyclopedia, bibliographic references may include the Internet addresses of relevant electronic publications and libraries.
Illustrations are significant: photographs, drawings, maps, plans, diagrams, drawings. They can be animated in nature and include elements of interactivity and hypergraphy.
The guidance tool is of fundamental importance for the electronic encyclopedia. These can be traditional ways of orienting the user in encyclopedic material: thematic plan (index of the distribution of articles by types and types), vocabulary (full list of terms to which articles are devoted). It is clear that the capabilities of computers to reflect the structure of information in the encyclopedia, the system of connections between its main elements are not comparable with the capabilities of the traditional book. An electronic encyclopedia can include different types of "navigators". It can incorporate a whole system of pointers (alphabetic, systematic, bibliographic), which can be supplemented by a search engine for a specific term, a keyword, etc.
The peculiarity of educational electronic encyclopedia is the presence of a pronounced apparatus of learning material in it. This apparatus is represented by various ways of systematizing educational information, and in particular by ways of visually displaying the structure of scientific knowledge (diagrams, tables, diagrams, classifications, reference signals, etc.). Also, Online Encyclopedia List
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