Museum

Museums (from ancient times τὸ Μουσεῖον - "house of the Muses") are cultural-educational and research establishments intended for studying, preserving and using monuments of nature, material and spiritual culture, attracting citizens to the heritage of national and world Historical and Cultural Heritage.
International Museum Day is celebrated each year on May 18th.

Content
1 General Information
2 History of Formation
2.1 The Ancient World
2.2 Antiquity - 2.3 Middle Ages - 2.4 Renaissance
3 Types of Museums
4 Museums-Estates
5 Museum to the territory of 6 See. also
7 Notes
8 Literature
9 Links
General Information
The main directions of museum activity are cultural-educational, research activity, manning of museum collections, exposition, stock, publishing, restoration,

Museums are legal entities, except those created and operated by enterprises, institutions, organizations, educational establishments.
History of formation
Ancient World
In the second millennium BC The clerks of Ur and other cities of the Mezhyrichia began collecting literary and scientific texts written with cuneiform clay tablets. Thus there were private and royal libraries. The largest of these was the Ashurbanipal library (VII century BC), which numbered over 30,000 tablets. In the VI. BC. BC King Nabonidus of Babylon collected antiquities, excavated and even restored some of the Chaldean Ur. and science. Similar altars were placed in the schools of philosophy of Plato and Aristotle to perform the rites. Sometimes, the museums served not only as a place of worship for the muses, but also as a venue for creative competitions of poets. In the Thespian sanctuary every five years, all-Greek celebrations were held in honor of the Muses - the Muses. The sanctuary itself and its surroundings contained statues of goddesses made by sculptors Kefisodot and Praxiteles, statues of Dionysus by Myron and Lissippus, the famous marble Eros of Praxiteles. [1]. to the gods in honor of the victory over the enemy, in the hope of receiving healing or satisfying any request. From these gifts, the first collections were created, which were stored in shrines, temples, and treasuries. Special officers engaged in their protection and accounting. They made detailed lists of things that indicated the name of the object, the material from which it was made, the mass, the special features, the condition, the name of the god to whom it was dedicated, the reason and date of the dedication, the name and ethnicity of the donor. Things that were in a broken state were put on the lists of things to be removed, which were approved by the temple council. Because these items were not allowed to be destroyed, gold and silver articles were melted into ingots, which were then dedicated to the gods, and others were buried in temple reservoirs or underground vaults.








> Alexandria Library - Pergamon Library - Museum Types
By their profile, museums are divided into the following types: historical, archeological, local, natural, literary and memorial
artistic and ethnographic
technical and industry etc.
Based on ensembles, complexes monuments and individual monuments of nature, history, culture and territories of particular historical, scientific and cultural value may be created historical and cultural reserves, museums-reserves, open-air museums, memorial museums-estates. at times, green tourism in the Kyiv region offers rest in the form of excursions to museums-estates of ancient life with full meals. However, this is still a young tourism destination, and somewhat inferior to the opportunities of the Carpathian region with its mountain, cultural and hotel attractions.



Samchiki Palace and Park ensemble
Khmelita (homestead)
Kuskovo Homestead Museum - Kachanivka (National Historical and Cultural Reserve)
Vyshnevets Palace
Pidgoretsky Castle
Museum Territory
Sofiivka (Dendropark), Greenhouse
On the territory reserved for the Museum, Activities that are contrary to its functional purpose or may adversely affect it are prohibited and the state of storage of the museum collection, as well as other activities that are incompatible with the activities of the museum as a cultural institution. In this territory according to the statute of the museum can be distinguished zones:
protected - for storage and protection of the most valuable historical and cultural complexes and individual objects;
exposition - for permanent display of large-scale museum objects and use for cultural and educational purposes ;
scientific - for carrying out research work;
recreational - for rest and service of museum visitors;
economic - for accommodation of auxiliary economic objects. Kachanivka, park area plan
Vorontsovsk 2nd Palace (Alupka), Winter Garden. also
World Exhibition - Virtual Museum
Exhibit
Restoration (Art) - Museum Fund of Ukraine - Skansen - Manor - Museum Sightseeing
Notes
Yureneva T. Yu. Museum Studies: A Textbook for Higher Education. - 2nd ed. - M .: Academic Project, 2004. - 560 p. - ("Gaudeamus")
Literature
Law of Ukraine "On Museums and Museum"
O. S. Sapanga. Contemporary Art Museum: at the Service of Humanity or Man? / / In search of a museum image: Materials Nauch. Conf. St. Petersburg, 2007, pp. 6-17.
Lexikon der Kunst, Karl Müller Verlag, 1998.
W. Prinz, Die Entschtehung der Galerie in Frankreich und Italien, Berlin, 1970.
K. Hudson, A Social History of Museums, London, 1975.
"Soviet Museum", No. 2, 1992 (in Russian), article "Museums of Influence"
Links
Wikipedia contains the following comments: Museum
Wikimedia Commons has the following multimedia information for: Museum of Museum Space of Ukraine
Museum of Nature of Halych National Nature Park
Ad altereum mente captorum
Historical and Ethnographic Museum of Folk Architecture in Pirogov Village
Rudenko, S B. Museum monument: socio-cultural essence and place in the system of historical and cultural values: monograph. - K.: NAKKIM, 2012. - 120 pp. The Field Museum - Field Museum.
British Museum - British Museum.

Museum Victoria - Museum of the State of Victoria.
Natural History Museum - American Museum of Natural History.
Culture


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