Bahrain

Kingdom of Bahrain


Mamlakat al-Bahrayn
Flag and Coat of Arms
Hymn:Bahrain
«Our Bahrain»
Our Bahrain
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Capital
Manama
26 ° 13 'Mon. sh 50 ° 35 's. d. / 26.217 ° Mon sh 50.583 ° C d. / 26,217; 50.583
The largest city and capital
The official languages
Arabic
The state system
The constitutional monarchy
The king
Hamad ibn Isa al-Khalifa
- The prime minister -minister
Khalifa ibn Sultan al-Khalifa
- Crown Prince
Salman bin Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa
Independence
from the United Kingdom




750 km² (184th in the world)
- Water (%)
0
Population
- 2005 estimate
1,234,5961 (158-me)
- Census ğ .
2005
- Density
987 / km² (10th)
GDP (PPP)



Full
14.08 billion (117th)
- Per capita
$ 20,500 (35th)
IRLP (2004)
▲ 0.859 (high) (39th)
Currency
Dinar (BHD)
Time zone
(UTC + 3)
Internet domain .bh
Telephone code +973
Bahrain, officially The Kingdom of Bahrain (Arab Mumblat Al-Bahrain - Mamljakat al-Bahrain) is a state that unites a group of islands in the Persian Gulf between Saudi Arabia and Iran.
Contents
1 Geography
2 History
3 Political system
4 Economy
5 Population
6 See. also
7 Gallery
8 Notes
Geography
Territory of the country 688 km². The capital of Manama is located on the largest island (also called Bahrain). The state is located on 35 islands, which consist mainly of sand-limestone and have poor and non-fertile soils, flat and with a hot climate. The highway connects Bahrain with Saudi Arabia.
History The word "Bahrain" is torn out of context, it can be translated as "two seas". The full name of "mamljakatu-la-Bahrein" ("mälkat al-bahrin") means "the kingdom of the two seas". Ancient Sumerians once believed it to be a paradisiacal island, which only wise and courageous for enjoying eternal life.
Since 1783, the country ruled the Al-Khalifa dynasty, belonging to the Bany-Utba clan, which expelled Persians from its territory. Since 1861, when the treaty was signed with Britain, Bahrain was in fact a British protectorate until its independence in 1971. Bahrain became an independent state in 1971. In 1971, Bahrain became an independent state. The national assembly was elected and dissolved, and in 1975 the emir received absolute power.
The supreme ruler of the country is the king, and members of the ruling family belonging to Sunni Muslims occupy all important political and military positions. There is a longstanding tension in the relationship between Sunnis and Shi'a Muslims, which make up the majority. From time to time, social rashes flare up.
In 2001, the overwhelming majority of Bahrain's residents supported the proposals of the emirate, now the king, to turn the country into a constitutional monarchy with an electoral parliament and an independent judiciary. As a result, in 2002, the country's first, almost three decades, elections were really over. As a result, the Council of Deputies (Parliament) was formed, with more than a quarter of its 40 seats received Shiites. Moreover, freedom of speech is increasingly respected in Bahrain, while independent observers note a general improvement in the human rights situation. However, opposition groups and activists continue to demand political reform, in particular to provide more power to electoral assemblies.
Bahrain was one of the first states in the Gulf to open oil deposits and built a plant for its processing, and thus, before its neighbors, the country took advantage of the found oil wealth. However, Bahrain could not reach production levels comparable to prey in Kuwait or Saudi Arabia and was forced to diversify its economy.
Bahrain is an archipelago consisting of about 30 islands. Due to the relatively moderate climate, the island state has become an important center of regional tourism.
Bahrain is a close ally of America, and it is based here on the Fifth US Navy.
Since the beginning of 2011, mass demonstrations have taken place in the country. In order to take control of the situation, the Bahraini government has requested military aid in Saudi Arabia and the OAU.
Political system
Head of state and government:Sheikh Isa bin Sulman al Califa since 1961.
Political system:absolutism, then constitutional monarchy (from 2001).
Economy
Export:oil (Abu-Saha deposit), natural gas, aluminum, fish.
Population
Population 700 thousand people (2005). 2/3 of the population are indigenous people. Languages:Arabic (state), Farsi, English, Urdu.
See.

List of Emirates Bahrain - List of Mammals in Bahrain - Gallery
Fort Bahrain, Manama
View on Manama
Notes


India

Indian Ocean
Sea
Andaman · Arabi · Arafurus · Davis · Cosmonauts · Lakkaud · Mowson · Commonwealth · Timorese · Red · Major Gulfs
Aden · Bengal · Great Australian · Carpentaria · Oman · Persian · The most important Straits
Bab al-Mandebsk · Bassova · Sondskaya · Malakka · Mozambique · Hormuz · Torresova · Relief bottom Australasian Antarctic Basin · Australasian Antarctic Rise · Plateau Agulia · Alu-Altar Fallout · Amiran Trench · Amsterdam Plateau · Andaman Trench · Arabian Basin · Arabian-Indian Ridge · African-Antarctic Basin · East Indian Trench · East Indian Spine · Hunnerus Ridge · West Australian Basin · West Australian Ridge · West Indian Ridge · Probe Trough · Kerguelen Ridge · Kerguelen Plateau · Coconut Cavern · Coconut Celebration · Crozet Plate · Ridge Ridge · Mauritius Cove · Madagascar Basin · Madagascar Ridge · Maldives Ridge · Mascarens Basin · Mascarens Ridge · Mascaran Plateau · Mozambique Basin · Mozambique Ridge · Oak Grove · Roseau Owen · Somali Basin · Timor Trench · Central Basin · Central Indian Ridge · Chagos Crunch · Southern Australian Basin
Major Islands and Archipelagos
Andaman · Bathurst · Bahrain · Groote Island · Zanzhi bar · Kangaroo · Kerguelen · Keshm · King · Comoros · Curia Murray · Madagascar · Maldives · Mascarenski (Reunion, Mauritius) · Melville · Nias · Nicobar · Seychelles · Sieberut · Simeleue · Socotra · Tasmania · Flinders · Chagos · Sri Lanka





Asian Countries
Independent
Azerbaijan · Afghanistan · Bangladesh · Bahrain · Brunei · Bhutan · Vietnam · Armenia · Georgia · Egypt · Yemen · Jordan · Israel · India · Indonesia · Iraq · Iran · Kazakhstan · Cambodia · Qatar · Kyrgyzstan · Cyprus · China · Kuwait · Laos · Lebanon · Malaysia · Maldives · Mongolia · Myanmar · Nepal · OAU · Oman · Pakistan · South Korea · North Korea · Russia¹ · Saudi Arabia · Syria · Singapore · East Timor · Tajikistan · Thailand · Turkey¹ · Turkmenistan · Uzbekistan · Philippines · Sri Lanka · Japan · Unrecognized
Abkhazia² · Waziristan · Iraqi Kurdistan · Palestine ² (West Bank and Gaza Strip) · South Ossetia² · Northern Cyprus² · Nagorno-Karabakh Republic · Taiwan² · Shan ¹ Partly located in another part of the world or on another continent | ² Recognized by some countries




The League of Arab States
Algeria Bahrain Djibouti Egypt Yemen Iraq Iraq Jordan Qatar Kuwait Comoros Lebanon Libya Mauritania · Morocco · OAU · Oman · Palestinian Authority · Saudi Arabia · Syria · Somalia · Sudan · Tunisia
This is an incomplete article on the geography of Bahrain.
You can help the project by correcting or completing it.
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Monarchy of the Middle East and North Africa in the XIX - XXI centuries
Empire
Ottoman (Caliphate) • Persian (Shah)
Kingdom of Bahrain • Egypt • Jordan • Iraq • Yemen • Libya • Morocco • Nejdeh and Hijaz • Saudi Arabia • Syria • Tunisia • Hajjar Sultanate and Emirate in Abu Dhabi • Ajman • Asir • Beihan • Wahei • Upper Yafa • Next • Darfur • Jebel Shammar • Dubai • Qatar • Kuwait • Lahidj • Lower Aulaki • Lower Yafa • Oman • Ras al-Khaimah • Sennar • Soran • Umm al-Kayvine • Fadli • Sharjah • El- Fujairah
Vassal States
Ardalan Khanate • Egyptian Hedefat • Transjordaniya • Tunisian Eyalet - Saudi States • First • Second Najd
marked in bold States that now exists and the monarchy.


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