Isidore Rabi

Isidore Isaac Rabi (* 29 July 1898, Riemann, Austria-Hungary (now Poland) - † 11 January 1988, New York, USA) - physicist, Nobel Prize winner (1944). Contents Page 1 Biography - 2 Awards - 3 Literature - 4 Links - Biography - Rabbi Isidor was born on July 29, 1898 in Riemann, a town in Western Galicia. The future scientist got into emigration immediately after his birth - he was taken to America, where his parents emigrated. The family wanted Isidore to become a rabbi, but in his youth he was drawn to science and technology (he published an article on how to make electric capacitors on his own).
For outstanding success, Isidore Rabi received a New York State Regency Fellowship , which provided tuition fees at Cornell University, Ithaca, NY. Studied at Columbia University since 1923 and received his doctorate in physics in 1926. After receiving his higher education, Isidore Rabi received a postdoctoral fellowship that allowed him to visit Europe (Germany, Denmark), where he established a friendship. with Niels Bohr, Otto Stern, Wolfgang Pauli. Rabi returned to the United States in 1929 and became a lecturer at Columbia University (associate professor since 1932). Since the Second World War, Isidore Rabi has been working for the United States to defend the radar laboratory of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. At times, many in the United States underestimated the importance of nuclear weapons and were convinced that a reliable air defense system was more important for the defense of the Allies. After refusing to participate in the Manhattan Project (the development of the first atomic bomb in Los Alamos), Isidore Rabi, however, frequently visited the center's laboratories and became a consultant to Oppenheimer, the head of the nuclear project. It was during the war years (1944) that Rabi was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics "for the resonant method of measuring the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei." The high awards ceremony was postponed because of the war. Speaking on radio, a member of the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences, E. Hülten, praised Isidore Rabi's discovery: "This method establishes radio communication with the smallest particles of matter, with the world of electrons and the atomic nucleus." In 1945, the scientist returned to Columbia University. , where he headed the Faculty of Physics. Isidore Rabi has been a professor at this university since 1964.
Awards
In addition to the Nobel Prize, the scientist was awarded, in particular, the Elliot Creson Franklin Institute Medal, the Niels Bohr International Gold Medal of the Danish Society of Engineers, Electricians and Mechanics, and the Peace Prize », Set by the Ford Foundation, a gold medal from Papin Columbia University. Isidore Rabi - Cavalier of the Brazilian Order of the Southern Cross and the French Legion of Honor.
Department of Physics named after I. Rabi founded in 1985 at Columbia University.
Literature
Vitaliy Ablytsov "Galaxy" Ukraine ". The Ukrainian Diaspora: Outstanding Figures »- K .: KIT, 2007. - 436 pages. Links
Information from the site of the Nobel Committee (Biography of Rabi)






Nobel Prize in Physics
1901–1925
X-ray (1901) · Lorenz / Zeeman (1902) · Becquerel / Pierre Curie / Maria Curie (1903) · Relay (1904) ) · Lenard (1905) · Thomson (1906) · Michelson (1907) · Lippman (1908) · Marconi / Brown (1909) · van der Waals (1910) · He (1911) · Dalen (1912) · Camerling-Onnes ( 1913) Laue (1914) · W. G. Bragg / W. L. Bragg (1915) · Barclay (1917) · Plank (1918) · Stark (1919) · Guillaume (1920) · Einstein (1921) · N. Bohr (1922) · Millikan (1923) · M. Sigban (1924) · Frank / Hertz (1925) - 1926–1950 - Perren (1926) · Compton / C. Wilson (1927) · O. Richardson (1928) · De Broglie (1929) · Roman (1930) · Heisenberg (1932) · Schrödinger / Dirk (1933) · Chadwick (1935) · Hess / K. D. Anderson ( 1936) Davison / Thomson (1937) · Fermi (1938) · Lawrence (1939) · Stern (1943) · Rabbi (1944) · Pauli (1945) · Bridgeman (1946) · Appleton (1947) · Blackett (1948) · Yukava (1949) · Pavel (1950) - 1951–1975
Cochroft / Walton (1951) · Bloch / Purcell (1952) · Zernike (1953) · Bourne / Bote (1954) · Lamb / Bush (1 955) · Shockley / Bardin / Bratteyn (1956) · Young / Tsundao (1957) · Cherenkov / Frank / Tamm (1958) · Segre / Chamberlain (1959) · Glaser (1960) · Hofstedter / Messbauer (1961) · Landau (1962) ) · Wigner / Heppert-Mayer / Jensen (1963) · Bass / Prokhorov / Towns (1964) · Tomonog / Schwinger / Feynman (1965) · Kastler (1966) · Bete (1967) · Gell-Mann ( 1969) · Alfwen / Neel (1970) · Gabor (1971) · Bardin / Cooper / Schriffer (1972) · Leon / Yewer / Josephson (1973) · Ryle / Hewish (1974) · Bohr / Mottelson / Rainwater (1975) 1976–2000
Richter / Ting (1976) · FV Anderson / Mott / Wang (1977) · Kapitsa / Penzias / R. Wilson (1978) · Glashaw / Salam / Weinberg (1979) · Fitch / Cronin (1980) · Blombergen / Shawlov / K. Sigban (1981) · K. Wilson (1982) · Chandrasekar / Fowler (1983) · Rubbio / van der Mer (1984) · von Klitzing (1985) · Russian / Binning / Rohrer (1986) · Bednorz / Müller (1987) · Lederman / Schwartz / Steinberger (1988) · Ramsay / Demelt / Paul (1989) · Friedman / Kendall / R. Taylor (1990) · de Zhen (1991) · Harpack (1992) · Hals / D. Taylor (1993) · Brockhouse / Schall (1994) · Pearl / Raines (1995) · Lee / Usher / Richardson (1996) · Chu / Cohen-Tannouji / Phillips (1997) · Laughlin / Stermer / Cui (1998) · Goft / Weltman (1999) · Alfiorov / Kremer / Kilby (2000) - 2001 — until now at Cornell / Ketterle / Wiman (2001) · Davis / Kosiba / Jacconi (2002) · Apricos / Ginsburg / Legget (2003) · Gross / Politzer / Wilczek (2004) · Glauber / Hall / Gensch (2005) · Mater / Smoot (2006) · Firth / Grunberg (2007) · Kobayashi / Masukava / Nambu (2008) · Cao / Boyle / Smith (2009) · Game / Novosyolov (2010) · Perlmatter / Schmidt / Riss (2011) · Arosh / Weinland (2012) · Giggs / Angler (2013) · Akasaki / Amano / Nakamura (2014) )


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