1st of May

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2015 See Cm. also: May Day (holiday), Beltein and Walpurgis Night
May 1 is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. Until the end of the year, 244 days remain.
Corresponds to the April 18 Julian calendar [1]. Contents
1 Holidays
2 Name days
3 Events
3.1 to XIX century
3.2 XIX century
3.3 XX century
3.4 XXI century
4 Born
4.1 Before the XIX century
4.2 XIX century
4.3 XX century
5 Died
6 Signs
7 See also
8 Notes
9 Links
Holidays
Bicycle military breeders. Parade May 1, 1938
See also: Category: Holidays May 1
May Day.
Hawaiian Islands, Leia Day - a holiday of Hawaiian dances.
Spain, Galicia, Mayos Festival (Festa dos Mayos) [2]
Kazakhstan, National Unity Day Kazakhstan.
Canada, Saskatchewan, Day of the gopher.
Russia, Spring and Labor Day [3].
USA:
Day of loyalty.
Children's Health Day.
Law Day.
France, the Day of the Lily of the Valley.
Ukraine, the Day of International Solidarity of the Working People [4]. Historical [significance not specified 40 days]
the USSR, the Day of the International Solidarity of the Working People
Ancient Rome, calendar May days, the day of the awakening of the good goddess
Religious
Orthodoxy [5] [6] The memory of St. John of Thessalonica (Thessalonianis), student of St. Nicholas. Gregory the Decapolite (820–850).
The memory of the martyrs Victor, Zotik, Zinon, Akindin and Severian (303).
The memory of St. Cosmas, the confessor, bishop of Chalcedon and the Rev. Avksenti (815-820).
Memory of the martyr John of New Janina (1526).
Memory of the martyr Vissarion Selinin, presbyter (1918);
Memory of the martyr Tamara (Satsi), abbess (1942);
Celebration in honor of the Maximov icon of the Mother of God.
Name-days
Orthodox: Anton, Vasily, Victor, Gregory, Efim, Ivan, Kuzma, Mikhail.
Catholic: Joseph.
Events
See. also: Category: Events of May 1, until the XIX century
305 - The ancient Roman rulers Diocletian and Maximian refused power.
381 - The second Ecumenical Council of the Christian Church began in Constantinople.
1006 - the supernova SN broke out 1006.
1328 - under the peace treaty of 1328, England recognized the independence of Scotland.
1682 - Louis XIV solemnly opened the Paris Observatory.
1699 - Pierre le Moyne founded the first colony of Europeans in the Mississippi River.
1707 - Association of Scotland with England (Anglo-Scottish Union), education UK Chania.
1753 - publication of the Species Plantarum (Plant Species) by C. Linnaeus. This date was taken as the starting point of the botanical nomenclature.
1776 - Adam Weisgaupt founded the secret Illuminati Society in Bavaria.
1786 - in Vienna, the premiere of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's opera The Marriage of Figaro was successfully held.
XIX century
1808 - A single constitution was announced for all in Bavaria with a representative assembly based on property qualifications.
1832 - the abolition of the Vilna University by Nikolai I rescript.
1836
The Alexandrinsky Theater in St. Petersburg hosted the premiere of Gogol's play "The Inspector ".
Construction began first in Ro The railway line Petersburg-Tsarskoye Selo-Pavlovsk.
1840 - The world's first postage stamps appeared in England: one-penny black (“Black penny”) and two-penny blue with a profile of Queen Victoria. The author of the idea of using stamps to pay for mailings was Rowland Hill, later awarded the knighthood.
1851 - The first World Exhibition dedicated to the achievements of technology and culture was opened in London, in the Crystal Palace. The initiator of the exhibition was Prince Albert, the husband of Queen Victoria, and the palace was built according to the design of Joseph Pexton. In 1936, this unique structure burned to the ground.
1855 - British ship “John” was shipwrecked near the city of Falmouth, 196 people died.
1863 - Battle of Chancelorsville, the first day.
1869 - in Paris, opened cabaret "Folies Bergere", famous for its dancers. The peculiarity of all the names of representations on the cabaret stage is that they consist, like the name of the cabaret, of exactly 13 letters (Folies Bergere).
1884 - The construction of a 10-storey building, the first skyscraper, began in Chicago.
1885 - the first electric lights are lit in Ottawa.
1886 - Burma is included in British India.
1886 - May 1, 1886, anarchist organizations in the USA and Canada organized a number of rallies and demonstrations. On this day, in memory of executed anarchists, the Paris Congress of the Second International declared May 1 the Day of Solidarity of Workers of the World and suggested annually celebrating it with demonstrations with social demands
1887 - The Red Cross Society of Japan was founded. 1890 - the first international May Day holiday workers of Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Germany, Denmark, Spain and other European countries.
1891 - the first May event in St. Petersburg, organized by the social-democratic group of M. I. Brusnev.
1898 - Spanish-American in on. Battle of Manila Bay (1898).
1899
Eintracht football club (Frankfurt) was created in Germany.
Aspirin first appeared on sale.
20th century
1907 - in many European capitals Workers ’demonstrations on the occasion of May Day were held, and a general strike was declared on this day in Warsaw.
1909 -“ dry law ”entered into force in the Canadian province of Ontario.
1912
E. V. Rowe on the Avro Type E airplane made the first flight on an airplane with a fully enclosed cockpit.
A bill of 5 Canadian dollars was printed for the first time.
1917 - May 1 is celebrated for the first time in Russia freely. Soldiers take an active part in festive demonstrations and rallies along with workers. 1918 — For the first time, the Soviet plane Newpor-XXI flew over the Red Square, the pilot I.N. Vinogradov. 1919
The Bavarian Red Army defeated. The fall of the Bavarian Soviet Republic. The solemn opening of the monument to Stepan Razin took place on Red Square. Vladimir Lenin delivered a speech at the opening.
1921
The first post-passenger airline Moscow-Orel-Kharkov was opened on Ilya Muromets planes.
Vladimir Mayakovsky’s premiere of Mystery Buff (second edition) in the First Theater of the RSFSR. The directors were Vsevolod Meyerhold and Valery Bebutov.
1922 - Russia's first international air line, Moscow-Königsberg, was opened (Deruluft Airlines - German. Russian Luftverkehr). In May 1926, the airline extended to Berlin.
1924
The first Soviet Kommunar crawler tractor of the Fordzon-Putilovets series was launched in Kharkov.
A massive re-enactment of “The World” took place on Vvedenskaya Square (now Zhuravlev Square) in Moscow. revolution ".
1925 - Cyprus declared the British crown colony. It was not the first time that the island was under British rule: Richard the Lionheart conquered it in 1191. 1926 - Deutsche Luft Hansa operated the world's first regular Berlin-Koenigsberg night regular passenger flight on an Junkers G-24 aircraft.
1930
Published the name open on February 18 of the ninth planet of the solar system - Pluto. This name was proposed by an eleven-year-old schoolgirl from Oxford Venice Bernie, and the planet received it as a result of a vote held at the Lowell Observatory on March 24.
The Moscow State Geological Prospecting University RGGRU was established
1932 - The Osoaviakhima glider plant began work in Tushino.
1933 - a telephone connection was established between Britain and India.
1935 - the first Canadian silver dollar was released.
1936 - the first serial P-6 (ANT-7) was assembled in Komsomolsk-on-Amur.
1937 - The construction of the Moscow-Volga canal has been completed.
1 940 - officially announced the cancellation of the 1940 Olympics - in connection with the war.
1945 - the Victory Banner was erected over the Reichstag in Berlin.
1946 - Australian aborigines held their first industrial strike.
1948
Created North Korea.
In Birmingham (Alabama), senator from Idaho state Glen Taylor (English) Russian. arrested for trying to get through the door "for blacks".
1950 - Polygamy, infanticide and child marriage are prohibited in the People's Republic of China. 1951 - Radio Liberty began broadcasting to Eastern European countries in Munich, funded by the US Congress.
1954 - in Seoul, Rev. Moon founded the Unification Church (Association of the Holy Spirit to unite world Christianity). Moon currently has millions of followers in 150 countries around the world.
1960 — An American U-2 reconnaissance aircraft piloted by Francis Powers was shot down in the Sverdlovsk region.
1961 - Fidel Castro announced that there would be no election in Cuba from now on .
1963
During the parades of military equipment on the days of the celebration of May 1 and November 7, representatives of foreign embassies were in the stands of the Mausoleum. This time, the Americans refused because of the presence of Fidel Castro as an honorary guest. The former Dutch colony of West Irian, which was under the administration of the United Nations Transitional Administration, was transferred to Indonesia.
1967 - the wedding of Elvis and Priscilla Presley.
1974 - in Portugal, political prisoners are released and censorship in the media is abolished.
1978
In the UK, May 1 is celebrated as a public holiday for the first time. Japanese Naomi Uemura alone (for the first time in the world) reached the North Pole on dog sledding after the 54-day journey to the goal.
1979
Greenland won the right to self-government. Elton John was the first of the world-wide variety of pop stars in Israel. 1993
As a result of the terrorist attack in Colombo President of Sri Lanka Ranasinghe Premadasa assassinated.
XXI century
2003 - land privatization began in Mongolia. In accordance with the law adopted by the country's parliament, each Mongolian family living in the city can receive free of charge 0.07 hectares of land.
2004 - Hungary, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, the Czech Republic and Estonia included in the European Union. This expansion is the largest in the history of the EU.


The Turkish constitutional court annulled the results of the first round of presidential elections. The British Prime Minister, Tony Blair, first named Finance Minister, Gordon Brown, his successor.
2009
Same-sex marriages legalized in Sweden.
Born
See also: Category: Born May 1
Until the XIX century
1672 - Joseph Addison (d. 1719), English writer, essayist, educator, politician, pioneer of English journalism.
1764 - Benjamin Latrobe (Benjamin Henry Latrobe; died 1820), an American architect (Washington Capitol building).
1794 - Fedor Alekseevich Semenov (died 1860), an amateur astronomer. For his work “Tables of indications of time of lunar and solar eclipses from 1840 to 2001” he was awarded the gold medal of the Russian Geographical Society.
XIX century
1827 - Jules Breton (died 1906), French artist (“Return of the Peasants”) .
1830 - Guido Gezelle (d. 1899), Flemish poet and philologist.
1852 - Santiago Ramon y Cahal (d. 1934), Spanish physiologist, histologist, Nobel Prize winner 1906.
1853 - Jacob Gordin (died 1909), Jewish playwright (“Jewish King Lear”, “God, Man and the Devil”).
1873 - Konstantin Nikolaevich Igumnov (died 1948), composer, teacher.
1881 - Teyar de Chardin (died 1955), French anthropologist, paleontologist, philosopher, discoverer of the synanthropist.
1891 - Alexander Reasonable (died 1972), director.
1900
Alexander Wat (real name - Khvat, d. 1967), Polish poet, novelist, translator.
Ignazio Silone (d. 1978), Italian writer and politician.
XX century
1903 - George Maximovich Shubnikov (d. 1965), Hero of Socialist Labor, Major General of the Engineering and Technical Service, head of the construction of the Baikonur cosmodrome.
1905 - Alexander Fedorovich Borisov (d. 1982), film actor (“Academician Ivan Pavlov”, “Mussorgsky”, “True Friends”, “Egor Bulychev and Others”, “Maxim Perepelitsa”), People's Artist of the USSR.
1905 - Yuri Tolubeyev (died 1979) , actor (“The Return of Maxim”, “Hamlet”, “Intervention”, “Property of the Republic”), People's Artist of the USSR, Hero of Socialist Labor.
1909 - Yannis Ritsos (died 1990), Greek poet, laureate of the International Lenin Prize 1977.
1910 - Suraya Qajar, Azerbaijani and Soviet singer (d. 1992).
1913
Balraj Sahni (Joseph Addison; d. 1973), Indian actor, writer.
Bobic, Flor Yian (d. 1942), Yugoslavian political figure, People’s Hero of Yugoslavia.
1916 - Glenn Ford (his real name is Gvillin Samuel Newton Ford), American film actor.
1917
Fedor Savelyevich Khitruk, film director-animator, People's Artist of the USSR, laureate of the State Prize of the USSR (“The Adventures of Boniface”, “Winnie the Pooh”). Daniel Darya, French actress (“Taras Bulba”, “Volga on Fire”, “Ladder”).
1919 - Mohammed Karim Lamrani, Moroccan politician. Morocco’s Prime Minister in 1971–1972, 1983–1986, 1992–1994.
1921 - Nina Arkhipova, actress.
1923
Ion Popescu-Gopo (died 1989), Romanian animator.
Joseph Heller (d. 1999), American novelist.
1924
Victor Astafiev (d. 2001), writer (“Tsar Fish”, “The Sad Detective”).
David Abashidze (d. 1990), Georgian actor and director (“Do not Cry”, “Pirosmani”, “Melodies of the Verai Quarter”).
1928 - Vitaly Melnikov, director (“Head of Chukotka”, “Seven Brides of Corporal Zbruyev”, “Eldest Son” , “Marry a Captain”, “Tsar's Hunt”).
1929
Stanislav Mick Ulsky, Polish actor, performer of the role of captain Kloss in the series “Bet more than life.” Igor Ivanovich Akimushkin (died 1993), writer, biologist, author of books on nature and animals (“The World of Animals” in 6 volumes) .
1934 - Laura Betty (Laura Betti; d. 2004), Italian actress. 1938 - Valeriu Gagiu, Moldavian scriptwriter and director (“The Last Haiduk”, “A Man Follows the Sun”). 1939
Vitaly Shapovalov, actor. Judy Collins, American folk singer.
1942 - Elyor Ishmukhamedov, Uzbek director (“Youth of a Genius”, “What Our Years!”). 1944 - Rita Coolidge (Rita Coolidge ), American singer.
1946 - John Wu, Hong Kong-American director (“Target”, “Broken Arrow” and other action films).
1949 - Yadviga Poplavskaya, Belorussian singer, member of the group “Verasy” (“ Robin ”,“ I live with my grandmother ”,“ White snow ”).
1951 - Alexander Efremov, Belarusian director (“ Our man in San Remo ”).
1954 - Ray Parker Jr. (Ray Parker, Jr.), an American musician, the most famous composition of which Ghostbusters (1984) became the leitmotif of the film “Ghostbusters” and reached the first place in the American charts.
1960 - St Yves Koten, American jockey.
1962 - Richard Eigim, Latvian politician.
1968 - Oliver Bierhoff, German footballer.
1971 - Amira Kazar, French theater and film actress.
1973 - Oliver Neuville, German footballer.
1975 - Svetlana Chuikina, Russian theater and film actress.
1979 - Pauli Rantasalmi, Finnish guitarist and composer, member of the Finnish rock band The Rasmus.
Died
See. also: Category: Dead May 1
1797 - Johan Baptiste Alxinger (b. 1755), German poet.
1813
Jean Baptiste Bessieres (b. 1768), Marshal of France under Napoleon I.
Jacques Delille (born 1738), French poet, translator of Virgil.
1840 - Judith Grisi (Giuditta Grisi, born 1805), Italian opera singer (mezzo-soprano).
1850 - Henri-Marie Ducrot de Blanville (born 1777), French zoologist and anatomist. The author of the term paleontology.
1870 - Gabriel Lame (b. 1795), French mathematician, physicist and engineer.
1873 - David Livingston (b. 1813), English explorer of Africa.
1904 - Antonin Dvořák (p . 1841), Czech composer.
1945 - Paul Joseph Goebbels (b. 1897), German statesman and political figure, Minister of Propaganda under Hitler.
1946 - Phil Jutzi (Philipp Jutzi, b. 1896), German director .
1948 - David Petrovich Shterenberg (b. 1881), painter and graphic artist.
1964 - Nikolai Leonidovich Dukhov (b. 1904), Soviet designer of armored vehicles, nuclear and thermonuclear weapons Ia, three times Hero of Socialist Labor, laureate of the Stalin, Lenin and State Prizes of the USSR.
1973 - Asger Yorn (born 1914), Danish artist.
1978 - Aram Khachaturian (born 1903), Armenian composer, people's artist USSR, laureate of the USSR State Prize, Hero of Socialist Labor, author of the famous ballets “Spartak” and “Gayane.”
1979 - Wil Vladimirovich Lipatov (born 1927), writer.
1983 - Joseph Ruttenberg (born 1889), American cameraman.
1988 - Paolo Stoppa (Paolo Stoppa, b. 1906), Italian actor.
1994 - Ayrton Senna (b. 1960), Brazilian race car driver, three-time world champion in auto racing in the Formula class 1.
1997 - Bo Widerberg (born 1930), Swedish film director (Elvira Madigan, Joe Hill, Victoria).
2001 - George Pavlovich Menglet (born 1912), Soviet and Russian actor of theater and cinema, People’s Artist of the Tajik SSR (1943), People’s Artist of the RSFSR (1956).
2005 - Sergey Venediktovich Sartakov (b. 1908), Russian Soviet writer, laureate of the USSR State Prize.
Prim you
Kuzma (Kozma). If the beginning of May is warm - at the end there will be cold, and vice versa [7]. See See Also
May 1 on Wikimedia Commons?
May 1 in Wikinews?
► May 1
Notes
↑ In the XX and XXI centuries, the Gregorian calendar is 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar.
↑ Mayos (Festa dos Mayos) or May 1
↑ Labor Code of the Russian Federation (Labor Code of the Russian Federation) of December 30, 2001 No. 197-ÔÇ, Chapter 18, Article 112.
çàêîí Code of Laws on Ukraine and Ukraine, ↑ Old Style, 18 àïğåëÿ, Íîâûé ñòèëü 1 ìàÿ, ïÿòíèöà // Ïğàâîñëàâíûé öåğêîâíûé êàëåíäàğü
↑ 1 ìàÿ 2015 ãîäà // Ïğàâîñëàâèå è ìèğ, ïğàâîñëàâíûé êàëåíäàğü, 2015 ã.
↑ Ïğèìåòû. Ğîññèéñêàÿ ãàçåòà (27 àïğåëÿ 2007 ãîäà). Ïğîâåğåíî 12 àâãóñòà 2010.
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Êàëåíäàğü ñîáûòèé — 01.05


1 мая

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