Extremadura

Spain
Status - autonomous region
Includes
the provinces of Cáceres and Badajoz - Administrative center
Merida
Largest city
Badajoz
President
Guillermo Fernandez Vara
Official language
Spanish
Population (2011)
1 108 140 (13th place)
Density
26.62 people / km² (16th place)
Area
41,634 km²
(5th place)
Time zone
UTC + 1
ISO code 3166-2
ES-EX
Official site
Extremadura on Wikimedia Commons
Coordinates: 39 ° c. w. 6 ° C d. / 39 ° c. w. 6 ° C d. / 39; -6 (G) (O)
For the historical province of Portugal see the article of Estremadura
Extremadura (Spanish: Extremadura [e (k) stɾemaˈðuɾa], est. Estremaúra [ehtɾemaˈuɾa], fala Extremaúra) - an autonomous community in the south West of Spain. The capital is Merida, the largest city is Badajoz.
Content
1 Etymology 2 Geography 3 Climate 4 History 5 Demography 6 Cities 7 Administrative structure
8 Politics - 9 Economics - 9.1 Natural resources Extremadura - 9.2 Export of food products - 9.3 Export of decorative stone - 9.4 Export of cork products - 9.5 Export of open software (free software)
9.6 Export of renewable energy sources - 9.7 Winemaking - 10 Culture - 11 Attractions - 12 Notes - 13 Links - Etymology - In the era of the Roman conquest of domain called Extreme Duria, where extrema «extreme, external», Duria - «area of the river Douro" from his present-day. Spanish Estremadura or Extremadura. [1]
Geography - Extremadura - one of the 17 autonomous regions of Spain, located in the south-west of Spain, near the border with Portugal. It consists of two provinces: Cáceres in the north and Badajoz in the south. The region occupies a plateau between the Tagus and Guadiana rivers, in the western part divided by the Sierra de Guadalupe mountains (up to 1563 m high). Extremadura in the north borders with Castile and Leon, in the west - with Portugal, in the south - with Andalusia, in the east - with Castile - La Mancha. Territory 41 634 km².
The main rivers of the region are Guadiana, Tagus, Arrago, Alagon, Al-Zujar. There are many reservoirs in Extremadura that play an important role in the irrigation of agricultural land - Embalse de Alcantara, Embalse de Valdecanas, Embalse de Garde de Sola (Embalse de Garcia de Sola ), Embalsa de Orellana (Embalse de Orellana).
Extremadura ranks first in terms of the length of the coastline and fresh water reserves. One of the most promising and competitive regions in Europe. Strategic location: Madrid-Lisbon-Seville.
Climate
Mediterranean with hot and dry summers and humid cold winters. In summer it is always more than 25 ° C, in August reaching 45 ° C. In winter, in the mountains, the temperature may drop below zero.
Insolation level: 3514 hours a year.
History
Main article: History of Extremadura
In the 1st century BC. e. the Roman emperor Augustus placed in these territories the settlements of the fired soldiers of the Vth and Xth Roman legions, having founded the province of Lusitania (uniting the territory of modern Extremadura and part of Portugal). The capital was the strategic center of this Roman province, through which trade routes ran. Then this city was called - Emerita Augusta (lat. Emerita Augusta). Today - Merida.
Via de la Plata, a Roman trade route that spans the north and south of the Iberian Peninsula, passed through this territory.
Extremadura had a strong influence on the culture of South and Central America, because famous conquistadors such as Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro hailed from here [2].
Demography
Population: 1,108,140 people (2011). Cities
Cities with populations over 10 thousand
as of January 1, 2008 - Badajoz - 145.1
Navalmoral de la Mata - 15.9
Cáceres
91.0
Safra
15.4
Mary à and 55.7
Coria 11.9
Plasencia 39.8
Villafranca de los Barros 11.3
Don Benito
34.6
Olivenza
10.9
Almendralejo
31.5
Talayuela 10.2
Villanueva de la Serena
25, 3
Myahadas
10.1
Administrative structure
Capital - Merida, the largest city - Badajoz. Province
Adm. Center - Population, people. (2010)
Area, area, km²
Komarki
Number of municipalities in Badajoz, Badajoz
692 137
21,766
Badajoz, Campinia Sur, La Serena, La Siberia, Las Vegas Altas, Llanos de Olivenza, Merida, Zafra Rio Bodion, Sierra Suroeste, Tentudia, Tierra de Barros
165
Cáceres
Cáceres | 415 083 | 19 868
Alcantara, Valencia de Alcantara, Valle del Ambros, Valle del Herte, Vegas del Alagon, Campo Aranuelo, La Vera , Las Viluercas, Las Urdes, Los Iboras, Llanos de Cáceres, Sierra de Gata, Tahoe Salor, Tracierra Tierras de Granadilla, Trujillo
222
Politics
Government about the region - Junta de Extremadura.
The ruling party - PSOE (socialist; as of April 2011).
Economy
Today, investments in communications and infrastructure have created favorable conditions for business development, important commercial enterprises are developing here representative offices. The wealth of the region’s mineral resources, as well as the implementation of bold innovative and research projects, rejuvenated the region and turned Extremadura into a technically developed, entrepreneurial region.
Natural resources of Extremadura
1.2 million hectares of cultivated soil.
2 727 233 ha forest cover.
1st place in Spain for sheep breeding.
3rd place in cattle breeding.
More than 50% of the Iberian pig population.
Project: National Center for Iberian Pigs.
Food Export - Today, the region of Extremadura is I major food suppliers, taking the leading position in the supply of olives. The main food products exported to the Russian market:
Olives
Wine (bottling, bottled)
Stone fruits
Meat products from Iberian pork
Olive oil
Confectionery
Industrial tomato
Extremadura takes part in the implementation of research projects. All research institutes, for example, the Institute of Agricultural and Food Technology of Extremadura (INTAEX), the Center for Agricultural Research “La Orden-Valdesequera” or the Regional Aquaculture Center “Las Vegas del Guadiana”, use innovative processes in agricultural and food production in order to produce the most healthy food products.
Export of decorative stone
This industry has established itself on the world market under its own brand name “Piedra Natural de Extremadura”. Investments in research and machinery make it possible to provide architects and designers with a comprehensive solution to issues regarding materials, processes and processing techniques.
2nd region in Spain for the production of granite, 3rd region in Spain for the extraction of slate
Investment in machine-building and metalworking industries. Thanks to the leading position of Extremadura in introducing the latest technologies, this industry is expanding uncontrollably.
Export of cork products
The future of the industry is a contribution to innovative processes and new developments. Quality control systems, research projects and high productivity determine the success of the cork industry of Extremadura.
Exporting open software (free software)
Being an innovator of the international level, Extremadura stands for the construction of a knowledge society, for the development of open source tools, promoting technological innovation. Reducing dependence on other incompatible applications will accelerate the path to digital freedom, which calls for the formation of a new digital society.
Export of renewable energy sources - sun, wind, biomass. The number of hours of sunshine, light intensity, wind, area turn Extremadura into a receiver of clean energy, which many enterprises are already converting into profitability and sustainable development.
Winemaking
Winemaking is one of the main industries in the region. Currently, Extremadura has more than 90,000 hectares of vineyards, which are concentrated in the province of Badajoz. At the national level, Extremadura produces 4.5 million hectoliters, ranking second in wine production in Spain.
With the founding of the Regulatory Council, D.O., a new era has begun in the culture of winemaking in Extremadura. In a short time, the structure was modernized, and the region paved its way into the 21st century. Thanks to numerous investments in technology, the efforts of oenologists and winegrowers D.O. Ribera del Guadiana took an important place among the wine regions of Spain.
About 29,000 hectares of large vineyards D.O. are divided into 6 production zones located in uniform climatic conditions, despite the fact that they are located tens of kilometers from each other. These areas are: Tierra de Barros, Matanegra, Ribera alta, Ribera Baja, Cañamero and Montánchez. And even when long hot summers lead to the rapid ripening of grapes, they are trying to produce a young, juicy and high-quality wine, thanks to modern technology. These ripe and pure wines amaze with their typical Spanish character and the optimal balance between price and quality.
Culture
The rich history of the region is reflected in the architecture of the cities. Since Roman times, Merida has preserved the longest Roman bridge, thrown over the Guadiana River, the portico of the temple of Diana, a theater where productions are still taking place. In this ancient theater both Montserrat Caballe and José Carreras sang.
The following cities of Extremadura are protected by UNESCO and are considered to be the property of mankind:
Merida
Cáceres
Guadalupe
Attractions
Zafra: Impressive castle Count Feria. Two beautiful squares: Plaza Grande and Plaza Chica.
Merida: Semicircular Roman Theater (Teatro Romano, 2nd century). Remains of an ancient Roman villa (Casa del Anfiteatro; mosaic floor). Museum of Roman Art (architect Rafael Moneo) - a magnificent collection of sculptures and products from the ancient Roman regions.
Badajoz: Museum of Contemporary Ibero-American Art (Museo Extremeno Iberoamericano de Arte Contemporaneo; C. Museo, 2).
Cáceres: Old City - Museum Monumental Quarter (Barrio Monumental); is under the protection of UNESCO. Palace of the Palacio de los Toledo Montezuma (Palacio de los Toledo-Montezuma, 16th century).
Guadalupe Castle Monastery, founded in 1341 by Alfonso XI. In Catholic Spain, it has long been the second largest (after Santiago de Compostela) pilgrimage center.
Notes
↑ Geographical Names of the World: Toponymic Dictionary Pospelov EM M: AST 2001
↑ Kiselev A B. Regions // Spain. - SPb .: Lenizdat, 1999. - S. 160. - 10,000 copies. - ISBN 5-289-01925-1.
Links - Extremadura on the Wikimedia Commons?
The Junta (government)
Extremadura Official Tourism Site
Extremadura Virtual Library
Virtual Walk
Juan Carlos Rodríguez Ibarra
Material on the Spanish dialect of Extremadura
Administrative division of Spain
Autonomous communities in Andalusia | Aragon | Asturias | Balearic Islands | Valencia | Galicia | Canary Islands | Cantabria | Castile-La Mancha | Castile-Leon | Catalonia | Madrid | Murcia | Navarra | Rioja | Basque Country | Extremadura - Autonomous cities - Ceuta | Melilla - Sovereign territories - Chafarinas Islands | Peñón de Alusemas | Peñón de Velez de la Gomera


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