Shidlovsky, Sergey Iliodorovich
March 16 (28), 1861 (1861-03-28)
Date of death: July 7, 1922 (1922-07-07) (61 years old), Place of death:
Russian Empire Russian Empire
Sergey Ilyodorovich Shidlovsky (1861-1922) - Russian politician, member of the State Duma of the 3rd and 4th convocations from the Voronezh province . Comrade Chairman of the 3rd State Duma. The younger brother of N. I. Shidlovsky.
From hereditary noblemen of the Voronezh province. The son of the provincial leader of the nobility, Iliodor Ivanovich Shidlovsky (1827-1904) and his wife Maria Nikolaevna Abaza (1838-1919), the cousin of the Minister of Finance. Landowner of the Voronezh province (3400 acres).
After graduating from the Alexander Lyceum in 1880, he settled on his estate, where he devoted himself to agriculture and social activities. He was elected as the vowel of the Valuysk district and Voronezh provincial assemblies and an honorary magistrate. Since 1891, he was an official of special assignments under the Minister of the Interior. In 1897, he was called to participate in the general census as the chief leader of the census institutions of the Kharkiv and Poltava provinces. In 1900, he was appointed a member of the Council of the Peasant Land Bank and head of the purchase of estates at the expense of the bank and the sale to peasants. This position, coupled with large travels, gave him the opportunity to get acquainted on the ground with the economic conditions of various regions of Russia and to closely study peasant land tenure and farming. In 1903, he took part in the development of material delivered by local committees to the Special Meeting on the needs of the agricultural industry, and, on behalf of State Secretary S. Yu. Witte, compiled a general set of proceedings of local committees. April 14, 1902 promoted to full state councilors. On September 30, 1905, he was appointed director of the Department of Agriculture of the GUZiZ, and on April 22, 1906 he retired, returning to farming and zemstvo activity.
In 1907 he was elected a member of the III State Duma from the Congress of Landowners of the Voronezh Province. He was a member of the Octobrist faction. From October 30, 1909 to October 29, 1910 he was a fellow chairman of the State Duma. Consisted of the chairman of the land commission (since 1911), as well as a member of the commissions: Chinsheva, agricultural, and on measures to protect ancient monuments. He supported the Stolypin agrarian reforms.
In 1912 he was re-elected to the State Duma by the general composition of electors of the provincial electoral assembly. He was a member of the Octobrist faction, and after its split in January 1914, he led the Union on October 17th group. He was the chairman of the land commission. He was a member of the Council of Elders of the State Duma. He was one of the leaders of the Progressive bloc and chairman of the bloc’s bureau on September 4, 1915.
During the February Revolution on February 27, 1917 he was elected a member of the Provisional Committee of the State Duma. He was chairman of the Arts Council under the commissioner of the former Ministry of the Imperial Court and commissioner at the Academy of Arts. In April 1917 he became a member of the commission on the development of the law on the Constituent Assembly, and in May he was elected from the EAGC to the Main Land Committee under the chairmanship of A. S. Posnikov. On August 6, 1917 he was elected a member of the Local Council of the Orthodox Church from the State Duma. In August 1917 he also participated in the Conference of Public Figures and the State Conference in Moscow, and in September - in the Provisional Council of the Russian Republic. He was a member of the Council of Public Figures. At a meeting of the 4th subdivision of the Local Council on August 7, 1918, he made a report on the abdication of Nicholas II, calling it voluntary and noting:
Before the State Duma, then the situation would open up two ways: either, remaining on the basis of strict formal legality, completely withdraw from occurring events that are in no way within its legal competence; or, having transgressed the law, try to steer the revolutionary movement along the least destructive path. She chose the second path and, of course, was right. And why her attempt was unsuccessful, an impartial story will find out all this 
He did not conduct other active political activities after the October Revolution. Since 1920 in exile in Estonia. He served in the Ministry of Justice, where he was involved in the development of land legislation. Collaborated in the Tallinn newspaper "Latest News". He was chairman of the 2nd congress of Russian emigrants in Estonia. In June 1921, he took part in the Paris Congress of the Russian National Association, which set as its goal “the possible overthrow of Bolshevism”, including by armed means, as well as the support of the Russian army, General Wrangel.
He died in Tallinn. Left “Memoirs” (Berlin, 1923. T. 1-2).
He was married to Alexander Andreevna Saburova (1872-1937), daughter of the State Secretary A. A. Saburov. Their children: Andrei (1892-1919), a graduate of the Alexander Lyceum (1914), staff captain of the Life Guards of the Horse Artillery. He died on December 26, 1919 at the Gnilush station.
Alexander (1896-1969), graduate of the Page Corps (1916), lieutenant of the Life Guards of the Horse Artillery. In exile in England.
George (1902-1941), in exile in Estonia, one of the organizers of the Russian scout movement in Narva.
Sofia (1903-2000), married to Nikita Yakovlevich Kulomzin. In exile in Paris.
Order of St. Anne, 3rd art. (1898)
The highest gratitude (1905)
Order of St. Vladimir, 3rd art. (1906)
medal "In memory of the reign of Emperor Alexander III"
medal "For the works of the first general census"
Materials for the essay on the official activities of the Shidlovskys in Sloboda Ukraine 1696-1727, collected and published by S. I. Shidlovsky. - SPb., 1896.
Land taxation. - SPb., 1904.
Land captures and land surveying. - SPb., 1904.
Zemstvo. - SPb., 1904.
General review of the proceedings of local committees. - SPb., 1905.
Memoirs: in 2 volumes. - Berlin, 1923.
↑ "On the oath to the government in general and the former Emperor Nicholas II in particular"
3rd convocation of the State Duma: portraits, biographies, autographs. - St. Petersburg: edition of N. N. Olshansky, 1910.
State Duma of the Russian Empire, 1906-1917: - Moscow: ROSSPEN, 2008. - P. 699.
Soloviev K.A. Sergei Iliodorovich Shidlovsky: “The patriarchal life has passed, it is time to replace it with a legal life ...” // Russian liberalism: Ideas and people. M .: New publishing house, 2007.
List of civil ranks of the fourth class. Corrected on March 1, 1906. - SPb., 1906. - P. 1467.
Unforgettable graves: Russian abroad: obituaries 1917-2001: in 6 volumes. - T. 6. Book. 3. X — I / Ros. state bk, comp. V.N. Chuvakov, ed. E.V. Makarevich. - M., 2007. - P. 384. - ISBN 5-7510-0354-3 - Deputies of the State Duma of the Russian Empire from the Voronezh province
Rostovtsev • Borisov • Zinoviev • Kramarenko • Kruglikov • Medvedev • Osadchy • Poyarkov • Pushkarsky • Saveliev • Torshin • Khrushchov II convocation
Shingaryov • Bolychev • Vorobyov • Dolgopolov • Kuznetsov • Menyalenko • Odnokozov • Pereleshin • Tulin • Urazov • Khodykin • Chernyshev
Bezrukov • Belozorov • Pancakes • Zvegintsov • Kovalevsky • Simonov • Spassky • Starostenko • Stempkovsky • Ursul • S. I. Shidlovsky th • Shingaryov • Petrovsky * • N. I. Shidlovsky **
Akalelov • Alekhin • Alferov • Zvegintsov • Kovalevsky • Kotlyarov • Popov • Simonov • Stempkovsky • Firsov • N.I. Shidlovsky • S. I. Shidlovsky • Nechaev ***
Deputies in italics directly from the city of Voronezh; * - elected to the place of refused A. N. Bezrukov;
** - elected to the place of deceased A.I. Ursula *** - elected to the place of refused T. D. Popov
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