Temple

The temple (from Praslavl. * Chormú & gt; temple - “the house in general” [1]) is a religious building intended for worship and religious rites. The significance of temples is often much broader than the ritual functions they perform and the religious ideas that they embody. In the symbolism of architecture and decoration of churches, ideas about the universe are revealed, in many eras (especially in the Middle Ages in Europe) churches were the place of public gatherings, ceremonies, had a memorial character, had the right of refuge.
In Orthodoxy, the church is only that building , in which there is an altar and the Eucharist is celebrated, and the construction where the altar is not and the Eucharist is not celebrated is called a chapel.
In Judaism there can only be one Jerusalem Temple. Today, the Jews do not officially have a temple, and the synagogue in Judaism is not a temple, and in many respects is similar in religious functions to the Christian chapel.
Islam traditionally does not have a temple, and the Muslim mosque in many respects is similar in religious functions to the Jewish synagogue and to the Christian chapel.
Contents - 1 Christianity
2 Hindu temple
3 Buddhist temple
4 Temples of Ancient Egypt
5 Notes
6 Literature
7 Links
Christianity
Main article: Church (construction) - Hindu temple
Main article: Hindu temple
Hindu Istsky temple can be a separate building or part of a building. The main distinguishing feature of the Hindu temple is the presence of the murti, to whom or to whom the temple is dedicated. During the rite of consecration of the temple, God in one of His forms or a virgin is invited to "incarnate" in a stone, metal or wooden murti and begin to accept worship. The temple is usually dedicated to the murti of one of the forms of God or one of the virgins. This murti appears as the main deity, along with which the "secondary" murtis of other forms of God or virgins are established. However, there are also many temples in which several murti play the role of the main deities at once.
Buddhist temple
Temples of Ancient Egypt
Main article: Temples of Ancient Egypt
Luxor Temple, Egypt
Usually temples were considered like home to the gods or kings to whom they were dedicated. In them, the Egyptians performed all kinds of religious rituals, made offerings to the gods, reproducing scenes from mythology through various holidays, and performed actions aimed at diverting the forces of chaos. All these rituals were considered necessary for the gods, to maintain the Maat - the divine order of the universe. Providing housing and caring for the gods was the responsibility of the pharaoh, who collected great resources for the construction and maintenance of temples. If necessary, the pharaoh transferred most of his ritual duties to the priests. Ordinary Egyptians could not take part in ritual ceremonies and they were forbidden to enter the most sacred places of the temple. Nevertheless, the temple was an important religious place for all classes of Egyptians who came there to pray, made offerings, and tried to receive prophetic directions from the god who lived there.
One of the temple’s most important places was the sanctuary, which usually contained religious images and statues of the gods. The rooms located outside the temple grew and became more and more complicated over time, so the temple turned from a small sanctuary at the end of the Dynastic period into a gigantic temple complex in the New Kingdom (c. 1550-1070 BC). These structures are an example of the largest and most stable structures of ancient Egyptian architecture. Each element and detail of the temple is made in accordance with the religious symbols of the Egyptians. The design of the temple included a number of indoor halls and open areas. At the entrance were massive pylons, which were aligned along the path along which the festive processions passed. Behind the walls of the temple were fences and a number of additional buildings. [2]
Notes
↑ Temple - Etymological Dictionary - Yandex. Dictionaries
↑ Spencer 1984, p. 22, 44; Snape 1996, p. 9
“Temples of Russia” portal
Temple in Wiktionary?
Temple in Wikisource?
Temple in Wikimedia Commons?
Temple in Wikinews?
Literature
Nizametdinova, R. R. The idea of space in the architecture of the Ancient East: the temple as a model of the universe // East. African-Asian Societies, 2011, No. 1, 117-123.
Ali-zade, A. A. Masjid (archive) // Islamic Encyclopedic Dictionary. - M .: Ansar, 2007.
Temple - an article from the Great Soviet Encyclopedia
Vlasov V. G. Mosque // New Encyclopedic Dictionary of Fine Art: In 10 vols. - St. Petersburg: ABC classic, 2006. - T. V: L - M .. - 768 s: silt. + incl. pp.
Zhukovsky V.I., Koptseva N.P. Art of the East. India: Textbook. allowance .. - Krasnoyarsk: Krasnoyarsk. state Univ., 2005 .-- 402 p. - ISBN 5-7638-0575-5.
Links
Temple History worldtemples.ru.


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