Treasure of Atreus

The treasury of Atreus or the Tomb of Atreus, the outdated name is the Tomb of Agamemnon is the conventional name for the large girded hive-type tomb ("tolos") in Mycenae on the hill of Panagitsa, built about 1250 BC. e. The period during which the tomb was used is unknown; it is mentioned in Pausanias. In 1879, Heinrich Schliemann investigated this tomb along with other burials of the Mycenaean Acropolis.
Probably, the remains of the ruler who completed the construction of the Mycenaean fortress, or one of his successors, were stored in the tomb. The shape of the tomb resembles the shape of other thickets of the eastern Mediterranean, found, among other things, in the vicinity of Mycenae, however, by its monumentality and grandeur, it is one of the most important monuments of the Mycenaean civilization.
Atreus's tomb in the section
The entrance to the chamber went through an inclined Dromos corridor 36 meters long. The stone lintel above the entrance weighs 120 tons. The chamber of the tomb was a round room with a dome constructed by the method of false (step) arch. During construction, dry masonry was used. The internal height is 13.5 m, and the diameter is 14.5 m, [1]. A short corridor led from the tolos to the side chamber, which was almost cubic in shape. In size, the tomb was the largest domed structure of its time, right up to the construction of the Temple of Mercury in the Bayes and the Roman Pantheon.
Notes
↑ Structurae.de: Treasury of Atreus
Links
Tomb of Atreus on Wikimedia Commons?
Coordinates: 37 ° 43′36 ″ s. w. 22 ° 45′12 ″ c. d. / 37.726806 ° s. w. 22.7536028 ° in. d. / 37.726806; 22.7536028 (G) (O)
Treasury of Atreus 360 ° Interactive virtual tour - A different light inside Treasury of Atreus - Megaliths of Europe - Armenia - Zorats-Karer
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See also: List of megalithic monuments of Europe | Portal: Prehistoric Europe


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