Heb. הַר סִינַי, Arab. جبل موسى (مصر)
View from the top of Mount Moses (Arabic: Jabal Musa)
28 ° 32′20 ″ s. w. 33 ° 58′29 ″ in d. / 28.539028 ° s. w. 33.974861 ° in. d./28.539028; 33.974861 (G) (O) (I) Coordinates: 28 ° 32′20 ″ s. w. 33 ° 58′29 ″ in d. / 28.539028 ° s. w. 33.974861 ° in. d./28.539028; 33.974861 (G) (O) (I) - Country - Egypt Egypt - Region - South Sinai
2285  m
332 m - Mount Sinai
Mount Sinai on Wikimedia Commons
Mount Sinai (Hebrew הַר סִינַי, Har Sinai; also Mount Moses, Mount Horeb) - a mountain on the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt. According to the Bible on this mountain God appeared to Moses and gave the Ten Commandments.
Jewish tradition did not preserve the exact location of Mount Sinai. The veneration of the present mountain of Moses (Arabic: Jabal-Musa) as Mount Sinai is an ancient Christian tradition dating back to the beginning of the 4th century (Eusebius of Caesarea ). In modern times, other identification options were proposed.
At the top of Mount Moses are the Orthodox Church of the Holy Trinity and a small mosque. To the north of the church under the rock there is a small cave where, according to the Bible, Moses took refuge for forty days and nights (Exodus 24:18, Exodus 33: 20-23). On the northern slope of the mountain are the Orthodox cave church of the Prophet Elijah and his well, as well as the Orthodox Chapel of the Virgin.  The monastery of St. Catherine stands at the foot of the mountain from the north.
The prominent Christian saint John Climacus is the abbot of the Mount Sinai, the main work of which is “The Climber” has a title indicating the ascent of a person along the spiritual steps into the Kingdom of Heaven, whose earthly likeness to climb Mount Sinai.
1 Mentioned in the Bible
2 Mentioned in the Qur'an
6 See also
7 Notes - 8 References - Mention in the Bible
In the Bible, the mountain is referred to once by their names: Sinai , the mountain of God (Exodus 4:27, 18: 5, 24:13), the mountain of God Horeb (Exodus 3: 1), the mountain Horeb (Exodus 33: 6); Sinai’s events are sometimes referred to “in Horeb.” .
Mount Sinai is also mentioned in a symbolic sense: “There is allegory in this. These are two covenants: one from the Mount of Sinai, giving birth to slavery, which is Hagar, for Hagar means Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to today's Jerusalem, because he and his children are in slavery; and Jerusalem above is free: he is the mother of us all. ”(Gal. 4: 24-4: 26)
Mention in the Qur'an
Mount Sinai is mentioned several times in the Qur'an:
“ I swear by Mount Sinai! (ext. Sinin) ”(At-Tin: 2)
“ We have grown a tree that grows on Mount Sinai (ext. Sain) and provides oil and seasoning for those who eat it ”(Al-Muminun: 20)
Mount Moses on the map of Sinai.
Orthodox Greek temple in the name of the Holy Trinity on top of Mount Moses. Built in 1935 from the remains of a church dating from the time of Emperor Justinian the Great. 
Jewish tradition has lost its knowledge of the exact location of Mount Sinai (Israeli-Italian archaeologist E. Anati identified the biblical Sinai with Mount Har Kark in the Negev desert, where he discovered numerous the remains of shrines ). It was apparently forgotten already in the era of the kings, so the Christian and Muslim tradition of worshiping Mount Moses is not directly related to the ancient Jewish tradition.
Christian hermits settled in southern Sinai from the 2nd century. They tried to identify the places mentioned in the Bible in connection with the events of the Exodus, including Mount Sinai. Christians worship the present mountain of Moses as the biblical Mount Sinai from the beginning of the 4th century. In 330, the monks, with the support of the Holy Empress Helena, built a small church and a tower near the Burning Canopy, growing at the very foot of the mountain. In 527, the Holy Emperor Justinian the Great founded a monastery here, which since the 11th century began to be called the Monastery of St. Catherine, in honor of Catherine of Alexandria. 
An Orthodox priest ascends Mount Moses along a long path.
Christians made a pilgrimage to Mount Sinai since ancient times. In recent decades, from dozens to several hundred people a day, pilgrims and, mainly, just tourists who come mainly from the resort of Sharm el-Sheikh, climb the mountain daily. From the monastery of St. Catherine to the top there are two paths: short and long, they connect not far from the top. The short path is much more steep and difficult, it is a traditional monastic and pilgrimage route. It has about 3,100 steps, and you can only walk on it during the daytime, and it leads directly past the Church of the Prophet Elijah and the Chapel of the Virgin.
The long path is more gentle and allows you to drive almost to the top on a camel, which is offered by local Bedouins . Along the long trail, leisure tents are set up where hot drinks and sweets are sold and blankets are offered.
The current practice of climbing the mountain at night to see the sunrise, of recent origin, is a product of the tourism industry. In this case, it is preferable for a pilgrim to climb long at night, and to descend along daylight along a short path. But here you need to correctly calculate your strength, because a short descent, like an ascent, is more difficult than a long one. All temples and chapels located on the mountain are usually closed. You can visit them only after receiving an escort in the monastery or keys by special arrangement. The mosque at the top is open.
About 113 ancient Armenian and 20 Georgian inscriptions have been preserved in Sinai.
Pilgrims and tourists meet the sunrise at the top.
The northern wall of the Holy Trinity Church at the top and the cave near it (fenced metal grill with crosses.)
The ruins of an ancient Christian church on top of Mount Sinai. In the background is the mountain of St. Catherine. Figure 1837.
View of the monastery of St. Catherine from a short path. About a quarter of the way remains to the monastery.
Exodus - Mount Nebo
↑ Geography of the Old Testament
↑ 1 2 3 Holy Land. Historical Guide to Memorable Sites of Israel, Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon / Ed. M.V. Bibikov. M., 2000. P.167,168
↑ Ref. 19: 11.18, 20, 23; 24:16; 31:18; 34: 2, 4, 29, 32; A lion. 7:38; 25: 1; 26:46; 27:34; Chis. 3: 1; 28: 6; Deut. 33: 2; Court. 5: 5; Ps. 67: 9, 18; Not X. 9:13
↑ Ex. 17: 6; Deut. 1: 6; 4:10, 15; 5: 2; 9: 8; 18:16; I King 8: 9; II Chr. 5:10; Malachi 3:22; Ps. 105: 19
↑ Biblical Mount Sinai may end up in the Israeli Negev Desert?
There are media files on Mount Sinai on Wikimedia Commons
Khoriv and Sinai in the Bible Encyclopedia of Archimandrite Nicephorus
Mount Sinai - article from the Jewish Electronic Encyclopedia - Virtual pilgrimage to the top of Mount Sinai based on high-resolution spherical panoramas.
Lisova N. N. The Sacred Mount Sinai
Belyakov V.V. Russia and Sinai
Guminsky V. M. Egypt and Sinai through the eyes of Russian pilgrims - Panchenko K. A. Monasteries and Bedouins in the Ottoman Pales and in Sinai (XVI - first half of the XIX century)
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