Rodzianko, Mikhail Vladimirovich

Mikhail Vladimir Rodzianko (1859-1924) - Russian politician, leader of the Union Party on October 17 (Octobrists); Acting State Counselor (1906), Hofmeister of the Supreme Court (1899).
Chairman of the State Duma of the third and fourth convocations. One of the leaders of the February Revolution of 1917, during which he headed the Provisional Committee of the State Duma.
Contents
1 Biography
1.1 World War I 1.2 The Congress of Industrialists in St. Petersburg in May 1915
1.3 Revolution
1.4 Emigration - 2 Family - 3 Works - 4 Notes - 5 Links - Biography - Born on February 21 (9), 1859 [1] in sec. Popasnom of the Novomoskovsk district of the Yekaterinoslav province in the family of a large landowner of Yekaterinoslav, colonel of the guard (retired as lieutenant general) Vladimir Mikhailovich Rodzianko. In the questionnaires in the column “nationality (in their native language)” “Little Russian” wrote.
In 1877 he graduated from the Page Corps, from where he was released to the Cavalier Guard regiment. In 1882 he entered the reserve with the rank of lieutenant. Later he was elected the leader of the nobility of the Novomoskovsky district, the chairman of the zemstvo council in the Yekaterinoslav province. In 1903-1905 he edited the newspaper “Bulletin of the Yekaterinoslav Zemstvo.”
In 1906, Rodzianko was elected a member of the State Council from the Yekaterinoslav Zemstvo, but resigned after being elected to the State Duma.
He became one of the founders and leaders of the party Octobrists. In March 1911, after the resignation of A. I. Guchkov, he was elected chairman of the III State Duma. On November 15, 1912, at the first meeting of the IV State Duma, Rodzianko was again elected chairman, receiving 251 votes in favor with 150 votes against. Then Rodzianko announced:
I have always been and will be a staunch supporter of the representative system on a constitutional basis, which was granted to Russia by the great Manifesto on October 17, 1905. Strengthening the foundations of which should be the first and urgent concern of the Russian people’s representation.
Since January 1914, he has been a member of the Octobrist-Zemstvo faction in the Duma.
Here is how Rodzianko described the outbreak of the First World War: “Austrian successor to the throne, head of the military party , an oppressor of the Slavs in Bosnia and Herzegovina, was killed on June 15 in Sarajevo by a patriotic Slav. Austria blamed the Serbian government for this. After notes and ultimatums, war broke out ... ”[2]
The First World War
The beginning of the First World War found Rodzianko in Nauheim, where he was being treated. Upon returning from abroad, I learned that he was wanted by the Minister of War Sukhomlinov, who wanted to see Rodzianko immediately. Mikhail Vladimirovich went to Sukhomlinov with whom they met with Sazonov and discussed the issues of the outbreak of war.
During the First World War, Rodzianko was against the assumption of the duties of the Supreme Commander by Emperor Nicholas II, demanded the resignation of ministers: V. A. Sukhomlinov, N A. Maklakova, I. G. Shcheglovitova, Chief Prosecutor V. K. Sabler and Chairman of the Council of Ministers I. L. Goremykin.
In April 1915 Rodzianko made a trip to the Austrian Galicia occupied by Russian troops.
Participated in creating a program of the active bloc, one of its leaders, the official mediator between the Duma and the supreme power.
Congress of industrialists in St. Petersburg in May 1915 - Mikhail Rodzianko, 1910
M. V. Rodzianko writes that in May 1915, during a congress of industrialists, he constantly received information about a revolutionary speech being prepared during the congress. In his book, Rodzianko mentions a resolution prepared by Moscow industrialists for the St. Petersburg Congress demanding the Constituent Assembly. Rodzianko believes that all this excitement was beneficial to Minister Maklakov. On the morning of the congress, G. E. Lvov and Duma member V. Maklakov visited Rodzianko’s apartment. According to Rodzianko, they were “excited and scared”, feared the resolution from Moscow and advised Mikhail Vladimirovich not to go to the congress himself, “frightening the responsibility for the speech that could be”. After Rodzianko decided to go, the two attempted to manipulate through his wife to influence Mikhail Vladimirovich’s decision to go to the congress himself. Rodzianko went to the congress with Protopopov and even made an impromptu speech.
Quote from Rodzianko’s speech at the congress:
From now on, all Russian citizens should have one slogan: “Everything for the army, everything for victory over the enemy, everything must be done in order to completely and firmly crush those who dare to encroach on the greatness of Russia. ”
After that, when the congress found out that they treated the social forces with understanding, the irritation against the government there subsided, the members of the congress began to work as usual regime, and the congress even passed a resolution on opposite to the original [3].
on April 27, 1916, in an opening speech to the opening of the Second Duma, he mentioned that: “... despite the mistakes of the first two Dumas, the idea of popular representation was strengthened in the consciousness of the people as a factor necessary in the state system” and noted the merits of Emperor Nicholas II, who granted Russia a national representation [3].
Rodzianko considered the assassination of Rasputin the beginning of the second revolution, while pointing out that the main protesters were guided by patriotic goals [3].
Revolution
In February 1917 years wrote letter to Nicholas II on the situation in the country [4]. February 10, 1917 was received by Nicholas II at the highest audience, the last audience, according to Rodzianko [5], was extremely cold in his attitude from the Emperor.
During the February Revolution, he considered it necessary to preserve the monarchy [5]. Since February 27, 1917, he was the chairman of the Provisional Committee of the State Duma, negotiated the Committee with the leaders of the executive committee of the Petrosoviet on the composition of the Provisional Government, and negotiated with Nicholas II by telegraph the abdication negotiations. The Grand Duke Andrei Vladimirovich wrote the following on this occasion:
As can be seen from the “History of the Second Russian Revolution” by Milyukov, both of these issues, about the responsible ministry and abdication, were discussed in the Provisional Committee of the State Duma. The committee, as Miliukov writes, set about its main next task - the liquidation of the old government, why on February 27th “it was too late to think about the responsible ministry and it was necessary to completely and immediately abdicate the Tsar.” So that's where Rodzianko got his formidable demands about renunciation, which he gives out as a universal phenomenon. & lt; ... & gt;
General V.V. Sugars & lt; ... & gt; Rodzianko calls the abdication “an abominable proposal” and expresses confidence that “it was not the Russian people who conceived this atrocity, but a robbery bunch of people called the State Duma.” He is also sure “that the army and navy would steadfastly stand up for their Sovereign Leader.”
- Notes of Grand Duke Andrei Vladimirovich [6].
During the October Revolution, he was in Petrograd, tried to organize the defense of the Provisional Government, and later left on Don, a part of the Volunteer Army, a pioneer [7].
Emigration - In 1920 he emigrated to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes; lived in Verzidets, Banat.
Died on January 24, 1924 [8] in the village of Beodra (Yugoslavia); On May 7 of the same year, his ashes were transferred to the New Cemetery in Belgrade.
Family
Since 1884, he was married to Princess Anna Nikolayevna Golitsyna (1859-1929), daughter of the Senator and Chief Executive Officer of the Court. Their children:
Mikhail (1884-1956), a graduate of Moscow University, was a justice of the peace. In exile in Yugoslavia, since 1946 in France, since 1951 - in the USA. The author of the book “The Truth About the Church Abroad”. [9] His son Bishop Vasily (Rodzianko).
Nikolai (1888-1941), during the First World War he led the advance detachment of the Red Cross. Member of the 1st Kuban campaign in the Volunteer Army. In exile in France, he was engaged in legal defense of Russians. [9]
George (1890-1918), graduate of the Alexander Lyceum (1914), staff captain, company commander of the Life Guards Preobrazhensky regiment. He was shot by the Bolsheviks on January 26, 1918 in Kiev. [10]
Works
Word of the Chairman of the State Duma Mikhail Vladimirovich Rodzianko and the resolution adopted by the State Duma in a meeting on January 27, 1915. Petrograd: State. type., 1915.
Rodzianko MV The State Duma and the February Revolution of 1917 // Archive of the Russian Revolution published by G.V. Hessenom T. 6. Berlin, Slowo-Verlag publishing house, 1922. P. 5 - 80
Rodzianko M.V. The collapse of the empire: (Notes by the chairman of the Russian State Duma). - Archive of the Russian Revolution published by G.V. Hessen. - Berlin: Slowo-Verlag. - T. XVII.
Reprint: Leningrad. Publishing house "Surf". 1927.
Reprint: Kharkov. Interbrook. 1990. ISBN 5-7664-0500-6.
Reprint: Moscow. Scythians. 1992. ISBN 5-7206-0066-3.
Le règne de Raspoutine: Mémoires de M. V. Rodzianko. Paris: Payot, 1927.
The truth about the Church Abroad: according to documents and personal memoirs of 1954
Notes
↑ Date according to: State Duma of the Russian Empire 1906-1917: encyclopedia. M .: Russian Political Encyclopedia, 2008, p. 525.
↑ M.V. Rodzianko “The Collapse of the Empire” Moscow “Scythians”, 1992 with 96).
↑ 1 2 3 M.V. Rodzianko The Collapse of the Empire . Moscow. Scythians, 1992 p.119
↑ Note by M.V. Rodzianko. February 1917
↑ 1 2 Rodzianko M.V. = State Duma and the February 1917 revolution. - Archive of the Russian Revolution published by G.V. Hessen. - Berlin: Slowo-Verlag, 1922. - T. VI. - P. 5 - 80. - 366 pp.
↑ Notes of Grand Duke Andrei Vladimirovich
↑ Mikhail Vladimirovich was awarded the Insignia of the 1st Kuban (Ice) campaign number 493.
↑ Date of death according to : V.N. Chuvakov. Unforgettable graves. M., 2006, T. 6, book one, p. 227. In a number of reference publications, the date of death is indicated as January 19, 1924.
↑ 1 2 Unforgettable graves. Russian Abroad: Obituaries 1917-1997 in 6 volumes. Volume 6. Book 1. Pos - Skr. M .: “Pashkov House”, 1999. - S. 227.
↑ Volkov S. V. Officers of the Russian Guard. - M., 2002. P. 421.
Links
Rodzianko, Mikhail Vladimirovich at the Rodovod. Tree of ancestors and descendants - Members of the State Duma of the Russian Empire from the Ekaterinoslav province
I convocation
Babenko • Wozovik • Zemtsov • Lysenko • Mikhaylichenko • Novgorodtsev • Radakov • Ryzhkov • Capable • Sheftel - II convocation
Alakozov • Theological • Belousov • Karavaev • Kostenko • Nagih • Nosik • Proyda • Rabinovich • Selinov - III convocation - Alekseenko • Bergman • Gololobov • Dmitriev • Kamensky • Kuznetsov • Samples • MV Rodzianko • Taranenko • Tishchenko
IV convocation
Aleksandrov • Alekseenko • Bergman • Makogon • Neyezh akov • Papchinsky • Petrovsky • M. V. Rodzianko • S. N. Rodzianko • Filatov - the deputy from the provincial city of Yekaterinoslav is highlighted in italics
Predecessor:
Nicholas II
as Emperor and autocrat of All Russia
Chairman of the Provisional Committee of the State Duma of the Russian Empire
March 13 - March 16, 1917
Successor:
Georgy Lvov
as Minister-Chairman of the Provisional Government of Russia
Predecessor:
Alexander Ivanovich Guchkov - Chairman of the State Duma of the Russian Empire
March 22, 1911 - October 6, 1917
Successor:
State Duma dissolved by the Provisional Government
Viktor Mikhailovich Chernov
as Chairman of the All-Russian Constituent Assembly


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