Dir

Rezh is a city in the Sverdlovsk region of the Russian Federation, the administrative center of the Rezhevsky urban district.
Located on the eastern slope of the Middle Urals, on the r. Rezh (Tours pool), 83 km north-east of Ekaterinburg. Railway station on the line Yekaterinburg - Egorshino.
Contents
1 History
2 Population
3 Sights
4 Transport
5 Industry
6 Culture
7 Educational Institutions
8 Known Regions
9 Mass Media
9.1 Newspapers
9.2 Radio Stations
9.3 TV Channels
10 Literature
11 Notes
12 Links
History
Title by location on the river Rezh (pool Tours). The etymology of hydronym is unclear: in the 17th century Mangazeya monuments, the word dir - “duct” is noted, but the language affiliation of this word has not been established. There is a version that the word "Dir" in the language of the aborigines - the ancient Mansi (Finno-Ugric language group) means "rocky shores". Indeed, there are over 60 large rocks on the River Rezh, thanks to which the river is considered one of the most beautiful in the Urals. In the 1990s, according to the directory Voronov, the river was among the top 100 for water travel of the rivers of Russia. It was founded as a settlement in 1773 after Savva Yakovlevich Yakovlev received permission from the Berg-Collegium to build a cast iron and iron plant in the upper reaches of the river. At the end of the 18th century, Savva Yakovlev was the largest Russian entrepreneur, and Rezhevsky Plant was his largest brainchild (in total, in the Urals, Savva built 6, and also bought 16 factories). Production at the plant reached its peak with the grandson of Sawa, Aleksey Yakovlev (1804-1849). At this time, the quality of Rezhev roofing iron was considered a reference, which was written in 1835 in the journal Mining, and in 1824, during his stay in Yekaterinburg, he was admired by Emperor Alexander I. The Rezhevsk plant was sent to learn from the neighboring factories. counties. In 1878, at the World Industrial Exhibition in Paris, the sheet of Rezhev iron was awarded a gold medal, and the master who made it received an expensive caftan from the master's shoulder. At the beginning of the 20th century, a crisis began at the Rezhevsky plant, as well as throughout the Urals metallurgy. In 1911, the Rezhev factory closed. The First World War, then civil war, the difficulties of the post-revolutionary period significantly worsened the life of the reins.
On January 16, 1918, the regional Council of Workers 'and Soldiers' Deputies declared all enterprises of the “joint-stock company V. Iset mining and mechanical plants (S. Yakovlev's heirs)” nationwide property.
The first message about the presence in the Rezh area of nickel ores was received in 1924 from the engineer Kondykin FM, who surveyed the Golenduhinsky iron-ore deposit. Since 1930, the exploration bureau of the Ufalei Nickel Plant began exploration for nickel ores in the Rezh area. As a result of the search, two deposits of oxidized nickel ores are identified: Golenduhinskoye (12 km from Rezh) and Pokrovskoe (6 km from Rezh). The Rezhev Nickel Plant became the second in the Soviet Union enterprise of the young nickel industry after Ufaleisky.
The annual celebration of the City Day is the first Saturday of July.
Population
Population
1959 [2]
1967 [3]
1970 [4] to 1979 [5] to 1989 [6] to 1992 [3] to 1996 [3] to 1998 [3] to 2000 [3]
2001 [3]
21,298
↗30,000
↘29,895
↗37,905, ↗43,429, 44,000, 42,400
↘42,000
↘41 800
↘41 700
2002 [7]
2003 [3]
2005 [3]
2006 [3]
2007 [3]
2008 [3]
2010 [8]
2011 [3]
2012 [9]
2013 [10]
↘39 881
39 900
↘39 300
→ 39 300
↘39 100

38 900
↘38 215, 38 200, 37 949, 37 662
2014 [ 11]
2015 [1]
↘37,643
↗37 692
10,000
20,000
30,000
40,000
50,000
1967
1996
2003
2010
2015
Sightseeing
The unique “semi-precious strip of the Urals” runs from the north to the south, according to the academician Fersman, the mineralogical history of Russia began. February 13, 1995 The state natural-mineralogical reserve "Rezhevskaya" was formed less frequently. Its main task is the protection of mineralogical objects - old and new mines (amethysts, topazes, emeralds, opal, tourmalines, etc.). Under protection is more than 60 mines. It is also a complex reserve for the protection of hunting species of animals. The Rezhevskaya reserve includes the southern part of the Ural Gemstone. There are 3 sites within the reserve: Lipovsky, Shaitansky and Aduysky.
The city also has a mineralogical museum, which organizes excursions to ancient semi-precious mines, where they get acquainted with the technology of stone mining, besides, tourists search the dumps of collection stones. Rezhevsky Mineralogical Museum is located in the oldest town mansion, which is almost 200 years old (plant manager's house) and is associated with the name of Titus Zotov. Among the attractions of Rezh is worth noting the temple of John the Baptist, the ancient church of the city, consecrated in 1902. From the viewpoint at the temple offers a wonderful view of the city. An interesting is the old house of the plant manager, which is almost 200 years old. Among the Rezhevsky plant managers, the most famous was Tito Zotov, whom the writer Mamin-Sibiryak named one of the first kings of Russian gold, who became one of the first heroes of the gold rush that broke out in the Urals and swept further Siberia and North America. Spring "Breakdown" - a place where old believers monasteries were located in antiquity. The Monument of Labor and Battle Glory, a monument to the Rezh craftsmen - the founders of the city. Also in the city are preserved old stone and wooden houses, giving the city a historic look. The Five Brothers Rocks, a city pond with picturesque pine-covered rocky shores and many springs. Nearby forests in the summer with a lot of blueberries, strawberries, blueberries, bone and mushrooms. In the vicinity of the city there is the Rezhevsky ecopark with a laid eco-path along the rocky bank of the Rezh river, specific sites from the Regev rocks, recreational beach areas, landscape museums in Mironovo and Aramashevo. Plot "," Stroygorodok "," Station "," Kochnevo ".
Monument of Labor and Battle Glory
Church of St. John the Baptist
Transportation
Regular bus and train communication with Yekaterinburg, Artyomovsky, Irbit, Nizhny Tagil , Alapaevsk, Nevyansk.
On the territory of the Rezhev Nickel Plant (CJSC PO Rezhnikel) there is one of the few electrified narrow-gauge railways in Russia.
Industry
CJSC PO Rezhnikel
Rezhev Mechanical Plant. CJSC Rezhev Cable Plant ".
Rezhev garment factory.
In the suburbs of Rezh-1 (village Bystrinsky) there was a Rezhev chemical plant (RCS). In 2003, he went bankrupt because he could not work in a market economy.
Rezhevsky Zavod ZHBI.
Rezhevskoy shchebenochny zavod.
Glinsky quarry.
Safyanovsky copper quarry.
Rezh-Khleb OJSC - production of bakery and confectionery products.
NPO Experimental Plant LLC - production of agricultural equipment, stone processing equipment, railway equipment, non-standard equipment.
Mehmash Plant LLC - production of engineering products, non-standard equipment.
LLC Schnitki - fa children's clothing ryka.
“Transformer-Rezh” Plant LLC ”- production of power oil transformers and complete transformer substations.
Elix LLC is the largest manufacturer of PVC tubes.
Culture
Mineralogical Museum Ural Strip "(Sovetskaya St., 4).
Historical Museum (3 Krasnoarmeyskaya St.).
Municipal budgetary institution of culture" Metallurg Palace of Culture "" (82 Kostousova St.).
Municipal budget institution of culture "Palace of Culture" Horizon "" (st. Kalinina, 47).
Municipal budgetary institution of culture Center for Culture and the Arts (Lenin st., 2). Municipal state-owned cultural institution "Center for National Cultures" (Krasnoflottsev st., 7). MBOU DOD « Rezhev Children's Art School "(Kalinina str., 19a, Kosmonavtov str., 1, Krasnoarmeyskaya str., 7a). Educational institutions
Ural Industrial-Economic Technical School, branch (former Ural Polytechnic College, branch) <. br> International Distance Education Institute (MIDO), a branch.
Rezhevskaya College of Civil Engineering (formerly rural kohozyaystvenny). Rezhev multi-vocational college. Youth astro-space association "Sirius-86". Known rezhevlyane

Abyzov, Yuri Ivanovich - Russian Latvian writer, bibliographer, literary critic, a specialist in the history of Russian culture of the Baltic states.
Danila Zverev - famous mountain photographer, prototype of Danila-master from the Ural tales of Pavel Bazhov.
Konoplev, Vladimir - the first European champion in French boxing among Russians
Lukin, Lazar Prokopevich - Bolshevik, factory blacksmith, hero of the civil war in the Urals.
Rych Dmitry Leonidovich (12.2.1980 - 15.3.2000) - Hero of the Russian Federation [12].
Polukhin, Ivan Andreevich (July 1, 1924 - January 15, 1943) - Hero of the Soviet Union.
Striganov, Konstantin Grigoryevich ( 09/30/1912 - 01/14/1944) - Hero of the Soviet Union
Makurin, Arkady Ivanovich (01/26/1919 - 11/15/1992) - Full Knight of the Order of Glory, awarded the Order of the Patriotic War, I degree, medal "For Courage".
Lana Lema (Alla Lomakova) (04/12/1990) -Russian poetess
Mass Media
Newspapers
“Rezhskaya Vesti”
“Rezh News”
Radio Stations
Frequency
MHz
Title RDS
Format
Power. [source not specified 1204 days],
kW
Telecentre
Time
69.17
Radio Russia
-
0.1
70.13 Channel Resurrection

Orthodox Church 0.1 0.1? 88.1
Wave FM
+
CHR
0.1
RTS
0-24
100.7
Radio Altex / Love Radio
-
CHR / Dance / Rohr
0.1
RRS Artyomovskiy
0-24
102.3
Russian Radio
+
Rus CHR / Hot AC
0,1 Lenin, 39
0-24
102.8
Rezh Radio


0.25?
Shcherbakova, 17
0-24
103.4
Retro FM
-
Oldies / Disco
0.1 Êàëè Kalinina, 47
0-24 Åâğîïà 105.4 Åâğîïà Europe +
+ CHR 0,1 0.1?
Lenina, 39
0-24
TV Channels - Channel One - 9 TVKs Russia 1 - 12 TVKs NTV / Studio Panorama - 41 TVKs OTV / RIA July - 21 TVKs
Union - 2 3 TVK Channel 5 - 38 TVK
Literature
Dir / edited by Kondratenko P. .. - Middle Ural Book Publishing House, 1968. - 143 p. - 10 000 copies. Rychkov AV, Rychkov DV City Dir: records and achievements. - Travel company Kid and Carlson. Rezh, 2002. - 294 p. - 2000 copies. Rychkov A.V. Rez treasures. - Ural University, 2004. - 40 p. - 1500 copies - ISBN 5-7996-0213-7.
Korolev GI Rezh pedigrees. - author's edition. Rezh, 2007. - 320 p. - 500 copies. Rychkov A.V. Gems in the Ural necklace // Ural iron forges. - Socrates, 2007. - 375 p. - 12 000 copies - ISBN 978-5-88664-276-6.
Korolev G.I., Kopalov V.N. Honorary citizens of Rezh, Rezhevsky district and Rezhevsky urban district. - 2008.
Rychkov A.V. 12 trips to the Middle Urals. - Travel company Kid and Carlson. Rezh, 2009. - 50 p. - 5000 copies - ISBN 978-5-9900756-1-0.
Rychkov A. City Dir: 12 generations. - Baby and Carlson. Rezh, 2013. - 256 p. - 3000 copies - ISBN 978-5-9900756-5-8.
Notes
↑ 1 2 Preliminary estimate of the population of the Sverdlovsk region by municipalities as of January 1, 2015 and the average for 2014. Retrieved February 5, 2015. Archived from the original source February 5, 2015.

1959 All-Union Population Census. The urban population of the RSFSR, its territorial units, urban settlements and urban areas by sex (Rus.). Demoscope Weekly. Retrieved on September 25, 2013. Archived from the original source April 28, 2013.
↑ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Folk encyclopedia "My city". Dir
↑ 1970 All-Union Population Census The number of urban population of the RSFSR, its territorial units, urban settlements and urban areas by sex. (Rus.) Demoscope Weekly. Checked on September 25, 2013. Archived from the original source on April 28, 2013.
1979 1979 All-Union Population Census The urban population of the RSFSR, its territorial units, urban settlements and urban areas by gender. (Rus.) Demoscope Weekly. Retrieved on September 25, 2013. Archived from original source April 28, 2013.
1989 1989 All-Union Population Census. The urban population. Archived from the original source on August 22, 2011.
2002 The 2002 All-Russian Population Census. Tom. 1, table 4. The population of Russia, federal districts, constituent entities of the Russian Federation, districts, urban settlements, rural settlements - regional centers and rural settlements with a population of 3,000 or more. Archived from the original source on February 3, 2012.
2010 The 2010 All-Russian Population Census. Population size and location of the Sverdlovsk region. Retrieved on June 1, 2014. Archived from original source June 1, 2014.
↑ Population of the Russian Federation by municipalities. Table 35. Estimated number of resident population on January 1, 2012. Retrieved on May 31, 2014. Archived from the original source on May 31, 2014.
↑ The population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2013. - M .: Federal State Statistics Service Rosstat, 2013. - 528 p. (Table 33. Population of urban districts, municipal districts, urban and rural settlements, urban settlements, rural settlements). Retrieved November 16, 2013. Archived from original source November 16, 2013.
↑ The population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2014. Checked on August 2, 2014. Archived from the original source on August 2, 2014.
↑ Hero of Russia Dmitry Rychkov on warheroes.ru
Links
Website of Rezhevsky urban district
Dir in the encyclopedia "My city"
In This article or section has a list of sources or external links, but the sources of individual statements are unclear due to the lack of footnotes.
Statements that are not supported by sources may be questioned and deleted.
You can improve the article by adding more accurate references to the sources.
Sverdlovsk Region
Hell inistrativny Center: Yekaterinburg
City: Alapaevsk | Aramil | Artyomovsky | Asbestos | Berezovsky | Bogdanovich | Verkhniy Tagil | Upper Pyshma | Upper Salda | Upper Tour | Verkhoturye | Volchansk | Degtyarsk | Zarechny | Ivdel | Irbit | Kamensk-Uralsky | Kamyshlov | Karpinsk | Kachkanar | Kirovgrad | Krasnoturyinsk | Krasnouralsk | Krasnoufimsk | Kushva | Forest | Mikhaylovsk | Nevyansk | Lower Sergi | Nizhny Tagil | Lower Salda | Lower Tour | New Lyalya | Novouralsk | Pervouralsk | Polevskoy | Revda | Dir | Severouralsk | Serov | Sredneuralsk | Dry Log | Sysert | Tavda | Talitsa | Turinsk
Municipal-territorial division:
Urban districts: Alapaevsk | Alapaevskoe | Aramil | Artyomovsky | Artinsky | Asbestovsky | Achitsky | Beloyarsky | Berezovsky | Bisertsky | Bogdanovich | Top Dubrovo | Verkh-Neyvinsky | Verkhnyaya Salda | Verkhniy Tagil | Upper Pyshma | Upper Tour | Verkhoturye | Volchansky | Garinsky | Gornouralsk | Degtyarsk | Ekaterinburg | Zarechny | Ivdelsky | Irbit | Irbitskoe | Kamensky | Kamensk-Uralsky | Kamyshlovsky | Karpinsk | Kachkanar | Kirovgrad | Krasnoturyinsk | Krasnouralsk | Krasnoufimsk | Krasnoufimsky | Kushvinsky | Forest | Malyshevsky | Makhnevskoe | Nevyansky | Nizhneturinsky | Nizhny Tagil | Lower Salda | Novolyalinsky | Novouralsk | Pelym | Pervouralsk | Polevskoy | Pyshminsky | Revda | Rezhevskaya | Reftinsky | Free | Severouralsky | Serovskiy | Sosvinsky | Sredneuralsk | Staroutkinsk | Dry Log | Sysert | Tavdinsky | Talitsky | Tugulymsky | Turin | Ural | Shalinsky
Municipal districts: Baikalovsky | Kamyshlovsky | Nizhneserginsky | Slobodo-Turin | Taborinsky
Articles: Geography | Coat of arms | Anthem | History | Population | Administrative divisions | Flag


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