Palermo

677 015
[1] people (2014)
Density - 4215.8 people / km²
Ethno-burial - palermitani
Time zone - UTC + 1, in summer UTC + 2
Phone code: +39 091
Postcodes: 90100, 90121-90151, ISTAT, 082053
The official site of comune.palermo.it (Italian)
Community Day
July 15
Palermo on Wikimedia Commons
Palermo (Greek Πάνορμος, Italian. Palermo, Sic. Palermu, Latin Panormus) is the main city in the Italian region of Sicily, the administrative center of the province of the same name.
The patron saint of the city is considered Rosalia. City festival - July 15.
Contents
1 History
2 Climate
3 Attractions
4 Sport
5 Famous residents
6 Gallery
7 Famous natives
8 Literature
9 References
10 Notes
History
Palermo (in Latin Panormus) was founded by the Phoenicians under the name Sus (in Phoenician - “flower”) in 754 BC. e., but Panormos - the always accessible harbor (Greek Πάνορμος) received his name from the Greeks; during the first Punic war, the main site of the Carthaginian fleet was here. The Romans took the city in 254 BC e., gave him the right of the municipality, and in August times the city was made a colony (Colonia Augusta Panormitanorum). In 515, Palermo, who had considerably neglected during the Roman rule, was occupied by the Goths; in 535, Belisarius conquered the northern coast of Sicily from them. In 831 he was in the hands of the Saracens; since then has become the most important trading center of Sicily. Most of the population was Greeks, Jews, and Arabs who traded with North Africa.
In 1072, the Norman conqueror Robert Guiscard conquered Palermo, and his descendant Roger II made it the capital of the Sicilian kingdom. Under Hohenstaufen in Palermo, a brilliant court life was in full swing, especially under Frederick II, who transferred the entire imperial court from Germany here. After the death of the son of Frederick II Manfred under Benevento (1266), Charles of Anjou captured Palermo; the French, however, could not stay long in Sicily. The vengeful Sicilian people did not forget the execution of Conradin; from the outskirts of Palermo the famous Sicilian Vespers began (1282), which led to the extermination of all the French on the island. Pedro III of Aragon was proclaimed King of Sicily, and Palermo became the residence of the Viceroy, but six centuries of Spanish rule did not bring prosperity to the inhabitants of the city. In 1799, when Naples was taken by the French, Ferdinand IV fled to Palermo and remained here until 1815. In 1820, when Ferdinand IV decided to declare Naples and Sicily the united kingdom of the Two Sicilies, a riot broke out in Palermo, which it was possible to pacify with great difficulty. The unrest that began in Palermo in 1847 resulted in a general uprising in 1848. The royal troops were defeated, a provisional government was established in the city and the Sicilian parliament was convened, but the next year, Palermo was forced to surrender to the royal troops in 1849.
In 1860, Garibaldi took Palermo and incorporated it into the Italian kingdom. A significant part of the city was destroyed during World War II.
Climate
Mediterranean climate. February is the coldest month, and August is the warmest. Since Palermo is completely surrounded by the sea, winters are even warmer than on the coastal regions of the continents, and summers are stuffy and humid, but somewhat less hot.
August is the warmest month. Because of the complete sea circumference in Palermo, summer lasts until the beginning of December, and December is warmer than March, and summer comes again only from the second half of April.
Climate of Palermo
Indicator
Jan.
Feb.
March
April
May
June
July
Aug. Sep. Oct. Oct. Nov. Dec. Dec Year
Absolute maximum, ° C - 27.0 - 29.0 - 34.7 - 35.7 - 38.9 - 43.0 - 43.1
42.4
40.4
35.8
30.6
26.7
43.1
Average maximum, ° C
14.9 14.9, 16.5, 18.8, 22.6, 26.4, 29.4, 30.0, 27.4
24.1 - 19.9 - 16.5 - 21.8 - Average temperature, ° C - 12.6 - 12.3 - 13.6
15.8 - 19.4 - 23.1 - 26.1 - 26.8 - 24.3 - 21.0 - 17.1 - 14 , 0
18.8
Average minimum, ° C 10.4 - 10.0 - 11.1 - 13.1 - 16.4 - 20.2 - 23.0 - 23.8
21.4
18.3
14.6
11.7
16.2
Absolute minimum, ° C
2.0
2.4
2.4, 6.5, 9.8, 13.0, 17.8, 17.9, 13.4, 10.0, 5, 1 - 1.6 - 1.6
Precipitation norm, mm - 72 - 65 - 60 - 44 - 26
12
5
13
42
98
94
80
611
Source: Weather and Climate
Sights
Along the seashore stretches in the form of the wide promenade of Foro Italico, nearby located the urban garden of Flora (Villa Julia). Main squares: in the city center - at the intersection of the two main streets of Piazza Villena, Piazza Pretoria, with a magnificent Mannerist fountain (1550), Piazza Marina with a public garden (Giardino Garibaldi), Piazza Bologna, with a monument to Charles V (1635), Cathedral Square, surrounded by a balustrade with statues of saints, Piazza Vittoria with a monument to Philip V; of the gates are remarkable: Porta Felice (1582-1637) and the triumphal arch of Porta Nuova (1584).
The interior of the Palatine Chapel (XII century).
Palermo has 295 churches and chapels, including 70 former monasteries. St. Rosalia was built in the Gothic style by the Norman king William II (1169–85), but after numerous reconstructions, it acquired the appearance of a Spanish cathedral. Inside the temple is the silver cancer of St. Rosalia (patroness of the city) and the tomb of the kings of Roger II, his daughter Constance and her husband Emperor Henry VI, as well as the son of the latter, the great emperor Frederick II. With two arches, the cathedral is connected with an elegant bell tower and an episcopal palace. Of the other Old Norman churches, the famous San Cataldo (XII century), San Giovanni degli Eremiti (1132), distinguished by bizarre Arab scarlet-colored domes, Maggione. Built by order of Admiral George of Antioch, the Martoran Church (1143) is decorated with rare mosaics in the Byzantine style.
The Royal Palace - the center of buildings of different styles: the Old Norman tower - Torre Pisana, built by Roger I; The Palatine Chapel is the main attraction of the city and one of the wonders of the European Middle Ages, with a carved wooden roof painted in Arabic style and many mosaics of the highest quality, sometimes on secular themes, made by masters invited by Roger from Constantinople. Other remarkable civil buildings are the Palazzo Chiaramonte and Schiafante (1307–80), the Town Hall (1463).
A special attraction is the Capuchin Catacombs, an underground cemetery where the bodies of more than 8,000 Palermitans who died in the 16th – 20th centuries are openly stored. br> From the vicinity of Palermo, Monte Pellegrino (Italian) is famous for Russian, with a wonderful view and the cave church of St. Rosalia, Royal Favorite Villa (Chinese-style), Belmonte, Serradifalco, Taska; the Norman castles of Ziza (1164) with a semi-Arabian mosaic frieze and Cuba (1182) with the bathing pavilion of La Cubola, the Cathedral of Montreal with medieval mosaics, the Massimo Theater.
Sport
In 1999, the half-marathon world championship was held.
The city is famous for its Palermo football team, serving in the Italian SeriesA
Famous residents
Eugene Palermo - Sicilian admiral and famous medieval translator - Pietro Novelli - baroque painter.
Antonio Scallone - architect.
Errico Petrella - composer.
Rock o Kinnichi - an Italian magistrate, a fighter against the mafia.
Giuseppe Alessi - the first president of the regional council of Sicily.
Gallery
Palazzo Normanni
Palatine chapel
Piazza Pretoria
Martorana | Famous natives
Alfredo Li Bassi (Italian: Alfredo Li Bassi), Italian actor and director.
Giuseppe Gigliorosso (Italian. Giuseppe Gigliorosso), Italian director and screenwriter.
Literature
This article was written using material from Encyclopedic Dictionary of Brockhaus and Efron (1890-1907).
Links
Palermo: thematic media files on Wikimedia Commons de
Notes
↑ Demographic statistics ISTAT (Italian.). ISTAT. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
Palermo Attractions
Cathedrals
Cathedral of Palermo · Cathedral of Montreal
Norman Churches La Magione · Martorana · Palatine Chapel · San Giovanni degli Eremiti · San Cataldo · Santo Spirito · San Giovanni dei Lebbrosi
Baroque churches
Santa Caterina [it] · San Giuseppe dei Teatini · Del Gesu [it]
Norman palaces
Norman Palace · Ziza · Cuba
Squares
Quattro Canti · Piazza Pretoria
Cemeteries
Capuchin Catacombs (Rosalia Lombardo)
Other churches
Santa Maria dello S pazimo

Commune of Palermo - Alimena • Aliminuza • Alia • Altavilla Milicza • Altofonte • Bagheria • Balestrate • Bauchina • Belmonte Mezzagno • Bizaquino • Bluffy • Bolognetta • Bompietro • Borgetto • Valledolmo • Ventimiglia di Sicily • Vicari • Villabate • Villafrati • Ganji • Godrano • Gratteri • Giardinello • Gerachi Siculo • Giuliana • Iznello • Isola delle Femmine • Caccamo • Caltavuturo • Camporeale • Campofelice di Rocella • Campofelice • Fitofelice di Campello Captcha Carini • Castellana Sicula • Castelbuono • Casteldachcha • Castrono di Sicilia • Collesano • Contessa Entellina • Corleone • Chiusa Sklafani • Lascari • Lercara Friddy • Marineo • Mezzuozo • Misilmeri • Monreale Montezelo Montezepel Montezel Montezel Montezalme Montezepel Montezel Montemelé Montezel Montezel Montezel Adriano • Palermo • Partinico • Petralia Soprana • Petralia Sottana • Polizzi Generosa • Pollina • Prizzi • Piana degli Albanesi • Roccamena • Roccapalumba • San Giuseppe Jato • San Mauro Castelverde • Santa Cristina Gela Santa Flavia • San Cipirello • Sklafani Bagni • Termini Imerese • Terrazini • Torretta • Trabia • Trappeto • Ustica • Ficarazzi • Cerda • Cefala Diana • Cefalu • Ciminna • Cinisi • Shara • Shillato


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