Mokronovsky, Stanislav

January 10, 1761 (1761-01-10) - Birthplace - Bogucin - Date of death - October 19, 1821 (1821-10-19) (60 years old) - Place of death - Warsaw
Affiliation - Speech of the Commonwealth - Kingdom of Poland - Kingdom of Poland - Title - Major General (1792),
Lieutenant General (1794) - Battles / Wars
Russian- The Polish War (1792):
The Battle of Zelentsy
The Polish Uprising (1794): The Battle of Matzewice | The Battle of the Kobylka - Awards and Prizes - Stanislav Mokronovsky (January 10, 1761, Bogucin - October 19, 1821, Warsaw) - Polish military and statesman, chamberlain of the last king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth total of Stanislav Augustus Poniatowski, deputy of the Four-year Sejm, lieutenant general of the Polish army, participant in the Russo-Polish war of 1792 and the Kosciuszko uprising in 1794.
Biography
Representative of the Polish noble family of Mokronowski coat of arms “Bogoria”. The son of Ludwik Mokronovsky and Josephine Chosnovskaya, nephew of the Mazovian governor Andrzej Mokronowski.
Stanislav Mokronovsky received his primary education from the Jesuits, studied in the Warsaw Cadet Corps in 1775-1777, and in the Paris Military School in 1777-1780.
May 1780 joined the rank of cornet in the crown army of the Commonwealth, and less than two years later retired with the rank of lieutenant. In 1782-1788, he served in the French army with the rank of captain of the royal German regiment.
After returning from France to Poland, Stanislav Mokronovsky served as deputy brigadier (1788), and then brigadier (1792) in the national cavalry. In 1788 he was elected ambassador (deputy) from Visegrad land to the Four-year Seim.
In 1792, Stanislav Mokronovsky participated in the Russo-Polish war. For the difference in the Battle of Zelentsy, he was awarded the rank of Major General and the Virtuti Militari Cross. After the accession of the Polish king Stanislav Augustus Poniatowski to the Targovitsa Confederation, he resigned.
In 1794, Stanislav Mokronovsky took an active part in the Polish uprising (insurrection) led by Tadeusz Kosciuszko. He adhered to conservative and royalist views, was at enmity with representatives of the radical wing of the uprising (Jacobins). On April 25, 1794, Tadeusz Kosciuszko granted Stanislav Mokronovsky a lieutenant general’s patent and appointed him commandant of Warsaw and commander of the rebel detachments of the Principality of Mazovia. He was also appointed a member of the Provisional Procurement Council, but due to criticism of politics T. Kostyushko was removed from his post.
On June 15, Polish dictator Tadeusz Kosciuszko appointed Stanislav Mokronovsky as commander of a separate division, and on August 10 as commander of rebel groups in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania instead of the sick Mikhail Vielgorsky.
In mid-August 1794, Stanislav Mokronovsky arrived in Brest-Litovsky. He planned to concentrate the Lithuanian troops at two points: near Brest and between Brest and Grodno, to prevent the Russian army from crossing the Bug and invading deep into Poland. However, the weak state of the Lithuanian forces forced S. Mokronovsky on September 5, 1794 to file a resignation report. Tadeusz Kosciuszko did not accept Mokronovsky’s resignation and ordered him to give battle to the Russian army. September 29, 1794 Kosciuszko arrived in Grodno, where he handed Mokronovsky a gold ring with the inscription "Fatherland to his defender."
As a military commander, Stanislav Mokronovsky played a prominent role during the siege of Warsaw by the Russian-Prussian army, he commanded the army in the battle of Blon and in Lithuania, where he brought the remnants of the Lithuanian army to Warsaw. Russian commander A.V. Suvorov tried to prevent the unification of Polish divisions under the capital. But Stanislav Mokronovsky, having sacrificed one of the columns of the Lithuanian army in the Battle of Kobylka, led the rest of the forces to Warsaw.
Together with generals Jozef Poniatowski and Michal Wielgorsky Stanislav Mokronovsky belonged to the so-called “court” party among the organizers of the uprising.
In October 1794, Stanislav Mokronovsky resigned. After the defeat of the uprising, he emigrated from Poland to Italy, then returned to Warsaw, where, by the way, he participated in an action to erect a monument to Jozef Ponyatowski. He died in Warsaw and was buried in the Capuchin church.
Stanislav Mokronovsky is the fourth Polish military commander after Jozef Ponyatowski, Tadeusz Kosciuszko and Mikhail Wielgorsky, awarded the Virtuti Militari Order. In addition, he was a knight of the Order of St. Stanislav (1791) and the White Eagle (1815).
Family
In 1794, Stanislav Mokronovsky married Princess Maria Marianna Sangushko-Kovelskaya, daughter of the governor of Volyn, Prince Jerome Janusz Sangushko (1743— 1812) and Ursula Cecilia Potocka (1747-1772), and from whom she had a daughter, Anna (born 1804). Sources
T. Byalova (Gal. Red.) ² ³íø. Vyalikae of the Principality of Lithuania T. 3. Dadatak. A - Ya. - Mensk: Belorussian Entsyklyapediya Name Pyatrusya Brokki, 2010. - V. 3. - 696 p. - 3000 ac. - ISBN 978-985-11-0487-7 by Zebrał Ł. Siemieński Listy Kościuszki do jenerała Mokronowskiego i innych osób pisane. - Lwów: 1877.


Мокроновский, Станислав

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