Cayenne

Cayenne (FR. Cayenne) - the administrative center of French Guiana, the overseas department of France and the only European continental possession in both Americas. 50 thousand inhabitants (in the commune), with 65 thousand suburbs.
Contents - 1 History - 2 Geography - 3 Climate - 4 Economics - 5 Transport - 6 Population
7 Gallery
8 Notes
History
Founded in 1664. Cayenne is known as the export site of cayenne pepper. From the 18th to the 20th centuries, like the whole of Guiana, it served as a place of political exile and hard labor. Due to the tropical climate and the spread of severe fevers, it was believed that the deportee to Cayenne has little chance of surviving (according to some [what?] Data, no more than 3%). During the French Revolution, especially during the Thermidorian Convention and the Directory, the Sinnamari prison was called the “dry guillotine”. However, General Pishegru managed to escape from Guiana. In 1809 it was occupied by the forces of the anti-Napoleonic coalition.
Geography
The city is located on the banks of the estuary of the Cayenne River, on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. Distances from Cayenne to Paris is 7,100 km; to the city of Fort de France (Martinique) - 1,500 km; to Paramaribo (Suriname) - 324 km; to Macapa (Brazil) - 554 km.
Climate
The climate of Cayenne is characterized as a tropical monsoon, with extremely slight temperature changes during the year. The average annual temperature is about 26 ° C. The city is characterized by a very short dry season (only 2 months - September and October), and a very long rainy season (all other months). Average annual rainfall: 3,744 mm.
Economy
Cayenne is known as a large shrimp production center. Earlier, the sugar industry also played an important role.
Transport
Cayenne is served by the International Airport. Felix Eboue (formerly Rocheambo), which is located 13 km southwest of the city, in the municipality of Matori. Flights are operated to Paris (Orly), Fort-de-France, Santo Domingo, Belem, Pointe-a-Pitre (Guadeloupe) and some other cities.
Population
Population dynamics:
1974: 30,461 people [1]
1982: 38,091 people
1990: 41,067 people [2]
1999: 50,594 people [3]
2006: 58,004 people [ 4]
2010: 64,297 people [5] - Gallery
Cayenne Canton of Cayenne City Hall - City Market - Saint-Sauveur Cathedral - Alexander Franconi Museum
Notes
↑ Source World Gazetter
↑ Population sans double compte en 1990 sur le site de l'INSEE
↑ Population sans double compte en 1999 sur le site de l'INSEE
↑ Population totale au 1 · 10 {{{1}}} janvier 2006 sur le site de l'INSEE
↑ Population totale au 1 · 10 {{{1}}} janvier 2010 sur le site de l'INSEE - Administrative centers of the regions of France - Amiens • Ajaccio • Besancon • Bordeaux • Dijon • Caen • Clermont-Ferrand • Lille • Limoges • Lyon • Marseille • Metz • Montpellier • Nantes • Orleans • Paris • Poitiers • Rennes • Rouen • Strasbourg • Toulouse • Chalon-en-Champagne - Overseas regions - Basse-Terre • Cayenne • Saint-Denis • Fort-de-France • Mamouzou - Capitals of South America
Asuncion | Bogotá | Brasilia | Buenos Aires | Georgetown | Caracas | Quito | Lima | Montevideo | Paramaribo | Santiago | Sucre - La Paz - Other areas: Grytviken | Cayenne | Port Stanley


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