Zara Yaykob

Zara Yaykob (Zara-Yakob, in the lane with Amhara - Seed of Jacob; born 1399 - d. 1468) - negus (emperor) of Ethiopia.
History
One of the most significant rulers of Ethiopia. The throne name is Kuastantynos (Konstantin) I [1]. Son of Emperor David I. Born in the town of Tulk, modern Ethiopian region of Oromia. After the death of his father, he was imprisoned by his older brother, Emperor Theodore I, but was not excluded from the succession order.
Proclaimed emperor in 1434, crowned in Axum in 1436. After the discovery of conspiracies against his power, he ousted several provincial governors, subordinating these territories to his daughters. The reign of Zar Yaykob took place in the struggle against separatist uprisings, the struggle against Muslim neighbors and religious and heretical movements. He was married to Elena, daughter of Mehmet, king of Khadia.
The emperor carried out several reforms (administrative, church, etc.) that strengthened centralized power over the country, disagreements were resolved within the church, and she became controlled by the emperor, while gaining significant land holdings . The emperor’s supreme authority on the land was approved, while at the same time Zara Yaykob generously distributed it to his supporters.
In 1445 Zara Yaykob defeated the army of Baglay-ad-Din, the Sultan of Adal, the state created by the Afar people, strengthened the influence of Ethiopia in the south among the Sidamo people, then undertook unsuccessful campaigns to the north, against the Agau and Falash tribes. Around 1456, taking a bright light in the sky (apparently Halley's comet) as a sign, he founded the city of Debre-Birkhan ("Mountain of Light") and made it his capital. On the outskirts of his empire, Zara Yaykob establishes monasteries and military settlements. An attempt was made on the emperor in 1453, after which Zara Yaykob, already distinguished by despotism by the end of his reign, began to persecute his opponents and critics with particular cruelty. Zealous religious fanatic, Zara Yaykob unleashed a brutal terror against the "heretics" and pagans. Stefanites, representatives of the non-possessive renovationist movement in the Ethiopian church, were sentenced to torture and stoning; among others, the emperor executed four of his own sons for "worshiping Dasak". Shortly before his death, Zara Yaykob tortured one of his wives, accused of conspiracy, to death and almost executed her son Beide Maryam for holding a funeral maternal mass. However, the conflict was settled, and Beide Maryam was named Zara Yaikob as his official successor.
Embassies sent by Zar Yaikob headed by the Sicilian Pietro Rombulo visited India, Rome and Aragon. In addition, during the reign of Zar Yaykob, the delegation of the Ethiopian church, at the invitation of Pope Eugene IV, visited the Florence Church Cathedral. Zara Yaykob patronized church culture and literature; he is also known as a writer, creator of religious didactic works. Among the writings of Zar Yaykob there are three significant theological treatises: “Book of Light”, “Book of Christmas” and “Book of the Trinity.”
Boris Turaev and Vasily Bolotov compared the reign of Zar Yaykob with the Spanish king Philip II.
Zara Yayakob is present in the computer game Civilization IV: Beyond the Sword as the leader of Ethiopian civilization.
Notes
↑ Zara-Jacob, Abyssinian king // Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary: 86 volumes (82 volumes and 4 additional) . - SPb., 1890-1907.
Literature
Turaev B. a.,. Zara-Jacob, Abyssinian king // Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary: in 86 volumes (82 volumes and 4 additional). - St. Petersburg, 1890-1907.
Turaev B. A., “Abyssinian Chronicles of the XIV-XVI Centuries”, Moscow-Leningrad 1936
Dillmann A., “Über die Regierung, inbesondere die Kirchenordnung des Königs Zara Jacob” , Berlin 1884.
Emperors of Ethiopia (1270–1974)
Family tree
The Solomon Dynasty
Yikuno Amlak · Salomon I · Tsynfe-Aryd IV · Hizbay-Assagyd · Kydme-Assagyd · Zhen-Assagyd · Bahyr-Assagyd · Uiddym-Aryd · Amde-Tsyon I · Seifé-Aryd · Nyguaye-Maryam · David I · Theodros I · Yishak I · Yndryyas · Tekle-Maryam · Syruy-Iyesus · Amde-Yeyesu-Zeye-Iyeob-Zeye-Iyezu-Beyer I · Kuastantinos II · Amde-Ciyon II · Naod I · David II · Galaudeuos · Minas · Serze-Dingyl · Jacob · Ze-Dingyl · Jacob · Susnos · Faciledes · Johannis I · Iyasu the Great · Tekle-Haymanot I · Teuoflos · Yostos * · David III · Beakufa
The era of the princes - Iyasu I · Johannis II · Tekle-Haimanot II · Susnyos II · Tekle-Haimanot II · Salomon II · Tekle-Giyorgis I · Iyasu III · Tekle-Giyorgis I · Hizkiyas · Tekle-Giyorgis I · Beimede II · Tekle-Guyorgis I · Salomon III · Yioas II · Tekle-Guyorgis I · Salomon III · Demetrios · Tekle-Guyorgis I · Demetrios · Iguale Tsyon · Yi As II · Gigar · Beide-Maryam III · Gigar · Iyasu IV · Gabre-Krastos · Sahle-Dyngyl · Gabre-Krastos · Sahle-Dyngyl · Johannis III · Sahle-Dyngyl · Johannis III · Sahle-Dyngyl · Johannes Dyngyl - Theodros Dynasty - Theodros II - Restoration of Zagwe - Thekle-Guyorgis II - Tigray Dynasty - Johannis IV - Solomon Dynasty - Menelik II · Iyasu V · Zaudit I · Haile Selassie I - Italian Occupation - Victor Emmanuel III - The Solomon Dynasty - Haile Selassie I


Зэра Яыкоб

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