Coordinates: 50 ° 29′20 ″ s. w. 37 ° 00′05 ″ c. d. / 50.48889 ° s. w. 37.00139 ° in. d./50.48889; 37.00139 (G) (O) (I) - Archaeological cultures - Scythian time forest-steppe culture - Saltovo-Mayak culture - Old Russian
Dmytriyevsky town - archaeological complex of the Salt-Mayak culture, consisting of a fortress, villages and burial ground. The settlement was located on the right bank of the Korocha River near the modern villages of Dmitriyevka and Dobroe, Shebekinsky District, Belgorod Region.
The settlement was known since the 70s of the XIX century, however I. I. Lyapushkin conducted the first archaeological work on the monument in 1951. From 1957 to 1973, the complex of monuments was investigated by the expedition of the Institute of Archeology of the USSR Academy of Sciences under the leadership of S. A. Pletneva. .
2 Funeral rite
5 See also
The Dmitrievsky complex was investigated under the direction of S. A. Pletneva in 1957, 1958, 1960-1962, 1966, 1967 , 1970, 1972, 1973 An area of about 1,600 square meters was uncovered at the fort. m, in the village 1 - 2000 sq.m, in the village 2 - 100 sq.m, in the burial ground - more than 3000 sq.m. In total, 20 dwellings were opened (two in the settlement, 18 in the village) .
Dmitrievskaya fortress was built on a cape about 50 m high, on which as early as 1 millennium BC. e., i.e., in the era of the early Iron Age, a fortified settlement was located. In the VIII century, during the heyday of the Khazar Khaganate, the Alans built a fortress of chalk blocks. The wall thickness reached 4–4.5 m; its height was approximately the same. The fortress - a kind of feudal castle - served as a refuge in case of danger for the population living in adjacent unsecured settlements (villages).
The burial ground includes 161 burials, most of them committed in catacombs excavated in hard ground. There are single and collective burials. In the burials not plundered in antiquity, they find various weapons, utensils, jewelry; there are so-called funeral feast and animal sacrifices in memory of people who died here, some burials were accompanied by a ritual burial of a horse, sometimes with a harness. At the Dmitrievsky burial ground for the first time burials of male warriors and young women laid on a layer of coal, playing, according to S.A. Pletneva, “a connecting role in the ceremony of the posthumous wedding.”
Y-chromosome haplogroup G2 and mitochondrial haplogroup I were found in representatives of the Salt-Mayak culture from the catacomb necropolises Dmitrievsky and Verkhnesaltovsk-IV. .
At the beginning of the X century Alans' fortress was destroyed during the Pecheneg invasion. Until the XII century, the Pechenegs lived here, and then the Polovtsy. Rusichs have been living since the second half of the 12th century.
Men were buried elongated on their backs, and women on their sides, crouched. Horse meat and nuts were preferred as ritual food; many vessels were placed in the grave. Among the Alans of Dmitriy there were many representatives of the higher stratum who carried sabers, bows and arrows into the underworld. . Dwellings
A typical building on the complex is a rectangular corridorless ditch, deepened into the mainland by 0.8 m, an area of about 9 sq. m, with an open hearth in the center of the house, with treated floor. The largest number of buildings is supporting-pillar and plank-and-plank structures. The predominant type of heating device was the hearth. Tandoor was allegedly located in building 14 at the Dmitrievsky complex. Prevailing buildings with an area of up to 11.6 square meters .
Modernity - Today, the Dmitrievsky hillfort is an object of historical and cultural heritage of federal significance, it is included in the State Register and is protected by law. State protection as an object of cultural heritage was established by Decree of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR of August 30, 1960 No. 1327 .
View of the southern border of the settlement (detinets).
View from the detin at the landing.
The southern end of the detin .
View of the southwestern outskirts of Detinets.
View of the south-eastern outskirts of the settlement.
The moat that separates the northern part of the settlement from the main ridge.
On the northern outskirts of the ridge, separated by a moat.
East wall of the Posad.
East wall of the Posad, fragment.
View from the ridge to the northern part of the Posad and the surrounding area .
Dmitrievskoe settlement on Wikimedia Commons?
Krapivenskoye settlement | Saltovskoye settlement | Yutanovsky settlement | Nezhegolsk
↑ Dmitrievsky archaeological site
↑ Pletneva, 1989
↑ Afanasyev G. E., Dobrovolskaya M. V., Korobov D. S., Reshetova I. K. “On the cultural, anthropological and genetic specificity of the Don Alans” // E. I. Krupnov and the development of archeology of the North Caucasus. M. 2014.
↑ Galkina, 2002
↑ Savitsky, 2011.
↑ Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR of August 30, 1960 No. 1327 “On Further Improvement of the Protection of Cultural Monuments in the RSFSR”.
Galkina E. C. Secrets of the Russian Kaganate - M :. Veche, 2002. ISBN 5-94538-010-5
Pletneva S. A. At the Slavic-Khazar borderland. Dmitrievsky Archaeological Complex - M .: Nauka, 1989.
Savitsky NM Residential buildings of the forest-steppe version of the Saltovo-Mayak culture, dissertation for the degree of candidate of historical sciences - Voronezh: Voronezh State University, 2011.
"Places to know." VIII century hillfort in Shebekinsky district (06/17/2014) (youtube.com)
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This mark was set on December 19, 2011.
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