Goygol (azerb. Göygöl, that is, "blue lake") is a city in Azerbaijan, the administrative center of the Goygol region. It was founded in 1819 as a colony of Helenendorf by German colonists from Swabia.
Until 1938 the city was called Helenendorf, from 1938 to 2008 - Khanlar  in honor of the Azerbaijani revolutionary Khanlar Safaraliev. Located on the right bank of the Ganja River (tributary of the Kura), 10 km south of the city of Ganja. Agropromvinkombinat, mechanical plant, etc .; livestock farm.
In the vicinity of Goygol there is a large burial mound cemetery of the Bronze Age - Early Iron (end of the 2nd - beginning of the 1st millennium BC), studied since the 90s of the XIX century. The bones in an elongated or crouched position were located under embankments of earth or clay. The mounds of the nobility stood out for the large size of the burial chamber. In the leader’s grave (barrow No. 1), slaves, horses, a camel, and rich inventory were found. In the burials there are a lot of bronze weapons (swords, daggers, axes) and jewelry (temporal rings, bracelets, pendants), black clay dishes with geometric ornaments, tools, etc. To the west of Goygol a settlement of the same era with the remains of vast ancestral houses and small dugouts.
1 History of the German settlement of Helenendorf
2 Famous residents
3 See also
5 Sources and literature
History of the German settlement of Helenendorf
Main article: Helenendorf
German church in Göygöl, built in 1855 . 2012 - May 10, 1817 the Russian emperor Alexander I signed a petition of 700 Swabian families, which contained a request to allow them to resettle in the Caucasus. The colonists arrived at the appointed place in the winter of 1818, so they were forced to winter in Ganja in Armenian families who also profess Christianity, and only in the spring of 1819, on Easter holidays, government officials determined the exact place of construction of Elenendorf - the former "Tatar settlement" Hanahlar. The founders of the colony were mostly people from Reutlingen.
The colony received the name Helenendorf in honor of Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna the daughters of Paul I and Maria Fedorovna (before marriage, Sofia Dorothea - Princess of Württemberg).
According to various sources, the founders of the colony were Helenendorf from 127 to 135 Swabian families. In 1843, the number of Jelenendorfians was 609 people, in 1926-2157 people. In October 1941 (the time of the forced eviction of German colonists from Transcaucasia), the number of Germans living in Helenendorf and subject to eviction was 2675 people.
Swabian family in Helenendorf. 1910
In 1857, a stone church was built in the village, in 1823 a school in which children studied in two classes. In 1907, a boarding school was opened at the Helenendorf school for children from other Swabian settlements of Transcaucasia who studied there.
By the end of the 19th century, the main occupation of the colonists was the cultivation of grapes and the production of alcoholic beverages - various varieties of fine and table wine, cognac, champagne. The products manufactured in Elenendorf were sold by the local companies “Gummel Brothers”, “Brothers Forer” and “Concordia” not only in Russia, in particular in Moscow and St. Petersburg, but also in Europe. In 1903, the Helenendorf colonists organized their own trade cooperative (German Komsum), providing the inhabitants of the colony with almost everything necessary, including workshop equipment and agricultural equipment.
According to the 1908 census, 3,525 “souls” lived in the colony: 2384 - Germans, 400 - Russians (mainly Cossacks), 366 - Armenians, 300 - Persians (seasonal workers), 40 - Lezgins, 30 - Georgians, 5 people - Tatars.
In 1893, local residents organized the “German Society” (German Deutscher Verein) is a club with a library, a reading room and a bowling alley. Later, amateur brass and string orchestras, a theater studio were organized. A musical school with classes of piano and stringed instruments was opened in 1930.
Since the beginning of World War II, by order of the People's Commissar of Internal Affairs of the USSR (No. 001487 of October 11, 1941) “On the Relocation of Persons of German Nationality from Azerbaijan, Georgia and Armenia” , Hanlar’s Germans were deported to Pavlodar and Akmola regions of Kazakhstan from October 20 to 25, 1941.
Famous residents - Arthur Vladimirovich Agadzhanyan - Armenian public figure, sociologist, political scientist.
See. also - Goygol Nature Reserve - Germans of Azerbaijan
↑ Names of two cities of Azerbaijan changed ↑ 1 2 V.F. Dizendorf (compiled). The Germans of Russia: settlements and places of settlement: an encyclopedic dictionary. - Moscow: ERN, 2006. - P. 112. - 472 p.
Sources and literature
Hans-Hermann Graf von Schweinitz “Helenendorf. Eine deutsche Kolonie im Kaukasus. " Berlin 1910 (German)
Dr. G. Leibbrandt "Die Auswanderung aus Schwaben nach Russland 1816-1823." Stuttgart. 1928 (German)
Dr. K. Stumpp "Die Auswanderung aus Deutschland nach Russland in den Jahren 1763 bis 1862." Tübingen. 1974 (German)
Encyclopedia "Germans of Russia". T. 2. Moscow. 2004
E. Reitenbach "Vom Kaukasus nach Kasachstan". B. 1-2. ISBN 978-3-930504-06-0 (German)
E. Reitenbach "Vom Kaukasus auf Umweg zum Rein". ISBN 978-3-930504-11-4 (German)
Dr. M. Dschafarli “Deportation der deutschen Bevölkerung aus dem Südkaukasus im Herbst 1941” (German)
Hummel J. I., Archaeological essays. Baku. 1940 - Goygol (city) - article from the Great Soviet Encyclopedia
Cities of Azerbaijan
Agdam1 | Agdash | Agdere | Agjabadi | Ajigabul | Agstafa | Askeran1 | Astara | Ahsu | Babek | Barda | Beylagan | Belaken | Bilasuvar | Gazakh | Qabala | Gah | Goychay | Goranboy | Goygol | Goitepe | Gobustan | Horadiz | Lip | Gubadli1 | Hussar | Ganja | Dalimamedli | Dashkesan | Jalilabad | Jabrail1 | Julfa | Yevlakh | Got it | Zangelan1 | Zerdab | Imishli | Ismailly | Kedabek | Kelbajar1 | Kurdamir | Lachin1 | Lankaran | Lerik | Estuary | Masalli | Mingechevir | Naftalan | Nakhchivan | Oil business | Oguz | Ordubad | Saatli | Sabirabad | Salyan | Samuh | Siazan | Sumgayit | Tovuz | Terter | Ujar | Fizuli1 | Khankendi1 | Khachmaz | Khojavend1 | Khojaly1 | Hudat | Khizi | Khirdalan | Shabran | Shamkir | Sharur | Shahbuz | Sheki | Shamakhi | Shirvan | Shusha1 | Yardimli
1 The settlement is controlled by the unrecognized Nagorno-Karabakh Republic.
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