Wismar (German Wismar [ˈvɪsmaʁ], German German Wismer) is a port city on the Baltic Sea in Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern land). Included in the Northwest Mecklenburg district. As one of the first and most prosperous cities in the Hansa, it boasts a historic center with UNESCO-protected brick-built mansions and temples.
Covers an area of 41.36 km². The estimated population as of December 31, 2013 is 42,219 people .
The official code is 13 0 06 000.
Wismar arose as a settlement of Slavic Slavs, probably with the name Wisemir. In the 1st half of the 13th century, he received the rights of the city. To protect against sea robbers, in 1259 an alliance was concluded with Rostock and Lubeck, from which the Hansa grew. In the Middle Ages, Wismar specialized in the sale of herring and beer, in addition, cloth was made here. Issues related to the Hanseatic League were resolved at general meetings of residents.
Wismar still retains relics of the former free cities, such as the right to have their own flag. From 1257 to 1358, the city served as the residence of the princes of Mecklenburg. The black death of 1376 mowed out a significant part of the population in it. Like other cities in the Hansa, Wismar began to lose its former significance after the discovery of America, when trade routes shifted to the Atlantic.
The Thirty Years War completed economic decline. In the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, Wismar became part of Swedish Pomerania and became the largest Swedish fortress on the southern coast of the Baltic.
In 1803, Sweden laid the city for the Dukes of Mecklenburg for 1,258,000 Reichstalers, retaining the right to return it after 100 years. Although Wismar later de facto became part of the German Empire, the Swedish authorities did not recognize the loss of rights to it until 1903.
The city in which the plants of the Dornier aircraft company were located was badly damaged by the Allied bombing in World War II. In the years of the GDR, Wismar was considered as the second most important (after Rostock) sea harbor of the state. In particular, potash fertilizers were transported through its port.
The historic centers of Wismar and neighboring Stralsund were placed under UNESCO protection as a world cultural heritage in 2002.
Since July 1, 2011, the city has been part of the North-West Mecklenburg region. Prior to this, he had the status of a city of land subordination.
Wismar's Heart - Market Square. Among the later buildings, the brick “Old Swede” of 1380 stands out. This medieval house got its name only in 1878, when a hotel with this name was opened in it.
In the middle of the square in 1602, a 12-sided building was built according to the drawings of Philip Brandin pavilion in the style of the Dutch renaissance. The pavilion, called Wasserkunst, served as a distribution point until 1897, from which 220 residential and 16 public buildings were supplied with water.
Before the war, the Wismar Church of the Virgin Mary was one of the largest North German brick-style Gothic churches. Its architect, Johann Groth, took as a model the three-nave basilica of the church of Mary in Lübeck. In April 1945, during the bombing, the main building was badly damaged. The ruins were finally blown up in 1960. From the church there was only a high tower (81 m), on which 9 bells of the 16th – 17th centuries hang. Here, in 1647, a clock with a 5 × 5 m dial was installed, which is performed four times a day by one of the 20 choirs.
The preserved church of St. Nicholas was built in 1381–1487. modeled on the church of Mary as a three-nave basilica. The middle nave has a height of 37 m, which makes it the fourth tallest in medieval Germany.
Shipyard Nordic Yards Wismar
The Old Swede
Water distribution pavilion
Virgin Mary Church
Interior of Nikolaykirche
↑ 1 2 Statistisches Landesamt MV - Bevölkerungsentwicklung der Kreise und Gemeinden 2013 (12.31.2013.xls)
Baedecker. Deutschland. Verlag Karl Baedeker, 2002. ISBN 3-8297-1004-6
Bernd Wurlitzer - Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. 5 aktualisierte Auflage. DuMont Reiseverlag, Köln. 2004. ISBN 3-7701-3849-X •
Weltgeschichte-Daten Fakten Bilder- Georg Westermann Verlag; Braunschweig 1987- ISBN 3-07-509036-0
UNESCO World Heritage Site, Item No. 1067
Russian • English • Fr.
Regions in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Wismar | Eastern Front Pomerania | Greifswald | Demmin | Icker Randov | Ludwigslust | Mecklenburg-Strelitz | Muritz | Neubrandenburg | Parchim | Hanseatic city of Rostock | District Rostock | Rugen | Northern Front Pomerania | North West Mecklenburg | Schwerin | Stralsund
Hansa - Vendian and Pomeranian districts
Lübeck * † • Hamburg † • Kiel • Lüneburg • Rostock • Stade • Stargard • Stettin • Stralsund • Wismar - Saxony, Thuringia,
Braunschweig * • Berlin • Brandenburg an der Havel • Bremen † • Erfurt • Frankfurt an der Oder (including Slubice) • Goslar • Halle • Magdeburg
Danzig • Breslau • Dorpat • Fellin • Elbing • Koenigsberg • Krakow • Revel • Riga • Stockholm • Thorn * • Visby - Rhine, Westphalia, Netherlands Netherlands - Dortmund * † • Bochum • Breckerfeld • Cologne † • Deventer • Duisburg • Groningen • Haltern am See • Hamm • Harderwijk • Hattem • Hasselt • Kampen • Münster • Oldenzal • Osnabruck • Recklinghausen • Roermond • Zost † • Unna • Werl Zerl • Verwl Zerl • > Main offices
Bruggen (in Bergen) • Hansekantor (in Bruges) • Steel yard (in London) • German courtyard (in Novgorod) • Gothic courtyard (in Novgorod)
Antwerp • Berik- on Tweed • Boston • Damme • Edinburgh • Kingston upon Hull • Ipswich • Kings Lynn · Kaunas • Newcastle pont Tyne • Polotsk • Pskov • Great Yarmouth • York
* The main city of the district † Imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire
UNESCO World Heritage Site - Cultural sites - Aachen Cathedral • Speyer Cathedral • Würzburg Residence • Pilgrimage church in Visa • Augustusburg and Falkenlust • Hildesheim Cathedral and St. Michael's Church • Trier: ancient Roman monuments, St. Peter's Basilica and Church of Our Lady • Hanseatic city of Lübeck • Palaces and parks of Potsdam and Berlin • Lorsch Monastery • Rammelsberg and Gos • Maulbronn • Metallurgical plant in Völklingen • Cologne Cathedral • Monuments of the Bauhaus architectural school • Memorial sites of Luther in Eisleben and Wittenberg • Classic Weimar • Museum Island in Berlin • Wartburg Castle • Park Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz • Reichenau • Coal Mine Coal Mine The Middle Rhine • Historic centers of Wismar and Stralsund • Bremen Town Hall and Roland • Muskau Park (shared with Poland) • Upper Germanic-Retican Limes • Collegiate Church the old town of Quedlinburg • Bamberg • Old Regensburg • Berlin residential complexes of the modernist era • Factory Fagus • Prehistoric pile dwellings in the vicinity of the Alps (together with France, Switzerland, Austria, Italy, Slovenia) • Margrave Opera House • Westworth Corvey Abbey
Natural sites - Quarry Messel • Wadden Sea (with the Netherlands) • Virgin Carpathian beech forests and Germany beech forests (with Slovakia, Ukraine)
Eliminated from the Dresden Elbe Valley
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