Total: about 6000 people - Russia Russia from 3508 (census) to 6000 (estimate)
Dagestan Dagestan from 3503 (census) to 6000 (estimate)
Botlikh language
Sunni Islam.
Included in
Andean peoples
Related peoples
Ahwahis, Bagulals, Andis, Godoberins, Karatins, Tyndals, Chamalals.
Botlikhs (self-designation - buihadi) - ethnic group Avarians [1] [2] [3], the majority lives in the villages of Botlikh, Miarso, Ankho, Ansalta and Ashino in the Botlikh region and in the village of Batlakhatli of the Tsumadinsky district [4]. Many Botlikh migrants live in the Khasavyurt, Babayurt and Kizilyurt districts. Botlikh residents living in the cities. Makhachkala, Khasavyurt, Kizilyurt and Buinaksk. Relate to the Andean peoples.
According to some estimates, the number is about 6 thousand people. According to the results of the All-Russian Census, the population of 2010, in Russia their number was 3508 people, including 3503 people in Dagestan. [5]
1 History
2 Language
3 Gen.
3.1 Occupations and traditions
3.2 National clothes
3.3 Food
4 Notes
5 Sources
Presumably from the 1st millennium. e. the Botlikhans were part of the Dido political union in Western Dagestan (split up in the 14-15th centuries), which included the ethnic groups of the Ando-Tses (Dido) language group. Islamized in the 16th century. By the 14-15 centuries. include the formation of the union of rural communities Tehnutsal in the territory of the current Botlikh region. From the 16th century Botlikhs fall under the influence of the Avar Khanate. In 1820-1850, the Botlikhs actively participated in the national liberation struggle of the highlanders of Dagestan and Chechnya. In 1921 they became part of the Dagestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, since 1991 - the Republic of Dagestan.
According to the 1926 census, 3354 Botlikhs lived in the USSR [6]. In subsequent censuses of the USSR population, the Botlikhans did not stand out as an ethnic group, but were included in the Avars. According to the 2002 census, 16 Botlikhs lived in Russia, who were included as an ethnic group of Avars [7].
They speak Botlikh language. Common Avar, Chechen, Russian languages. Writing based on the Russian Cyrillic alphabet. In the past, they used Ajama writing. Believers are Sunni Muslims.
Occupations and traditions
Traditional occupations of Botlikh people - gardening with artificial irrigation (apricots, peaches, plums, pears, apples, walnuts), viticulture, small terraced arable farming (wheat , rye, barley, oats, millet; from industrial crops - hemp, flax) and animal husbandry playing an auxiliary role. Woolen spinning and weaving, felting, leather processing, sewing of dads and shoes were widespread.
Botlikhts conducted lively trade with Transcaucasia and the North Caucasus, mainly fruit. The genres of traditional folklore are diverse: fairy tales, legends, historical and ethnogenetic traditions, myths, fairy tales, everyday stories, short jokes, songs, proverbs, sayings, riddles, children's folklore, musical folklore. Folklore of Botlikh people is bilingual (in Botlikh and Avar languages).
National clothes - National clothes of the general Dagestan type. The female headdress - “horned chukh” is characteristic. The men's suit included a tunic-shaped shirt, trousers, a beshmet, a Circassian coat, sheepskin coats, a cloak, a hat. Rawhide, felt, wooden, leather shoes. Women wore a body shirt, trousers, a dress in the waist, a hat, scarves. Food - Traditional food - dishes from agricultural and livestock products, fruits, nuts, vegetables, wild herbs. Popular dishes are khinkal, pies with curd filling.
↑ M. M. Ikhilov. Lezgin group ethnic groups: ethnographic research of the past and present Lezghins, Tabasarans, Rutul, Tsakhurs, Agul / Dagestan branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences, G. Tsadasa Institute of History, Language and Literature. - Mkh., 1967. - S. 330.
↑ Northern Caucasus. Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Institute of Geography. 1957, - S. 507.
↑ 2010 All-Russian Population Census. National composition of the population of the Russian Federation. "Demoscope." Archived from the original on May 31, 2012.
↑ All-Russian population census 2010
↑ All-Union population census 1926 .National composition of the population in the republics of the USSR. "Demoscope." Archived from the original source on August 23, 2011.
↑ The list of names of peoples distinguished in the development of materials from the All-Union / All-Russian censuses of 1926 - 2002, and their number. "Demoscope." Archived from the source on February 17, 2012.
Sources - Botlikhtsy - Peoples of Russia
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Nakh-Dagestan peoples
Avar-Ando-Tses people
Avars • Andians • Ahvakhs • Bagulaly • Bezhinty • Botlikhs • Ginuhtsy • Godoberins • Gunzibs • Karatintsy • Tindins • Hvarshins • chamalaly • tsesi / didoytsy - Lezgin peoples • aguls • archinians • budukhs • rats • lezgins • rutuls • tabasarans • udins • khinalugs • tsakhurs - Dargin peoples - dargins • kaytagts • kubachintsy - Laktsy
Laks - Nakh peoples - Batsbians • Vainakhs (Ingush, Chechens) • Orstkhoys / Karabulaks (historical)
Peoples of Dagestan
Speaking in Dagestan languages - Avars (Andeans • Archintsy • Akhvakhtsy • Bagulaly • Bezhtins • Botlikhs • Ginuhtsy • Godoberynts • Gunzibtsy • Karatintsy • Tindins • Khvarshins • Chamalaly • Tsesu / Didyntsians (Cubans) ) • Lezgins • Laks • Tabasarans • Aguls • Rutulians • Tsakhurs - Speakers in Turkic languages - Kumyks • Azerbaijanis • Nogays - Speakers in Slavic languages - Russian
Speakers in Nakh languages - Chechens Akkintsy - Speakers in Iranian Languages
ata • Mountain Jews - Avars - Culture • Literature • Music • Cuisine • Architecture • Names • Mythology • Folk rites • Writing • Folklore · Folk songs · Folk tales - Diasporas - Azerbaijan · Turkey · Georgia - Subethnic groups - Andians · Archinians · Akhvakhs · Bagulaly · Bezhintsy · Botlikhs · Ginuhins · Godoberins · Gunzibians · Didoids · Karatintsy · Tindins · Hvarish · Chamalalis
Language and dialects
Salavan · Khunzakh · Eastern · Guides · antsukh · zakatalsky · karakhsky · kesersky · andal Alsky · Kahibsky · Kusursky · Batulukhsky - History - Caucasian Albania • Sarir • Mongol invasion • Avar Khanate • Andalal • Gidatl • Tlencerukh • Caucasian war • North Caucasian imamat • 1877 uprising


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