Sun . 20 Jul 2020

Black metallurgy

Black metallurgy is a great industry, which provides the second stage of its rebuilding, and also utilizes waste from other industries and industries. For Kazakhstan, ferrous metallurgy is a relatively young industry in the heavy industry, which emerged only after the Second World War. In Kazakhstan, iron, steel, rolled products and ferroalloys are produced.
Steel production and consumption are always one of the main indicators of the country's economic power. Therefore, the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan has developed a number of programs aimed at creating a competitiveness-driven competitiveness that will ensure the growth of output in the country's metallurgical complex, which will replace imports and increase export potential of the country. Implementation of scientific development by means of creation of small and medium-sized production by the Republican Target Scientific and Technical Program Scientific and Technical Support of Sustainable Functioning and Strategic Priorities of Mining and Smelting Complex Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan for 1999-2003 and production of high competitive products In addition, the fourth and fifth parts of the metallurgical complex in the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2003-2005 Hertha Berlin to make the production of scientific and technical program designed to ensure that implementation of the new technology in the field of metallurgical and create conditions for the development of the justification. Organization of such production will allow to reduce import costs, to create new jobs on the basis of existing production capacities, to meet domestic demand for this product.

there is no industrial production of science-intensive, high-tech, special materials and alloys for the current production development;
engineering, m mining and metallurgical, light industry, food and other industries, construction industry, heavy machinery and shipbuilding, and metal products are not required to be sorted according to the most advanced technologies - powder metallurgy, electrometallurgy, galvanic technics, new lithe and chemical technology and so on. There is no industrial production of materials and metal products

the Industrial-Innovative Development Program of the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2003-2015 aimed at achieving sustainable development of the country through diversification of the economy. Global Global Market
The main trends in the development of international economic relations overseas in the XX and XXI centuries were the global economy, which emerged entirely in the metallurgical industry. International business relations have become a tool for redistribution of global resources and increase production efficiency, which has led to the following trends in global metallurgical development: • Increasing the role of large consolidated companies in the global market, • Strengthening the competitive edge of high value added markets and domestic trade the proliferation of national safeguard measures, activation of work on reduction of production costs of metal products, in this case, m minimum tax losses and lower transport costs, providing countries with natural resources and energy, labor force switches. - 2000-2001. After the stagnation positive trends are observed in the world economy. Global Growth Growth 3 percent, 2003 And amounted to 3.6 percent in 2004. 4.2 percent growth was expected. The global economic upsurge and demand for metal products, especially in the economy of all material needs, first of all in China (in 2003 its economy grew by 9% and steel consumption increased by 34%), as well as for metal industries in India and other Asian countries, has led to a significant increase in global steel and raw material prices.
For example, in the United States, 230-249 Dollars, 2004 In January, its cost was $ 330, and in May it was $ 550-600. In France, steel prices rose by 60 percent in January 2004. Even in 2001, the price of cast iron in the world market was $ 100, and now it has reached $ 300.
Another reason for the rise in metal products is the rise in prices for the release of iron ore raw materials from leading world vendors over the background of the rapid growth of marine tariffs.
The rise in prices also affects the most important raw material - ferrous metal scrap. The market of ferrous metal scrap began to rise several times during 2003, and its price has risen by $ 300 per ton in some regions. Today, in addition to the high iron ore price, there are a number of problems with ferrous metallurgy, due to shortage of scrap metal in the future. Under the influence of ecological requirements and high efficiency, value for these types of raw materials is growing for the world metal industry. In the West, about 70 percent of all steel's scrap has been burnt recently (about a third in Russia so far).

The devaluation of the American currency has also led to a rise in metal value. For European Americans, which is one of the largest consumers, the value of European imports is rising, which stimulates the US domestic producers to raise prices, which means they try to restore their position at cost. According to the International Institute for Iron and Steel Industry (IISI), global steel production in 2004 increased by 8.8 percent and reached a record level of 1.05 billion tons, with a steady growth rate of 2-3 percent. According to IISI data, From 2 percent to 112.7 million US, from the United States - from 5.2 percent to 98.5 million tons, from Russia to 2.5 percent to 65.3 million tons, to South Korea to 2.6 percent to 47.5 million tons. , Germany - from 3.6 percent to 46.4 million tons, Ukraine from 4.9 percent to 38.7 million tons. , Brazil - from 5.7 percent to 32.9 million tons. , India - from 2.7 percent to 32.6 million tons, Italy - from 5.6 percent to 28.3 million tons. Steel production in Asian countries in 2004 increased from 13.2% to 499.3 mln. tons in comparison with 2003. increased. Growth rate, excluding China, was 3 percent. China remains the largest steelmaker in the world. 272.5 mln. steel products (23.2 per cent more than in 2003). China's share in global steel production in 2004 was 25.8 percent. The measures taken by the country's leadership to cool off the national economy only affected the domestic steel demand. In addition, the growing Chinese production is capable of reducing the price volatility on the global market

Large enterprises of ferrous metallurgy provide metallurgical-energy-chemical complexes by type of inner technological connection. Continuous casting of steel is one of the major achievements of modern metallurgy. Its use will greatly facilitate the production process and create the conditions for complete mechanization and automation in the casting process.
Large steel smelting plants are the enterprises that determine the economic well-being of the united regions. That is, the Mittal Steel Temirtau JSC (formerly Karaganda Metallurgical Plant), which is capable of producing about 5 million barrels of steel per year in three convertible steel melting furnaces, requires tremendous and coordinated work of a number of large enterprises, providing ten thousand highly skilled professionals. Taking into account the burden of electric power producers and suppliers, as well as the railway and motor roads, it requires coordination of Karaganda coal mines, ore deposits and fluorocarbon compounds of Kostanai, Karaganda, Akmola and other oblasts of Kazakhstan.
But Mittal Steel All products of "Temirtau" JSC are of the same type - plate. It is necessary to ensure sustainable economic development of the country and to create more flexible products in this product from Kazakhstan with low independence and demand of steel products.

The enterprise produces the following types of products: Manufacture of steel sections of 125Ñ…125 and 150Ñ…150, length of 11,7 m; ball bearing diameter 40, 60 and 11 mm; with a diameter of 100 mm, with a length of 4200,5300 m; A-3 class rebar steel with a diameter of 12.16 and 20 mm.
Due to the deficit in the domestic market, the total volume of imported rolled products in Kazakhstan has increased over the past five years and has grown to 766,000 tons in 2004 according to customs statistics. The production of steel pipes in the republic is also not unusual. In 1988 he moved to Temirtau. "Karmet" JSC has started the work on the electrode of RD 20-86, where pipes with a diameter of 15-86 mm are manufactured for the water supply system and the capacity of the network is up to 20 thousand tons per year. In 1991, at the plant of RGTO ("Karagandabir" JSC) a production capacity of 15 thousand tons of pipe melting plant was produced, the diameter of the pipes - 114, 127, 159 mm. In 1999, in Almaty, Meridian Company produced 5,000 tonnes of pipe smelting capacity per year with diameter of 114 mm. The capacity of this production is unable to provide the domestic market of Kazakhstan, not to mention the export of pipelines abroad. and rose to 459,000 tons. and import of oil and gas pipelines in 2002-2004 amounted to 260 thousand tons. stabilized. This is evidenced by the growing demand for steel pipes, regardless of hydrocarbons supply.

The renewed mining and metallurgical and energy complex and the preserved scientific and technical potential of the country are now capable of mastering modern technology of smelting change. In the future, the raw material base of the steel melt complex can be significantly expanded by the technology of direct iron recovery from ore and concentrates in Kazakhstan, with the acquisition of high quality raw material for the replacement of cast iron and metal during steel melting in arc stoves.
Creation of new technologies for modern materials in ferrous metallurgy technology for obtaining high-strength and flexible sorting of hydrocarbon low alloyed, alloyed, stainless steel and other grades of steel creates conditions for the development. Release of such products will reduce the volume of imported fodder and will be the basis for its export and innovative development in the future. Investment Fund of Kazakhstan JSC is implementing projects for development of cluster development and production of rolled steel pipes, mid-grade moldings, metalworking, metalworking, coatings, semi-finished products for mechanical engineering and construction, as well as other types of products of high level readiness

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