Sat . 20 Jan 2020

Etymology

Etymology (Greek etymos - Truth, Truth, Logos - Knowledge) - is one of the branches of historical lexicology and general linguistics that defines and defines words. The object of research in orthoscience is primarily language, word combinations and grammar in the language. individuals. Etymological researches are general-lexical grammar, which is used not only individually, but also individually as well as in our language, in the sense that the meaning is neglected or dimmed. meaningful words and phrases. Etymological research relies on a variety of approaches and principles, depending on the purpose and object. Frequently used are: historical-comparative method, morpheme-model analysis, root epidemic research, etc. Etymological researches and dictionaries can be subdivided into one language or multiple relative languages ​​depending on their purpose. Regardless of the type of etymological research, let's not translate any language. There are three different approaches, namely, phonetics, morpholus. and semantics. principle-criterion. These principles-criteria, which are the most effective way of accurately and accurately identifying the word, are used not on the general basis, but on the basis of the specific peculiarities of specific languages ​​and the patterns of their formation and development. Another condition for etymological research in the synchronous and diacrone direction is the historical factors. Phonet. Principle - is characteristic of the sound system of each language or group of relative languages ​​(synchronism - synchronism and assimilation, sound and sound harmony, sound and drop of sound, duplication and weakening of sounds, extension and reduction of sounds, substitution and apocopy, and paragology, flexion and fusion, etc.). it requires strict observance of regularities. Morphol The principle - is based on the laws of the words that are related to the personal changes of words. Morphol for lexemes. The main purpose of the analysis is, for example, in accordance with the common construction of Turkic languages, their primitive root, root, derivative root and grammar. the division of persons. Morphol also. There are many models and samples that can be used to build a principle-criterion word process. Etymology among individuals is needed to distinguish words that are similar to the one that recognizes the nature of the vocabulary to be determined. Semantic. Principle - is one of the main criteria of etiology in determining the meaning of words. It is known that there is no sense in meaning and that is the meaning of the word sound or morphol. person directly. The meaning of the word meaning, dimension, forgetfulness, conjugation, classification into a multitude, even homogeneous homonyms, etc. the semantic nature of the word. regularities - Etymological principle. Historical principle - Etymology with historical lexicology, ethnolinguistics and ethnography, etc. a relative of a relative. Because the language is not an abstraction, it is a derivative of a certain ethnos, and the ethnos is a phenomenon that has been made in a certain geopolitical territory in the historical space. His personality, tradition, lifestyle, etc. spiritual and material culture. This is etymol. Principle-criteria are used in close interaction, involvement. Etymology types are divided into three groups (educated, interesting, popular). Ring. Etymology is based on the above four principles - the objective laws of language development. Interesting Etymology - Etymology, whose sequence is limited to definite data, which is not deeply rooted in the principles of opening the word, and whose outer content is partially meaningful in the sense of the context, but whose magic mysteriousness attracts the general public. People's Etymology - the nature of words and phrases that characterize them, their transformation, transformation, development, creation, etc. the laws of Etymology. do not count on their principles, and tend to determine the nature of other matter and phenomena by bringing together random or too similar similarities. There are many types of etiological research. Many of them are popular and have access to Etymological Dictionaries. According to experts, there are 7 types of Etymological dictionaries at each level published in the Turkic languages. Among them are the major works directed to the Etymology of the Common Turkic Languages ​​by A.Vaberi and E.V. Severnian's dictionaries can be said. The dictionaries of individual Turkic languages ​​can be referred to as the "Kazakh Etymological Dictionary of the Kazakh Language" (1958), created by Kazakh scientists. References: Vvedenskaya PA, Kolesnikov NP, Etymology and etiology, Rostov, 1986; Kairarov A., Historical lexicology of the Kazakh language: problems and problems // Problems of the historical lexicology of the Kazakh language, A., 1988. Kairdar [1]
Sources
↑ «Kazakhstan»: National Encyclopedia / Editor-in-chief Ğ￾. Nyssanbayev - Almaty, Main edition of the Kazakh Encyclopedia, 1998. ISBN 5-89800-123-9, X volume


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