Fri . 20 Jan 2020


For other meanings, see the Senegal (Special) article.
Senegal Republic
Motto: "One Country, One Goal, One Religion!"
Anthem: "Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons"
The capital of the Dakar - The largest city in Dakar (1,030,594 (2005))
Official languages ​​
French Government type
Presidential-Parliamentary Republic of Kazakhstan -

President of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan Mike Sall

Prime Minister of the Republic of
Independence, Approved by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan

April 4, 1960 - Published in The 1960s. 20th of June

Total: 196 722 km² (87th)
Report Error: Uncovered Punctuation «» sq mi -
Water (%)
Resolution of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan

13.7 (72nd)
20.6 billion (114th place) of GDP
0.464 (Highest) (166th)
National Currency
Release Date
Time Zone (UTC) UTC 0
Internet Hub
Senegal, officially the Republic of Senegal (République du Sénégal) is a state in West Africa, renamed by the river in the country
West Atlantic Ocean, in the north - Mauritania , east - Mali, and Guinea and Guinea-Bissau in the south. Country of the Gambia is located in the country
Table of Contents
1 Geography
2 Administrative division 3 Population 3.1 Population 3.2 Average age of living 3.3 Living Nations 3.4 Official Language
3.5 People 's Literature 3.6 Religions
3.7 Urban Population
4 History
4.1 Before Colonization
4.2 Colonial Pages 4.3 Independence Anniversary
5 Political Events
6 Economy
7 Education
8 Sports
Full article: Senegal grapevine
Administrative division

article: Senegal administrative division
Senegal zones
Senegal 11

Province of the region (FR) Center
Area Size, Number of People (2002), Person
2 267 356
Diourbel vs Diourbel
4 359
1 049 954
Fatick Fatih with 7,935 goals and 613,000 points for Kaolack
Distance from Kolda to Kololna - AccuWeather Forecast for Italy - The journey begins on the Internet. 188 to 677,533 Matam
25 083 to 423 041
Saint Louis Saint Louis Saint Louis 044 to 688 767
59 602 to 605 reviews 695
Thiès Thiès to Tès
6 601 to 1 290 265
Зигиншор - 7 339
437 986
Population Articles: Senegal Population
Population: 2009 - 13 '700'000 . Annual growth - 2.7% - Average age of life - 59 years (57 men, 61 women)
There are about 20 ethnic groups living in the country. The largest ones are wolf (43%), fulbe (24%) and serer (15%). White peoples (mostly French) and Lebanese - about 1% .s Official Language
French. Local languages ​​are also used
People's Literacy in Men - 51%, Women - 29% (2002)
Muslims - 94%, Christians - 5%, Local Religions - 1% Urban Citizens
42% (2008)
Before the Colonization
The Islamic Perspective of the Arab Attackers of the 11th Century The Most Important Religion in the Country In the 14th Century, several smaller cities in Senegal countries. Among them the strongest was the Jolof Empire. The Island of the Senoreal Islands has been considered the largest slave trade center for a long time.
In the 15th century, the first Europeans came in. Representatives from Portugal arrived in 1435. In the 17th century, the French originated the first city in Senegal

Colonial pages
In the second half of the XIX century, the French occupied the inner regions of Senegal. In 1860, the head of the largest tribe of the country, Haji Omar, recognized the French Protectorate. In 1890, the remaining tribes were joined by the Senegalese family, the Frenchman, who received a peanut from Senegal and also earned gold from the territory of the country. In 1885 Sen-Louis-Dakar founded the first railway. In 1909-1923, he built a railway station in the neighboring colony of Mali in Dakar.

Deputy Minister of Colonies). Several educational institutions were created at that time. They have trained workers from local populations to colonial administrations. African troops were formed in Africa.
1895-1958 Senegal is part of the West African region of France. Its capital was established in Dakar in 1902.
Independence era
After the Second World War, national movements in the country will grow. On November 25, 1958, Senegal was declared the Republic of France, a self-governed republic. On April 4, 1960, Senegal and French Sudan joined the Mali Federation. This country will gain independence: an agreement will be signed on April 4, but will officially be published on June 20, 1960. Then, as a result of political confrontations, on August 20, 2008, the two powers were divided and declared their independence as Senegal and Mali.
From that time onwards, the creation of "African Socialism" begins in Senegal. In 1976 amendments to the Constitution were introduced. And only three parties in Senegal are legitimate. They are: Social-Democratic, Liberal-Democratic and Marxist-Leninist. But there are also several illegal parties in the country - the Independence and Labor Party, the Movement for New Democracy, the Workers' Association. In the early 1980's, many of the illegal parties began to operate legally.
In 1982, the Senegemian Confederation joined Gambia. But seven years later, the same state did not exist in the country.

. He will appoint a prime minister. The prime minister forms the cabinet with the consent of the president. Senegalese Parliament consists of one parish, called the National Assembly. It consists of 120 elected deputies. Since 1976, several parties have been working legally. Their number is unlimited. There are currently about 20 parties in Senegal. The judicial system consists of two Supreme Courts
National Assembly
Main political parties - Senegal Democratic Party, Senegal Socialist Party, Alliance of Progressive Forces, Workers' Party Movement, African Democracy and Socialism Party

The First President of Senegal Leopold Cedar Senor (1960-1980). In 1981 he was replaced by Abdu Diouf. Senegal's President, Abdulay Wad, has been in power since 2000.
Natural Resources - Oil, Metals, and Gold
Senegal's economy is heavily dependent on humanitarian aid. GDP per capita - $ 1600 (195 seats). Half of the population is below the poverty line. 2007 Unemployment reached 48%.
75% of employed people work in agriculture (14% of GDP). Products are peanut, maize, rice, cotton. Livestock and poultry farming, fish farming
Senegal fishing industry
Agriculture and fisheries production in the industry sector (23% of GDP). Production of phosphate, iron, zirconium and gold

Senegal at the International Agricultural Exhibition in Paris (Paris, 2007)
Sphere of activity - 63% of GDP .Export - $ 2.1 billion. (2008) - Fish, Peanuts, Phosphates, Cotton.

Mali 19.2%, India 9.4%, France 5.4%, Gambia 5.3%, Italy 4.8% br> Import - $ 4.3 billion The main importing countries are France (19.9%), Great Britain (15.3%), China (6.8%), Belgium (4.6%), Thailand (4.5% , The Netherlands 4.1%.

All children up to 16 years of age are required to study. The illiteracy rate is high, especially among women. Only 5.4% of GDP in 2002-2005 is allocated to the education sector
Paris-Dakar Rally Championships
Sports history has been the highest in the history of the country. They reached the 2002 FIFA World Cup in Japan and Korea. This was a surprise. FIFA ranking is on 72nd place. Dakar is home to the Paris-Dakar rally. But since 2009, this race has been relocated to South America for terrorist attacks.


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