Sun . 19 Aug 2019

Pakistan

Coordinates: 30 ° 2'00 "C e. 69 ° 29'00 "n. pp. 30.033333. e. 69.483333 ° C. p. (Pakistan) [Pakistan], [pækɪstæn] or [pÉ‘Ë￾kistÉ‘Ë￾n]), the full name is the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (stroke: اسلامی جمÛ￾وریÛ￾ پاکستان Islamic JÅ«mÅ«rÄ«yah PakistÄ￾n (Å«lÄ￾mÄ« جمÛ￾وریÛ￾ پاکستان پلاکستان [paË￾kɪst̪aË￾n] , Islamic Republic of Pakistan) is a South Asian state. Territory - 803.9 thousand km². The population is 141.6 million people. (2000). Locals, Pajdabas, Pashtuns, Sindh, Belujjies. The official language is Urdu. The state religion is Islam (Sunnis). Capital - Islamabad City Administrator. It is divided into 4 provinces. The President is the President. The supreme legislature - 2 bicameral parliament (the Senate and the National Assembly). The body that oversees the compliance of laws with Islam is the Islamic Council. National holiday - August 14 - Independence Day, Pakistan Day - March 23, 1956. Money Size - Pakistan Rupee.
Contents
1 Nature
2 History
2.1 Colonial Period 2.2 Current Period
3 Economics
4 Sources
Nature
Roubab - Folk Instrument - In the east and southeast of Pakistan, alluvial lowlands of the Indus River, north of the Hindu-Hushai and Himalayan mountains (7690 m) are located in the west, and in the north-west of Iran is mountainous ridge. The climate of most parts of the territory is tropical, north-west - subtropical, dry continental. The average January temperature in the flat part of 12-16oC, 20oC on the coast, in July is 35oС. Average precipitation. 150 - 250 mm on the coast, 350-500 mm in the Punjab Valley, 1000-1500 mm in the north of the country. The Big River - Ind. In deserted, deserted, deserted savanna plants, shrubs on the river, coniferous forests on the mountains grow
History
Pakistan after the section of British Indian colonial period

3 - In the 2nd millennium, one of the ancient civilizations was the state-owned state of the ancient Hindu Harappa culture. Other In the middle of the 2nd millennium, the descendants were settled, and subsequently the Indo-Asian peoples were formed. Other In India in the 7th and 6th centuries, the first Indo-Arab states - Madra, Gandhara, Sawira, and so on. was created. Other At the end of the 6th century, India had its own. and the land of his inheritance was taken into the hands of the A · do'ni · ans. 327-325 years in India. After the conquest of Alexander the Great, and the empire's collapse, the Greek-Indian kingdom emerged on the territory of Pakistan. C In the 1st and 3rd centuries, the Indian River basin was examined by the Kushan Empire and its capital, Purushapura (now Peshawar) .After the collapse of the Kushan Empire, western regions of Pakistan were part of the Sassanid dynasty and the eastern Gupta dynasty empires. In the second half of the 5th century, the tyronites or epithelium (White Huns) dominated these lands. At the beginning of the 8th century, the Arabs occupied the southern part of Sindh and Punjab and spread Islam in those areas. In the beginning of the 11th century, India has its own. the dynasty of Ghaznawi, the end of the 12th century, the Guriy dynasty, and at the beginning of the 13th century the Delhi Sultanate conquered. In the 16th century after the fall of the Delhi Sultanate, the Punjab, Sindh and the right bank of the Indian Rivers looked at the Great Mogul Empire, which was created by Babir. At one time, Mohammed Haidar-Dulati was ruled by the Great Mogul. In the middle of the 18th century, Ahmad was captured by the Afghan ruler, Durrani. At the end of the 18th century, several principalities were established in Sindh and Belujistan. By the middle of the 19th century, the United Kingdom made the United States of America its own colony.
Current Period
2nd World. After the war, the British gave independence to India. Former British India is divided into two religious communities - India and Pakistan. On August 14, 1947 Pakistan was declared an independent state. Until 1954, the Muslim League dominated Pakistan's political life. The population of the Eastern Pakistan, Sind, Northwest Border Provinces, Belujistan regions is the national-linguist of Pakistan's administrative-territorial structure since 1948. such as reorganization, provision of internal autonomy to provinces, etc. political demands ...
The Muslim League has given some concessions to the Bengal National Movement in order to avoid the abuse of power. March 23, 1956, Pakistan 's federation. Published the Islamic Republic. In the years 1958-70, the Pakistani authorities were in the hands of the military. In 1965, armed conflicts took place in 1971 on controversial territorial issues between Pakistan and India. In 1971, an independent Bangladesh state was declared in Eastern Pakistan. After the military regime in Pakistan, Z.A. Bhutto and India's Prime Minister Ian Gandhi's meeting in Sisle (1972) opened a way for Afghan-Indian relations to be settled.
The new constitution was adopted in 1973. ZA Bhutto conducted socio-economic and political reforms in the country. But in 1977, he was a revolutionary man who used the political crisis in the country. M.Ziya al-Haq brought the army back to power. However, under the influence of internal and external forces in 1988, a free parliamentary election was held in Pakistan and the People's Party won. The party's leader, Benazir Bhutto, came to power. However, the leader of the country was Gulam Iskhak Khan, who was supported by the military. In 1990, he criticized the socio-political crisis in the country and the government of Bhutto, citing the sharp escalation of the Kashmir problem with India. In 1996, the newly elected President deployed the National Assembly. At the same time, socio-economic and political issues have not been solved, ethnic. and religious clashes have taken place





















The relationship with India, especially the Kashmir issue, has been exacerbated after a nuclear test has been launched by both countries. Pakistan Reversed Another Revolution in 1999.
Economy
Pakistan's Political Map - Pakistan-A Agrarian Country. The main crops of agriculture - cotton, rice, grain, sugar cane, fruit. Its natural state allows to harvest 2 to 3 times per year. Textile and food industry is developed. In addition, metallurgy, gas, oil and cement production are well established. Export exports include cotton, yarn, rice, leather, fish, carpet, external wheat and machinery, equipment and consumer goods. Key foreign trade partners: USA, Japan, Germany. Diplomatic relations between Kazakhstan and Pakistan were established in February 1992. Embassy of Pakistan opened in Almaty, Embassy of Kazakhstan in Islamabad. B. Bhutto in 1995, SF in 1996 Legari paid an official visit to Kazakhstan


↑ ab CIA (2010)
↑ Daylight saving time for Pakistan - Islamabad between 2010 and 2019 • Asian countries
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Cocos (Keeling) Islands
China
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Akrotiri and Delhi
British Indian Ocean Territory


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