Wed . 20 Feb 2020

Proton

See also Proton

Proton
Proton [1] (Greek pròtos - first) (p) is one of the elemental components of the atomic nucleus, the hydrogen atom, including the lightest hydrogen isotope, the simplest - protium core; separated during the nucleus separation process; is characterized by a small positive charge. The number of protrusions in the nucleus determines the atomic number and atomic number of the chemical element by forming the entire charge, a stable elementary particle belonging to baryons, spin 1/2, mass of mass 1836 (~ 10-24 g); the nucleus of the lightest isotope (protium) of the hydrogen atom.
The nucleus of the hydrogen atom consists of one proton. The nucleus of a hydrogen atom in the sense of a proton (clear, its light isotope - protio) is non-electron. Proton in physics (or p +) marks the pin. (hydrogen as a positive ion), the chemical symbol of the proton, astrophysical - HII. (together with neutrons) are the principal atomic nuclei of protons. Accordingly, the number of protons (protons) in the nucleus of the nucleus of its atoms is determined in turn by the atomic nucleus charge (and, consequently, all its chemical properties), the chemical element in the periodic table.
Interesting Facts
The ratio of masses of protons and electrons, (14) 1836, 152 672 1, 0, 002 The ratio of masses of protons and electrons is equal to 6, with the accuracy of 1836, 152 672 1, 0, 002%? 5 = 1836, 118 108 711 686% 5 = 1836, 118 108 711 686 For real estate observers (including any other nuclei, as well as atomic nuclei) protons Ultraarativistic ducts receive double-sided lens shapes. Different methods of conventional hydrogen proton radius in the 1960s have led to the results of the 10 meter Fm 0, 8768 0, 0069 meter (CODATA-2006) 15 millers. 0, 8418 0, 0007 Fm 4% of the radius for the result of the first experiments with the Far East [8] with the muon hydrogen atoms. Until then, the reasons for this difference are not clear. The mass of the proton reflected in the different units (the values ​​of the recommended CODATA 2010, the error in the most recent numerical units of numbers, as shown in the typical deviation brackets) are: [4] Ms / c2 (21) 938, 272 046; (90) 1 007 276 466 812 e. [3] m; 10 (74) 1, 672 621 777? [2] 27 kg; (14) 1836, 152 672 1 [5] Mass of electrons. Protons interact with the stars produced in thermonuclear reactions, which are the main source of energy. Pp's reactions, in particular, lead to the release of four protons into the helium nucleus in the cycle, which is the source of almost all the energy, with the rotation of two protons in neutrons.
Sources
↑ The Scientology Expository Glossary of the Kazakh Language Terms: Geology-Almaty: "Publisher", 2003.WSWN 5-7667-8188-1 ӀSVN 9965-16-512-2
Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks is provided below.


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