Petropavlovsk (the popular Kazakh name "Kyzylzhar") is a city of North Kazakhstan region, the center of the region (since 1936). The city was founded on the right bank of the river Ishim in 1752. 
Petropavlovsk is a major motor vehicle, airline, river and railroad. Located in the forest-steppe belt of the Esil plain in the southwest of the Western Siberian lowland, on the right bank of the river Ishim, on the site of ancient Kazakh settlement called "Kyzylzhar". Population: 204.8 thousand people (as of May 1, 2011) . Contents
2 Current city
4 Culture 4.1 Theaters
5 Brother cities
7 External links
The city was founded in 1752 as the military fortress of Peter I in accordance with the policy of colonization of the Kazakh land built. Initially, the Forpost was a major city of the Siberian Tatars (Turks), and became Russia's main colony for the colonization of North and Central Kazakhstan. In 1838, Esil district became part of the Akmola region and became a county town. After 1868, Petropavlovsk became the largest center of trade relations between the Russian and Central Asian khanates and the Kazakh steppes because of its location along the Siberian and Turkestan trade routes. Such a major trading center was the permission of the Sultan of Ablay to open a large shopping center in Kyzylzhar (now Petropavlovsk) from Orenburg and Siberian governors. The trade turnover in Petropavlovsk increased year after year, and trade between the Russian merchants and the Middle Ages traditionally took place. By the end of the 18th century, it became a large trade center of small towns (forstadders). The Tsarist government helped to promote trade in Petropavlovsk, where it opened the City Public Bank (1871). Later, he became a State Bank (1880). May 7, 1849, 7 skins, 4 soaps, 17 brick plants, mills, etc. enterprises worked. In 1912, there were about 600 merchants. The further development of the city had a great impact on the construction of the Transsiberian railway. In the 19th century, the city was one of the major centers of agriculture and industry in the early 20th century, when the city was developed as a trade and administrative center. During those years, peasants from Russia began to settle down. Most of them moved to the city and increased their labor force. Handicrafts and small businesses have developed in the city. The city's economy was affected by the First World War and the Civil War. The city was the center of the city's construction in the years 1932 - 36 and the center of the construction of a major railroad. In 1932 the brick factory "KazStroymaterialy" was put into operation. Meh the plant was reconstructed. As a result, the number of urban enterprises increased and the number of employees increased by 13 times. Before the Second World War, utility and electric transport enterprises were formed in Petropavlovsk. During the World War II, about 20 factories and factories moved from the western USSR to the USSR. After the war, the city began to develop rapidly. Especially in the development of virgin and fallow lands, many enterprises have been built and the city's socio-economic, educational and cultural enlightenment has been intensively developed.
In the 1990s, large industrial enterprises in Petropavlovsk slowed down their work due to the transition to a market economy. The economic ties were interrupted, and the work of the enterprises began to stop. The economy of Petropavlovsk with the economy of the country since the end of the 90s has improved considerably.
Today Petropavlovsk has become one of the largest industrial centers in Kazakhstan. There are 174 enterprises in the city. Among them are large enterprises: "Eurasia", "Vita", "Molochnyi Union", bakery, alcoholic beverage plant, "Sultan", "Tonus" and others. belonging to the 10% of city budget funds are provided by small businesses. The share of employed in the trade was 47.8%, in industry 17.4%, including 6.6% in construction, 35 enterprises processed agricultural products. There are 110 small construction companies, 49 transport and communication enterprises in the city. There are 49 general education schools, 2 museums, 5 sports schools, 3 vocational schools, 5 special educational institutions and colleges, and 2 higher education institutions (North Kazakhstan University and the Military School of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan). 12 hospitals, 10 polyclinics, 199 pharmacies serve the population. There are 3 theaters, philharmonics, 3 museums, 2 cinemas, 4 state libraries, 5 palaces of culture and others in Petropavlovsk. works. There are 4 stadiums and 34 sports facilities in the city. There are regional and city newspapers, advertising materials. At the same time, the 3rd Broadcasting Company operates.
Petropavlovsk Railway Station
Petropavlovsk city, the center of the North-Kazakhstan oblast was founded in 1752. The population of the regional center was 195.2 thousand people as of January 1, 2010, making up 30.3% of the total population of the region. The city has 47 general education schools with 22.3 thousand pupils, There are 10 colleges (13,0 thousand pupils), 3 higher educational institutions (11,0 thousand students). There are 3 theaters, 1 philharmonic, 3 museums, 8 libraries and 3 club establishments in the regional center. As of January 1, 2010, 4,995 legal entities were registered, including 94.8% of the population (less than 50 people), 4.3 - average (51 to 250 people), 0.9% More than 250 people). Enterprises with a large share of enterprises (88.8%) are the enterprises of private ownership. The initial cost of the main assets owned by enterprises and organizations amounted to KZT 160.3 bln (without taking into account land value) as of January 1, 2009, the degree of depreciation was 40.0 and amounted to 96.3 billion tenge as of the end of 2008. In 2009 the industry produced 46835.1 million tenge, which is 4.0% higher than the level of 2008 in the city industry (non-financial sector). Electricity generation amounted to 2 371.1 million kWh, thermal power - 2 123.9 thousand Gcal, dairy products - 27.4 thousand tons, flour - 100.9 thousand tons, bread - 12.7 thousand tons, macaroni - 26 , 2 thousand tons, alcoholic beverages - 2 114.7 thousand liters
Construction works by own means of 8 530.1 million tenge were executed. Last year, 27,223 square meters of housing was commissioned in the regional center. In 2009 retail commodities and individual entrepreneurs sold 39,800.0 million tenge. Average retail sales per person amounted to 203.9 thousand tenge
S. North-Kazakhstan region's Kazakh musical-drama theater named after M. Mukanova
North Kazakhstan region's puppet show Russian Drama Theater named after Pogodin
North Kazakhstan regional museum of local history
Regional museum of fine arts
"Abylay khan's residence" museum complex
Regional Children and Youth Library named after Musrepov - Ğ†. City library named after Shukhov
North Kazakhstan regional universal scientific library named after S.Mukanov
Comments â†‘ Akim of Petropavlovsk â†‘ Population and national population of RK 1.01 .2011
â†‘ National composition of the Republic of Kazakhstan â†‘ Â«KazakhstanÂ»: National Encyclopedia / Editor-in-chief Ğ. â†‘ The socio-economic passport of Petropavlovsk city in January-June, 2011. External links
Akimat of Petropavlovsk city, Nysanbayev - Almaty, Main edition of the Kazakh encyclopedia, 1998, ISBN 5-89800-123-9, Volume I official site (rus.) (rus.)
Cities of Kazakhstan
Astana: Cities of republican importance
Almaty â€¢ Baikonur Regional centers
Aktau â€¢ Aktobe â€¢ Atyrau â€¢ Kokshetau â€¢ Karaganda â€¢ Kostanay â€¢ Kyzylorda â€¢ Uralsk â€¢ Oskemen â€¢ Pavlodar â€¢ Petropavlovsk â€¢ Taldykorgan â€¢ Tar less â€¢ Shymkent
Cities of regional importance
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