Mozambique Mozambique is a state in South East Africa. Land area is 801.6 thousand kmÂ². Capital - Maputo Population - 19.1 mln. 47% of the population are macaques, 23% are tsonga, the other part of Malawi, Shon, Ethiopia. representatives of the group. The official language is also popular in Portuguese, Macau, Malawi, Tsonga, Shona and Swahili. About 30% of the population are Christians, 10% are Muslims, and 60% follow local religious beliefs. Mozambique is administratively divided into 11 provinces. The head of state is the president. The supreme legislative body is the Assembly of one bicameral Republic. The highest executive body is the government. National Holiday - Independence Day - June 25, 1975. From 1975, Mozambique joined the United Nations, the Organization of African Unity (IPU). Currency is a metric. Mozambique is located in southeastern Africa. It borders on Tanzania in the north, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe in the west, Swaziland in the South and South Africa, east of the Indian Ocean. Administratively divided into 11 provinces. The official language is Portuguese as well as the locals of Macau, Malawi, Tsonga, Shona and Swahili. . The supreme legislature is the one-chamber parliament - the Assembly of the Republic. Supreme Executive Authority - Government
4 References and Nature
North Africa has a mountain of East African mountains up to 2419 meters in height. The highest peak in the west is Matabele (2436 m). On the eastern ocean coast, the hollow is flat, the center part is mountainous. Main rivers in Mozambique: Zambezi and Limpopo. The largest lake is part of the Lake Nyasa (Malawi), located on the territory of Mozambique. Basic minerals: coal, titanium, iron ores, bauxite and copper. There are rare forests in the north, a wet savanna on the shores, and a large forest with a number of species of evergreen trees. Animal world is rich and varied. In other parts of South Africa there are African elephants, owls, horses, horns, lions, leopards, and shiebouses that inhabit only national parks and reserves. There are many monkeys, snakes and birds in the forests. Rare white rhinoceros, buffalo cabbage grows. The climate in the north is sub-squared, monsoon, tropical passport in the south. The annual average temperature is about 20 - 22AU, in the north - 25 - 28AI. The annual precipitation in the southern part is 750 - 1000 mm, and in the northern part - up to 1500 mm.
History. Mozambique has been inhabited by rustlers and gottentots from ancient times. Subsequently, they were displaced by the Banu tribes. C At the end of the 1 st millennium and beginning of the 2nd millennium, state associations appeared on the territory of Mozambique (the largest of which was Monomapapa). From the 8th century Arabs, from the beginning of the 16th century, the Portuguese entered the coast of Mozambique and entered the country. The Portuguese built the Sofa Fort in 1505, and in 1508 the Mozambique fortress. In 1629, the Portuguese forced the ruler of Monomotapa to sign a treaty that would follow them. In the 17th-18th centuries, Portuguese colonialists were engaged in slave trade in Mozambique. The slaves were sent to Brazilian sugar plantations. In 1752, it became Portugal's own colony. Attempts by the Portuguese to establish full control of the internal areas of Mozambique led to a long war with the state of Vatu. The Africans defeated the colonizers in 1894 - 95 a few times. Only at the end of 1895, the Portuguese were conquered by the Vatican and seized their leaders. The armed struggle lasted for 2 years. Following the Second World War, the nation-liberation movement is intensifying in Mozambique, as well as in other African countries. Formed in 1962, the Flemish (Mozambique Liberation Front) armed organization has struggled against the Portuguese. As a result, on August 25, 1975, Portugal was forced to acknowledge the independence of Mozambique. The 16-year civil war between the Mozambique national resistance movement and the authorities ended in 1992 with the signing of a peace treaty. Despite the economic potential of agriculture and water, Mozambique remains among the poorest countries in Africa. The most advanced industries are oil, chemistry, textile, tobacco, food industry. Basic crops: cotton, sugar cane, tea, cena, corn, rice. Export of cashews, sugar, oil products, copra, cotton, citrus fruits. They buy foreign cars, various equipment, food. The gross national product per capita is $ 500 (1997). Main trading partners - Portugal, South Africa, USA.
Literature: Literature: Khazanov AM, Polytechia in Africa and Asia, M., 1967; Monslane E., Borba for Mozambique, Per. s., 1972; Ğ¡Ñ‚Ñ€Ğ°Ğ½Ñ‹ Ğ¼Ğ¸Ñ€Ğ°, ĞŸĞ¾Ğ»Ğ½Ñ‹Ğ¹ ÑƒĞ½Ğ¸Ğ²ĞµÑ€ÑĞ°Ğ»ÑŒĞ½Ñ‹Ğ¹ Ğ¸Ğ½Ñ„Ğ¾Ñ€Ğ¼Ğ°Ñ†Ğ¸Ğ¾Ğ½Ğ½Ñ‹Ğ¹ ÑĞ¿Ñ€Ğ°Ğ²Ğ¾Ñ‡Ğ½Ğ¸Ğº, Ğœ., 2004. Ğ. Ashirov
Benin Â· Burkina Faso Â· Guinea Â· Guinea-Bissau Â· Gambia Â· Ghana Â· Cape Verde Â· Cote d'Ivoire Â· Liberia Â· Mali Â· Mauritania Â· Niger Â· Nigeria Â· Senegal Â· Sierra Leone Â· Togo Â· North Africa Â· Algeria Â· Libya Â· Morocco Â· Egypt Â· South Sudan Â· Sudan Â· Tunisia Â· Central African Republic Â· Angola Â· Gabon Â· Equatorial Guinea Â· Cameroon Â· Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo Â· Central African Republic Â· Sao Tome and Principe Â· Chad Â· East Africa Â· Burundi Â· Djibouti Â· Eritrea Â· Â· Zambia Â· Zimbabwe Â· Kenya Â· Camar Â· Madagascar Â· Malawi Â· Mozambique Â· Mauritius Â· Rwanda Â· Seychelles Â· Somalia Â· Tanzania Â· Uganda Â· South Africa Â· Botswana Â· Lesotho Â· Namibia Â· South Africa Â· Swaziland
Non-self-governing countries (United Kingdom) Â· Canary Islands Â· Madeira (Portugal) Â· Mayotti (France) Â· Melilla (Spain) Â· Reunion (France) Â· Countries of the freezing area Â· United Kingdom Â· United States of America Â· British Indian Ocean Territory Â· Sutha (Spain) Â· Sokotra (Yemen) Â· Eferse Island (France) Â· Poundland Â· Sahara Arab Democratic Republic Â· Somalia Â· African Union Â· Algeria Â· Angola Â· Benin Â· Botswana Â· Burkina Faso Â· Burundi Â· Guinea Â· Guinea-Bissau Â· Gabon Â· Gambia Â· Ghana Â· Djibouti Â· Eritrea Â· Ethiopia Â· Zambia Â· Zimbabwe Cameroon Â· Cape Verde Â· Kenya Â· Democratic Republic of the Congo Â· Democratic Republic of the Congo Â· CÃ´te d'Ivoire Â· Comoros Â· Lesotho Â· Liberia Â· Libya Â· Madagascar Â· Malawi Â· Mali Â· Mozambique Â· Mauritius Â· Mauritania Â· Egypt Â· Namibia Â· Niger Â· Nigeria South Africa Â· Central African Republic Â· Rwanda Â· Sahar Arab Democratic Republic Â· Seychelles Â· Senegal Â· Somalia Â· Swaziland Â· Sudan Â· Sierra Leone Â· Tanzania Â· Togo Â· Tunis Â· Uganda Â· Chad Â· Equatorial Guinea Â· Kenya
Latin Community â€¢ Angola â€¢ Ando â€¢ Argentina â€¢ Bolivia â€¢ Brazil â€¢ Vatican City â€¢ Venezuela â€¢ Guinea-Bissau â€¢ Guatemala â€¢ Dominican Republic â€¢ Ecuador â€¢ Spain â€¢ Italy â€¢ Cape Verde â€¢ Costa Rica â€¢ Cote d 'Ivoire â€¢ Cuba â€¢ Malta â€¢ Mexico â€¢ Mozambique â€¢ Moldova â€¢ Monaco â€¢ Nicaragua â€¢ Honduras â€¢ Panama â€¢ Paraguay â€¢ Peru â€¢ Philippines â€¢ Portugal â€¢ Romania â€¢ Sao Tome and Principal â€¢ San Marino â€¢ Senegal â€¢ Uruguay â€¢ France â€¢ Chile â€¢ Bahamas â€¢ Islamic Union Organization (OIC)
Albania â€¢ Algeria â€¢ Afghanistan â€¢ Azerbaijan â€¢ Bangladesh â€¢ Bahrain â€¢ Benin â€¢ Brunei Darussalam Ghana â€¢ Guinea â€¢ Gambia â€¢ Djibouti â€¢ Iraq â€¢ Iran â€¢ Yemen â€¢ Cote d'Ivoire â€¢ Kuwait â€¢ Kazakhstan â€¢ Cameroon â€¢ Qatar â€¢ Comoros â€¢ United Arab Emirates â€¢ Kyrgyzstan â€¢ Libya â€¢ Lebanon â€¢ Morocco â€¢ Malaysia â€¢ Maldives â€¢ Mali â€¢ Mozambique â€¢ Mauritania â€¢ Egypt â€¢ Nigeria â€¢ Niger â€¢ Uzbekistan â€¢ Palestinian â€¢ Pakistan â€¢ Saudi Arabia â€¢ Senegal â€¢ Sierra Leone â€¢ Somalia â€¢ Sudan â€¢ Suriname â€¢ Syria â€¢ Chad â€¢ Tajikistan â€¢ Togo â€¢ Tunisia â€¢ Turkmenistan â€¢ Uganda â€¢ Oman â€¢ Jordan â€¢ Indonesia â€¢ Equatorial Guinea Nea
Countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina â€¢ Central African Republic â€¢ Russia â€¢ Thailand â€¢ Muslim Organizations and Communities: Moro National Liberation Front â€¢ Northern Cyprus â€¢ International organizations: Arab League â€¢ African Union â€¢ United Nations â€¢ Economic Co-operation Organization â€¢ Non-Aligned Movement â€¢ World Trade Organization (WTO)
Haiti â€¢ Albania â€¢ Angola â€¢ Antigua and Barbuda â€¢ Argentina â€¢ Australia â€¢ Bangladesh â€¢ Barbados â€¢ Bahrain â€¢ Belize â€¢ Benin â€¢ United Arab Emirates â€¢ Bolivia â€¢ Botswana â€¢ Brazil â€¢ Brunei â€¢ Burkina Faso â€¢ Burundi â€¢ Venezuela â€¢ Vietnam â€¢ Gabon â€¢ Guyana â€¢ Gambia â€¢ Ghana â€¢ Guinea â€¢ Georgia â€¢ Guatemala â€¢ Djibouti â€¢ Dominica â€¢ Dominican Republic â€¢ Ecuador â€¢ Armenia â€¢ European Union â€¢ New Zealand â€¢ Japan â€¢ Jamaica â€¢ Zambia â€¢ Zimbabwe â€¢ Iceland â€¢ Israel â€¢ Switzerland â€¢ Cambodia â€¢ Cameroon â€¢ Qatar â€¢ Canadian â€¢ Kenyan â€¢ Colombia â€¢ Democratic Republic of Congo â€¢ Republic of Congo â€¢ Costa Rica â€¢ Cote d'Ivoire â€¢ Cuba â€¢ Kuwait â€¢ Kazakhstan United States â€¢ Kyrgyzstan â€¢ China â€¢ Lesotho â€¢ Liechtenstein â€¢ Morocco â€¢ Madagascar â€¢ Macau â€¢ Macedonia â€¢ Malaysia â€¢ Malawi â€¢ Mali â€¢ Maldives â€¢ Mauritius â€¢ Mauritania â€¢ Mexico â€¢ Myanmar â€¢ Mozambique â€¢ Moldova â€¢ Mongolia â€¢ Egypt â€¢ Nigeria â€¢ Namibia â€¢ Nepal Niger â€¢ Nicaragua â€¢ Norway â€¢ Oman â€¢ Honduras â€¢ South Africa â€¢ South Korea â€¢ Central African Republic â€¢ Panama â€¢ Papua New Guinea â€¢ Paraguay â€¢ Pakistan â€¢ Peru â€¢ Philippines â€¢ Rwanda â€¢ Salvador â€¢ Saudi Arabia â€¢ St. Vincent Saint Kitts and Nevis â€¢ St. Lucia â€¢ Senegal â€¢ Sierra Leone â€¢ Singapore â€¢ Swaziland â€¢ Suleyman Islands â€¢ Suriname â€¢ Thailand â€¢ Taiwan â€¢ Tanzania â€¢ Thassad â€¢ Togo â€¢ Trinidad and Tobago â€¢ Tunisia â€¢ Turkey â€¢ Uganda â€¢ Indonesia â€¢ India â€¢ Uruguay â€¢ Jordan â€¢ Fiji â€¢ Croatia â€¢ Chile â€¢ Hong Kong â€¢ Sri Lanka
1 All twenty-seven EU member states are Members of the WTO: â€¢ Austria â€¢ Belgium â€¢ Bulgaria â€¢ Germany â€¢ Greece â€¢ Denmark â€¢ Ireland â€¢ Spain â€¢ Italy â€¢ Sweden â€¢ Cyprus â€¢ United Kingdom â€¢ Latvia â€¢ Lithuania â€¢ Luxembourg â€¢ Hungary â€¢ Malta â€¢ Netherlandia â€¢ Poland â€¢ Portugal â€¢ Romania â€¢ Slovakia â€¢ Slovenia â€¢ Finland â€¢ France â€¢ Czech Republic â€¢ Estonia â€¢ Niger-Congo-speaking nations
Guinea - Guinea-Bissau
Togo Togo Andorra Atlantis, Congo
Atlantic Benin - Burkina Faso - Cameroon - CAR
Ijoid - Nigeria
Cote d 'Ivoire - Gambia
Dogon - Mali - Guinea-Bissau - Liberia - Mali - Mauritania - Niger - Senegal - Sierra Leone - Sudan - Togo
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Mali - Gur
Burkina Faso -d'Ivuar
Burkina Faso -Faso
CÃ´te d'Ivoire Ghana
Nigeria Togo -Congo
Yoruba and Igbo
Rep. of the Congo
Somalia South Africa Africa - Swaziland
Uganda - Zambia - Zimbabwe
CAR = Central African Republic DRC = Democratic Republic of the Congo
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