Lebanese National Anthem
November 22, 1943 (France)
President - Prime Minister - President of the Lebanese Parliament
Land area â€¢ Total â€¢% water surface
161th place in the world
1,6% GDP (
Total Amount ($) Monthly Viewed Total It (591) br> Internet cradle .lb - ISO code
Phone code +961 - Timezone +2
Coordinates: 33 Â° 54'00 "c. e. 35 Â° 51'00 "Nr. pp. 33.9 [deg.] C. e. 35.85 Â° C p. (Arab: Ø§Ù„Ø¬Ù…Ù‡ÙˆØ±ÙŠØ© Ø§Ù„Ù„Ø¨Ù†Ø§Ù†ÙŠØ©; al-Jumhuriyya al-Ljubannija) is a Western-Asian region on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea (Arab: Ù„Ø¨Ù†Ø§Ù†, Ljuban) state . Territory of 10.4 thousand kmÂ². Population - 3.6 million people. (2003). Capital - Beirut The main people are Arabs (93%), Armenians (6%), Turks and Kurds. The majority of the population are Muslim (75%) and Christian (25%) religions. The official language is Arabic. 1926 The Constitution, adopted on 23 May, is the president of the state. The supreme legislative body is the Chamber of Deputies. National Holiday - Independence Day - November 22 (1943). Lebanon is a UN member since 1945. Administrators are divided into five chapters. Currency Units
7 Lebanese Cuisine
Lebanon is characterized by subtropical climate. Summer is hot (27AU in August), warm winter (13:00 in January). The annual rainfall is 400 to 1000 mm. The majority of the country has settled down in Lebanon. The highest point is Kurnet-the-trade mountain (3088 m). Located on the Lebanese and Antilivan ridges, the Beka plain is 8 to 14 kilometers wide. Citrus fruits, grapes, vegetables are grown, and evergreen trees. The main river is al-Lithani
History In the 4 th millennium, the modern city-states were present in the territory of modern Lebanon. Until the Roman Empire In the 8th - 1th centuries it was a part of various states. 637 Arabs conquered Lebanon. As a result of the crusader attacks in Lebanon from 1098 to 1289, included in the Christian Orders. By the 16th century, Egypt was ruled by the Egyptian people. 1516 Selim II, the Turkish Sultan, defeated the Egyptian tribes and contributed the Lebanese to the Ottoman Empire. But the government in Lebanon was in the hands of the Lebanese emirates. The country was ruled by the Maan dynasty in the 16th - 17th centuries, from the end of the 17th century to 1840 by the representatives of the Shihab dynasty. 1840 Bashir II Shihab was removed from the throne and Lebanon was again re-established by the Turks. 1864 The International Commission (France, Great Britain, Austria, Prussia, Russia, the Ottoman Empire) has issued the Lebanese autonomy. 1920 The French mandate system was established. 1926 Lebanon was declared a republic and according to the constitution, it was decided that the president of the country - the Christian - Maronit, the prime minister - the Muslim - Shiite, and the speaker of parliament - must be a Muslim - Sunnite. 1943 On November 22, after gaining independence, internal and political contradictions took place. Lebanon 1948 - 67 years Arab-Israeli wars. 1975 An armed conflict broke out between Muslims and Christians, which led to civil war. Since 1982, Israel has occupied most of Lebanon's territory. In June 1983, Israeli helicopters bombed areas in the bases of Beirut and the Palestine Liberation Organization. At the request of international organizations, Israel has been forced to withdraw its troops from southern Lebanon. 2003 The consulate of Kazakhstan was opened in Lebanon. Lebanon and Kazakhstan have cultural and scientific links.
Lebanon is a country with low levels of industry and agriculture, and financial and banking, as well as domestic spheres. Beirut is one of the largest banks in the Middle East. The instability of the domestic political situation and the Israeli armed attacks on the south of the country have affected the economic downturn. Agricultural production accounts for about 30% of national income. It exports vegetables and fruits, tobacco, textiles and jewelry. The basis of imports is electrical equipment, machines, oil, metal, consumer goods. Per capita gross national product. Equal to $ 5470 (1994). The main trading partners are Syria, Kuwait, Italy and the United Arab Emirates. The population of Lebanon is relatively young and competent. The total population is 4,257,405 people. In this country, Muslims, Christians, Jews, and so on.
The Lebanese people are also composed of different ethnic groups. Currently, there are Sunni and Shiite Islamic movements, Maronites, Catholics, and many others. Lebanon is the home of ancient Phoenicians. Today, Muslims are 59.7%, Christians 39%, and 1,3% of those who follow other religions.
Language is the official language of Lebanon, but most of the population speaks English and French. French is a semi-formal language, and 20% of the population uses it in daily communication. This authority was granted to the French by the League of Nations after the First World War.
Lebanese cuisine The Lebanese menu is one of the best food in the Middle East. The Lebanese use starch in the process of cooking. It also consumes a lot of fruits, vegetables and fish. Carli, olive oil, herbs and lemon juice are added to various menus. Lebanese often consume chickens and lamb
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