Coordinates: 22 Â° 01'00 "C e. 79 Â° 01'00 "p. pp. 22.016667. e. 79.016667 Â° p. p. (G) (O) 22.016667, -79.016667
University of Hawaii
Cuba, the official name of which is RepÃºblica de Cuba (RepÃºblica Ä‘e kuwwa), since 1959, A state in America, West-India. Between the continents of South and North America, is located in Cuba, Huvertud (Pinos) and in the Greater Antilles group. Most islands are inhabited by most of the islands, with a length of about 1,600. The land territory is 110.86 km2. Population - 11.3 mln. person. In terms of ethnicity, 65% are descendants of Spain, the rest are Negroes, Meters, Mulate. Official language is Spanish, religion is Catholic. Capital - Havana (2.3 million). 1976 Under the adopted constitution, the authority of the state is in the hands of the national government (the National Assembly). He elects among his deputies from the State Council and appoints members of the Council of Ministers. National Holidays: January 1 - Free Day (1959), July 26 - National Day of Rebellion (1953), October 10 - Cuba's Day to Combat Independence from Spain (1868). Currency Units - Cuba Pesos
1 Geography 2 Administrative division 3 History of the 4th Sector of Geography 5 Sources of Geography
One third of Cuban territory is mountainous , the rest is flat. In the central and western regions of the country, Cordillera de Guaniganico, Havana-Matansas, BÃ©chucal-Madrouga, Santa Clara, Guamouia, Sierra de Cuitanza, Sierra de Nahas in the east, southeast of Sierra Maestra (highest Location 1974 m). Minerals include copper, manganese, chromite, nickel, kaolin. Climate is tropical. The average January temperature is 22.5 Â° C, and 27.8 Â° C in August. Annual precipitation is 1000 - 1200 mm in mountainous regions, up to 2200 mm in mountainous regions. The rivers are short and water is low. About 10% of the territory is forested. Horseman, crocodile, turtle, etc. There are about 300 species of birds in the world. "The administrative division of Cuba is one of the unitary states. The territory is divided into 14 provinces and Municipal Island of Hautendud. In January 2011, the decision to divide Havana into Artemis and Mayabe Provinces came into force. Thus, the number of provinces will reach 15.
Pinar del Rio (Artemisa)
Havana (city of Ciudad de La Habana )
Matansas (Ibiza), Sienfuegos (Cienfuegos)
Villa Clara, Villa Clara,
Ciego de Avila (Camaguey)
Las Tunas (Las Tunas), Granma (Is., Granma)
Isle de la Juventud, Isla de la Juventud, Ischia
With Castro Khrushchev - The first inhabitants of the Cuban land were Indian tribes. Before Europeans (the end of the 15th century), there were more than two hundred thousand Indians. Islands in 1492 Christopher Columbus opened in October. He was mistaken and understood as part of India, so the new lands were later characterized by East India (East India) and West India (West Indies).
1510 The Spaniards began to conquer the area. Although the Indians resisted colonialists, the Spaniards slaughtered them. In 1537, the Indians were massacred by severe labor, famine, and disease. There are only 5,000 people left. The uprising of the Negro-Negro on the island. Fearful local slavery owners secretly negotiated with the Spanish government and made the islands a Spanish maritime naval base. The Cuban patriots' uprising began on October 10, 1869. an independent republic of Cuba was declared in April. However, the Spaniards used the siege among the leaders of the uprising. On February 10, he regained his powers. slavery was eliminated.
1897 On 25 November, Spain granted autonomy to Cuba. The US opened a war on Spain and drove it out of Cuba. 1899 The US captured Cuba. In the country, the popular uproar revives. officially declared in the Republic of Cuba. But the US has set up full control over the economy of the country. A group of young people against dictatorships in 1953 On July 26, he attacked the Monkey Barracks. In response, the government strengthened the penalty. Fidel Castro, who went to Mexico, gathered a small squad in 1956. On December 2, he returned to Cuba and began an uprising. The rebels were victorious in 1959. The battista regime fell on January 1. The government was headed by F. Castro. Several attempts by the US government to organize a coup in Cuba have failed. Cuba is currently one of the countries in the socialist system.
The embargo policy of the United States has led to a crisis in the Cuban economy. Total national income per person is 3,520 USD. Sugar, mineral raw materials, cigarettes, citrus fruits and fish products are exported. Fuel, machine, tools, food, drinks are imported from abroad. Agricultural lands make up 34.2% of the country's territory. Main trading partners: Spain, the Russian Federation, Canada, China, Mexico, Bulgaria, etc. Cuba is one of the first countries to recognize Kazakhstan's sovereignty. 
â†‘ Census.gov Country Rank. Countries and Areas by Population: 2013. U.S. Department of Commerce (2013). Archived from the main source May 9, 2013. Checked, 9 May 2013. â†‘ Cuba. The World Factbook. CIA
â†‘ "Children Encyclopedia", V This article is here to Wikipedia. The Latin alphabet
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United States of America
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1 All twenty-seven EU member states join WTO â€¢ Austria â€¢ Belgium â€¢ Germany â€¢ Germany â€¢ Greece â€¢ Denmark â€¢ Ireland â€¢ Spain â€¢ Italy â€¢ Sweden â€¢ Cyprus â€¢ United Kingdom â€¢ Latvia â€¢ Lithuania â€¢ Luxembourg â€¢ Hungary â€¢ Malta â€¢ Netherlandland â€¢ Poland â€¢ Portugal â€¢ Romania â€¢ Slovakia â€¢ Slovenia â€¢ Finland â€¢ France Czech Republic â€¢ Estonia
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