Sat .19 Oct 2019

Iceland

Coordinates:64 ° 49'50 "c e. 17 ° 59'12 "p. pp. 64.830556. e. 17.986667 ° p. p. (G) (O) 64.830556, -17.986667
Iceland (Iceland) is an island nation in Europe. East of Greenland Island and west of Norway and the Norwegian Sea. The capital, Reykjavik, is located in the southwest of the island.
Contents
1 Geography of the Earth
2 Geography 2 2.1 Situation 2.2 The Flora of the Planet 2.3 The Zoo Worldwide 3 Administrative Divisions

5 History
6 Sources
7 Encyclopedia of Kazakhstan
8 Politics of 9 Economy
9.1 Industry 9.2 Energy 9.3 Transportation 9.4 Fishery
9.5 Agriculture
9.6 Trade
10 General and 11 Culture and Society 12 Social sphere 13 Armed Forces 14 Comments Encyclopedia - 17 The Darkness
18 Links
19 External links
Glossary
Translation of the Aral Sea to the glaciers

Geography
The island of Iceland, one of the largest islands in North America and Europe - Iceland Geologically one of the youngest countries in the world. According to scientists, Iceland is a landlocked state in the fourteen-century history of the earth's underwater (Atlantic) volcanic eruptions. > Ejifjadljuyull volcano eruption (2010)
Yuxësurloñán
Iceland's coastline is about 5,000 kms. The northern and north-western regions of the country are mountainous, and the southern part is occupied by sandy loams. Almost glaciers cover almost all Iceland. 11 900 km² of land is covered by ice cover throughout the country. Such glaciations are huge in the northern part of the country. Its majorities are Wetnaykudl, Hoffsekudl, and Launchikhl. The highest point of the country is Hvannändalsknukur (2119 m). In addition to the four continents of the country, Iceland has a large river and lake system. The largest lakes of the country - Tynadlavat and Tauriswatn. Iceland, however, has a much higher elevation than its lowest British benchmark compared to the sea level.

















If we think that Iceland is an Arctic country, we are in a big mistake. Because the warm winds from the North Atlantic flows (Golststrom) make the Icelandic weather stable. The average January temperature in this region is only -1 ° C, and the average July temperature is +11 ° C. In other words, the country's summer is not hot or cold. Although the climate of Hawaii is predominantly for tourists, it is an end to agriculture. Hence, Iceland is among the countries that have been lagging behind in agricultural development.
Plants

Only about a quarter of the country's vegetation is covering. Most of its moss and herbs are obtained. And only 1% of the plant is occupied by plants. True, the abundance of rainfall should have a different impact on plant growth. In other words, people may think Iceland is a green valley. But the glaciers and excessive moisture, the swampy or unhealthy soil of some of the land contribute to the immense glaciation of Icelandic vegetation.
Zoo
The country's fauna is also not very rich. The most important animal in the country is a fox (a fox). 18th century Several species of mice and some 80 species of birds that are localized in Iceland are similar to those of the northern deer. But they all make up a minority in comparison with other countries. There are plenty of fish in Iceland alone on the ocean. Iceland has no marine animals. Even on the coast there are two types of seals and several types of whales.
Administrative division - History
History
Iceland has been inhabiting the population for about 870 years. Travelers were primarily Norwegian, as well as Irishmen, Scots, and many other Scandinavian nations. Landowners called the island "Ice Country". 980s Icelandic Icelandic opened Greenland Island and reached 1000 degrees in America. 10th century the first states were formed on the island. Christianity was adopted. 1262-64 the Norwegian nobility took over. 1380 Iceland created a union with Denmark. The country has suffered a severe illness, and its population has diminished. In the 16th century the country was subordinated to Denmark. Starting from 1830 small industrial enterprises started to be created in the country. In Iceland in 1857, the National Constituent Assembly was established and demanded autonomy. Denmark has made some discounts. In a century, the Icelandic state was formed. Iceland is one of the youngest countries in geological terms. However, other European states have gained independence early. History of Iceland 1387-1390 It is known that Denmark was subordinate to it



Encyclopedia of Kazakhstan
Politics

Parliament building in Reykjavík
Iceland - republican state. The 1944 Constitution. adopted. President of the country - the President is elected every four years in the open and closed national elections. However, the executive branch of the president has not been fully implemented. According to the law, the executive power is in the hands of the government and its leader, the prime minister













party ". 2003 Candidates nominated for this party won the 22nd place (33.7%) in the last election of the members of the jury. Among other Icelandic parties there is the Progressive Party and the Socialist-Democratic Alliance
Economy
The Icelandic economy has been devastating in recent years. For example, from 1996 to 2001 the country's annual economic growth was 3-5%, and in 2002 - this figure dropped dramatically and went down by 0.2%. GDP remained at 0.6%. However, in the year 2003, economic growth has been rising, and inflation in the country has dropped from 5% to 2%. In the list of leading countries in Iceland, 2005 In the 16th place, 2006 according to which it has been increased by two more steps. As a result of this rise, Iceland was ranked sixth in the world.
Industry
There is little or no mining industry in the country, excluding gray coal production. However, after the Second World War, industry began to emerge. 1960s Imported raw aluminum has been processed and finished aluminum products are ready to be exported. The light industry in Iceland has been advancing in recent years. Shoes, metal products, construction materials, electrical appliances and various consumer goods have been launched.
Energy
Iceland is leading in energy sector. The country is characterized by a water source. Hydropower potential of the state is 80 billion kWh per year. evaluated. Currently, there are 6 energy sources in the country.
Transportation
Road Trail in Iceland
Iceland is a good motorway and waterway, but there is no railway at all. But the length of the road is 12,955 km. Because the number of cars in the country is too high. According to unofficial data, in Iceland, per person per person, one person for two people. Total commodity capacity of commercial vessels of the country makes 192 thousand tons. Three companies are engaged in transportation in the country.
Fishery industry is the main pillar of the Icelandic economy - the fishery industry. This sector employs about 12% of the total population, and accounts for 70% of the country's total exports. The main freshwater fish contained in it are cereals and herring. However, due to the decline in fish yields in recent years, Iceland's fishermen, such as caviar and saar, have also begun to evacuate and smuggle out of the country. "In addition, the Icelandic people are engaged in whaling. True, 1989 With the advent of international moratorium on whaling in association with international animal welfare associations, the government overrun the moratorium in the middle

Agriculture
Only 5 percent of the country's population is engaged in agriculture. The total number of agricultural farms in the country is 6 thousand, of which 80% is private farms. The main thing in Iceland's livestock breeding is sheep breeding. The main reason is that lamb is the main meat dishes in Iceland.
Trade
In addition, foreign trade takes place after the fishery products are extracted from underground minerals. The main foreign trade partners are Germany, 18%, United Kingdom 17.5%, the Netherlands 11%, the USA 11%, Spain 5% Denmark - 5%, Portugal - 4%, Norway - 4% .And when it comes to imports, Iceland supplies oil products and foodstuffs, cars. The percentage of countries involved in the imports is 11%, Germany 11%, Denmark 8.5%, Norway 8.5%, United Kingdom 7.5%, Netherlands 6% .

The Republic of Iceland is a state located in the Northern Atlantic Ocean on the island of Iceland. The land area is 103000km2. Population:272,000 (calculated based on 1999 census). 99% of the population is Icelandic. The official language is Icelandic. The majority of the population represents the Protestant Lutheran branch of Christianity. The capital is Reykjavik. The territory of the country is divided into 8 administrative zones, 23 districts (sisla). Iceland is a parliamentary republic. 1944 In accordance with the adopted Constitution, the head of the state is elected by open elections for 4 years (since 1996, OR Grimsson). The legislative power is exercised by the president and the one-chamber parliament (Alting). National Holiday is June 17 - Independence Day (1944). National currency
Culture and Society
Social sphere
Armed Forces



National Encyclopedia of Kazakhstan
See also

«Kazakhstan»:National Encyclopedia / Editor-in-chief Ğ￾. Nyssanbayev - Almaty, Main edition of the Kazakh Encyclopedia, 1998. ISBN 5-89800-123-9, Volumes 4


























World Trade Organization (WTO)
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Austria · Albania · Andorra · Armenia · Azerbaijan · Belarus · Belgium · Bulgaria · Bosnia and Herzegovina · Vatican City · Germany · Greece · Georgia · Denmark · Ireland · Iceland · Spain · Italy · Kazakhstan1 · Cyprus · Latvia · Lithuania · Liechtenstein · Luxembourg · Hungary · Macedonia · Malta · Moldova · Monaco · Netherlands · Norway · Poland · Portugal · Russia · Romania · San Marino · Serbia · Slovakia · Slovenia · Turkey · Ukraine · Great Britain · Finland · France · Croatia · Montenegro · Czech Republic · Switzerland · Sweden · Estonia · Unrecognized and semi - recognized states
Abkhazia · Kosovo · Karabagh1 · South Ossetia · Northern Cyprus · Transnistria · Dependent and special
administrative regions
Faroe Islands · Denmark · Aland Islands · Finland · Akrotiri and Delialia1 / Gibraltar / Guernsey / Jersey / Maine · Faroe Islands (Denmark)
1 Partially or completely in Asia, but cultural relations < Member States of the Commonwealth of Independent States
Member States of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization:Denmark • Iceland • Norway • Finland • Sweden • Alliance member:Aland Islands • Greenland • Faroe Islands • IC offices:Estonia • Russia (St. Petersburg, Kaliningrad)
See also Nordic countries
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