Mon . 19 Jul 2019

Eurasia

54,759,000 km²
Population: 4,620,000,000 (2010) persons
Average density: 84 people / km²







8
Time Zones
UTC ± 0 UTC + 12
Eurasia - Eurasia is the largest continent in the world.
Contents
1 Geographical description
2 Geological characteristics
3 Hydrological description
4 Land relief
5 Climatic zones
6 Natural zones 7 Population 8 Geographical data
Area 53,3 mln. km² (37% of all continents), of which 2,75 mln. Nearly one kilometer to the island. Eurasia consists of two parts of the world - Europe and Asia (hereinafter referred to as Eurasia). The boundary between them - the eastern foothills of the Ural Mountains, the Jermu River, the northeastern coast of the Caspian Sea, passes through the valley of Don to the valleys of Kuma and Meng. Further, the border of Azov and the Black Seas, the Bosphorus Strait. Marmara Sea, through the Dardanelles strait, to the Mediterranean Sea. The division of the entire continent into Europe and Asia is a historical and traditional concept formed in the ancient era. The distant ends of the continent are: the north - the Chiliuski hill (77º43 '), in the south - the Pyhaius (1º16'), the western Roka (9º34 '), east - Dezhnev (169º40' .b.) From the north to the south will be 8 thousand km, from the west to the east - 16 thousand km. A number of Eurasian islands are far from the continent. Svalbard, Szczecz, Franz Joseph and the Northern Territories 80º c. more than over. Malaysian shores cross the southern hemisphere and reach 11 ° C. Atlantic Ocean Azores is at 28º. Eurasia is bordered by all oceans (Atlantic, Arctic, Indian, Pacific) and their extreme seas. Oceans and seas enter the continent, especially in the western and southern parts. But due to the vast territory, the interior of the continent is thousands of kilometers away from seas and oceans.
Geological characteristics
The Eurasian continent is the basis of the continental shelf. Strong peaks of the plate have crossed the ground with other lithosphere plates, and they still continue. In these places, the highest mountain chains are formed and there are strong earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. Eurasia land plots - the younger platforms of ancient platforms (Eastern Europe, Siberia, China, India, Arab). The modern relief of the continent is primarily formed by tectonic movements in neogene and anthropogenicity. New tectonic movements, especially Alpine - Himalayas and East Asia geosynclinal belts. These belts include extreme mountain systems. As a result of the upheaval in the neogene and anthropogenic, the relief of the mountains from the Gissar - Alai mountain range to the Chukchi Peninsula was reorganized. Strong earthquakes are characteristic of the young layers and the mountain structures. The formation of the relief also affects volcanic activity. (Iceland, the Armenian plateau, the Mediterranean region, the Kamchatka Peninsula, the East and Southeast Asian Islands). In the northern and some mountainous regions of Eurasia, the ancient relief of the globe had a great impact. It covers a vast area of ​​moraine and ice water sediments in the region.
The main element of the Eurasian structure is the foremost platforms: The EastEurope Platform with the Baltic and Ukrainian Shields. Siberian platform with its shield. Chinese-Korean platform. South China Platform. Indian platform, and part of Nubia Arabia shield.
Hydrological description
Eurasia is rich in inland water. The second largest water resource after South America. The Eurasian rivers are the four oceanic regions. The largest are Yangtsi, Ob, Yenisei, Lena, Amur, Juanhe, Mekong, Brahmaputra, Gang, Indus, Tiger, Euphrates, Volga, Danube. In the central part of the continent is the largest inland zone of the world (an array of Caspian and Aral seas, Balkhash and Lobnor lakes). The deepest Lake Baikal is concentrated on the surface of 1/5 of freshwater. Large and deep lakes appeared in the tectonic way (Baikal, Issyk-Kul, Sevan, Uli, etc.). The glaciers (Ladoga, Onga) and many small moraine lakes are common in the ice-covered areas of the quadrangle. Volcanic lakes are characteristic for quaternary (anthropogenic) and current volatile zones. Terrestrial areas have many lakes (Crimean peninsula, Caucasus mountain range, Zagros Mountains, Tien Shan and Yunnan mountain range, Balkan Peninsula).


Eurasia - Antarctica highland (average height 840 m). 2/3 of the land is mountainous and mountainous. The highest peak in the world - Dzhomolungma (8848 m) is located on the Eurasian continent. Absolute altitude of 14 peaks in the mountains of Eurasia is over 8000 m. Main mountain systems: Himalayas, Alpine, Carpathian, Caucasian, Hindu, Karakorum, Pamir, Tien Shan, Kunlun, Altay, Sayan, Urals, Siberian Siberian Mountains, Greater Asia and Tibetan mountains, Dean and Middle Siberia. The plains and hollows extend to thousands of kilometers. The largest plains of Eastern Europe, Western Siberia, Turan, Great China, Indian-Gang
The most important mountainous systems of Eurasia:
Himalayas, Jomolungma (Everest) - the largest mountainous mountain system in the world
Alpars
Caucasus
Hindustan
Karakorum
Tian Shan
Kunlun
Altai
South Siberian Mountains
North East Siberian Mountains
Old Asian Rocks
Pamir
Tibet Mountain Range
Riverside of Sayan-Tuva
Dean of the Dean
Central Siberia Belt
The Mainland Plains and Rivers in Eurasia: The Eastern Plains of the Eastern Siberian Plateau
the Turan Plateau
Great Time Monthly
Indian-Gang Plain
Climatic Zones
In Eurasia all climatic zones are spread from Arctica to Equator. Because of the uneven continental climate and large territories, continental climate is dominant. In the overseas regions, the climate of the ocean (east and south of Monson) occurs. Atmospheric pressure centers are important for the occurrence of climate peculiarities (Azores and Hawaiian anticyclons, Iceland and Aleut minimums) and seasonal (the Asian anticyclone in the winter and the southern Asia Minimum). The influence of ocean on climate, especially in Western Europe. From there to the east, Atlantic air gradually dries out and then moves to continental air. Pacific and Indian ocean airways pass into the interior of the continent only in the separate seasons of the year in monsoon and cyclones. Arctic air coming from the north comes in the middle of the continent until it reaches the mountains. Continental air masses are formed in central parts of Eurasia. Sometimes conflicting climatic conditions also occur. In the north-east of the continental Omanak mountain range, the northern hemisphere has a cold pole (absolute minimum -70ºС). The Arabian Peninsula is one of the hotest regions in the world. (absolute maximum 53ºС). East India has the highest precipitation. (Cherapunjida, 12000 mm per year).
Nature zones
The majority of Eurasia belongs to the Golcornland Region in terms of flora and fauna. To the south is Paleotropic flora and Indian-Malay fauna. The soil-vegetation cover and the fauna are mainly concentrated in two directions - the latitude and the coast of the ocean, to the continent, in the mountains they are widespread. The Arctic Belt consists of the Arctic Desert belt. Subarctic belt tundra and wooden tundra belts. On the continental side of the belt strips, the belts are located along the width. They include: taiga, mixed forest, flat leafy forests, wooded steppe, steppe, desert belt. In the vicinity of the oceans, their borders vary widely. On the southern outskirts of the Konyrau belt, the pillars of the plane move from west to east. In the vicinity of the Atlantic, woods, forest steppes near the Carpathian Mountains, deserts and deserts in the south of the Eastern European plain, deserts and deserts in Kazakhstan and Central Asia, Mongolia's steppes and forests, Manchuria and northern Japan, The belt also changes from the west to the subtropical belt (Mediterranean pasture-like forests and shrubs, the outer Caucasus and the Subtropical steppes and deserts of Asia Minor, the Iranian hill and subtropical deserts of the southern part of Central Asia). In the interior of this belt there is a desert, a high mountain desert on the Pamir and Tibet mountain ranges. Tropical slopes and deserts occupy the Arabian Peninsula, Mesopotamia and the Indian River basin. In the eastern part of the tropics, the northern subcontractor belt passes through the sub-equatorial wetlands and Savanna belts. The equatorial belt covers the Malacca peninsula and the southern part of the Philippines, the southwestern Ceylon, the Big Seed Island (where the humid equatorial forest is spread to the guillotype). The Small Arctic Islands occupy the forests and savannas of the southern equatorial belt. The soil and vegetation cover, the mountaineering of the animals make a major change in the mountains. It is part of latitudinal belt loops in mountain systems, covering most of the interior of the Eurasian belt zone. Natural conditions of individual parts of the continent have changed in different ways as a result of man's economic activity. On the one hand, the cities and industries are concentrated (Western Europe) and, on the other hand, the areas that have been used in agriculture and densely populated (East, South and South-East Asia) have been completely deprived of their natural status. There are anthropogenic landscapes. In contrast, the nature of the islands of the Central Asia and Tibet and the islands of the surrounding wetlands near the equator have not changed. Morphotectonic. the unity of the structure, the similarity of new tectonic movements, the climatic factors and climatic features, and the natural boundary complexes of Eurasia can be divided into the following major natural territorial complexes: the Eurasian continent of the Arctic - Western Europe, Eastern Europe, North Asia, the Mediterranean Sea and the former Asia Minor South-West Asia, Central Asia, Asia-Pacific, South-East Asia and South-East Asia


Eurasia - The world's largest and densely populated country theft (3/4 of the whole population). Especially in Western Europe, East and South-East Asia, the population is close. In some districts of Masonic Asia (East Bengal and Jawa Islands), 1,000 to 1,500 people per 1 km². In the remote North Asia, in the swampy slopes occupied by tropical forests, in the desert areas of Central Asia and Western Asia, the population is rare. There are no permanent residents of the Arabian Peninsula, some parts of Central Asia, inland areas of Iran. Eurasia is an ancient cultural center in the world. In particular, the Mesopotamian Tigris in the Middle East (Tiger, Euphrates), the Mediterranean coast, as well as ancient cultures of China and India, Greek-Roman civilization, etc. In the great steppes extending from the Great Wall of China to Central Europe, the nomadic world dominated Western and Eastern civilizations. At present the Eurasian continent is considered as a supercontinent. More than 4 billion people of the world live here, and all of the world's leading states (except USA and Canada) are on this continent. There are republican and monarchical states. The republics are divided into socialist, capitalist and developing countries. Monarchical states are divided into absolute and constitutional ones. In the 1990s, socialist states dropped sharply. That's why the collapse of the USSR, the transition of Eastern European states to another direction. [1] The Eurasian continent is based on different religions
Sources
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