Tue . 19 Dec 2019

Greece

Coordinates: 38 ° 18'4 "C e. 23 ° 44'28 "e. pp. 38.301111. e. 23.741111 ° deg. p. (G) (O) 38.301111, 23.741111
Greece (c Ελλάδα), the official name of the Republic of Greece (Ελληνικά ΔημοκÏ￾ατία) is a state in the south of Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula. It borders on Albania, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria, in the north-east, with Turkey. The southern and eastern Aegean Sea and the west are the Ionian Sea. The Greek islands are Greek, Greek, and Greek, in the south-east of Europe, on the southern coast of the Balkan Peninsula and on the islands of the Ionian, Mediterranean, and Aegean seas. Territory - 132.0 thousand km². Population - 10.5 mln. Capital - Athens (3.5 million people). More than 95% of Greeks are Greeks, the rest are Turkish, Albanian, etc. The official language is Greek. Most people follow Orthodoxy in Christianity. The territory of the country is divided into 51 administrative-territorial units. Big cities: Thessaloniki, Patry, Heraklion, Volos. The monetary unit is a drachma. The head of state is the president. The legislature is a one-chamber parliament. 1975 Under the country's constitution, adopted on June 11, Greece is a parliamentary republic headed by a president (elected president by parliament). National Holiday - Independence Day (1821, March 25). Most of the land of Greece is mountainous. Climate Mediterranean subcontractor. The average winter temperature in the winter is from 4 to 11 months, and in the summer from 24 to 28 July. The rivers are small, water is low. About 15% of the land is forested. Precipitation is 350 to 1500 mm. The earliest Greek states emerged in the 3rd millennium BC. From 395 BC, the ancient Greek lands occupied the Byzantine Empire. Starting from the 15th century, Ottoman Sultanate was added. After the national liberation movement in 1821 - 29 and the Russian - Turkish war of 1828 - 29, Greece in 1830, gained independence. During the First World War, he was on the side of the Antanta. 1941 the country was occupied by German and Italian troops. After the end of World War II, a civil war broke out in the country (1946 - 49). He finished it in 1952. Greece was a NATO member. 1967 the government moved to the military junta. 1974 After the nationwide strike, the military left power, demolished democratic institutions, and adopted a new constitution. 1992 In November, Greece became a full member of the European Union. Greece is a medium-sized industrially-agrarian country. Average annual income per capita - $ 7100 Small private enterprises are also numerous. Leading industries are food, chemical, mining, metallurgy and cement production. In the years that followed, electronics and some types of machine-building were rapidly developing. In agriculture, mainly grapes, fruits, flax, grain crops are grown. In addition, the trade fleet and tourism are well-developed. Greece is one of the world's leading trade federations. Annually, more than 10 million tourists come to the country with a fortune of $ 4 billion. US dollars in revenue. Main trading partners: Germany, Italy, USA, France, Saudi Arabia. 1992 Established diplomatic relations with Kazakhstan on October 1, 2013. Athens is the city of Athens, the first democratic state in history to be recognized as the cradle of Western civilization. From 1981 - the EU, and from 1952 - a NATO member.
Sources
↑ http://www.tovima.gr/files/1/2011/07/22/apografh22.pdf
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