Sun . 20 Jul 2020

Bahrain

Bahrain is a state in South-West Asia, the Bahrain Islands in the Persian Gulf. The area is 695 km². Population - 643 thousand people (1998). Capital - Manama (about 160 thousand people). Largest Cities: Mucarrak, Rifa'a, Jesus. The state language is Arabic. The people adhere to Islam. The Bahraini Emirate is a constitutional monarchy. Head of State and Armed Forces Commander - Amir. The legislative power is in the hands of the Amir and the Council of Sovereignty under the 1973 Constitution. The members of the Council (30 members) are appointed by the Ameer. The Executive Power is entrusted to the Council of Ministers. Political parties and trade unions are prohibited. The territory of the state consists of 33 islands. Large groups: Bahrain, Mucaratrak, Umm-Naasan, Sitra, Haar. The land is flat, deserted. Climate of tropical and subtropical. The average temperature is 18 ° C in the winter, 25 ° C in spring, 40 ° C in summer, 28 ° C in autumn. Average annual precipitation is 90 mm. The first information about the Bahrain 3,000 years ago. B. z. At the beginning, Bahrain was a private emirate. In the IV - VI centuries it became part of the state of the Sassanid, and later the Arab caliphate. In the thirteenth century, the Bahraini Emirate gained its independence, and subsequently was added to the Emirate of Oman. In the beginning of the XVI century Bahrain was occupied by the Portuguese, and in the seventeenth century it entered Iran. In the 80's of the XVIII century, the Arab allies of the Al-Khalif dynasty proclaimed the independence of Bahrain, but in the 19th century, the United Kingdom made a number of agreements with the Shaikhs (1820, 1847, 1861), and in 1871 set up its own protector in the country. In 1880 and in 1892, the Bahrain Emirate became the flock of the British. During the First World War (1914-1918), British military bases were deployed in Bahrain. In 1932, when oil was discovered, US capital began to emerge. During the Second World War (1939-1945), the British government held a large military presence here and became Manama's residence in the Persian Gulf. As a result of the nation-liberation movement of the Arab peoples, on 14 August 1971, the Bahraini Emirate was declared an independent state. The basis of Bahrain's economy is oil and natural gas. 70% of the annual gross domestic product is supplied by the oil. Explored oil reserves - 27 million tons. tons, gas reserves - 240 bln. m3. There are oil, aluminum and shipbuilding factories. There are 11 power plants in Bahrain. Annual gross domestic product - $ 5 billion. About $. Agriculture accounts for only 1%. Vegetables, figs, citrus fruits and grapes are grown. Most foodstuffs are purchased from outside. The Bahrain Emirate is a major financial center in the Middle East. Main ports: Manama, Salman and Sitra. Main trading partners are Saudi Arabia, USA, Great Britain, Germany, Australia, Japan. Foreign policy is aimed at resolving conflicts in the Middle East and establishing peace in the Persian Gulf. On May 28, 1992, the Bahraini Emirate established diplomatic relations with Kazakhstan. Economic relations with Kazakhstan are developing
































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