Tue . 19 Jul 2019

Asia

44579000 km²
Population: 4,164,252,000 people
Average density: 87 people / km²



Asian countries, Asian countries
Member states
Dependent areas

List of Akrotiri and Deliaria
British Boundaries in the Indian Ocean
Cayman Islands
Cocos Islands
Unlisted

Abkhazia
Palestine
Nagorno-Karabakh
Republic of South Ossetia
Taiwan
Northern Cyprus
Time Zones
UTC + 2 UTC + 12
Internet GDR
.asia
Large cities
List < Tokyo - Seoul - Mumbai - Delhi - Karachi - Jakarta - Osaka
Shanghai
Manila
Hong Kong to Tehran
Lahore to Kolkata to Beijing
Taipei to Bangkok to Singapore to Kuala Lumpur

> Dubai
Asia (in the Assyrian language, meaning - east, east) is the largest part of the world. Connects with Europe and forms the Eurasian continent
Contents
1 Geographical location
1.1 Belts: 1.2 Geography of the continent: 2 Terrain 2.1 The highest mountain and mountain top:
2.2 Largest plains:
3 Mines
3.1 Main oil and gas districts: 4 Climate
5 Inland waters
5.1 Largest rivers in a closed loop:
6 Plants
7 Animals
8 Political Distinctions
9 Asian Countries
10 Comments
11 Sources
12 Bibliography:
Geographical Location
Map of Asia

European Conventions the eastern border of the Ural Mountains the Emba River, the Caspian Sea, the Kumam-Mank River, the Azov Sea, the Black Sea, the Bosporus Strait, the Marmara Sea, the Dardanelles Strait. Area of ​​43.4 mln. km2 (30% of all continents). In the southwest, Suetz Asia will continue Asia with Africa; It is separated from North America by the Bering Strait. On the south there is a Malay landmark. The total area of ​​the islands is 2 million. km2. Small coastal coastline. The central parts of the continent are located at 2-2.5 thousand km from the ocean
















Arabia
Asia Minor
Indian Peninsula
Peripheral Latitudes: North of the Sea - The Chilean Sea
the South of the Rio Negro Beach


The absolute height of the Asian continent (Everest peak, 8848 m) is on the first place, the second highest after the Antarctic continent (950 m). 75% of the land is mountainous and mountainous. They form two main belts. The Latitude Belt extends from Asia Minor to the Pacific Coast.
Pamir.
Himalaya
The highest mountain and mountain ranges: Pamir
Tien Shan
Tibetan mountain ridge
Himalayas
Hinduushu
Karakorum.
The top of the Himalayan mountains is 7 - 8 thousand meters and above. The north-eastern belt extends from the Tian Shan to the Chukchi Peninsula. The mountaintops are older and lighter than the latitude. On the eastern side of the continental shelf there are isolated from the north and south of the Koryak mountain range, the Kamchatka Mountains, the north-western slopes, the north-western slopes, Sikhote-Alin, Korey Mountains, Nanjing, Annam Mountain. 25% of the total area of ​​Asia is plain.
The largest plains:
West Siberia
Turan
The Great Plain of China
the Indian-Gang Plain
Mesopotamia
Mine
Main oil and gas districts: Western Siberia
Caspian Depression
Caucasus
Mangistau
Central Asia
Persian Gulf
Malaysian shore - North and West China oil and gas district.
Iron ore and nonferrous metals are found in mountainous and hilly areas of Asia. The abundance of phosphorite reserves in Karatau is Kazakhstan (bauxite ore in the Turgai steppe (Kazakhstan), Krasnoyarsk, India, Myanmar, Indonesia, the largest field of diamonds in Sakha Yakutia.) Climate
Average monthly average space between 1961-1990































































High Mountain temperatures and mountaintops are characterized by cold desert climate Climate of the Malacca Peninsula and the Greater Arctic is equatorial

The lowest temperatures in winter are observed in northeast Siberia The average temperature of the Verkhojon ridge and Oiymahon in January is -50 ° C, sometimes the lowest temperature - 70 ° C. Average temperature of January in the equatorial zone varies from 25 ° C. Summer temperature varies depending on latitudes.The average July temperature is 10 ° C in the southern border of the tundra, and 55 ° C in the northern latitude 20 ° C, tropical, octave at atmospheric belts up to 25 to 28oC. The southern, southeastern regions of Asia are very humid. The average annual rainfall in the Cherrapunjee region at the southern foot of the Himalayas is 12665 ​​mm (the densest region on Earth). Precipitation in the equatorial belt yields 2000 mm per year. The moisture content decreases sharply and does not exceed 1000 mm on the slopes of the mountain sloping belt. The climate is lower in the subtropical and moderate seas in the regions of 600-1000 mm, in the Siberian majority - 300 - 500 mm, in tundra 150 - 200 mm, in the deserts of the Middle, Central and Central Asia - 100 - 150 mm. the waters of the Asian continent are rich in the river. So Asia is called "the edge of civilization on the river bank." [1] Caucasus, Pamir, Tien Shan, Himalayas, Karakarim, Hinduush, etc. glaciers are spread in the mountains (total area of ​​120 thousand km²). Glaciers play an important role in rivers. About 60% of the inland water is inland, 40% in the inner lane. [2] The main rivers in Asia are: Yangtze, Sary River (Huanghe), Ob, Amur, Lena, Mekong, Yenisei, India, Brahmaputra, Salin, Wiljuj, Amurdarya, Gang, Euphrates, Aldan, Syrdarya, Tarim, Kalmy, Aearwadi, Tigris, Songhua and Angara rivers. The rivers Ob, Irtysh, Yenisei, Angara, Lena, Yana, Indians and Kolyma rivers include the Anadi, Amur, Huanghe, Yangji, Yssy, Mycong, Chao Praya and the Red River. Yangtze is the longest in Asia and the third largest river in the world. The Euphrates is the longest river in the Middle East. The famous city of Babylon (Babylon) was located along this river. The main river of the Indian Peninsula, Gang, runs through the Northern Indian plains to the east of Bangladesh. The longest river in Kazakhstan - the Ishim River. Its total length is 2450 km, including 1400 km of the territory of Kazakhstan. Murray, Snowy, Marrambiège - one of the main rivers. Other river systems in Western Australia are Fitzroy, Ord, Swan; Derwent and Tamar in Tasmania; Hawkesbury of New South Wales. In New Zealand, rivers are often flooded by heavy rainfalls. The longest river length is 425 km. This island also has a Hue waterfall. [1]
The largest rivers in the Inner Lane are:
Volga
Kura River
Amu Darya
Ural
Syrdarya
Ili.
The rivers of the equatorial belt are full of abundant water throughout the year. The East and South Asia rivers are transported during the whole summer due to marine rains. The water of the Mediterranean rivers in the Mediterranean Sea increases in the winter. In the summertime the snow-capped snow leopard and snow-covered rivers are heavily laden. The major rivers of the continent have been used for road and groundwater since ancient times. 'There are plenty of lakes in Asia. The largest is the Caspian Sea and the Aral Seas. In tectonic arcs there are Baikal, Zaisan, Issyk Kul, Dead Sea, Khubsugul, Kukunor, Altynkol.
High mountainous regions have lakes, Lakes due to the volcanic activity in Kamchatka and the coast of the Pacific coast, Karst lakes are numerous in the foothills of Zagros Mountains and Central Asia, and thermocardial lakes in Siberia. Lakes in desert belt are generally salty

The largest rivers in Asia: The Volga River, the Ili river, the Kura river, the river Syrdarya,



part of the region is included in the Golestan flora region. South of the Arabian Peninsula, India, the Indian Peninsula, the Philippines and the Malay Peninsula, the Paleotropic region. The Paleotropic Flora has developed in the midst of a period of severe climatic conditions since the end of Mesozoic.
Various varieties, including rapeseed and endemic species. Arctic, mussel-pelvic tundra is spread in the Arctic Ocean. In northern Asia, the forest is home to a very large area, with many places in the taiga (western spruce, mussel, cedar, cedar and pine in the east). The mixed and flat leafy forests of the Far East are rich in plant species. Forest belt to the south of the forest belt (south of Western Siberia, northern Mongolia, Baikal outskirts, North-East China). Middle and Central Asia is dominated by desert vegetation. The mountain in Tibet and Pamir is a cold desert. Subtropical desert, semi-desert and dry steppes grow on the mountainous foothills of Asia Minor, northern Mesopotamia. The southern part of Mesopotamia and the Arabian Peninsula are referred to as the tropical desert. To the west of the subtropical belt, on the coast of Asia Minor, the Mediterranean plant grows mainly of macvices and evergreen oaks. On the Pacific coast, the forests of the mountaineer belt move to the subtropical forests (perennial trees - magnolia, laurel, oak, camphor, bean tree, cypress, etc.). The Malaka Peninsula and the Mala Canyon have a long, tropical thick forest (gillage) that grows in green. The plants in its mountains form the heights. Mountain Tong and Mountain Tides in North Asia, Mountain and Desert in Central and Central Asia, Tropical Mountain Forest in South Asia dominates

Asia Pacific
Asia's Golden Batterie. > Asia is primarily a part of the Paleoctic Division in the Golcukland Region. The animals form a set of latitudes and altitudes. Tundra has few animals. In the forest belt of mammals: elephants, jungles, brown bears, lynxes, coins, dwarfs, mammals, birds, deer, weevil, moss, sparrows, The eastern ridge is rich in animal species. There are animals of the Taipei, flat-leafed forests and the subtropical region. Steppe and desert have been prevalent in the Lower, Middle, Central and Central Asia, Northwestern India. Especially the species of rodents.
The western part of the Mediterranean Sea: the leopard, the cheetah, the wolf, the wolf, the falcon, and so on. lives. The tiger, the lion in Northwestern India, is lying on the banks of the river. In India, Malay-Malay animals (elephants, orangutans, gibbon, macaac, lemur, tupeia, tincture, rhinoceros, tigers, bear, leopard, etc.) are located on the subecrotic and equatorial widths of the continent. .) prevails. There are plenty of birds. The most widespread snails, crocodiles, snakes, snakes and python (8-10m long) are commonly expelled.
UN Asia Sub-Siberia: ÛÛ North Asia ÛÛ Central Asia ÛU South-Western Asia Ûù East Asia █U South East Asia
Political division
Asia's political structure:
North Asia (Russian Federation); Western Asia (Cyprus, the main part of Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates (Oman), Oman, Yemen, Yemen Middle East Asia, such as the People's Democratic Republic (NWR);
South Asia (Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Nepal, the Republic of Maldives); South-East Asia (Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Philippines, Indonesia, Brunei, East Timor)
East Asia (China, People's Republic of China, DPRK , South Korea, Japan)
Asian countries
Names of territories and territories with their bites
Territory (km²)
People

(July 1, 2002 est.)
population density (per km²)
Capital: Central Asia: Kazakhstan [3]
2,346,927
16,972,893
5.7
Astana - Kyrgyzstan - 198,500 flights to 4,822,166 flights to Bishkek from 24,3 to Bishkek
Tajikistan to 143,100 to 6,719,567 to 47,0 to Dushanbe to Turkmenistan
48,8,100
4,688,963
9,6
Ashgabat - Uzbekistan: 447,400 points and 25,563,441 to 57,1
Tashkent and East Asia:
China [4]
9,584,492
1,384,303,705
134,0 Flights from Beijing to Hong Kong [5]
1,092 hotels and 7,303,334 points on 6,688.0 Victoria City to Japan from 377,835 brands > 126,974,628
336,1
Tokyo to Macao [6] on 25
461,833 to 18,473.3 Flights to Mongolia to 1,565,000 to 2,694,432 to 1,7
Ulan-Batyr
North Korea
120,540
22,224,195
184.4
Pyongyang to South Korea


Taipei
North Africa: Weather forecast for

[8]
980,869
80,335,036
21,7
Cairo and North Asia:
Russia [9]
13,115,200 to 139,129,729 € 3.0 Moscow
Brunei Darussalam
5,770 to 350,898
60,8 km City of Bandar Seri Begawan to Cambodia with 181,040 reviews

East Timor [11]
15,007 to 952,618 to 63.5 years to Indonesia in the Indonesian language [12]
1,419,588 reviews to 227,026,560 reviews to 159,9 in Jakarta
Laos: 236,800
5,777,180 to 24,4 Flights to Vientiane from Malaysia to 329,750 Hotels, 27,662,365 people to Kuala Lumpur to Myanmar (Burma) at 678,500
42,238,224 by 62,3 by Naypyidaw [13]
Philippines Philippines 300,000 downloads
84,525,639 to 281.8 | Manila in Singapore
7 04
4,483,900
6,369.0
Singapore
Thailand
514,000
62,354,402
121,3
Bangkok
Vietnam
331,690 to 87,375,000 to 246.1
Hanoi
South Asia: Afghanistan
647,500
27,755,775
42,9
Kabul
Bangladesh
144,000
133,376,684
926,2
Daka
Bhutan
47,000
672,425
14,3 | Thimphu
India [14]
3,167,590 to 1,045,845,226 to 318.2 | New Delhi to Iran | 1,648,195
70,472,846
42
Tehran - Maldives
300 to 320,165 to 1,067.2 English to Malé
Nepal to go to 140,800 to 25,873,917 to 183.8
Kathmandu - Pakistan
803,940
147,663,429
183.7 | Flights from Islamabad to Sri Lanka | Flights from Sri Lanka to 65,610 Km from 19,576,783 to 298,4 by Colombo | South- Western Asia: Armenia [15] - 29,800 - 3,330,099 of 111,7
Yerevan to Azerbaijan [16] to 46,870 people found for the following cities. 45,127 to 82,0
Baku
Bahrain - 665 - 656,397 - 987.1 - Manama to Cyprus [17] to 9,250 to 775,927 to 83,9
Nicosia - Gaza [18] - 363 - 1,203,591 - 3,315.7 - Gaza to Georgia [19]
20,460 to 2,032,004 to 99,3 to Tbilisi
Iraq - 437,072 - 24,001,816 - 54,9
Baghdad to Israel - 20,770 to 6,029,529 reviews and find the article " br> 5,307,470
57,5 ​​ammÄ￾t
Kuwait
17,820 flights to 2,111,561 by 118,5 Kuwait to Libya from 10,452 to 3,677,780 by 353,6 Beirut - Oman - 212,460 Flights to Buenos Aires | Flights from Qatar to 11,437 by 793,341 | 69,4 | Doha to Saudi Arabia | 1,960,582
23,513,330
12,0
Riyadh - Syria - 185,180 to 17,155,814 by 92,6 | Damascus to Turkey [21] to 756,768 to 67,308,928. 76.5 United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
82,880
2 , 445,989 - 29,5
Abu Dhabi West coast [18] Weather: 5,860 off
2,303,660
393,1 upload by: details | Yemen | 527,970 | 18,701,257 | 35.4 - Secrets of Total
43,810,582
3,902,404,193
89,07
Comments ↑ ab Cognitive Encyclopedia for Children. Geographical Zones, page 26 ↑ The Kazakh National Encyclopedia, Volume 1 ↑ Some part of Kazakhstan, as it is in Eastern Europe, has only a population of Central Asia and its population. ↑ The current state is formally known as the People's Republic of China (PRC), which is subsumed by the eponymous entity and civilization (China). Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan are the numbers given for the mainland China. ↑ Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the PRC. ↑ Macau is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) ) of the PRC. ↑ Figures are for the area under the de facto control of the Republic of China (ROC) government, frequently referred to as Taiwan. Claimed in whole by PRC; see political status of Taiwan. ↑ Egypt is a transcontinental country in Northern Africa and Western Asia; ↑ Russia is a transcontinental country; it is a transcontinental country; population and area figures are for Asian section only.
↑ Excludes Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands.
↑ East Timor is often considered a transcontinental country in Southeastern Asia and Oceania. ↑ Indonesia is often considered a transcontinental country in Southeastern Asia and Oceania; Figures do not include Irian Jaya and Maluku Islands, frequently reckoned in Oceania (Melanesia / Australasia). ↑ The administrative capital of Myanmar was officially moved from Yangon (Rangoon) to a militarized greenfield just west of Pyinmana on 6 November 2005.
↑ Includes Jammu and Kashmir, a controversial territory of India, Pakistan, and the PRC. ↑ Armenia is sometimes considered a transcontinental country: physiographically in Western Asia, it has historical and sociopolitical connections with Europe.
↑ Azerbaijan is a transcontinental country in Western Asia and Eastern Europe; population and area figures are for Asian section only. Figures include Nakhchivan, an autonomous exclave of Azerbaijan bordered by Armenia, Iran, and Turkey. ↑ The island of Cyprus is sometimes considered a transcontinental territory, in the Eastern Basin of the Mediterranean Sea, it has historical and socio -political connections with Europe. The Republic of Northern Cyprus (KKTC), apart from the de jure, is recognized only by Turkey. ↑ ab Gaza and West Bank, collectively referred to as "Occupied Palestinian Territory" by the UN, are territories partially occupied by Israel but under the de facto administration of the Palestinian National Authority. ↑ Georgia is often considered a transcontinental country in Western Asia and Eastern Europe; ↑ In 1980, Jerusalem proclaimed Israel's united capital, following its annexation of Arab-dominant East Jerusalem during the 1967 Six-Day War. The United Nations and many countries do not recognize this claim, rather than the many countries maintaining embassies in Tel Aviv. ↑ Turkey is a transcontinental country in Western Asia and Southern Europe;


http://en.wikipedia.org
References:
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