Zagrebački električni tramvaj


The Zagrebački električni tramvaj ZET English: Zagreb Electric Tram is the major transit authority responsible for public transport in Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, and parts of the surrounding Zagreb County It is one of the municipal companies controlled by Zagreb Holding ZET operates an extensive bus system, 19 tram lines 15 daytime lines and 4 nighttime lines, a gondola lift and a funicular line Historically, ZET workshops also produced trams namely, types M-22, M-24 and three TMK 101 prototypes

Contents

  • 1 Tram
  • 2 Bus
    • 21 Rolling stock
    • 22 Routes
      • 221 Urban routes
      • 222 Suburban routes
  • 3 City bus gallery
  • 4 Funicular
  • 5 Gondola lift
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Tramedit

Main article: Trams in Zagreb TMK 2200

The first tram line was opened on September 5, 1891, setting off a vital part of the Zagreb mass transit system Zagreb today features an extensive tram network with 15 day and 4 night lines running over 117 km 73 mi of tracks through 255 stations and transporting almost 500,000 passengers per day During the day every line runs on average every 5–10 minutes, but almost every station serves at least two routes Nighttime lines have exact timetables averaging at about every 40 minutes Daytime lines also have timetables, but they don't usually abide to them due to traffic fluctuations that can prolong a trip by more than 30 minutes, leading to frequent gaps at and after rush hour

Rolling stock is very diverse It currently includes around 240 motor units of 6 different tram types June 2010 On a normal work day there are over 193 units used in traffic

Busedit

Modern ZET tram and bus

ZET currently runs 134 bus lines, providing services not only to the city of Zagreb, but also to other satellite towns such as Zaprešić, Velika Gorica, Bistra, etc Bus service frequencies vary depending on the number of passengers on a certain line- some bus lines have 5 minute intervals, others 15, or even 50-minute intervals, and some run only in peak times Timetables are given only for the first and the last stops, although putting timetables on every stop is in process Buses generally serve as feeders for tram system

Rolling stockedit

Current stock is around 300 units, and it consists of MAN, Mercedes-Benz and Irisbus-Iveco buses Buses are mostly low-floor, with high-floor buses in use only on suburban-regional routes In June, 2007 ZET started using biodiesel in 11 busses, and since 2009 sixty CNG buses are in use ZET is planning to use biodiesel and CNG 50:50% in their buses in early future

Routesedit

Urban routesedit

Urban bus system consists of 78 routes: 101-110, 112-116, 118-143, 146, 150, 201-210, 212-234, 236-238; although routes 112, 132, 208, 209 and a few others might be described as suburban City buses and trams are entirely in the 1st tariff zone The network is constantly expanding, and new routes to neighborhoods Donje Svetice, Podbrežje and a few others are expected soon

Suburban routesedit

Out of 56 suburban routes, 23 of them run in the City of Zagreb administrative area: numbers 159-164, 166, 168, 261-263, 269-280 Since tariff system change put in service on January 1, 2006, all routes on the territory of City of Zagreb have been running in the 1st zone

Suburban routes outside of City of Zagreb run in zones 1-4, most of them beginning at tram terminals in the first zone, connecting the city with surrounding villages and towns, but some of the routes also begin in towns Zaprešić and Velika Gorica These 35 lines go to following areas in Zagreb County: cities Velika Gorica 268, 302-305, 307-311, 313, 315, 319-325, 330, 335 and Zaprešić 170, 172, 180, 181, 182 and municipalities of Luka 174, Bistra 175-177, Jakovlje 178, Klinča Sela 165, 169 and Stupnik 111, 164

The longest route is the 35-km route 311 Main Station-Cerovski Vrh, though most of suburban routes are about 20 km long

See also: List of bus lines PDF file

City bus galleryedit

ZET funicular

Funicularedit

Main article: Zagreb Funicular

The only funicular in Zagreb is operated by ZET, connecting the Tomićeva Street with Strossmayerovo Promenade to the north

The funicular was built in 1890 and has been in operation since April 23, 1893 It has two cars for 28 passengers each It runs on 1200 mm gauge rails, track length is only 66 m, but height difference is 305 m and inclination 52% This makes it one of the shortest, but also one of the steepest funiculars in the world It runs at a speed of 15 m/s, needing 1 minute to complete the trip

Gondola liftedit

Old passenger cabin as a sculpture

The gondola lift towards Sljeme on Medvednica used to operate over a distance of 4017 m and over a height difference of 669 meters The cars traveled at a speed of 3 metres per second 98 ft/s and it took it 13 minutes to cross the distance A cabin can hold four adult persons and a new one started the ride every 32 seconds

The current gondola lift was in operation from 1963-07-27 to 2007-06-30, when it officially ceased to operate1

Though, there are plans to thoroughly rebuild the entire gondola lift system Modernisation would include bigger cars, speed improvement, higher wind resistance and about 1030 m longer route - 130 m towards north until the peak of the mountain, and 900 m towards south down to the Dolje tram terminal Construction might begin soon

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Zet article "Sljemenski lift do vrha Medvednice", in Croatian, retrieved 2009-10-08

External linksedit

  • ZET website
  • The photo-report on Zagreb trams
  • Zeljeznicenet
  • Tram in Zagreb
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