Yochai Benkler


Yochai Benkler born 1964 is an Israeli-American author and the Berkman Professor of Entrepreneurial Legal Studies at Harvard Law School He is also a faculty co-director of the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University

Contents

  • 1 Biography
  • 2 Works
    • 21 The Wealth of Networks
    • 22 Contributions to industrial information economy
  • 3 Awards
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Biography

From 1984 to 1987, Benkler was a member and treasurer of the Kibbutz Shizafon[1] He received his LLB from Tel-Aviv University in 1991 and JD from Harvard Law School in 1994 He worked at the law firm Ropes & Gray from 1994–1995 He clerked for US Supreme Court Justice Stephen G Breyer from 1995 to 1996 Benkler is the last person to clerk for a US Supreme Court justice without having prior judicial clerkship experience

He was a professor at New York University School of Law from 1996 to 2003, and visited at Yale Law School and Harvard Law School during 2002–2003, before joining the Yale Law School faculty in 2003 In 2007, Benkler joined Harvard Law School, where he teaches and is a faculty co-director of the Berkman Center for Internet & Society Benkler is on the advisory board of the Sunlight Foundation[2] In 2011, his research led him to receive the $100,000 Ford Foundation Social Change Visionaries Award[3]

Works

Benkler's research focuses on commons-based approaches to managing resources in networked environments He coined the term 'commons-based peer production' to describe collaborative efforts based on sharing information, such as free and open source software and Wikipedia[4] He also uses the term 'networked information economy' to describe a "system of production, distribution, and consumption of information goods characterized by decentralized individual action carried out through widely distributed, nonmarket means that do not depend on market strategies"[5]

The Wealth of Networks

Benkler's 2006 book The Wealth of Networks[6] examines the ways in which information technology permits extensive forms of collaboration that have potentially transformative consequences for economy and society Wikipedia, Creative Commons, Open Source Software and the blogosphere are among the examples that Benkler draws upon[7] The Wealth of Networks is itself published under a Creative Commons license For example, Benkler argues that blogs and other modes of participatory communication can lead to "a more critical and self-reflective culture", where citizens are empowered by the ability to publicize their own opinions on a range of issues, which enables them to move from passive recipients of "received wisdom" to active participants Much of The Wealth of Networks is presented in economic terms, and Benkler raises the possibility that a culture in which information is shared freely could prove more economically efficient than one in which innovation is encumbered by patent or copyright law, since the marginal cost of re-producing most information is effectively nothing

Contributions to industrial information economy

According to Benkler, the emergence of the networked information economy "has the potential to increase individual autonomy",[8] which he means would provide individuals with a richer basis from which they can form critical judgement concerning how they should live their life Benkler coined the term 'Jalt' as a contraction of jealousy and altruism, to describe the dynamic in commons-based peer production where some participants get paid while others do not, or "whether people get paid differentially for participating" The term was first introduced in his seminal paper "Coase's Penguin, or, Linux and the Nature of the Firm" It is described in more technical terms as "social-psychological component of the reward to support monetary appropriation by others or where one agent is jealous of the rewards of another"[9]

Benkler appeared in the documentary film Steal This Film, which is available through Creative Commons He discussed various issues, including: how the changing cost structures in film and music production are enabling new stratums of society to create[10]

Benkler is a strong proponent of Wikileaks, characterizing it as a prime example of non-traditional media filling a public watchdog role left vacant by traditional news outlets[11] In a draft paper written for the Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review in February 2011, he uses governmental vilification and prosecution of Wikileaks as a case study demonstrating the need for more robust legal protection for independent media[12]

In August 2011, Benkler was a keynote speaker at the Wikimania conference in Haifa, Israel[13] That same August,[14] Benkler's latest book on social cooperation online and off, titled The Penguin and the Leviathan: How Cooperation Triumphs over Self-Interest, was published Benkler discussed this book at a lecture given at Harvard on October 18, 2011[15]

Benkler contributed the essay "Complexity and Humanity" to the Freesouls book project, which discusses the human element in production and technology[16]

Awards

  • 2006 – Donald McGannon Award for Social and Ethical Relevance in Communications Policy Research[17]
  • 2006 – Public Knowledge IP3 Award[18]
  • March 2007 – EFF Pioneer Award[19]
  • 2008 – The American Sociological Association Section on Communication and Information Technologies CITASA Book Award[20]
  • 2009 – Don K Price Award[21]
  • May 2011 – Ford Foundation Visionaries Award[22]

See also

  • Industrial information economy
  • Carr–Benkler wager

References

  1. ^ Benkler bio
  2. ^ Board and Advisory Board Sunlight Foundation, February 14, 2011
  3. ^ Yochai Benkler receives Ford Foundation Visionaries Award on cyberlawharvardedu
  4. ^ Steven Johnson September 21, 2012 "The Internet We Built That" New York Times Retrieved 2012-09-24 The Harvard legal scholar Yochai Benkler has called this phenomenon 'commons-based peer production' 
  5. ^ Benkler, Yochai 2006 The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom New Haven, Conn: Yale University Press p 3 ISBN 0-300-11056-1 
  6. ^ Benkler, Yochai 2006 The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom New Haven, Conn: Yale University Press ISBN 0-300-11056-1 
  7. ^ Benkler, Y 2011 "The unselfish gene" Harvard business review 89 7–8: 76–85, 164 PMID 21800472 
  8. ^ Benkler, Yochai 2006 The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom New Haven, Conn: Yale University Press ISBN 0-300-11056-1 
  9. ^ Benkler, Yochai 2002 Coase's Penguin, or, Linux and the Nature of the Firm The Yale Law Journal 1123: 429
  10. ^ Conflicts in cultural production
  11. ^ http://techpresidentcom/blog-entry/yochai-benkler-every-journalist-should-shudderthat-amazon-took-wikileaks-its-servers
  12. ^ http://wwwbenklerorg/Benkler_Wikileaks_currentpdf
  13. ^ Israel hosts Wikimania 2011
  14. ^ "The Penguin and the Leviathan: How Cooperation Triumphs over Self-Interest" cyberlawharvardedu 
  15. ^ The Penguin and the Leviathan: How Cooperation Triumphs over Self-Interest on cyberlawharvardedu October 8, 2011
  16. ^ Complexity and Humanity, Yochai Benkler
  17. ^ Donald McGannon Award for Social and Ethical Relevance in Communications Policy Research from The McGannon Center
  18. ^ IP3 Awards Winners Announced from Public Knowledge
  19. ^ Press release March 2007 of Electronic Frontier Foundation
  20. ^ CITASA Book Award from American Sociological Association
  21. ^ Science, Technology, and Environmental Politics Section Don K Price Award Winners from American Political Science Association
  22. ^ Twelve Social Change Visionaries Are Honored by the Ford Foundation on fordfoundationorg

External links

  • Official website
  • Official page at Harvard Law School
  • Interview with Benkler
  • Speaking at Pop!Tech 2005
  • Yochai Benkler at TED
    • Yochai Benkler on the new open-source economics, a TED talk TEDGlobal 2005
  • The Penguin and The Leviathan: The Science and Practice of Cooperation at The Santa Fe Institute 2010
  • Wikipedia 1, Hobbes 0: Benkler's chair lecture at Harvard Law, as reported in the Harvard Law Record
  • From Consumers to Users: Shifting the Deeper Structures of Regulation Toward Sustainable Commons and User Access
  • Roberts, Russ April 5, 2010 "Benkler on Net Neutrality, Competition, and the Future of the Internet" EconTalk Library of Economics and Liberty 


Yochai Benkler Information about


Yochai Benkler
Yochai Benkler

Yochai Benkler Information Video


Yochai Benkler viewing the topic.
Yochai Benkler what, Yochai Benkler who, Yochai Benkler explanation

There are excerpts from wikipedia on this article and video