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Yilan County, Taiwan

map of yilan county taiwan, yilan county in taiwan
Yilan County Chinese: 宜蘭縣; pinyin: Yílán Xiàn; Wade–Giles: I2-lan2 Hsien4 is a county in northeastern Taiwan Yilan is officially administered as a county of the Republic of China


  • 1 Name
  • 2 History
    • 21 Spanish Formosa
    • 22 Dutch Formosa
    • 23 Kingdom of Tungning
    • 24 Qing Dynasty
    • 25 Empire of Japan
    • 26 Republic of China
  • 3 Geography
  • 4 Government
    • 41 Elected magistrates
    • 42 Administrative divisions
    • 43 Politics
  • 5 Demographics and culture
    • 51 Population
  • 6 Education
  • 7 Energy
  • 8 Tourist attractions
    • 81 Festivals
  • 9 Transportation
    • 91 Rail
  • 10 Relative location
  • 11 References
  • 12 External links


The name Yilan name derives from the aboriginal Kavalan tribe Other former names in reference to this area in the Yilan Plain include Kabalan,1 Kavalan, La-A-Lan,E-A-Lan, and Gilan Before 2009, the county's official name was transliterated as Ilan


Yilan Government building in 1915

Since early ages, many people have traveled from far places to Yilan Indigenous tribes that have settled in Yilan are Kavalan people and Atayal people

The Kavalan people came by the sea and lived by the river at Yilan Plain since around 1,000 years ago They mostly speak the Austronesian languages Their settlements consisted of small villages along rivers with around 40-50 communities scattered around the area with a total population of approximately 10,000 people The Atayal people came by crossing the Xiyuan Pass and settled in the mountain areas

The Atayal people arrived in Yilan around 250 years ago and settled along the upper Dazhuoshui River Later, the tribes crossed the Siyuan Pass to reach the valley upstream of the Zhuoshui River These people are the current residents of Datong Township Other parts of the Atayal people headed east to enter and settle along the Nan'ao North River and Heping North River These groups are now settled in Nan-ao Township

Around 200 years ago at the end of 18th century, the Han Chinese traversed the mountain range and settled in Yilan Large populations began taming the wilderness, cultivating the fields and building irrigation channels They used various means to seize lands from the Kavalans Some Kavalans left their homes while some others migrated southwards to Hualien and Taitung coastlines and established settlements2

Spanish Formosaedit

The Spaniards began arriving in Taiwan in the 17th century In 1626, the Spaniards led an invasion under the pretext of ship crews having been slain by Taiwanese barbarians They then torched harbors and surrounding villages, and even went as far as taking over Su'ao Town and established a city called Saint Lorenzo

Dutch Formosaedit

The Spaniards were subsequently ousted by the Dutch who had taken over the southern part of Taiwan and established Dutch Formosa In 1640, the Dutch began contacting Han Chinese merchants for trade and levying taxes on various commercial goods The merchants had to pay all company taxes but also enjoyed the right to monopolize trade

Kingdom of Tungningedit

During the Kingdom of Tungning era, the previous economy monopoly system developed during the Dutch Formosa continued to be practiced

Qing Dynastyedit

When the Qing Dynasty annexed Taiwan, they established the Kavalan sub-prefecture in Yilan In 1806, armed conflicts broke out among various ethnic immigrants, followed by pillaging by pirates The Qing Dynasty government subsequently realized that if they continued to disregard the Kavalan people and did not establish rule of law and a system of defense, Yilan would become a haven for criminals and outlaws, a thorn in the side for Taiwan In 1809, Jiaqing Emperor incorporated Kavalan into the domain of the empire Troops were dispatched to quell pirate attacks and chart local territory

Local government systems in Taiwan underwent many changes during the Qing Dynasty period But with regards to administrative levels lower than the county, including local villages, there were no major changes The earliest organization and planning of Yilan consisted of seven citadels In 1835, the seven citadels were further divided into 12 citadels based on the needs of the changing population and environment This arrangement remained unchanged until the end of Qing Dynasty rule3

After the Mudan Incident in 1874, Qing rulers changed their passive attitude and took a more ambitious approach in ruling Taiwan The original aboriginal term Kavalan district was renamed with a more Han-centric Yilan name and the administrative system was also changed accordingly from the original temporary "district" to a formally governed "county"4 In 1875, the newly created Taipeh Prefecture included modern-day Yilan County

Empire of Japanedit

After the First Sino-Japanese War in 1894, the Qing government handed over Taiwan to the Japan in accordance with the Treaty of Shimonoseki Modern-day Yilan County covers Giran District 宜蘭郡, Ratō District 羅東郡, Suō District 蘇澳郡, and Giran City 宜蘭市 as they existed from 1920 to 1945, all under Taihoku Prefecture, during Japanese rule

Republic of Chinaedit

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China in October 1945, the present-day area of Yilan County was incorporated under Taipei County On 16 August 1950, Yilan County was established as a county of Taiwan Province with Yilan City as the county seat


Yilan Plain

Yilan County sits on the Yilan Plain, a combined alluvial plain created by Lanyang River and other minor streams with a rough shape of triangle On the three vertices of the triangle sit the Toucheng, Sanxing and Su-ao Townships with a roughly equal distance of 30 km on the three sides The Xueshan Range sits on the northwest of Yilan County from Toucheng to Sanxing The county is geographically divided into the cliffs and the plains The Central Mountain Range sits to the south from Sanxing to Su'ao5

The Upper Lanyang River is steep and the rapid current is highly erosive Large amount of silt carried by the river have little time to settle because of the high slope of the lands where it flows out of the mountains and valleys An alluvial fan is formed as a result of scattered sand and gravel settling down Large amount of gravel accumulate in the shallow stream bed, creating alluvial fans that often forms into web-like pattern The river tends to change courses after floods caused by heavy rainfall or river overflow The Lanyang River slows down as it reaches mid and downstream where silt begins to settle

Yilan County is located in the northeastern Taiwan Island which covers an area of 2,143 km2 The longest distance from east to west is 63 km and from north to south is 74 km From the mountain areas downwards, the land falls in altitude in the stages of mountains, alleys, alluvial plains, lowlands, swamps, sand hills and finally coastline


Yilan City, the county seat of Yilan County Yilan County Government Yilan County Council

Yilan County is administered as a county of Taiwan Province Yilan City is the county seat which houses the Yilan County Government and Yilan County Council The county is headed by a magistrate with the incumbent acting magistrate is independent Wu Tze-cheng

Elected magistratesedit

  • Chen Ding-nan 陳定南 1981-1989
  • Yu Shyi-kun 游錫堃 1989-1997
  • Liu Shou-ch'eng 劉守成 1997-2005
  • Lu Kuo-hua 呂國華 2005-2009
  • Lin Tsung-hsien 林聰賢 2009-2017
    • Wu Tze-cheng 吳澤成 2017-

Administrative divisionsedit

See also: Administrative divisions of the Republic of China

Yilan County is divided into 1 city, 3 urban townships, 6 rural townships and 2 mountain indigenous townships

Name Chinese
Yilan City 宜蘭市
Urban townships
Luodong Township 羅東鎮
Su'ao Township 蘇澳鎮
Toucheng Township 頭城鎮
Rural townships
Dongshan Township 冬山鄉
Jiaoxi Township 礁溪鄉
Sanxing Township 三星鄉
Wujie Township 五結鄉
Yuanshan Township 員山鄉
Zhuangwei Township 壯圍鄉
Mountain indigenous townships
Datong Township 大同鄉
Nan'ao Township 南澳鄉


Yilan County voted one Democratic Progressive Party legislator out of one seat to be in the Legislative Yuan during the 2016 Republic of China legislative election6

Demographics and cultureedit

Year Pop ±%
1985 449,981 —    
1990 450,943 +02%
1995 465,043 +31%
2000 465,186 +00%
2005 460,426 −10%
2010 460,486 +00%
2015 458,117 −05%
Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan" Ministry of the Interior Population Census 


Today Han Chinese comprises the majority of the population in Yilan County2


National Ilan University

Education related affairs in Yilan County is governed by the Education Department of Yilan County Government The county houses several public and private universities and colleges such as the National Ilan University, Fo Guang University, Lan Yang Institute of Technology and St Mary's Medicine Nursing and Management College


Yilan County has 40 MW renewable energy capacity from an incinerator plant and two hydroelectric power plants7

Tourist attractionsedit

Su-ao Cold Spring Paddy fields in Yilan County
  • Guishan Island
  • Luodong Forestry Culture Park
  • Dolphin and whale watching8
  • Memorial Hall of Founding of Yilan Administration
  • Northeast Coast National Scenic Area
  • Jiaoxi Hot Springs 礁溪溫泉9
  • Wufongci Scenic Area 五峰旗風景區10
  • Taiping Mountain11
  • Luodong Night Market12
  • National Center for Traditional Arts
  • Spring Onion Culture Museum
  • Changpi Lake
  • Old Dali Bridge
  • Yilan Brick Kiln
  • Toucheng Leisure Farm


  • Yilan International Children's Folklore and Folkgame Festival, “A dreamland for the children of Taiwan, a magnet for art from around the world, a garden of culture for the people of Ilan” Seven years ago, these were the concepts that launched the first ICFFF, and over the years the people of Yilan have been making it happen step by step Of all Taiwan’s folk festivals, the ICFFF is probably the best known internationally
  • Each summer, Dongshan River Water Park attracts countless children and the themes of the various years have become for many part of the collective memory The number of people attending has grown each year since the festival was first held in 1996, surpassing one million visits for the first time in 2002 Not only does the event enrich Yilan’s cultural soil and create business opportunities, it offers a highly successful example which other cities and counties across Taiwan can draw on as they also attempt to bring more culture and art into the life of their communities
  • Started from 2004, Yilan Green International Film Festival GIFT; Chinese: 宜蘭國際綠色影展 is a non-competition film festival which launch its 3rd edition from 28/4 to 06/5, 2006 GIFT also aims to build up an archive collecting the selected works for the purposes of relevant research as well as education GIFT is an international film festival taking place in a beautiful country side of Taiwan As always, our guests will notice the clean and peaceful landscape of Yilan County and the hospitality of Yilan people We hope that GIFT is a film festival that could fulfill the expectations of all kind of the audience
  • Yilan International Collegiate Invitational Regatta13
  • Yilan Green Expo started from 2000 The Expo hold in spring every year and always locate on Wulaokeng, Su'ao The spindle of Expo normally has three parts and there are agricultural life, ecological conservation, sustainable future It attracts 300~400 thousand people every year in average14


Yilan Station


The Yilan Line and North-Link Line of Taiwan Railways Administration pass the county Train stations within the two lines in the county are Shihcheng, Dali, Daxi, Guishan, Wai-ao, Toucheng, Dingpu, Jiaoxi, Sicheng, Yilan, Erjie, Zhongli, Luodong, Dongshan, Xinma, Su'aoxin, Su'ao, Yongle, Dong-ao, Wuta and Hanben Station

Relative locationedit


  1. ^ Campbell, William 1903 "Explanatory Notes" Formosa under the Dutch: described from contemporary records, with explanatory notes and a bibliography of the island London: Kegan Paul p 543 OCLC 644323041 
  2. ^ a b http://wwwe-landgovtw/ctaspxItem=2306&CtNode=533&mp=5
  3. ^ http://wwwe-landgovtw/ctaspxItem=2308&ctNode=533&mp=5
  4. ^ http://wwwe-landgovtw/ctaspxItem=2309&ctNode=533&mp=5
  5. ^ http://wwwe-landgovtw/ctaspxItem=2316&CtNode=534&mp=5
  6. ^ "2016 The 14th Presidential and Vice Presidential Election and The 9th Legislator Election" 
  7. ^ Gao, Pat 1 January 2017 "Head of Steam" Taiwan Today Retrieved 3 March 2017 
  8. ^ 1 Archived September 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ "Jiaosi Hot Springs" National Central Library 
  10. ^ "Wufongci Five-Peak Flag Scenic Area" National Central Library 
  11. ^ "Taipingshan" taiwancomau 
  12. ^ Travel Bureau MOTC, ROC
  13. ^ regattailcedutw
  14. ^ 宜蘭縣政府 "2016宜蘭綠色博覽會官方網站– 糧心" greenexpoe-landgovtw Retrieved 2016-03-09 

External linksedit

  • Yilan County Government Website in Chinese 2 in English
  • ICFFF website in Chinese
  • NE Coast National Scenic Area website in English
  • Wufongci Waterfall in Japanese
  • Yilan - A Natural Choice for Families

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Yilan County, Taiwan

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