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Yamagata Prefecture

yamagata prefecture japan, yamagata prefecture map
Yamagata Prefecture 山形県, Yamagata-ken is a prefecture of Japan located in the Tōhoku region on Honshu island1 Its capital is Yamagata2

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Cities
    • 22 Towns and villages
    • 23 Mergers
  • 3 Climate
  • 4 Economy
    • 41 Fruit
  • 5 Demographics
  • 6 Culture
    • 61 Festivals and events
    • 62 Art
    • 63 Language
  • 7 Sports
  • 8 Transportation
    • 81 Airports
    • 82 Railways
  • 9 Tourism
  • 10 Media
    • 101 Newspapers
    • 102 TV and radio
    • 103 Film
  • 11 Notes
  • 12 References
  • 13 External links

Historyedit

See also: Historic Sites of Yamagata Prefecture

The aboriginal Ezo 蝦夷 people once inhabited the area now known as Yamagata Yamagata and Akita Prefecture were known as Dewa Province until the Meiji Restoration3

During the Heian Period 794–1185, the Fujiwara 藤原 family ruled the area Yamagata City flourished during the Edo Period 1603–1867 due to its status as a castle town and post station, famous for beni red safflower dye used in the production of handspun silk In 1689, the famous haiku poet, Matsuo Bashō visited Yamagata during his five-month trip to the northern regions of Japan

Geographyedit

Map of Yamagata Prefecture showing cities in pink, towns in yellow, and villages in cyan

Yamagata Prefecture is located in the southwest corner of Tōhoku, facing the Sea of Japan It borders Niigata Prefecture and Fukushima Prefecture on the south, Miyagi Prefecture on the east, and Akita Prefecture on the north All of these boundaries are marked by mountains, with most of the population residing in a limited central plain

As of 1 April 2012, 17% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Bandai-Asahi National Park; Chōkai, Kurikoma, and Zaō Quasi-National Parks; and six Prefectural Natural Parks4

Citiesedit

Thirteen cities are located in Yamagata Prefecture:

Towns and villagesedit

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergersedit

Main article: List of mergers in Yamagata Prefecture

Climateedit

The climate of Yamagata Prefecture is characterized by long hot humid summers and long snowy winters Both spring and autumn are short, the former often cold, the latter often warm, but both quite dry and sunny Yamagata Prefecture, along with northern parts of Miyagi and Iwate are the transition areas from humid subtropical climate Koppen Dfa/Dfb to humid continental within the Japan mainland Winter temperatures rarely fall below -10 °C in populated areas; they frequently rise above 30 °C in July and August Precipitation falls all year round and the remnants of one or perhaps two typhoons usually pass through between August and October The winters see heavy snowfall especially at higher elevations, though the Japan Sea coast Sakata is milder and has more rain Snowfall for Shinjō is typical of populated mountainous areas, snowfall for Yamagata City typical of the valleys The central mountains around Gassan may see as much as 3000 cm of snow in a season with depths up to 8 metres at higher elevations

Climate data for Yamagata, Yamagata
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C °F 181
646
173
631
237
747
333
919
334
921
356
961
408
1054
389
102
361
97
323
901
269
804
201
682
408
1054
Average high °C °F 3
37
4
39
8
46
16
61
22
72
25
77
28
82
30
86
25
77
19
66
12
54
6
43
16
61
Average low °C °F −4
25
−4
25
−1
30
4
39
10
50
15
59
19
66
20
68
16
61
9
48
3
37
−1
30
7
45
Record low °C °F −200
−4
−190
−22
−155
41
−73
189
−18
288
30
374
67
441
84
471
30
374
−24
277
−72
19
−150
5
−200
−4
Average precipitation mm inches 75
295
70
276
67
264
68
268
81
319
103
406
144
567
149
587
134
528
76
299
81
319
77
303
1,125
4429
Average snowfall cm inches 163
642
147
579
71
28
3
12
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
12
47
92
362
491
1933
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency5
Climate data for Shinjō, Yamagata
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C °F 133
559
140
572
195
671
302
864
335
923
326
907
369
984
374
993
339
93
279
822
225
725
190
662
374
993
Average high °C °F 1
34
2
36
6
43
14
57
20
68
24
75
27
81
29
84
24
75
18
64
11
52
4
39
15
59
Average low °C °F −4
25
−4
25
−2
28
3
37
9
48
14
57
19
66
20
68
15
59
8
46
3
37
−1
30
7
45
Record low °C °F −196
−33
−202
−44
−165
23
−93
153
−21
282
37
387
76
457
109
516
41
394
−08
306
−58
216
−152
46
−202
−44
Average precipitation mm inches 181
713
145
571
112
441
98
386
107
421
131
516
186
732
175
689
153
602
152
598
195
768
211
831
1,843
7256
Average snowfall cm inches 283
1114
242
953
134
528
20
79
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
28
11
168
661
878
3457
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency6
Climate data for Sakata, Yamagata
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C °F 155
599
216
709
226
727
286
835
313
883
318
892
369
984
401
1042
351
952
309
876
242
756
190
662
401
1042
Average high °C °F 4
39
4
39
8
46
14
57
19
66
23
73
27
81
29
84
25
77
19
66
13
55
8
46
16
61
Average low °C °F −1
30
−2
28
1
34
5
41
11
52
16
61
20
68
21
70
17
63
10
50
5
41
1
34
9
48
Record low °C °F −169
16
−128
9
−99
142
−37
253
−02
316
75
455
95
491
132
558
70
446
14
345
−51
228
−125
95
−169
16
Average precipitation mm inches 153
602
115
453
104
409
106
417
117
461
128
504
186
732
176
693
185
728
174
685
224
882
202
795
1,861
7327
Average snowfall cm inches 138
543
120
472
43
169
1
04
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
10
39
64
252
375
1476
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency7

Economyedit

Fruitedit

Persimmons in October, Yamagata Prefecture Yamagata cherries, such as these, often sell for USD $30 per pound or more

Yamagata Prefecture is the largest producer of cherries and pears in Japan A large quantity of other kinds of fruits such as grapes, apples, peaches, melons, persimmons and watermelons are also produced

Demographicsedit

As of October 2012, Yamagata Prefecture had a population of 1,152,0008not in citation given The prefecture also has one of the oldest populations in Japan As of 2004, 128% of the population was aged between 65 and 74, and 121% was over 75 the fourth and third highest in Japan, respectively9 Over 40% of households in Yamagata contain one or more relatives aged 65 or over one of the three highest in Japan10

Cultureedit

Festivals and eventsedit

Yamagata Prefecture has a number of annual festivals and events

The largest is the hanagasa matsuri 花笠祭り which takes place in Yamagata City on the first weekend in August, when thousands of people perform the hanagasa dance in the city centre and attracts up to 300,000 spectators Yamagata City is the home of the bi-annual Yamagata International Documentary Film Festival in October

In February, a snow lantern festival is held in Yonezawa at the Uesugi Shrine Hundreds of candle-lit lanterns light pathways dug into the snow around the shrine Yonezawa is also the site of the Uesugi Festival 上杉祭り, uesugi matsuri in mid-spring The festival's highlight is a re-enactment of the Battle of Kawanakajima on the banks of the Matsukawa River

In September, Yamagata Prefecture is famous for its imoni, a potato stew popular in Northern Japan during the autumn Imonikai, potato soup parties, are very popular during this season, and many tourists come to Yamagata Prefecture specifically for its particular style of imoni

Artedit

Beginning in 2003, Yamagata city officials with the aid of Tōhoku University of Art and Design began a three-year project in which the Buddhist art of the city’s temples would be catalogued and compared to a set of guidelines in order to identify “cultural assets”11 One hundred and ninety temples have had their works of art examined and several significant examples of Buddhist sculpture have been discovered At Heisenji Temple, in the Hirashimizu district, a particularly rare statue, a seated Vairocana Buddha made from zelkova wood, was found Other significant works include sculptures from the Heian Period 794–1185 and Kamakura Period 1192–1333

The Yamagata Museum of Art, located in Yamagata City, was opened in 1964 through the efforts of a foundation led by Yoshio Hattori, the president of Yamagata Shimbun and Yamagata Broadcasting Co, Ltd The permanent collection consists of three types of art: Japanese and Asian, regional, and French Special exhibitions are held periodically

Languageedit

Yamagata Prefecture is known for its local dialect Yamagata-ben, sometimes thought of as backward sounding in other parts of Japan The 2004 movie Swing Girls スウィングガールズ, co-written and directed by Shinobu Yaguchi, is set in Yamagata and makes use of Yamagata-ben for comedic purposes

Sportsedit

The sports teams listed below are based in Yamagata

Football soccer

  • Montedio Yamagata

Volleyball

  • Pioneer Red Wings Tendo

Transportationedit

Airportsedit

  • Yamagata Airport Tokyo, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo by Japan Airlines
  • Shonai Airport Tokyo, Osaka, Sapporo by All Nippon Airways

Railwaysedit

  • Yamagata Shinkansen
  • Senzan Line
  • Aterazawa Line
  • Yonesaka Line
  • Rikuu West Line
  • Rikuu East Line
  • Flower Nagai Line
  • Ōu Main Line
  • Uetsu Main Line

Tourismedit

The temple of Yama-dera, carved into the mountainside near the city of Yamagata, is a major attraction

The Dewa Sanzan are three holy mountains that form a traditional pilgrimage for followers of the Shugendō branch of Shintō The famous Gojudo five-story pagoda is at the base of Mount Haguro, the lowest of the three mountains

Mount Zaō is a famous winter ski resort, also known for its snow monsters frozen snow-covered trees in the winter, and the Okama crater lake, also known as the Goshiki Numa Five Color Lake because its colour changes according to the weather

Mediaedit

Newspapersedit

  • Yamagata Shimbun 3
  • Yonezawa Shimbun
  • Shonai Nippo
  • Okitama Times 4

TV and radioedit

  • YBC TV and Radio NNN, JRN, and NRN
  • YTS TV ANN
  • TUY TV JNN
  • SAY TV FNN
  • Rhythm Station JFN

Filmedit

  • Yamagata International Documentary Film Festival12

Notesedit

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric 2005 "Yamagata prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, pp 1038-1039, p 1038, at Google Books; "Tōhoku" in p 970, p 970, at Google Books
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Yamagata" in p 1038, p 1038, at Google Books
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p 780, p 780, at Google Books
  4. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" PDF Ministry of the Environment Retrieved 2 July 2012 
  5. ^ Yamagata Station, Japan Meteorological Agency
  6. ^ Shinjo Station, Japan Meteorological Agency
  7. ^ Sakata Station, Japan Meteorological Agency
  8. ^ "Statistics Bureau Home Page/JAPAN STATISTICAL YEARBOOK - Chapter 2 Population and Households" Statgojp Retrieved 2014-02-14 
  9. ^ 1 Archived May 20, 2005, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ 2 Archived January 18, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "Yamagata: City unearths wealth of Buddhist Treasure" The Asahi Shimbun December 5, 2006 dead link
  12. ^ "YIDFF Official Site" Yidffjp Retrieved 2014-02-14 

Referencesedit

  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth 2005 Japan encyclopedia Cambridge: Harvard University Press ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External linksedit

  • Official Yamagata Prefecture homepage Japanese
  • Official Yamagate Prefecture homepage English
  • Industry Location Guide of Yamagata Prefecture
  • Yamagagata Info Data Base of Tourism Information
  • Climate in Yamagata City
  • Yamagata prefecture travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Yamagata Museum of Art
  • Yamagata International Documentary Film Festival

Coordinates: 38°26′N 140°8′E / 38433°N 140133°E / 38433; 140133

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