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Xubuntu

xubuntu, xubuntu download
Xubuntu /zuːˈbuːntuː/ zoo-BOON-too is a Canonical Ltd–recognized, community-maintained derivative of the Ubuntu operating system The name Xubuntu is a portmanteau of Xfce and Ubuntu, as it uses the Xfce desktop environment, instead of Ubuntu's Unity123

Contents

  • 1 Goals
  • 2 History
    • 21 Performance
  • 3 Releases
    • 31 Xubuntu 606 LTS
    • 32 Xubuntu 610
    • 33 Xubuntu 704
    • 34 Xubuntu 710
    • 35 Xubuntu 804 LTS
    • 36 Xubuntu 810
    • 37 Xubuntu 904
    • 38 Xubuntu 910
    • 39 Xubuntu 1004 LTS
    • 310 Xubuntu 1010
    • 311 Xubuntu 1104
    • 312 Xubuntu 1110
    • 313 Xubuntu 1204 LTS
    • 314 Xubuntu 1210
    • 315 Xubuntu 1304
    • 316 Xubuntu 1310
    • 317 Xubuntu 1404 LTS
    • 318 Xubuntu 1410
    • 319 Xubuntu 1504
    • 320 Xubuntu 1510
    • 321 Xubuntu 1604 LTS
    • 322 Xubuntu 1610
  • 4 Applications
  • 5 Releases
  • 6 Derivatives
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Goalsedit

Xubuntu's goals are to:

Historyedit

First Xubuntu logo

Xubuntu was originally intended to be released at the same time as Ubuntu 510 Breezy Badger, 13 October 2005, but the work was not complete by that date Instead the Xubuntu name was used for the xubuntu-desktop metapackage available through the Synaptic Package Manager which installed the Xfce desktop

The first official Xubuntu release, led by Jani Monoses, appeared on 1 June 2006, as part of the Ubuntu 606 Dapper Drake line, which also included Kubuntu and Edubuntu

Cody AW Somerville developed a comprehensive strategy for the Xubuntu project named the Xubuntu Strategy Document In early 2009 the document was awaiting a second reading by the Ubuntu Community Council4

In February 2009 Mark Shuttleworth agreed that an official LXDE version of Ubuntu, Lubuntu, would be developed The LXDE desktop uses the Openbox window manager and, like Xubuntu, is intended to be a low-system-requirement, low-RAM environment for netbooks, mobile devices and older PCs and will compete with Xubuntu in that niche56

In November 2009, Cody AW Somerville stepped down as the project leader and made a call for nominations to help find a successor7 Lionel Le Folgoc was confirmed by the Xubuntu community as the new project leader on 10 January 2010 and requested the formation of an official Xubuntu council8 As of late March 2010, discussions regarding the future of Xubuntu's governance and the role a council might play in it were still ongoing

In March 2012 Charlie Kravetz, a former Xubuntu project leader, formally resigned from the project Despite this, the project members indicated that Xubuntu 1204 would go ahead as scheduled9

Performanceedit

The Xfce desktop environment is intended to use fewer system resources than the default Ubuntu Unity desktop As recently as September 2010 the Xubuntu developers claimed that the minimum RAM Xubuntu could be run on was 128 MB, with 256 MB of RAM strongly recommended at that time10

Testing conducted by Martyn Honeyford at IBM in January 2007 on Xubuntu 610 concluded that it "uses approximately 25 MB less application memory, and also eats significantly less into buffers and cache which may imply that there is less file activity than Ubuntu"11

Later testing showed that Xubuntu was at a disadvantage compared to Debian equipped with the Xfce desktop Tests were conducted by DistroWatch on a Dell Dimension 4500 desktop machine, with an Intel 2 GHz processor and 384 MB of memory in April 2009, that compared Xubuntu 904 against an Xfce desktop version of Debian 501 These showed that Xubuntu used more than twice the RAM as Debian in simple tasks Xubuntu also ran out of RAM doing everyday tasks, indicating that 384 MB of RAM was inadequate The review concluded "It was obvious I had already run out of RAM and was starting to use swap space Considering I wasn't doing very much, this was rather disappointing"12 Subsequent experimentation by Distrowatch concluded that the performance advantages observed in Debian were due to Xubuntu's inclusion of memory-hungry software not present in Debian's implementation of Xfce13

Testing conducted on a later version, Xubuntu 910 beta, in September 2009 showed similar results The tests, conducted by Linux Magazine, concluded that Xubuntu 910 beta's RAM usage was actually greater than Ubuntu's 910 beta with GNOME14

Subsequent reviewers emphasized Xubuntu's perceived deficiencies in performance to highlight Lubuntu,1516 a project with similar goals but using the LXDE desktop environment as opposed to Xfce For instance, Damien Oh of Make Tech Easier noted in May 2010, "So what about Xubuntu isn’t it supposed to be the lightweight equivalent of Ubuntu Sadly, that is a thing of the past The truth is, the supposed lightweight equivalent is not lightweight at all While Xubuntu is using the lightweight XFCE desktop environment, it had been bugged sic down by several heavyweight applications and also the integration with GNOME desktop also makes it lose its advantage"17

Releasesedit

Xubuntu 606 LTSedit

Xubuntu 606 LTS Dapper Drake, the first official Xubuntu release

The first official stand-alone release of Xubuntu was version 606 Long Term Support LTS, which was made available on 1 June 2006

It was introduced with the statement:

The version used Linux kernel 26157 and Xfce 44 beta 1 Applications included the Thunar file manager, GDM desktop manager, Abiword word processor and Gnumeric spread sheet, Evince PDF document viewer, Xarchiver archive manager, Xfburn CD burner, Firefox 1503 web browser, Thunderbird 1502 email client and the GDebi package manager18

Caitlyn Martin reviewed Xubuntu 606 in June 2006 She singled out its "bare bones approach" to the applications included, indicating that she would rather add applications she wanted than clean out ones she didn't want On her aging laptop Xubuntu 606 proved faster than Fedora Core 5 She stated that: "Under Fedora when I opened a couple of rather resource intensive applications, for example Open Office and Seamonkey, the system would begin to drag While these apps still take a moment to get started on Xubuntu they are crisp and responsive and don’t seem to slow anything else down I never expected this sort of performance and that alone made Xubuntu an instant favorite of mine" She had praise for the Thunar file manager, as light and fast She concluded: "Overall I am impressed and Xubuntu, for the moment anyway, is my favorite Linux distribution despite a few rough edges, probably largely due to the use of a beta desktop"19

Xubuntu 610edit

Xubuntu 610 Edgy Eft

Xubuntu 610 was released on 26 October 2006 This version used Xfce 44 beta 2 and included Upstart, the Firefox 20 web browser, the Gaim 200 beta 31 instant messaging client along with new versions of AbiWord and Gnumeric The media player was gxine which replaced Xfmedia The previous xffm4 file manager was replaced by Thunar It introduced redesigned artwork for the bootup splash screen, the login window and the desktop theme2021

The developers claimed that this version of Xubuntu could run on 64 MB of RAM, with 128 MB "strongly recommended"22

Reviewer Caitlyn Martin tested Xubuntu on a four-year-old Toshiba Satellite 1805-S204 laptop, with a 1 GHz Celeron processor and 512 MB of RAM in December 2006 She noted that Xubuntu ran faster than GNOME or KDE, which she described as "sluggish" and rated it as one of the two fastest distributions on her limited test hardware, placing with Vector Linux She found the graphical installer to be less than acceptable and the text-based installer better She concluded:

Xubuntu 704edit

Xubuntu 704 Feisty Fawn

Xubuntu 704 was released on 19 April 2007 This release was based on Xfce 442324

Michael Larabel of Phoronix carried out detailed benchmark testing of betas for Ubuntu 704, Kubuntu 704 and Xubuntu 704 in February 2007 on two different computers, one with dual Intel Clovertown processors and the other with an AMD Sempron After a series of gzip compression, LAME compilation, and LAME encoding tasks he concluded, "in these tests with the dual Clovertown setup we found the results to be indistinguishable However, with the AMD Sempron, Ubuntu 704 Feisty Fawn Herd 4 had outperformed both Kubuntu and the lighter-weight Xubuntu Granted on a slower system the lightweight Xubuntu should have a greater performance advantage"25

In one Review Linux look at Xubuntu 704 it was faulted for not including OpenOfficeorg The reviewer noted: "If you do decide to keep the default software, it will cover your basic needs Xubuntu comes with light weight desktop in XFCE 44 and also less tasking programs If you are thinking that OpenOffice will come pre-installed on your desktop, you will be greatly surprised as AbiWord and Gnumeric are your default processor and spreadsheet program" He indicated though that installing applications from the repositories was easy and made for simple customization of an installation26

Xubuntu 710edit

Xubuntu 710 Gutsy Gibbon

Xubuntu 710 was released on 18 October 2007 It was based upon Xfce, 441 and added updated translations along with a new theme, MurrinaStormCloud, using the Murrine Engine2728

Application updates included Pidgin 220, Gaim was renamed Pidgin and GIMP 24 This Xubuntu version allowed the installation of Firefox extensions and plug-ins through the Add/Remove Software interface2728

The developers claimed that this version of Xubuntu could run on 64 MB of RAM, with 128 MB "strongly recommended"29

In a review of the release candidate for Xubuntu 710 that was installed on a Pentium 2 300 Celeron with 256 MB of RAM, equipped with an nVidia GeForce 4 64 MB video card, Review Linux noted that "the system was very fast"30

Review Linux positioned Xubuntu and its role, "The main difference between Xubuntu and Ubuntu is the fact that Xubuntu is a little lighter on system requirements and it uses Xfce as it's sic desktop Xubuntu is perfect for that old computer just lying around in your basement"30

Xubuntu 804 LTSedit

Xubuntu 804 Hardy Heron

Xubuntu 804 Long Term Support LTS was made available on 24 April 2008 This version of Xubuntu used Xfce 442, Xorg 73 and Linux kernel 2624 It introduced PolicyKit for permissions control, PulseAudio and a new printing manager It also introduced Wubi, that allowed Windows users to install Xubuntu as a program on Windows31

Applications included were Firefox 3 Beta 5, Brasero CD/DVD burning application, Transmission BitTorrent client, Mousepad text editor, AbiWord word processor and Ristretto image viewer31

Reviewer Christopher Dawson of ZDNet installed Xubuntu 804 on a Dell Latitude C400 with 512 MB of RAM, a 30GB hard drive and a 1 GHz Pentium III-M processor He noted it provided better performance than the Windows XP Pro it replaced He concluded: "This is where Xubuntu really shines What it will do is take some very moderate hardware and provide a solid, reliable, and relatively snappy machine for a user with productivity needs or who accesses terminal services"32

Xubuntu 810edit

Xubuntu 810 Intrepid Ibex

Xubuntu 810 was released on 30 October 2008 This version of Xubuntu brought a new version of Abiword, version 264, the Listen Multimedia Player and introduced the Catfish desktop search application It used Linux kernel 2627, XOrg 74 There was an installation option of an encrypted private directory using ecryptfs-utils The Totem media player was included33

Darren Yates, an Australian IT journalist, was very positive about Xubuntu 810, particularly for netbooks, which were at their peak of popularity then, dismissing "ubuntu itself is nothing flash" He said, "One of the disappointing things about the arrival of netbooks in Australia has been the decline of Linux in the face of an enslaught by Microsoft to push Windows XP Home Edition back into the market It’s sad because Xubuntu is the ideal Linux distro for these devices While the latest Xubuntu 810 distro lacks drivers for WiFi wireless networking and in many cases also the built-in webcams, those drivers do exist and incorporating them inside Xubuntu would neither be difficult or take up much space"34

Xubuntu 904edit

Xubuntu 904 Jaunty Jackalope

Version 904 was released on 23 April 2009 The development team advertised this release as giving improved boot-up times, "benefiting from the Ubuntu core developer team's improvements to boot-time code, the Xubuntu 904 desktop boots more quickly than ever This means you can spend less time waiting, and more time being productive with your Xubuntu desktop"35

Xubuntu 904 used Xfce 46, which included a new Xfce Settings Manager dialog, the new Xconf configuration system, an improved desktop menu and clock, new notifications, and remote file system application Gigolo35

This release also brought all new artwork and incorporated the Murrina Storm Cloud GTK+ theme and a new XFWM4 window manager theme 904 also introduced new versions of many applications, including the AbiWord word processor, Brasero CD/DVD burner and Mozilla Thunderbird e-mail client It used XOrg server 16 The default file system was ext3, but ext4 was an option at installation35

In testing Xubuntu 904, Distrowatch determined that Xubuntu used more than twice the system memory as Debian 501 Xfce and that while loading the desktop the memory usage was ten times higher DistoWatch attributed this to Xubuntu's use of Ubuntu desktop environment services, including the graphical package manager and updater, network manager, power manager, and proprietary driver manager They provided a plan to strip it down and reduce its memory footprint36

DistroWatch concluded "Xubuntu is a great distribution, but its default selection of packages does not necessarily suit itself to low-memory systems"36

In reviewing Xubuntu in May 2009, Linuxcom writer Rob Reilly said, "The latest Xubuntu distribution has just about the right mix of speed and power" and concluded "for the new Linux user, Xubuntu is an easy to use version of Ubuntu that is fast, simple, and reliable Experienced or "get it done" types will appreciate the minimalist approach, that can be beefed up to whatever degree that is needed"37

Xubuntu 910edit

Xubuntu 910 Karmic Koala

29 October 2009 saw the release of Xubuntu 910, which utilized Xfce 461, Linux kernel 2631 and by default the ext4 file system and GRUB 2 This release included the Exaile 030 music player, the Xfce4 power manager replaced the Gnome Power Manager and improved desktop notifications using notify-osd Upstart boot-up speed was improved38

The release promised "faster application load times and reduced memory footprint for a number of your favorite Xfce4 applications thanks to improvements in library linking provided by ld's --as-needed flag"38

Dedoimedo gave Xubuntu a negative review, saying "When it comes to usability, Xubuntu has a lot to desire While Xubuntu is based on Ubuntu, which is definitely one of the friendlier, simpler and more intuitive distros around, a core elements that has led to Ubuntu stardom, the integration of the Xfce desktop makes for a drastic change compared to stock edition The usability is seriously marred, in several critical categories And it gets worse Losing functionality is one thing Trying to restore it and ending with an unusable desktop is another" The review concluded "Sadly, Xubuntu is a no go It's not what it ought to be What more, it does injustice to the Ubuntu family, which usually delivers useful solutions, mainly to new Linux users There were horrendous, glaring problems with Xubuntu that kicked me back to Linux not so usable 2005 I was taken by surprise, totally not expecting that an ultra-modern distro would pull such dirty, antiquated tricks up its sleeve"39

Xubuntu 1004 LTSedit

Xubuntu 1004 LTS Lucid Lynx

Xubuntu 1004 Long Term Support LTS was released on 29 April 2010 It moved to PulseAudio and replaced the Xsane scanner utilities with Simple Scan It also incorporated the Ubuntu Software Center, which had been introduced in Ubuntu 910, to replace the old Add/Remove Software utility The included spreadsheet application, Gnumeric was updated to version 1101 and new games were introduced Due to incompatibilities in the gnome-screensaver screensaver application it was replaced by xscreensaver The default theme was an updated version of Albatross, designed by the Shimmer Team40

This version of Xubuntu officially required a 700 MHz x86 processor, 128 MB of RAM, with 256 MB RAM "strongly recommended" and 3 GB of disk space41

In reviewing Xubuntu 1004 beta 1 in April 2010, Joey Sneddon of OMG Ubuntu, declared it "borderline irrelevant" He noted that it provided few performance advantages over Ubuntu In testing it against Ubuntu and Lubuntu on a 1 GB RAM, 2 GHz Single core processor computer with a 128 MB video card, RAM usage with 3 tabs open in Firefox, 1 playing a HTML5 YouTube video was:

  • Ubuntu Beta 1: 222 MB
  • Xubuntu Beta 1: 2158 MiB
  • Lubuntu Beta 1: 137 MB

Sneddon concluded from this testing, "as you can see Xubuntu, as we've mentioned previously, shows very little lean-ness compared to Ubuntu proper, which begs the question 'why would you use it over Ubuntu' Xubuntu, whilst of interest to those who prefer the XFCE environment, remains an unremarkable spin from the Ubuntu canon that, for most users, is largely irrelevant"42

Jim Lynch of Desktop Linux Reviews praised Xubuntu 1004's fast boot time and its incorporation of the Ubuntu Software Center, but criticized the lack of inclusion of Ubuntu One41

Xubuntu 1010edit

Xubuntu 1010 Maverick Meerkat

Xubuntu 1010 was released on 10 October 2010 It included Parole, the Xfce4 media player, XFBurn CD/DVD writer in place of Brasero and Xfce4-taskmanager replaced Gnome-Task-Manager These changes were all to lighten the release's memory footprint AbiWord was updated to version 286 and Gnumeric to 1108 This release also introduced the Bluebird theme, from the Shimmer Team43

This version of Xubuntu required 192 MB of RAM to run the standard live CD or to install it The alternate installation CD required 64 MB of RAM to install Xubuntu Either CD required 20 GB of free hard disk space Once installed, Xubuntu 1010 could run with as little as 128 MB of RAM, but the developers strongly recommended a minimum of 256 MB of RAM44

In reviewing Xubuntu 1010 in October 2010, just after it was released, Jim Lynch of Eye On Linux said, "I had no problems using Xubuntu 1010 My system was very stable; I didn’t notice any application crashes or system burps Xubuntu 1010 is also very fast; applications opened and close very quickly There was no noticeable system lag or sluggishness The new theme Bluebird is attractive without being garish; it fits in well with Xubuntu’s minimalist mission"

Christopher Tozzi, writing about Xubuntu 1010 beta in August 2010, noted that the distribution was shedding its Gnome dependencies and adopting lighter weight alternatives He noted "it’s encouraging to see more uniqueness in the distribution, especially given the uncertain future of the Gnome-Ubuntu relationship as the release of Gnome 30 approaches"45

Xubuntu 1104edit

Xubuntu 1104 Natty Narwhal

Xubuntu 1104 was released on 28 April 2011 This version was based upon Xfce 48 and introduced editable menus using any menu editor that meets the freedesktoporg standards This version also introduced a new Elementary Xubuntu icon theme, the Droid font by default and an updated installation slide show46

While Ubuntu 1104 introduced the new default Unity interface, Xubuntu did not adopt Unity and instead retained its existing Xfce interface Although the developers have decided to retain a minimalist interface, Xubuntu 1104 has a new dock-like application launcher to achieve a more modern look47

Xubuntu 1104 could be installed with one of 2 CDs The Xubuntu 1104 standard CD requires 44 GB of hard disk space and 256 MB of RAM to install, while the alternate CD, which uses a text-based installer, requires 64 MB of RAM and 2 GB of disk space for installation and provides additional options Once installed, Xubuntu 1104 can run with 256 MB of RAM, but 512 MB is "strongly recommended"4849

In reviewing Xubuntu 1104, Jim Lynch of Desktop Linux Reviews faulted the release for its lack of LibreOffice, its dull default wallpaper and the default automatic hiding of the bottom panel In praising the release he said "Xubuntu 1104 is a good choice for minimalists who prefer a desktop environment not bogged down with pointless eye-candy It should work well on older or slower hardware It’s also a good option for those who dislike Unity and want a different desktop environment Xfce is simple, fast and doesn’t get in your way when you are trying to quickly launch an application or otherwise find something And those who decide to use Xubuntu still remain in the Ubuntu family without the headache of dealing with Unity So if you’re a Unity resister, you should definitely check out Xubuntu 1104"47

Joe Brockmeier of Linuxcom in reviewing Xubuntu 1104, praised the inclusion of AbiWord and Gnumeric over LibreOffice, as well as the Catfish file search utility He added, "Though I've usually used the mainline Ubuntu release when I use Ubuntu, I have to say that I really like the latest iteration of Xubuntu It does a great job of showcasing Xfce while providing a unique desktop that gives all the pluses of Ubuntu while still being a bit more like a traditional Linux desktop"50

As of the Xubuntu 1104 release the developers now "strongly recommend" 512 MB of RAM to use Xubuntu4849 However, at least 1 GB of memory is recommended to "get a smooth experience when running multiple applications parallel on the desktop"51

Xubuntu 1110edit

Xubuntu 1110 Oneiric Ocelot

Xubuntu 1110 was released on 13 October 2011, the same day that Ubuntu 1110 was released52

In this release gThumb became the new image viewer/organizer, Leafpad replaced Mousepad as the default text editor and LightDM was introduced as the log-in manager The release also incorporated pastebinit for cut and paste actions52

In reviewing Xubuntu 1110 on the Acer eM350 netbook, Michael Reed of Linux Journal noted the extensive hardware support out of the box, attractive theme and good performance on 1 GB of RAM He did remark on the inferior Adobe Flash performance compared to the Windows version of Flash, particularly in full screen mode, something common to all Linux Flash installations as well as the lack of native support for Samba networking, although he was quickly able to install this Reed concluded "my overall assessment was that Xubuntu 1110 was a better fit than Windows XP on this netbook Being fair, one has to remember that XP is now ten years old Xfce is going to get better and better, and it's already very comprehensive There is a growing contingent of users for whom the direction that KDE4 and Gnome 3 have taken doesn't ring true, and increasingly, Xfce is going to be the first choice for them"53

In reviewing 1110, Brian Masinick of IT Toolbox praised its low RAM usage and said the "Xubuntu 1110 release is a fresh relief for those who simply want a nice, functional system Xubuntu 1110 delivers, and excels in providing a functional, no frills or surprises, responsive, and usable desktop system"54

Xubuntu 1204 LTSedit

Xubuntu 1204 Precise Pangolin

Xubuntu 1204 is a Long Term Support release and will be supported for three years This contrasts with Edubuntu, Kubuntu and Ubuntu 1204 which, while also LTS releases, will all be supported for five years55

Xubuntu 1204 incorporates many changes including some default shortcuts were altered and new ones added, plus there were many appearance changes, including a new logo and wallpaper Fixes were included for Greybird, Ubiquity, Plymouth, LightDM, and Terminal themes5657

The release shipped with the Linux v3214 Linux kernel Pavucontrol was introduced to replace xfce4-mixer as it did not support PulseAudio The Alacarte menu editor was used by default5657

The minimum system requirements for this release are 512 MiB of RAM, 5 GB of hard disk space, and a graphics card and monitor capable of at least 800×600 pixel resolution56

Xubuntu 1210edit

Xubuntu 1210 Quantal Quetzal

Xubuntu 1210 was released on 18 October 2012 This release introduced the use of Xfce 410, as well as new versions of Catfish, Parole, LightDM, Greybird and the Ubiquity slideshow The application menu was slightly reorganized, with settings-related launchers moved to the Settings Manager The release also included updated artwork, new desktop wallpaper, a new look to the documentation and completely rewritten offline documentation On 32 bit systems, hardware supporting PAE is required58

The release included one notable bug fix: "No more window traces or "black on black" in installer"59

This release of Xubuntu does not support UEFI Secure Boot, unlike Ubuntu 1210, which allows Ubuntu to run on hardware designed for Windows 8 It was expected that this feature would be included in the next release of Xubuntu59

Xubuntu 1210 includes Linux kernel 355, Python 32 and OpenJDK7 as the default Java implementation59

The minimum system requirements for this release of Xubuntu are 512 MB of system memory RAM, 5 GB of disk space and a graphics card and monitor capable of at least 800×600 pixels resolution59

Xubuntu 1304edit

Xubuntu 1304 Raring Ringtail

Xubuntu 1304 was released on 25 April 2013 It was intended as a maintenance release with few new features It incorporated updated documentation, a new version of Catfish 061, updates to the Greybird theme, GIMP and Gnumeric were reintroduced, a new version of Parole 050 and that duplicate partitions are no longer shown on desktop or in the Thunar file manager6061

This was the first version of Xubuntu with a support period of 9 months for the interim non-LTS releases, instead of 18 months60

Starting with this release the Xubuntu ISO images will not fit on a CD as they now average 800 MB The new image target media is at least a 10 GB USB device or DVD The decision to change the ISO image size was based upon the amount of developer time spent trying to shrink the files to fit them on a standard size CD This ISO size change also allowed the inclusion of two applications that had been previously dropped due to space constraints, Gnumeric and GIMP606263

Xubuntu 1310edit

Xubuntu 1310 Saucy Salamander

Xubuntu 1310 was released on 17 October 2013 This release included some improvements over the previous release, including a new version of xfce4-settings and a new dialog box for display settings There was also a new color theme tool and gtk-theme-config was added as default This release also included new wallpaper, new GTK+ themes, with Gtk310 support and the LightDM greeter The official Xubuntu documentation was also updated64

In reviewing Xubuntu 1310, Jim Lynch stated: "Xubuntu 1310, like its cousin Lubuntu 1310, is a great choice if you’re a minimalist It’s fast, stable and offers many of the advantages of Ubuntu 1310 without the Unity experience or torture, depending on your perspective"65

Xubuntu 1404 LTSedit

Xubuntu 1404 LTS Trusty Tahr

Xubuntu 1404 LTS was released on 17 April 2014 and, being an LTS, features three years of support66 It incorporates the Xfdesktop 411, the Mugshot user account profile editor, the MenuLibre menu editor in place of Alacarte and the Light-locker screen lock to replace Xscreensaver The Whisker Menu is the default application launching menu The Xfdesktop also supports using different wallpapers on each workspace6768

Jim Lynch reviewed Xubuntu 1404 LTS and concluded: "I’ve always been a fan of Xubuntu as I tend to go for lightweight desktops versus ones with a lot more glitz and features So I was quite pleased with Xubuntu 1404 It’s true that you aren’t going to find tons of earth shattering features in this release, and that’s fine because it’s a long term support release anyway I never expect new feature overload in LTS releases since the emphasis is on stability and polish But Xubuntu 1404 LTS is a definite improvement from the last version The overall experience has been polished up significantly, and there are some small but useful features added like Mugshot, Light Locker and MenuLibre, and of course Whiskermenu"69

Xubuntu 1410edit

Xubuntu 1410 Utopic Unicorn

Xubuntu 1410 was released on 23 October 2014 This release incorporated very few new features Changed were a new Xfce Power Manager plugin added to the panel and that items in the new alt-tab dialog could be clicked with the mouse To illustrate the customization of the operating system, 1410 featured pink highlight colours, something that could easily be changed by users, if desired7071

Silviu Stahie, writing for Softpedia stated: "Xubuntu releases are usually very quiet and we rarely see them overshadowing the Ubuntu base, but this is exactly what happened this time around The devs have made a number of very important modifications and improvements, but they have also changed a very important aspect of the desktop, at least for the duration of the support of the distributionThe devs figured that it might be a good idea to show just how easy is to change things in the distributionTo be fair, this is the kind of change that you either love or hate, but fortunately for the users, it's very easy to return to default"72

Xubuntu 1504edit

Xubuntu 1504 Vivid Vervet

Xubuntu 1504 was released on 23 April 201573 This release featured Xfce 412 and included new colour schemes, with redundant File Manager Settings menu entries removed Otherwise this release was predominantly a bug-fix and package upgrade release, with very few significant changes74

Marius Nestor of Softpedia noted, "The biggest feature of the newly announced Xubuntu 1504 distro is the integration of the Xfce 412 desktop environmentAmong other highlightswe can mention new and updated Xubuntu Light and Dark color schemes in the Mousepad and Terminal applications, but the former is now using the Xubuntu Light theme by defaultAdditionally, the distribution now offers better appearance for Qt applications, which will work out of the box using Xubuntu's GTK+ theme by default and removes the redundant File Manager Settings menu entry"75

Xubuntu 1510edit

Xubuntu 1510 Wily Werewolf

Xubuntu 1510 was released on 22 October 201576

This release had only minimal changes over 1504 It incorporated the Xfce4 Panel Switch for the backup and restoration of panels and included five preset panel layouts Greybird accessibility icons were used for the window manager Gnumeric and Abiword were replaced with LibreOffice Calc and LibreOffice Writer and a new default LibreOffice theme, libreoffice-style-elementary, was provided777879

Joey Sneddon of OMG Ubuntu described Xubuntu 1510 as incorporating only "a modest set of changes"80

Xubuntu 1604 LTSedit

Xubuntu 1604 LTS Xenial Xerus

Released on 21 April 2016, Xubuntu 1604 is an LTS version, supported for three years until April 201981

This release offered few new features It included a new package of wallpapers and the replacement of the Ubuntu Software Center with Gnome Software, the same as in Ubuntu 1604 LTS82 Reviewer Jack Wallen said, "The truth of the matter is, the Ubuntu Software Center has been a horrible tool for a very long time Making this move will greatly improve the Ubuntu experience for every user"83

The selection of wallpapers available in Xubuntu 1604 LTS was singled out by OMG Ubuntu as "all breathtakingly beautiful"84

The first point release, 16041, was released on 21 July 2016 Xubuntu 16042 will be released on 2 February 201781

Xubuntu 1610edit

Xubuntu 1610 Yakkety Yak

Xubuntu 1610 was released on 13 October 201685

This version of Xubuntu introduced very few new features The official release notice stated, "This release has seen little visible change since April’s 1604, however much has been done towards supplying Xubuntu with Xfce packages built with GTK3, including the porting of many plugins and Xfce Terminal to GTK3"86

Reviewer Joey Sneddon of OMG! Ubuntu! noted, "Xubuntu 1610 has only a modest change log version over its April LTS release"87

In reviewing Xubuntu 1610, Gary Newell of Everyday Linux said, "Xubuntu has always been one of my favourite distributions It doesn't look as glamourous as some of the other Linux offerings out there and it certainly doesn't come with all the software you need pre-installed The thing that Xubuntu gives you is a great base to start fromThe truth is that nothing much really changes with Xubuntu It is solid, steady and it doesn't need to change" He did fault the installation of some software packages, which don't appear in the graphical software tools, but can be installed from the command line88

Applicationsedit

The Xubuntu CD includes application software for the average user including:8990

  • Catfish - desktop search
  • Common Unix Printing System - printer utility and PDF creator
  • Evince - PDF reader
  • Firefox - web browser
  • GIMP - graphics editor
  • LibreOffice Calc - spreadsheet
  • LibreOffice Writer - word processor
  • Mousepad - text editor
  • Orage - calendar
  • Parole - media player
  • Pidgin - internet messenger
  • Thunderbird - e-mail client
  • XChat - IRC client
  • Simple Scan - scanner utilities

Xubuntu includes the GNOME Software which allows users to download additional applications from the Ubuntu repositories

Releasesedit

Xubuntu versions are released twice a year, coinciding with Ubuntu releases Xubuntu uses the same version numbers and code names as Ubuntu, using the year and month of the release as the version number The first Xubuntu release, for example, was 606, indicating June 200691

Xubuntu releases are also given code names, using an adjective and an animal with the same first letter eg: "Dapper Drake" and "Intrepid Ibex" These are the same as the respective Ubuntu code names Xubuntu code names are in alphabetical order, allowing a quick determination of which release is newer, although there were no releases with the letters "A" or "C" Commonly, Xubuntu releases are referred to by developers and users by only the adjective portion of the code name, for example Intrepid Ibex is often called just Intrepid92

Xubuntu Long Term Support LTS versions are supported for three years9394

Colour Meaning
Red Release no longer supported
Yellow Release still supported
Green Current Version
Blue Future release
Version Code Name Release date Supported Until Kernel XFCE Remarks
510 Breezy Badger 2005-10-13 2007-04-13 2612 42 xubuntu-desktop package only available
606 LTS Dapper Drake 2006-06-01 June 2009 2615 44 Beta1 First official Xubuntu release - LTS
610 Edgy Eft 2006-10-26 2008-04-25 2617 44 Beta2
704 Feisty Fawn 2007-04-19 2008-10-19 2620 440
710 Gutsy Gibbon 2007-10-18 2009-04-18 2622 441
804 LTS Hardy Heron 2008-04-24 April 2011 2624 442 LTS
810 Intrepid Ibex 2008-10-30 April 2010 2627 460
904 Jaunty Jackalope 2009-04-23 October 2010 2628 460 PowerPC images made available3595
910 Karmic Koala 2009-10-29 April 2011 2631 461
1004 LTS Lucid Lynx 2010-04-29 April 2013 2632 461 LTS
1010 Maverick Meerkat 2010-10-10 April 2012 2635 462
1104 Natty Narwhal 2011-04-28 October 2012 2638 48
1110 Oneiric Ocelot 2011-10-13 April 2013 300 48
1204 LTS Precise Pangolin 2012-04-26 April 2015 320 48 LTS
1210 Quantal Quetzal 2012-10-18 2014-05-16 350 410
1304 Raring Ringtail 2013-04-25 December 2013 380 410
1310 Saucy Salamander 2013-10-17 June 2014 3110 410
1404 LTS Trusty Tahr 2014-04-17 April 2017 3130 410 LTS
1410 Utopic Unicorn 2014-10-23 June 2015 3160 410
1504 Vivid Vervet 2015-04-2373 December 2015 3190 412
1510 Wily Werewolf 2015-10-2276 June 2016 42 412
1604 LTS Xenial Xerus 2016-04-2181 April 2019 44 412 LTS
1610 Yakkety Yak 2016-10-13 July 2017 44+ 412+ Current release
1704 Zesty Zapus April 2017 December 2017 TBA TBA Future release

Derivativesedit

Xubuntu has been developed into several new versions by third-party developers:

Element OS A distribution for home theater PCs - Discontinued in 2011 Emmabuntüs A distribution designed to facilitate the repacking of computers donated to Emmaüs Communities OzOS A now-defunct Linux distribution based on a severely stripped down version of Xubuntu Focused on Enlightenment, e17, compiled directly from SVN source Easy update of e17 is made from SVN updates, by a click on an icon or from CLI using morlenxus' script9697 Black Lab Linux previously OS4 and PC/OS A derivative of Xubuntu whose interface was made to look like BeOS98 A 64 bit version was released in May 200999 In 2010 PC/OS moved to more unified look to its parent distribution and a GNOME version was released on 3 March 2010100 Renamed Black Lab Linux on November 19, 2013101 UberStudent Linux An education-use derivative of Xubuntu LTS releases102 UserOS Ultra A minimal Xubuntu variant was produced for Australia's PC User magazine103 Voyager A French distribution104 which comes with the Avant Window Navigator105

See alsoedit

  • Free software portal
  • Linux portal
  • Computer Science portal
  • Information technology portal
  • List of Ubuntu-based distributions
  • Open-source software

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Canonical Ltd 2008 "What is Xubuntu" Retrieved 10 February 2009 
  2. ^ Canonical Ltd 2008 "Glossary" Retrieved 10 February 2009 
  3. ^ Canonical Ltd 2009 "Products" Retrieved 15 October 2009 
  4. ^ a b Somerville, Cody 2008 "Xubuntu/Specifications/Intrepid/StrategyDocument" Retrieved 10 February 2009 dead link
  5. ^ Smart, Chris May 2009 "Another day, another Ubuntu derivative" Retrieved 21 May 2009 
  6. ^ LXDE February 2009 "Lubuntu LXDE Meet up with Mark Shuttleworth in Berlin" Retrieved 21 May 2009 
  7. ^ "Xubuntu Project Lead: Call for Nominations" 
  8. ^ "Xubuntu/Meetings/Archive/Minutes/2010-01-10" Retrieved 29 March 2010 
  9. ^ Bodnar, Ladislav 26 March 2012 "DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 449" DistroWatch Retrieved 27 March 2012 
  10. ^ Canonical Ltd September 2010 "Get Xubuntu" Archived from the original on 22 June 2010 Retrieved 8 June 2011 
  11. ^ Honeyford, Martyn January 2007 "Reduce your Linux memory footprint" Retrieved 24 December 2010 
  12. ^ DistroWatch April 2009 "Xubuntu 904 vs Debian 501 Xfce" Retrieved 24 December 2010 
  13. ^ DistroWatch May 2009 "Minimal Xubuntu 904" Retrieved 13 April 2011 
  14. ^ "Lubuntu: Floats Like a Butterfly, Stings Like a Bee" Linux Magazine 9 September 2009 Retrieved 19 October 2009 
  15. ^ Barbu, Doru September 2009 "First Lubuntu Test ISOs Available" Softpedia Retrieved 14 November 2010 
  16. ^ Sneddon, Joey January 2010 "Lubuntu 1004 Alpha 1 – Visual Overview" OMG Ubuntu Retrieved 14 November 2010 
  17. ^ Oh, Damien May 2010 "Lubuntu Review: A Lightweight Ubuntu Variant" Make Tech Easier Retrieved 14 November 2010 
  18. ^ a b Canonical Ltd August 2008 "Xubuntu 606 Dapper Drake" Retrieved 7 June 2011 
  19. ^ Martin, Caitlyn June 2011 "Meet The Newest Member of the Ubuntu Family: Introducing Xubuntu" O'Reilly Media Retrieved 7 June 2011 
  20. ^ Canonical Ltd October 2006 "Xubuntu 610 Released" Archived from the original on 28 August 2008 Retrieved 7 June 2011 
  21. ^ a b Martin, Caitlyn December 2011 "Xubuntu Gets Edgy" O'Reilly Media Retrieved 7 June 2011 
  22. ^ Canonical Ltd December 2006 "Get Xubuntu" Archived from the original on 14 December 2006 Retrieved 8 June 2011 
  23. ^ Canonical Ltd April 2007 "Xubuntu 704 Released" Archived from the original on 16 September 2008 Retrieved 7 June 2011 
  24. ^ DistroWatch April 2007 "Distribution Release: Xubuntu 704" Retrieved 7 June 2011 
  25. ^ Larabel, Michael February 2007 "Ubuntu, Kubuntu, & Xubuntu Benchmarks" Phoronix Retrieved 7 June 2011 
  26. ^ L, Mike May 2007 "Review: A Look at Xubuntu 704" Review Linux Retrieved 8 June 2011 
  27. ^ a b Canonical Ltd October 2007 "Xubuntu 710 Released" Archived from the original on 2 August 2008 Retrieved 7 June 2011 
  28. ^ a b DistroWatch October 2007 "Distribution Release: Xubuntu 710" Retrieved 7 June 2011 
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  30. ^ a b Webmaster October 2007 "ReviewLinuxCom: Xubuntu 710 RC" Review Linux Retrieved 8 June 2011 
  31. ^ a b Canonical Ltd April 2008 "Xubuntu 804 Released" Archived from the original on 28 October 2008 Retrieved 7 June 2011 
  32. ^ Dawson, Christopher May 2008 "Xubuntu 804 stellar on low-power machines" ZDNet Retrieved 7 June 2011 
  33. ^ Canonical Ltd October 2008 "Xubuntu 810 released" Retrieved 7 June 2011 
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  35. ^ a b c d Campbell, Jim April 2009 "Xubuntu 904 Announcement" Archived from the original on 4 June 2011 Retrieved 7 June 2011 
  36. ^ a b "Minimal Xubuntu 904" DistroWatch May 2009 Retrieved 7 June 2011 
  37. ^ Reilly, Rob May 2009 "Xubuntu: A Simple Approach To Ubuntu" Linuxcom Retrieved 14 October 2011 
  38. ^ a b Xubuntu Team October 2009 "Final" Archived from the original on 14 March 2012 Retrieved 7 June 2011 
  39. ^ Dedoimedo nd "Xubuntu 910 Review - Unremarkable" Dedoimedo Retrieved 7 June 2011 
  40. ^ Somerville, Cody April 2010 "What's new in Xubuntu" Retrieved 7 June 2011 
  41. ^ a b Lynch, Jim May 2010 "Xubuntu Linux 1004" Desktop Linux Reviews Retrieved 14 June 2011 
  42. ^ Sneddon, Joey March 2010 "Xubuntu 1004 Beta 1 remains borderline irrelevant" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 7 June 2011 
  43. ^ Kravetz, Charlie October 2010 "What's new in Xubuntu" Retrieved 7 June 2011 
  44. ^ Lynch, Jim October 2010 "Quick Look: Xubuntu 1010" Eye On Linux Retrieved 7 June 2011 
  45. ^ Tozzi, Christopher August 2010 "Xubuntu 1010: Becoming More Unique" Nine Lives Media Retrieved 7 June 2011 
  46. ^ Pedretti, Fabio May 2011 "ReleaseNotes" Retrieved 8 June 2011 
  47. ^ a b Lynch, Jim June 2011 "Xubuntu 1104" Retrieved 6 June 2011 
  48. ^ a b Canonical Ltd 2008 "Minimum system requirements" Retrieved 10 February 2009 
  49. ^ a b Canonical Ltd October 2008 "Low-spec computers Xubuntu" Retrieved 10 February 2009 
  50. ^ Brockmeier, Joe May 2011 "Xubuntu 1104: Solid, Sleek, and Speedy" Linuxcom Retrieved 14 June 2011 
  51. ^ The Xubuntu community "System Requirements « Xubuntu" xubuntuorg Retrieved 11 January 2017 
  52. ^ a b "Information about Xubuntu 1110" 13 October 2011 Archived from the original on 5 January 2012 Retrieved 14 October 2011 
  53. ^ Reed, Michael 31 October 2011 "Xubuntu 1110 and my Netbook" Linux Journal Retrieved 2 November 2011 
  54. ^ Masinick, Brian 14 October 2011 "Very favorable first impressions of Xubuntu 1110" IT Toolbox Retrieved 9 November 2011 
  55. ^ Sneddon, Joey 10 January 2012 "Kubuntu, Xubuntu 1204 Become Long Term Support Releases" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 10 January 2012 
  56. ^ a b c Canonical 26 April 2012 "New Features in Xubuntu 1204" Retrieved 6 May 2012 
  57. ^ a b Xubuntu Project 26 April 2012 "Xubuntu 1204 released" Retrieved 6 May 2012 
  58. ^ Xubuntu 18 October 2012 "Xubuntu 1210 is out!" Retrieved 18 October 2012 
  59. ^ a b c d Xubuntu 4 November 2012 "Xubuntu 1210 Release Notes" Retrieved 8 November 2012 
  60. ^ a b c April 5, 2013 25 April 2013 "Xubuntu 1304 is here!" Xubuntuorg Retrieved 28 April 2013 
  61. ^ Joey-Elijah Sneddon 2013-04-25 "Ubuntu Flavours Release 1304 Updates" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 2013-05-06 
  62. ^ "Xubuntu 1304 Raring Ringtail Iso Size Raised To 1GB, Gimp And Gnumeric To Be Installed By Default" WebUpD8 15 May 2013 Retrieved 2013-05-06 
  63. ^ "Distribution Release: Xubuntu 1304 DistroWatchcom News" Distrowatchcom Retrieved 2013-05-06 
  64. ^ "Xubuntu 1310 is released!" Xubuntu 17 October 2013 Retrieved 18 October 2013 
  65. ^ Lynch, Jim 21 October 2013 "Xubuntu 1310" Linux Desktop Reviews Retrieved 29 October 2013 
  66. ^ "Xubuntu/StrategyDocument" Retrieved 6 December 2013 
  67. ^ Joey-Elijah Sneddon 2013-07-27 "What to Expect in Xubuntu 1404 LTS and Lubuntu 1404 LTS" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 2013-11-30 
  68. ^ Sneddon, Joey 2 March 2014 "Ubuntu 1404 Flavours Release First Beta" OMG Ubuntu Retrieved 2 March 2014 
  69. ^ Lynch, Jim 26 April 2014 "Xubuntu 1404 LTS" Linux Desktop Reviews Retrieved 3 May 2014 
  70. ^ knome 23 October 2014 "Xubuntu 1410" Xubuntu Team Retrieved 24 October 2014 
  71. ^ Xubuntu Team 23 October 2014 "Xubuntu 1410 released!" Xubuntu Retrieved 24 October 2014 
  72. ^ Stahie, Silviu 29 October 2014 "Xubuntu 1410 Utopic Unicorn Features a Pink Desktop" Softpedia Retrieved 23 October 2014 
  73. ^ a b Canonical Ltd 5 December 2014 "Vivid Vervet Release Schedule" Retrieved 19 December 2014 
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  76. ^ a b "WilyWerewolf/ReleaseSchedule - Ubuntu Wiki" ubuntucom Retrieved 24 May 2015 
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  78. ^ Marius Nestor 22 October 2015 "Xubuntu 1510 Officially Announced, Uses LibreOffice Writer and Calc, Xfce 412" softpedia Retrieved 23 October 2015 
  79. ^ "Xubuntu 1510 released!" xubuntuorg Retrieved 25 October 2015 
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  81. ^ a b c "XenialXerus/ReleaseSchedule - Ubuntu Wiki" ubuntucom Retrieved 23 October 2015 
  82. ^ "Xubuntu 1604 released!" xubuntuorg Retrieved 21 April 2016 
  83. ^ Jack Wallen "Ubuntu 1604: Something to Get Excited About" Linuxcom - The source for Linux information Retrieved 23 April 2016 
  84. ^ Joey-Elijah Sneddon "Xubuntu's Xenial Wallpapers Are Exceptionally Beautiful - OMG! Ubuntu!" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 21 April 2016 
  85. ^ "YakketyYak/ReleaseSchedule" 22 April 2016 Retrieved 22 April 2016 
  86. ^ The Xubuntu community "Xubuntu 1610 Released « Xubuntu" xubuntuorg Retrieved 16 October 2016 
  87. ^ "These Are The New Features in Ubuntu 1610 Flavors" omgubuntucouk 13 October 2016 Retrieved 16 October 2016 
  88. ^ Newell, Gary 18 October 2016 "Xubuntu An Everyday Linux User Review Of Xubuntu 1610 - A Good Place To Start An Everyday Linux User Review Of Xubuntu 1610 - A Good Place To Start" Everyday Linux User Retrieved 18 October 2016 
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  98. ^ PC/OS February 2009 "Welcome to PC/OS" Retrieved 10 February 2009 
  99. ^ DistroWatch May 2009 "Distribution Release: PC/OS 10 "Open64 Workstation"" Retrieved 21 July 2009 
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  101. ^ OS4 19 November 2013 "OS/4 OpenLinux Project renamed Black Lab Linux Project born" Retrieved 29 December 2014 
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  105. ^ "Linux Guide - liveVoyager 1204 User Guide" Linuxguidealtervistaorg Retrieved 2013-05-06 

External linksedit

  • Official website
  • Xubuntu at DistroWatch

xubuntu, xubuntu 12.04 download, xubuntu 17.10, xubuntu 18.04, xubuntu download, xubuntu install, xubuntu review, xubuntu system requirements, xubuntu vs ubuntu, xubuntu.org


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