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Woodburn, Oregon

woodburn oregon tulip festival, woodburn oregon county
Woodburn is a city in Marion County, Oregon, United States Incorporated in 1889, the community had been platted in 1871 after the arrival of the railroad The city is located in the northern end of the Willamette Valley between Portland and Salem Interstate 5 connects it to major cities to the north and south Oregon routes 211, 214, 219, and 99E also serve the city, as do Union Pacific and Willamette Valley Railway freight rail lines

Woodburn is part of the Salem Metropolitan Statistical Area With a population of 24,080 at the 2010 census, it is the third-most populous in that metropolitan area after Salem and Keizer7 Those who identify as Hispanic or Latino make up a majority of the population in the city The Woodburn area also has a significant historic population of Russian Orthodox Old Believers, whose ancestors settled here after the October Revolution of 1917

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2010 census
    • 32 2000 census
    • 33 Old Believers
  • 4 Economy
    • 41 Woodburn Premium Outlets
    • 42 MacLaren Youth Correctional Facility
  • 5 Arts and culture
    • 51 Museums and other points of interest
  • 6 Sports
  • 7 Education
  • 8 Media
  • 9 Infrastructure
    • 91 Transportation
  • 10 Notable people
  • 11 References
  • 12 External links

Historyedit

Settlemier House in 2007

Originally, the area around Woodburn was inhabited by the Kalapuya Native Americans After the Provisional Government of Oregon set-up land claims in the Oregon Country, the United States annexed much of the Pacific Northwest and established the Oregon Territory in 1848 Congress passed the Donation Land Claim Act in 1850 and many earlier land claims became donation land claims

Eli C Cooley, Bradford S Bonney, George Leisure, and Jean B Ducharme all established donation land claims on the eastern part of the French Prairie where Woodburn would later be founded8 Cooley immigrated to Oregon in 1845, and Bonney established his land claim in 18498 Ducharme's land was sold off in 1862 in a foreclosure with Mt Angel farmer George Settlemier purchase the 214 acres 87 ha on the cheap8

Settlemier had traveled west over the Oregon Trail in 1849 and first settled in California before moving north to Oregon in 18509 He settled in the Mt Angel area where he was a successful nurseryman9 Settlemier then moved to his new property in 1863 and established the Woodburn Nursery Company8 Despite improvements to the land, including construction of his home, title in the land remained in doubt due to the purchase via a foreclosure8

During the litigation over title in the land, Settlemier borrowed money from capitalist William Reed with the land as collateral8 When Reed began to build a railroad through the area, he decided to run the line through what became Woodburn in anticipation of acquiring the land himself, as he expected Settlemier to default on the mortgage8 However, Settlemier did not default and eventually his case made it to the Supreme Court of the United States in Settlemier v Sullivan, 97 US 444 1878 He gained a favorable ruling and retained the land8

Meanwhile, transportation baron Ben Holladay ran his Oregon and California Railroad through what became Woodburn in 1871, at which time Settlemier platted the first four blocks of the town8

Originally, the town and station were called Halsey, but the name was changed to Woodburn due to the existence of Halsey, Oregon, further down the valley8 The name Woodburn came about after a slash burn that got out of control and burned down a nearby woodlot in the 1880s, after the railroad line had been laid through the area10 A railroad official witnessed the fire and renamed the community8 The city was incorporated by the Oregon Legislative Assembly on February 20, 188911

Geographyedit

Corner of 2nd and Garfield Willamette Ballet Academy and Cornwell colonial chapel

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 537 square miles 1391 km2, all of it land2

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1890 405
1900 828 1044%
1910 1,616 952%
1920 1,656 25%
1930 1,675 11%
1940 1,982 183%
1950 2,395 208%
1960 3,120 303%
1970 7,495 1402%
1980 11,196 494%
1990 13,404 197%
2000 20,100 500%
2010 24,080 198%
Est 2016 25,590 63%
US Decennial Census13
2013 Estimate4

2010 censusedit

As of the census3 of 2010, there were 24,080 people, 7,545 households, and 5,375 families residing in the city The population density was 4,4842 inhabitants per square mile 1,7314/km2 There were 8,283 housing units at an average density of 1,5425 per square mile 5956/km2 The racial makeup of the city was 604% White, 05% African American, 28% Native American, 08% Asian, 01% Pacific Islander, 315% from other races, and 38% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 589% of the population

There were 7,545 households of which 359% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 538% were married couples living together, 116% had a female householder with no husband present, 59% had a male householder with no wife present, and 288% were non-families 240% of all households were made up of individuals and 156% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 317 and the average family size was 374

The median age in the city was 317 years 309% of residents were under the age of 18; 96% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 262% were from 25 to 44; 179% were from 45 to 64; and 154% were 65 years of age or older The gender makeup of the city was 502% male and 498% female

2000 censusedit

As of 2000,5 there were 6,274 households out of which 346% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 581% were married couples living together, 87% had a female householder with no husband present, and 284% were non-families 239% of all households were made up of individuals and 165% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 311 and the average family size was 363

In the city, the population was spread out with 309% under the age of 18,7 and, as of 2000, 118% from 18 to 24, 255% from 25 to 44, 146% from 45 to 64, and 181% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 30 years For every 100 females there were 1072 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1047 males

Woodburn city hall

As of 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $33,722, and the median income for a family was $36,730 Males had a median income of $21,702 versus $22,606 for females The per capita income for the city was $12,954 About 115% of families and 173% of the population were below the poverty line, including 236% of those under age 18 and 88% of those age 65 or over

According to the 2000 Census, English is the most popular language, used by 4653% of the general population and 2594% of those aged 5–17 On the other hand, Spanish is used by 4583% and 6041% respectively, while Russian & Ukrainian are spoken by 702% among the general population and 1364% of those aged 5–1714

Old Believersedit

Woodburn is home for a sizable community of Russian Orthodox Old Believers15 This Christian traditionalist church had escaped persecution from the official Russian Orthodox Church and moved to the United States from Turkey in the 1950s Its women wear traditional long skirts and scarfs, and men have beards

Also present in the city are communities of Russian Molokans, Doukhobors and recent refugees from the former USSR: Ukrainian and Russian Pentecostals and Baptists

Economyedit

The following businesses and institutions contribute to the economy of Woodburn:

Woodburn Premium Outletsedit

In August 1999, Woodburn Premium Outlets, known as the Woodburn Company Stores until June 2013, opened in Woodburn This is an outlet mall with many name-brand clothing companies represented, including Adidas, Nike, Gap, and Banana Republic

MacLaren Youth Correctional Facilityedit

MacLaren Youth Correctional Facility is on Oregon Route 99E on the outskirts of Woodburn, in which young delinquent and criminal males are incarcerated

Arts and cultureedit

Willamette Ballet Chris Klein filming Hallmark Hall of Fame Production The Valley of Light in downtown Woodburn Tulip Festival in Woodburn in 2007

Willamette Ballet Academy was founded in 1982

Scenes from 2007 Hallmark Hall of Fame production The Valley of Light, starring Chris Klein, were filmed in Woodburn16

Museums and other points of interestedit

Listed in 1974 on the National Register of Historic Places,17 the Jesse H Settlemier House is a museum located on Settlemier Avenue

The World's Berry Center Museum was founded in the early 1980s The World's Berry Center Museum occasionally produces plays by Miracle Theatre

La Fiesta Mexicana is the most important Hispanic event in the area Each fiesta should include a queen; Francisca Gonzalez was the first selected to receive this honor in the first fiesta in 1964 It was a one-day event that was held in downtown Woodburn Forty-five years later, the event grew more popular and now it currently lasts close to a week One of the main reasons this event happened was that the ranchers and merchants recognized the importance of the new bicultural relationship with the increased Hispanic population in the area

Sportsedit

The Woodburn Dragstrip is a 1/4-mile National Hot Rod Association NHRA dragstrip that annually hosts an event on the NHRA Lucas Oil Series18 It is located about 2 miles 3 km west of Woodburn on Oregon Highway 219

The Oregon Golf Association OGA Golf Course in Woodburn is a public course, rated by Golf Digest in 1996 as one of the top 10 affordable courses in the United States19 It routinely hosts many large amateur and high school events in the state

Educationedit

Woodburn is served by the Woodburn School District, which includes four elementary schools and two middle schools20 Woodburn High School includes the following small schools: the Wellness, Business and Sports School, the Woodburn Academy of Art, Science and Technology, the Academy of International Studies at Woodburn, and the Woodburn Arts and Communications Academy Woodburn Success High School is the district's alternative high school, serving grades 7–1221

Chemeketa Community College has a satellite campus in Woodburn22

Pacific University opened a College of Education satellite campus in 201223

Mediaedit

The Woodburn Independent is a weekly community newspaper serving the immediate area24 The region is also served by the larger Statesman Journal daily newspaper based in Salem and the state's largest newspaper The Oregonian based in Portland

Woodburn is home to two radio stations KWBY broadcasts a regional Mexican format and is owned by 94 Country, Inc It transmits as "La Pantera" 940 AM KPCN-LP is a low power community radio station owned and operated by Oregon's largest farmworker union, los Pineros y Campesinos Unidos del Noroeste PCUN The station was built by volunteers from Woodburn and around the country in August 2006 at the tenth Prometheus Radio Project barnraisingcitation needed KPCN broadcasts music, news, and public affairs to listeners in Spanish and several indigenous Latin American languages It transmits as "Radio Movimiento" 959 FM with the slogan "La Voz del Pueblo"

Infrastructureedit

Transportationedit

The Transit Division of the Woodburn Community Services Department runs the Woodburn Transit System WTS, which uses small buses during non-holiday weekdays within the city's limits, and the Dial-a-Ride program, which operates paratransit vans for reserve by the elderly and disabled during weekdays within the local area and, for medical appointments, anywhere between Portland and Salem25

Other public bus systems making stops in Woodburn are CARTS Chemeketa Area Regional Transportation System,26 administered by Oregon Housing and Associated Services, Inc OHAS in Salem, and CAT Canby Area Transit, run by the city of Canby27 Both also only operate during non-holiday weekdays

Greyhound buses also stop in the city Amtrak's Coast Starlight and Cascades trains pass through but do not stop The Amtrak affiliated Cascades POINT bus service stops at the Woodburn Park & Ride at the Woodburn I-5 exit

Notable peopleedit

Kat Bjelland, lead singer of Babes in Toyland, grew up in Woodburn

Stacy Allison born 1958, a 1975 graduate of Woodburn High School and a 1984 Oregon State University alum, was the first American woman to summit Mount Everest during her second attempt on September 29, 19882829 That same year, when Woodburn Mayor Nancy Kirksey declared November 17 "Stacy Allison Day," she visited and spoke at several Woodburn venues and attended ceremonies when a street in the city, Stacy Allison Way, was dedicated to her30

Kat Bjelland of the punk band Babes in Toyland, grew up in Woodburn Her first performance was at the now-closed tavern Flight 9931

Model and actress Kate Nauta grew up in Woodburn and lived there until 2000

Woodburn-born baseball player Dick Whitman was an outfielder for the Brooklyn Dodgers and Philadelphia Phillies who played in the 1949 and 1950 World Series

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Kathy Figley" Democratic Party of Oregon Retrieved 2 October 2015 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2012-12-21 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2012-12-21 
  4. ^ a b "Population Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2014-09-26 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names" United States Geological Survey 2007-10-25 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  7. ^ a b "2010 Census profiles: Oregon cities alphabetically T-Y" PDF Portland State University Population Research Center Retrieved May 27, 2011 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Parker, Ivan C 1940 "The History of Woodburn, Oregon: 1851–1900" PDF City of Woodburn Retrieved May 26, 2011 
  9. ^ a b Corning, Howard M 1989 Dictionary of Oregon History Binfords & Mort Publishing p 219
  10. ^ McArthur, Lewis A; McArthur, Lewis L 2003 1928 Oregon Geographic Names 7th ed Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press p 1056 ISBN 978-0875952772 
  11. ^ Baker, Frank C 1891 Special Laws The Laws of Oregon, and the Resolutions and Memorials of the Sixteenth Regular Session of the Legislative Assembly Thereof Salem, Oregon: State Printer p 861 Retrieved May 26, 2011 
  12. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  13. ^ United States Census Bureau "Census of Population and Housing" Retrieved September 26, 2014 
  14. ^ 1
  15. ^ Kramer, Andrew November 24, 2001 "Three Centuries on, Russian Old Believers Hang on in Oregon" The Berkeley Daily Planet Retrieved May 26, 2011 
  16. ^ "Filming Locations for 'The Valley of Light'" The Internet Movie Database IMDbcom, Inc Retrieved May 27, 2011 
  17. ^ "Oregon National Register List" PDF Oregon Parks and Recreation Department October 19, 2009 p 28 Retrieved May 28, 2011 
  18. ^ "Track Facts" Woodburn Dragstrip Retrieved May 27, 2011 
  19. ^ "Course Details" Oregon Golf Association Retrieved May 28, 2011 
  20. ^ "Our Schools" Woodburn School District Retrieved May 28, 2011 
  21. ^ "Success High School" Woodburn School District Retrieved May 28, 2011 
  22. ^ "Chemeketa Woodburn" Chemeketa Community College Retrieved May 26, 2011 
  23. ^ "Woodburn Campus | Pacific University" wwwpacificuedu Retrieved 2017-08-17 
  24. ^ "Our Newspaper" Woodburn Independent Eagle Newspapers, Inc Retrieved May 26, 2011 
  25. ^ "Transit Division Home Page" City of Woodburn Retrieved May 28, 2011 
  26. ^ "CARTS Schedules & Fares" Salem-Keizer Transit Retrieved May 28, 2011 
  27. ^ "Canby Area Transit" City of Canby Retrieved May 28, 2011 
  28. ^ Hall, Bennett April 20, 2008 "In the Footsteps of a Legend" Corvallis Gazette-Times Retrieved May 26, 2011 
  29. ^ Choi, Grace March 2007 "Mountain Climber Stacy Allison" The Stacks Scholastic, Inc Retrieved May 26, 2011 
  30. ^ Oregon State Archives: Governor Neil Goldschmidt's Records pages 32–34
  31. ^ Karlan Babes in Toyland: The Making and Selling of a Rock and Roll Band 1995

External linksedit

  • Entry for Woodburn in the Oregon Blue Book
  • History of Woodburn from the City of Woodburn

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