Witten


Witten is a university city in the Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis district in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany It is the home of the Witten/Herdecke University, the first private university in Germany

Contents

  • 1 Geography
    • 11 Bordering municipalities
    • 12 Boroughs
  • 2 Population 1739–2005
  • 3 History
    • 31 Roburit Explosion
  • 4 Politics
    • 41 The Council of Witten
    • 42 Members of Parliament
      • 421 Landtag
      • 422 German Bundestag
  • 5 Transport
  • 6 Coat of arms
  • 7 Culture
  • 8 Twin towns – sister cities
  • 9 Religions
    • 91 Roman Catholic
    • 92 Protestant
    • 93 Muslims
    • 94 Jews
  • 10 References

Geographyedit

Witten is situated in the Ruhr valley, in the southern Ruhr area

Bordering municipalitiesedit

  • Bochum
  • Dortmund
  • Herdecke
  • Wetter Ruhr
  • Sprockhövel
  • Hattingen

Boroughsedit

Witten is divided into eight boroughs and each borough is divided into city-districts Every district has its own district-number:

  • Witten-Mitte: 11 Innenstadt, 12 Oberdorf-Helenenberg, 13 Industriegebiet-West, 14 Krone, 15 Crengeldanz, 16 Hauptfriedhof, 17 Stadion, 18 Industriegebiet-Nord, 19 Hohenstein
  • Düren: 21 Düren-Nord, 22 Düren-Sued
  • Stockum: 31 Stockum-Mitte, 32 Dorney, 33 Stockumer Bruch, 34 Wilhelmshöhe
  • Annen: 41 Tiefendorf, 42 Wullen, 43 Annen-Mitte-Nord, 44 Annen-Mitte-Süd, 45 Kohlensiepen, 46 Wartenberg, 47 Gedern
  • Rüdinghausen: 51 Industriegebiet-Ost, 52 Rüdinghausen-Mitte, 53 Buchholz, 54 Schnee
  • Bommern: 61 Steinhausen, 62 Bommerbank, 63 Bommerfeld, 64 Wettberg, 65 Buschey, 66 Bommeregge
  • Heven: 71 Papenholz, 72 Hellweg, 73 Wannen, 74 Heven-Dorf, 75 Lake
  • Herbede: 81 Herbede-Ort, 82 Vormholz, 83 Bommerholz-Muttental, 84 Durchholz, 85 Buchholz-Kaempen

Population 1739–2005edit

Year Inhabitants
1739 566
1787 690
1808 1,587
1830 2,210
1 December 1840 2,987
1 December 1855 5,112
3 December 1858 6,908
3 December 1864 10,500
3 December 1867 12,200
1 December 1871 15,161
1 December 1875 18,100
1 December 1880 21,600
1 December 1885 23,879
Year Inhabitants
1 December 1890 26,310
2 December 1895 28,769
1 December 1900 33,517
1 December 1905 35,841
1 December 1910 37,450
1 December 1916 34,864
5 December 1917 35,033
8 October 1919 37,441
16 June 1925 45,519
16 June 1933 72,580
17 May 1939 73,365
31 December 1945 70,276
29 October 1946 69,384
Year Inhabitants
13 September 1950 76,312
25 September 1956 91,706
6 June 1961 96,462
31 December 1965 98,506
27 May 1970 97,379
31 December 1975 108,771
31 December 1980 105,876
31 December 1985 102,259
25 May 1987 102,902
31 December 1990 105,403
31 December 1995 104,754
31 December 2000 103,196
30 June 2005 101,019

Historyedit

The Roburit Explosion in 1906

Witten was first mentioned in historic sources in 1214, however the borough Herbede which was incorporated into the city in 1975 dates back to 851 The city was a mining town from 1578 In 1946, it was included in North Rhine-Westphalia on its establishment In 1975 Witten was included in the administrative district Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis and it is now its biggest city 1975 was also the year Witten was first counted to have more than 100,000 inhabitants, the threshold to be considered a large city "Großstadt" in Germany

Roburit Explosionedit

In the late 19th century Witten was known for the Roburit dynamite This dynamite was once used by coal mines around the world In 1906 an explosion occurred, resulting in the deaths of 41 peoplecitation needed

Politicsedit

Townhall and Johannis-Church

The Council of Wittenedit

The local council of Witten has 64 seats In the local elections of 2004 the German Social Democratic Party, SPD, gained 24 seats and form the largest party represented on the council It is followed by the Christian Democratic Party, CDU with 18 and the Greens with 7 seats They are followed by the WBG a conservative list with 4, FDP 4, FLW also a conservative list 3, NPD 2, PDS/WAL socialists 1 and AUF Witten a left wing list also 1 Since 2004 for the first time in its history the council is led by a female mayor: Sonja Leidemann, SPD

Members of Parliamentedit

Landtagedit

  • 2005–today: Thomas Stotko, MdL SPD

German Bundestagedit

  • 1998–today: Dr Ralf Brauksiepe, MdB CDU
  • 1998–today: Christel Humme, MdB SPD
  • 2005–today: Irmingard Schewe-Gerigk, B´ 90/Die Grünen
  • 2005–today: Konrad Schily, FDP

Transportedit

Tram in Witten-Heven

Witten is connected to the Autobahn network by the A 43 and A 44 motorways It has a central station, connecting the city to the regional-train-network of Deutsche Bahn Local service is carried out by the BOGESTRA, a joint venture between the cities of Bochum and Gelsenkirchen, to which most of the bus lines in Witten belong There is a tram line connecting to Bochum Public transport in the city is carried out according to the fare system of the VRR transport association

Coat of armsedit

The coat of arms of Witten with its two lions once belong to the Everhards von Witten-Steinhausen and was first mentioned in 1283 The family of Witten-Steinhausen belongs to the founders of the town of Witten Their slogan was: "Sigillum Hermanni de Wittene" Because of its long history this Coat of arms was the only one in the Ruhr area, that was not forbidden by the Allies in May 1945, after the End of the Second World War

Cultureedit

  • Hebezeug-Museum – a museum dedicated to cranes and hoist founded by J D Neuhaus and is located on the Route der Industriekultur
  • Wittener Tage für neue Kammermusik, festival for contemporary chamber music, held annually at the end of April

Twin towns – sister citiesedit

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany

Witten is twinned with:2

  • Beauvais, France, since 19752
  • London Borough of Barking and Dagenham, United Kingdom, since 19792
  • Mallnitz, Carinthia, Austria, since 19792
  • Lev HaSharon district, Israel, since 19792
  • Wolfen, Germany, since 19902
  • Kursk, Russia, since 19902
  • Tczew, Poland, since 19902
  • San Carlos, Nicaragua since 1990, friendship contract
  • Mek'ele, Ethiopia since 2016

Religionsedit

St Maria Church

Roman Catholicedit

When Witten was first mentioned in historical documents, it was part of the Archdiocese of Cologne Since 1821 it has been a part of the Diocese of Paderborn; however, the borough of Herbede belongs to the Diocese of Essen In the 19th century the Ruhr area drew up to 500,000 Poles from East Prussia and Silesia, most of whom were Catholic Hundreds settled in Witten, leading to a growth in the Catholic community Today, between 30 and 40 per cent of the population is Catholic

Protestantedit

In the 16th century Witten was influenced by Martin Luther's Reformation, and until the late 19th century, Witten was a predominantly Protestant town with just a few Catholic inhabitants Between 30 and 40 per cent of the population is Protestant today

Muslimsedit

There are four mosques in Witten, Annen and Herbede today, founded by immigrants from Turkey who arrived in the 1970s and 1980s Between five and eight per cent of the population is Muslim

Jewsedit

Memorial at the place of the former synagogue

In 1815 the first Jewish community was mentioned in Witten In 1938 the synagogue was destroyed during the so-called "Reichspogromnacht" also known as Kristallnacht of 9–10 November 1938 Today, only about a dozen Jews live in Witten They belong to the Jewish community in Dortmund

Since 1994 the place of the former synagogue is marked with a memorial

Referencesedit

Notes
  1. ^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen" Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW in German 18 July 2016 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr District" Twins2010com Archived from the original PDF on November 28, 2009 Retrieved 2009-10-28 


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