Winkler, Manitoba
Sun . 18 Aug 2018

Winkler, Manitoba


Winkler is a small city with a population of 12,591 2016 federal census located in southern Manitoba, Canada surrounded by the Rural Municipality of Stanley It is one hundred kilometres southwest of Winnipeg As the largest city in the Pembina Valley, it serves as a regional hub for commerce, agriculture and industry

Winkler is Manitoba's sixth-largest city as of 2011 and the second fastest growing city out of nine in the province

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography and climate
  • 3 Economy
  • 4 Government and politics
  • 5 Transport
  • 6 Demographics
  • 7 Culture
  • 8 Education
  • 9 Media
  • 10 Sports
  • 11 Notable people
  • 12 Neighbouring communities
  • 13 See also
  • 14 References
  • 15 External links

History

Winkler's history dates back to 1874 when German speaking Mennonites from Russia began settling in the area These first Mennonite inhabitants were part of deeply religious communities, for the most part, but did not establish confessional churches The first official Mennonite Brethren congregation was founded in Winkler in 1888 as a result of mission work from the United States In 1892, Winkler was officially founded by Valentine Winkler, a lumber entrepreneur and politician who owned and operated his own lumber business in nearby Morden Because Winkler's many customers from the Mennonite settlement wanted him to build a market in their vicinity, he persuaded the Canadian Pacific Railway to build a spur route on the northeastern edge of the settlement where Winkler had been established

Winkler was incorporated as a village on May 9, 1906 By that time, the flourishing village had become home to a number of German, Jewish and Anglo-Saxon merchants The Mennonites began moving into the village soon after; by World War I, they outnumbered all other groups

During the early 1900s, a large number of Jewish and German merchants emigrated from Winkler, causing a decline in population However, the village's population increased after World War II, and on April 7, 1954, Winkler was incorporated as a town

In 1985, the Habitat for Humanity movement spread to Canada with the first Canadian build in Winkler

Following a halt in growth during the 1960s, the town's rapid growth in population resumed and continued into the 1990s On April 7, 2002, Winkler was officially granted city status The city celebrated its centennial anniversary in summer 2006

Geography and climate

Located on the western edge of the Red River Valley, Winkler is located at the corner of provincial highways 14 and 32 It is 70 kilometres northwest of a 24-hour United States border crossing at Emerson, and about 20 kilometres north of the United States border crossing at Walhalla, North Dakota

Winkler is situated on the prehistoric beaches of Lake Agassiz The lake's shores were formed over 10,000 years ago by the Pembina Escarpment, located a few kilometres west of Winkler A secondary beach known as the Emerado Beach lies to the west of Winkler This gentle rise in elevation was formed thousands of years ago when the draining of Lake Agassiz temporarily stalled

The rich soils of the area are separated by the Emerado Beach Coarser textured loamy sand soils, located to the west, are suitable for irrigation and produce potato, corn and bean crops To the east, finer textured clay soils produce sugar beets, canola, beans, corn and small grains

Winkler's climate is typically continental, resulting in dry cold winters and hot, frequently dry summers Summer temperatures typically range from 20 to 30 °C, while winter temperatures average between -15 and -25 °C The Winkler area obtains the most heat units for crop production in Manitoba Winkler receives an annual average of 416mm of precipitation most of which falls during the spring and summer months and 1197 cm of snow Winkler's average frost-free period is 125 days

Economy

Winkler is the economic hub of southern Manitoba The retail trading area serves an estimated 17,000 households 4,380 people are employed in Winkler Approximately 30% of the work force is employed in the industrial sector The city's second-largest employer, employing 20% of the work force, is the health and education sector

A number of industries have grown and developed in Winkler throughout the years One of Winkler's largest employers is Triple E Recreational Vehicles, a recreational vehicle manufacturer Other products manufactured in Winkler include mobile homes, houseboats, farm equipment, windows and doors Two foundries, a straw fibre plant and a tire recycling plant are also located in Winkler

Winkler's agricultural sector is one of the most productive and diversified in Manitoba The area surrounding Winkler is home to rich, fertile soils which are especially suited to growing potatoes However, many other crops are grown in the area, including wheat, canola, corn and beans The area's livestock operations also continue to grow; hogs and cattle are raised, while dairy farms contribute to the making of cheese

Business development in Winkler has boomed in the years since incorporation On average, the city becomes home to 10-20 new businesses per year In 2002, 55 new businesses were established in Winkler The increase in new businesses can be attributed to low taxes, reasonably priced real estate and cooperation between the city and entrepreneurs One example of this is the recently established Incubator Mall, a city-owned, five office facility that gives new businesses the opportunity to rent office space at moderate rates Once those businesses outgrow the space, they relocate, making room for new startups

Government and politics

Winkler is governed by a mayor and six councillors who are elected by residents The current mayor of Winkler is Martin Harder The current Winkler city councillors are deputy mayor Henry Siemens, Marvin Plett, Don Friesen, Andrew Froese, Michael Grenier and Don Fehr

Winkler is represented in the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba as part of the Pembina riding by Progressive Conservative MLA Cameron Friesen and in the Canadian House of Commons as part of the Portage—Lisgar riding by Conservative MP Candice Bergen

Transport

Winkler's chief transport connection to other communities is the highway system Winnipeg is accessible from Winkler either via PTH 14 and PTH 3 or via PR 428 or PTH 23 and PTH 75 or PTH 14 and PTH 75 PTH 32 leads directly to the Winkler Port of Entry on the Canada–US border A 4-lane divided highway connects Winkler and the other major city of the region, Morden

Winkler Airport KZ7, 49°10′N 097°55′W / 49167°N 97917°W / 49167; -97917 is located in the city's industrial park It has two runways: an 2,900 ft 884 m grass/paved runway 08/26, and a 1,540 ft 469 m grass runway 17/35 Aircraft which need a longer runway are advised to use the Morden Regional Aerodrome which is located 9 km 56 mi from Winkler

The city has one taxi service, Pembina Valley Taxi Purolator and DHL courier services also serve Winkler

Canadian Pacific Railway has a spur line going into Winkler's industrial park that connects to the La Riviere subdivision, a secondary feeder line on the CPR network

Demographics

Year Pop ±%
1901 391 —    
1911 458 +171%
1921 812 +773%
1931 1,005 +238%
1941 957 −48%
1951 1,331 +391%
1961 2,529 +900%
1991 6,400 +1531%
1996 7,245 +132%
2001 7,999 +104%
2006 9,106 +138%
2011 10,670 +172%

Winkler has long been and continues to be one of Manitoba's fastest growing cities Thus, although the most recent census 2006 states that Winkler has a population of 9,106 it is estimated that, as of 2010, the population is closer to approximately 10,000 The city had a population increase of 146% between 2001 and 2006

As of the Canada 2001 Census, there are 2,885 households and 2,135 families residing in the city of Winkler The population density is 4667/km² 1802/mi² There are 2,890 housing units at an average density of 1700/km² 656/mi²

The most common ancestries in Winkler as of 1996 are German 652%, Dutch Netherlands 247%, Canadian 230%, Russian 100%, Ukrainian 21%, French 15%, Aboriginal 12%, Scottish 10%, Irish 09%, Polish 08% and Icelandic 02% Most Winklerites are of Mennonite descent The racial makeup of the city as of 2001 is 988% White, 04% Chinese, 038% Aboriginal, 01% Black, 01% South Asian and 01% Southeast Asian

According to the 2011 National Household Survey, 934% of the Winkler population report being of Christian faith, 63% report no religious affiliation, and 03% report being religious but of non-Christian faith

There are 2,885 households out of which 362% are married couples living together with children, 308% are married couples living together without children, 255% are one-person households and 76% are multiple-family households, single parent family households or non-family households other than one-person households 902% of Winkler's 2,135 families are married couple families, while 14% are common-law couple families and 82% are single parent families The average household size is 30 and the average family size is 33

In the city the population is spread out with 216% under the age of 15, 85% from 15 to 19, 81% from 20 to 24, 253% from 25 to 44, 121% from 45 to 54, 71% from 55 to 64 and 172% who are 65 years of age or older The median age is 343 years For every 100 females there are 948 males

The average income for a family in the city is $44,227 The average income for all workers is $22,423, with males earning an average income of $27,787 and females earning an average income of $16,061 The average income for full-time, full-year workers is $30,779 Males who work full-time for a full year earn an average of $34,326 while females who work full-time for a full year earn an average of $23,546

159% of Winkler's population is foreign-born 1,832 immigrants settled in Winkler from 1999 to 2004, with 465 arriving in 2004 alone Due to the city's German linguistic and religious linkages, most immigrants to Winkler are ethnic Germans from the former Soviet Union, Germans originating from Germany, or returning Low German Mennonites from Latin America Ethnic German immigrants from the former Soviet Union are also drawn to the similarity of the region's geography to that of Russia

According to Statistics Canada's 2006 census data for Winkler residents over the age of 25, 66% have high school diplomas, of which 9% also hold university certificates, diplomas or degrees

Culture

The Pembina Thresherman's Museum is situated on Highway 3 between Winkler and Morden It includes a number of historical buildings in a village setting and a collection of agricultural machinery, tools and household items, as well as a meeting hall

Winkler's main festival is the Harvest Festival and Exhibition Held at the Winkler Parkland in mid-August, it features a parade, midway, live stage entertainment, fireworks, rodeo and more Canada Day celebrations are held at the Winkler Parkland on July 1 The Cripple Creek Music Festival takes place on the fourth Sunday in July

Education

Winkler's public school system is the Garden Valley School Division, which consists of four elementary schools - Winkler Elementary School, Parkland Elementary School, JR Walkof School, Emerado Centennial School, and two high schools, Garden Valley Collegiate and Northlands Parkway Collegiate, which opened in September 2013 As of July 2005, Garden Valley School Division had a total enrollment of 4,121 students There are no private schools operating within the city

Garden Valley Technical School gvctec is the new vocational campus that has opened in Winkler

Red River College also operates a regional campus in Winkler, serving 1,500 students each year

Media

Winkler's local newspapers are The Winkler Times, published weekly and distributed by carrier to Winkler area households, and The Winkler-Morden Voice, also published weekly and distributed by mail to households in both Winkler and Morden and many surrounding smaller communities The Winnipeg Free Press and Winnipeg Sun are available daily

Winkler is home to two radio stations of its own, both of which are owned and operated by Altona-based Golden West Broadcasting CKMW, a country music station, was established in 1980 on the AM dial at 1530 kHz, then moved to 1570 kHz in 1987, and since 2013, broadcasts on the FM dial at 885 MHz CJEL-FM, an adult contemporary music station branded as The Eagle 935, launched in 2000

Though they are not based in Winkler, several other radio stations are notable in the Winkler area The signal from Golden West's easy listening radio station in Altona, CFAM, reaches the Winkler area Two North Dakota stations near the Canada/US border also reach Winkler: KAOC 1051 FM Maverick 105, a country music station in Cavalier and KYTZ 1067 FM Z-1067, Today's Best Hits, an adult contemporary music station in Walhalla The former station sells advertisements targeting the Pembina Valley region and maintains an advertising sales office in Morden

Cable television service is provided by Valley Cable Vision Most Winnipeg-based television and radio stations can be picked up from Winkler WDAZ-TV and KNRR can also be received in Winkler via antenna

Sports

Winkler's primary ice hockey team is the Winkler Flyers, who compete in the Manitoba Junior Hockey League The Flyers play their home games at the Winkler Arena Perhaps the best known alumnus of the team is goaltender Ed Belfour, who played with the Flyers during the 1985-86 season and recorded a 258 goals against average that year Belfour went on to play in the NHL and win a Stanley Cup with the Dallas Stars There is also a minor league hockey in Winkler The local high school has a hockey team named the Zodiacs The Zodiacs draw hundreds of high school students to their home games

Winkler was selected as host city for the 2008 edition of CBC Sports' day-long Hockey Day in Canada, which took place on February 9, 2008

Notable people

  • Di Brandt, poet and literary critic
  • Arnold Brown, politician
  • Benjamin De Fehr, soldier executed during World War I
  • Howard Dyck, conductor and broadcaster
  • Eric Fehr, NHL player for the Toronto Maple Leafs
  • Byron Froese, NHL player for the Tampa Bay Lightning
  • Jacob Froese, politician
  • Dustin Penner, former NHL player
  • John Sawatsky, award-winning author and journalist
  • George Sawatzky, physicist, FRSC
  • Cornelius Wiebe, physician and politician

Neighbouring communities

See also

  • Rosy Cross

References

  1. ^ "Population Centre Date for Winkler" 
  2. ^ Population and dwelling counts Manitoba 2011 Census Retrieved February 9, 2012
  3. ^
  4. ^ http://cityofwinklerca/thecouncilhtml
  5. ^ Canada Flight Supplement Effective 0901Z 1 February 2018 to 0901Z 29 March 2018
  6. ^ , Censuses 1871-1931
  7. ^ , Census 1941-1951
  8. ^ , Census 1961
  9. ^ , Statistics Canada 2013 Winkler, CY, Manitoba Code 4603050 table National Household Survey NHS Profile 2011 National Household Survey Statistics Canada Catalogue no 99-004-XWE Ottawa Released September 11, 2013
  • City of Winkler 2003 http://wwwcityofwinklerca/ Retrieved August 11, 2005
  • Province of Manitoba 2000 Community Profile: City of Winkler Retrieved August 11, 2005
  • Statistics Canada 2004 2001 Community Profile - Winkler Retrieved August 11, 2005
  • Winkler Chamber of Commerce 2004 http://wwwwinklerchambercom/ Retrieved August 11, 2005

External links

  • City of Winkler
  • Statistics Canada 2001 Community Profile - Winkler
  • Statistics Canada 2006 Community Profile - Winkler
  • Map of Winkler at Statcan


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