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Window Maker is a free and open source window manager for the X Window System, allowing graphical applications to be run on Unix-like operating-systems It is designed to emulate NeXTSTEP's GUI as an OpenStep-compatible environment1 Window Maker is part of the GNU Project23
- 1 Overview
- 11 Architecture
- 2 History
- 21 Name
- 3 Usage
- 31 Basic apps
- 32 Menu
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Window Maker has a reputation for being fast, efficient and highly stablecitation needed Window Maker has been characterized as reproducing "the elegant look and feel of the NeXTstep GUI" and is noted as "easy to configure and easy to use"4 A graphical tool called Wprefs is included and can be used to configure most aspects of the UI The interface tends towards a minimalist, high performance environment directly supporting XPM, PNG, JPEG, TIFF, GIF and PPM icons with an alpha-channel and a right-click, sliding-scrolling application menu system which can throw off pinnable menus, along with window-icon miniaturization and other animations on multiple desktops Menus and preferences can be changed without restarting As with most window managers it supports themes and many are available Owing to its NeXTstep-like design, like the GUI of Apple Inc's OS X, Window Maker has a dock, but Window Maker's look and feel hews mostly to that of its NeXT forebear
Window Maker has window hints which allow seamless integration with the GNUstep, GNOME, KDE, Motif and OpenLook environments Significantly it has almost complete ICCCM compliance and internationalization support for at least 11 locales Window Maker uses the lightweight WINGs widget set which was built specifically for Window Maker as a way to skirt what its developers said would have been the "overkill" or bloat of using GNUstep5 WINGs is common to other applications including a login display manager called WINGs Display Manager WDM and many dockapps Window Maker dock and clip applets are compatible with those from AfterStep's wharf
Window Maker was written from scratch primarily by Brazilian programmer Alfredo Kojima as a window manager for the GNUstep desktop environment and originally meant as an improved take on the AfterStep window manager's design concept The first release was in 19976 For a time it was included as a standard window manager in several Linux distributions and is also available in the FreeBSD and OpenBSD ports collection7 Since the goal of the project has been to closely emulate the design of the defunct NeXTstep and OpenStep GUIs, further development has been light In late 2007 the widely available, stable release version was at 092 from July 2005 with subsequent maintenance updates having been made to some distribution packages and ports89
In late June 2008 a post on the project's website said active development would resume, noting, "we are working very hard to revitalize Window Maker's presence on X Window and perhaps beyond desktops We expect to once again provide the de-facto minimalist yet extremely functional window manager to the world"10 On 29 January 2012, Window Maker 0951 was released, making it the first official release in almost seven years This was followed by a number of releases; As of September 2015update the latest release was 0957, released on 2 August 201511
The program's original name was WindowMaker camelcased and without the space but a naming conflict arose with an older product called Windowmaker from Windowmaker Software Ltd, a UK company producing software for companies that manufacture windows and doors A 1998 agreement between the developers of Window Maker and Windowmaker Software specified that Window Maker in the X Window sense should never be used as a single word
The default appearance can be confusing to someone expecting a Microsoft Windows-style taskbar and start menu but all applications can be accessed by right-clicking on the background to obtain the fully configurable main menu Keyboard users can use F12 for the application menu and F11 for a window menu
Window Maker can be configured by double-clicking the screwdriver icon on the dock An icon depicting a computer monitor is used to launch a command-window and a paperclip icon is used to cycle between workspaces Any icon in Window Maker, including application icons, can be easily changed
Icons representing running applications appear at the bottom of the screen the user can extend application windows to cover these By default, the dock appears at upper right Icons can be dragged onto the dock to make them permanent The edge of an icon can be right-clicked to adjust its settings A separate, dockable application called wmdrawer features a slide-out drawer which can hold application and file launching icons
Basic appseditWPrefs graphical configuration tool
While any X application can be docked in Window Maker, the archetypical WM dockable applications are called dockapps These tend to be clocks and system monitoring applications There are many clock implementations, including wmcalclock, wmtime, wmclock a NeXTStep-like calendar clock clone and wmclockmon Monitoring applets include wmload, wmavgload, wmmon, wmnet and wmnd Many other dockapps are available, typically ones intended to can run or control other applications
The WPrefs configuration tool enables tuning of most Window Maker preferences wmakerconf was developed to provide more configuration options, notably theme customization Configuration files are typically stored in ~/GNUstep/ The background can be changed from the command line with wmsetbg -s -u filenamejpg wmsetbg stands for "window maker set background"
FSViewer is a separate, configurable Miller Columns file browser developed for Window Maker in 1998 by George Clernon as a visual and functional analogy to NeXTstep's Workspace Manager In 2002, it was adapted to later versions of the WINGs libraries and Window Maker by Guido Scholz12
aterm is an rxvt based terminal emulator developed for Afterstep mainly for visual appeal, featuring a NeXTstep style scrollbar which matches Window Maker's look and feel along with pseudo-transparency
The application menu can be edited graphically with much versatility The configuration is recorded in ~/GNUstep/Defaults/WMRootMenu as a text file which can be easily read and edited in versions after 0940 it can also be automatically generated from a list of installed applications using a program called wmgenmenu
Menu items can be set to:
- Launch a program or application with or without a filename and other arguments
- Launch a command line interface with or without further arguments
- Run a WM command, such as exiting a Window Maker session or listing windows and workspaces
- List a submenu containing any of the above tasks
Many Linux distributions define their own applications menu for Window Maker This cannot usually be edited using the configuration tool which will instead offer to replace it with a generic default menu which can be edited
- Extended Window Manager Hints
- ^ Window Maker, freshportsorg, retrieved 2012-01-12, Window Maker is an X11 window manager designed to give additional integration support to the GNUstep Desktop Environment In every way possible, it reproduces the elegant look and feel of the NeXTSTEPtm GUI It is fast, feature rich, easy to configure, and easy to use In addition, Window Maker works with GNOME and KDE, making it one of the most useful and universal window managers available
- ^ "GNU" Retrieved 25 June 2012
- ^ "Window Maker" Retrieved 25 June 2012
- ^ Window Maker, freshportsorg, retrieved 2012-01-12
- ^ Development, Windowmakerinfo, archived from the original on August 11, 2007, retrieved 2007-12-11
- ^ Chapman, Mark, Window Maker, Freshmeatnet, retrieved 2012-01-12
- ^ CVS Archive, freebsdorg, retrieved 2012-01-12
- ^ News Archive, windowmakerinfo, archived from the original on October 31, 2007, retrieved 2007-12-11
- ^ Window Maker, portsmonfreebsdorg, retrieved 2012-01-12
- ^ Window Maker: Home, windowmakerinfo, 2008-06-30, retrieved 2008-09-19
- ^ Windowmaker News
- ^ FSViewer, freebsdportsinfo, retrieved 2007-12-12
- Official website
- Window Maker Mailing Lists
- Window Maker Live, an installable Debian/Wheezy based Linux Live CD using Window Maker as default graphical interface
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