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William Vane, 1st Duke of Cleveland

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William Henry Vane, 1st Duke of Cleveland, KG 27 July 1766 – 29 January 1842, styled Viscount Barnard until 1792 and known as The Earl of Darlington between 1792 and 1827 and as The Marquess of Cleveland between 1827 and 1833, was a British landowner and politician


  • 1 Background and education
  • 2 Public life
  • 3 Family
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links

Background and education

Styled Viscount Barnard from birth, he was the son of Henry Vane, 2nd Earl of Darlington, son of Henry Vane, 1st Earl of Darlington and Lady Grace FitzRoy, daughter of Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Cleveland, son of King Charles II by his mistress Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland His mother was Margaret Lowther, daughter of Robert Lowther, Governor of Barbados, and sister of James Lowther, 1st Earl of Lonsdale He was baptised at the Chapel Royal at St James's Palace with the names William Harry which he later changed to William Henry He was educated at Christ Church, Oxford[2]

Public life

Barnard was Whig Member of Parliament for Totnes from 1788 to 1790[2][3] and for Winchelsea from 1790 to 1792[2][4] The latter year he succeeded his father in the earldom and took his seat in the House of Lords He also succeeded his father as Lord Lieutenant of County Durham, a post he held until his death[5] In 1810 he successfully laid claim to the Pulteney Estate in Bath after the Countess of Bath died intestate in 1808[citation needed] In 1827 he was created Marquess of Cleveland,[6] a revival of the Cleveland title held by his ancestors He was Bearer of the Third Sword at King William IV's coronation on 8 September 1831[7] In 1833 he was made Baron Raby, of Raby Castle in the County Palatine of Durham, and Duke of Cleveland[8] He was further honoured when he was made a Knight of the Garter in 1839[9]

His promotions through the ranks of the peerage were not uncontroversial Greville noted in his diary on 8 September 1831:

”Howe told me yesterday morning in Westminster Abbey that Lord Cleveland is to be made a duke, though it is not yet acknowledged if it is to be so There has been a battle about that; they say that he got his boroughs to be made a marquis and got rid of them to be made a duke”[10]


Cleveland married his cousin, Lady Catherine Powlett 1766–1807, daughter of Harry Powlett, 6th Duke of Bolton, on 17 September 1787 at her father's seat, Hackwood Park They had eight children:

  • Henry, Earl of Darlington, later 2nd Duke of Cleveland 1788–1864
  • Lady Louisa Catherine Barbara Vane 1791–1821, married Major Francis Forester and had issue
  • Lord William Vane, later 3rd Duke of Cleveland 1792–1864
  • Lady Caroline Vane born and died 1795
  • Lady Augusta Henrietta Vane 1796–1874, married Mark Milbank and had issue, including Sir Frederick Milbank, 1st Baronet
  • Lady Arabella Vane 1801–1864, married Richard Arden, 3rd Baron Alvanley
  • Lord Harry Vane, later 4th Duke of Cleveland 1803–1891
  • Lady Laura Vane 1807–11 November 1882, married Lieutenant-Colonel William Henry Meyrick and had issue

After his first wife's death in London in June 1807, Cleveland married as his second wife, Elizabeth Russell c 1777–1861, daughter of Robert Russell, on 27 July 1813 There were no children from this marriage Cleveland died at St James's Square, Westminster, London, in January 1842, aged 75, and was buried at Staindrop, County Durham His eldest son Henry succeeded in the dukedom The Duchess of Cleveland died in January 1861[2]


  1. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p115, which omits appaumée, useful in differentiating from Fane arms; concerning appaumée Cussans 1898 states: "In blazoning a Hand, besides stating what position it occupies, and whether it be the dexter or sinister, and erased or couped, it must be mentioned whether it be clenched or appaumé" Cussans, John, Handbook of Heraldry, 2nd Edition, London, 1868, p47 , p92
  2. ^ a b c d thepeeragecom Sir William Henry Vane, 1st Duke of Cleveland
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" part 2
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" part 4
  5. ^ leighraymentcom Peerage: Cleveland to Columbers
  6. ^ "No 18397" The London Gazette 18 September 1827 p 1955mw-parser-output citecitationmw-parser-output citation qmw-parser-output id-lock-free a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-free amw-parser-output id-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output id-lock-registration a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-registration amw-parser-output id-lock-subscription a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-subscription amw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registrationmw-parser-output cs1-subscription span,mw-parser-output cs1-registration spanmw-parser-output cs1-ws-icon amw-parser-output codecs1-codemw-parser-output cs1-hidden-errormw-parser-output cs1-visible-errormw-parser-output cs1-maintmw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registration,mw-parser-output cs1-formatmw-parser-output cs1-kern-left,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-leftmw-parser-output cs1-kern-right,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-rightmw-parser-output citation mw-selflink
  7. ^ "No 18848" The London Gazette 13 September 1831 p 1865
  8. ^ "No 19013" The London Gazette 15 January 1833 p 97
  9. ^ "No 19726" The London Gazette 19 April 1839 p 832
  10. ^ Charles C F Greville, A Journal of the Reigns of King George IV and King William IV, volume II London, Longmans Green & Co, 1874, at page 192

External links

  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Duke of Cleveland
  • "Vane, William Harry"  Dictionary of National Biography London: Smith, Elder & Co 1885–1900
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Philip Jennings-Clerke, Bt
Henry Phipps
Member of Parliament for Totnes
With: Henry Phipps
Succeeded by
William Powlett Powlett
Francis Buller Yarde
Preceded by
John Nesbitt
William Nedham
Member of Parliament for Winchelsea
With: Richard Barwell
Succeeded by
Richard Barwell
Sir Frederick Fletcher-Vane, Bt
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Darlington
Lord Lieutenant of County Durham
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Londonderry
VacantTitle last held byThe Earl of Darlington Vice-Admiral of Durham
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New title Duke of Cleveland
Succeeded by
Henry Vane
New title Marquess of Cleveland
Succeeded by
Henry Vane
New title Baron Raby
Succeeded by
Henry Vane
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Henry Vane
Earl of Darlington
Succeeded by
Henry Vane

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