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William G. Crosby

robert g. crosby, john g crosby
William George Crosby September 10, 1805 – March 21, 1881 was an American politician and the 23rd Governor of Maine A Whig, Crosby served two single-year terms as governor from 1853 to 1855

Contents

  • 1 Early life
  • 2 Politics
  • 3 Later years
  • 4 Sources

Early lifeedit

Crosby was born in Belfast in modern-day Maine, then a part of Massachusetts on September 10, 1805 He studied at Belfast Academy He graduated from Bowdoin College in 1823, and his classmates included William Pitt Fessenden, with whom he remained friendly until Fessenden's death in 1869 He then studied law with his father, Judge William Crosby, was admitted to the bar, and practiced in Boston He returned to Belfast two years later to become his father's law partner In 1831, Crosby married Ann M Patterson of Belfast

Politicsedit

Crosby was an unsuccessful Whig candidate for Congress in 1838 He actively campaigned for William Henry Harrison during the presidential election of 1840 Crosby served as delegate to the 1844 Whig National Convention that nominated Henry Clay for President of the United States From 1846 to 1849, Crosby served as Secretary of the Maine Board of Education, the first person to hold this position In 1850, he was the unsuccessful Whig nominee for Governor of Maine

In 1852, Crosby elected governor, and he was reelected in 1853 Both times Crosby finished second in a three-way race, with the Democratic candidate receiving the most popular votes; in accordance with Maine law, the state legislature makes the choice if no candidate received a majority, and the legislature selected Crosby The Whig Party ceased to be a major national party after the 1852 presidential election, and Crosby left office on January 3, 1855

Later yearsedit

After leaving the office, he served as a trustee of Bowdoin College and a member of the Maine Historical Society He also accepted an appointment as federal collector of customs for he district which included Belfast In 1870, he received the honorary degree of LLD from Bowdoin

He died in Belfast on March 21, 1881, and was buried at Grove Cemetery in Belfast

William G Crosby High School in Belfast was built in 1923, and later served as the city's middle school It was closed in 1991, and since then it has been used for a variety of other activities

Sourcesedit

  • Sobel, Robert and John Raimo Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978 Greenwood Press, 1988 ISBN 0-313-28093-2
  • William G Crosby at National Governors Association
Political offices
Preceded by
John Hubbard
Governor of Maine
1853–1855
Succeeded by
Anson Morrill

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William G. Crosby


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